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Online vs face-to-face learning: why can t we have both?

austen essay titles A Review-Essay for Topic: A Journal of the Liberal Arts: Jane Austen Goes to the Movies , No. 48, Washington and Jefferson College (November 1997). This web essay offers a somewhat modified version of the review-essay which appeared in learning to face, The East-Central Intelligencer: The Newsletter of the East-Central/American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies , N.S. 12 (Sept. 1998), 12-17. I have since writing that essay done more research whose results I now include in the form of small revisions of the text, added notes, and a select bibliography. [Ellen Moody's website Contact Ellen Moody.] s everyone who goes to the movies or reads Austen's novels and the criticism of these knows, within the last three years a striking number of films and aspects of war, staged productions of plays whose texts represent remarkably close adaptations of Jane Austen's novels have proved to online learning to face, be sound investments for film-makers, television networks, theaters, and of Same Essay, distribution companies, not to omit various spin-offs in sales and rentals of related books and VHS Cassettes, and in the writing and publication of essays about the phenomenon. An example of this last is the monographic issue of Topic edited by Linda Troost, Jane Austen Goes to the Movies , which consists of online learning eight essays devoted to these post-1995 movies. The strength of this collection lies in the variety of approaches taken by store london its writers. We have essays which measure the movies based on Austen's novels in terms of audience-response, essays which compare the message of the adaptations to the message of the original texts, and essays which begin to look at how the techniques of film-making affect the adaptation.

John M. Forde's Janespotting, M. Casey Diana's Emma Thompson's Sense and Sensibility as Gateway to Austen's Novel: A Pedagogical Experiment, and Jennifer Foster's Austenmania, EQ, and the End of the Millenium, are linked because all three discuss why they think people are attracted to online vs face learning, the recent movies based on Austen's books. Forde talks of and to New Zealanders whose taste he defends when he argues against the harsh censure of clinton email scandal explained movie critics like Martin Amis who has said viewers who love these films are laps[ing] into a forgetful toadyism, and abas[ing] themselves before their historical oppressors (Jane's World, The New Yorker , January 8, 1995, p 31; see also Louis Menand, What Jane Austen Doesn't Tell Us, The New York Review of Books , February 1, 1996, pp. 13-16). Forde tells us Austen is not to blame for any wallowing in luxury; that the films are clearly fictions, not history (14-5); and these movies satisfy a longing for liberation from the limiting circumstances of real life (16-7). Online Learning Vs Face To Face Learning! Diana describes an experiment in which she divided her students into two groups; one read Sense and Sensibility first and then saw the Thompson/Lee film, the other saw the movie first and then read the Essay on Increased Interdependence in the East Community book (49). It may dismay some teachers to learn the first group had a hard time comprehending (never mind responding on vs face learning any deeply imaginative level to it), and Essay Interdependence East Asian, both groups used the movie as a gateway into online to face, the book or an explanation afterwards. Diana's students also said they identified with Austen's characters and liked their kinder, gentler way of life and finding love (53-4). Finally, Foster argues the post-1995 films have been popular because they satisfy the public's desire to believe an individual can center his or her existence permanently on Essay Interdependence East Asian a deep emotional connection to online learning learning, someone else (60-2).

The three essayists are also alike in not criticizing the way the average movie-goer and reader today reads or, better yet, is unable to aspects of war, read Austen. To Face! Yet if it is Children, true, as Foster says, that the modern movie-viewer's intense valuing of an online vs face to face learning emotional community of characters represents a return to a later 18th century cult of sensibility (57-8), there is an irony here. Austen's basic story is of characters whose adventures come from their having or not having access to money and a house of clinton scandal their own. Paradoxically, their deepest emotional pain and self- esteem is the result of how much they are entitled to of a veneer of hoped-for respect, a veneer which depends on their social status and which at turning points in her story Austen rips away. From the beginning to the end of her career (say Love and Freindship through to Sanditon ) Austen mocks the cult of sensibility as the product of deluded egotism and barely repressed passions which since Freud we would call their sublimated sexual appetites. At the opening of Sense and Sensibility , Marianne Dashwood is harshly ridiculed, and at its close she has been permanently hurt through her determined adherence to an emotional bond. Marilyn Roberts's Catherine Morland: Gothic Heroine After All? and John R. Greenfield's Is Emma Clueless? Fantasies of Class and learning vs face to face, Gender from England to California move from accepting what they argue is the basis of the popularity of the recent Austen films to comparing the films with the novels. Roberts seems willing to believe that in the 1987 BBC/AE adaptation of Northanger Abbey (Director Giles Foster; screenplay Maggie Wadey) Catherine's delusions, visualized as sadomasochistic dreams filling Catherine with an orgasmic pleasure, will provide the viewer with a Lacanian and Freudian way of understanding Catherine's love of Gothic romance (23-5). When Roberts finally admit there is a strong sensationalism in the film's approach, that is camps up the novel and sexualizes it grotesquely (26), she concludes (as if she is puzzled) that the film is an interesting failure because it doesn't ethically examine but just exploits the viewer's sexual longing. At one point Roberts comments the source text for some of The Benefits of Same Essay Catherine's nightmares is to face learning, Radcliffe's Mysteries of Udolpho (23-4), but does not bring out the important irony that the aspects of war text Austen sought to replace has replaced hers (1).

In Northanger Abbey Austen at least consciously means to attack Radcliffe's awakening of learning to face irrational fears which lurk within the recesses of the imagination. A film with the same title centers itself on images drawn from Radcliffe's novel so as to provide a visual fantasia of erotic encounters. And it is typical: in the last decade the content and mores of several of the books Austen sought to replace have replaced hers while retaining the titles of the transformed books (2). If, following Greenfield's line of thought, we note the visual images throughout the cyberpunk ITV/AE Emma reveals Emma also has nightmares in to face learning, which she loses Mr. Fair Treatment For Disabilitated Children Essay! Knightley to Jane Fairfax or Harriet, and that in these she is learning to face learning, suddenly pictured as forlorn, downtrodden. In one of Fair for Disabilitated Essay these Kate Beckinsale wears a shabby dark coat that recalls Mary Shepard's illustrations for learning vs face to face, P. London! L. Learning! Travers's Mary Poppins except that the coat is too small. This is part of a series of shots which show women touchingly helped by, looking towards, dependent on men. There is definition, a fetching frame of Samantha Morton as Harriet seated and vulnerable, placing her hand in Mark Strong's, who, as Mr Knightley, looks down at her as he chivalrously rescues her from mortification. There is the medium shot (waist up) of an alluringly sexy Raymond Coulthard as Frank Churchill (3) and Mark Strong standing on either side of Jane's piano, with a quiet Olivia Williams as Jane looking strained and tired. In the book Mr Knightley has to prod Miss Bates, Jane's aunt, to protect her from learning learning Churchill's demands; in the movie it is Strong who moves swiftly to protect Jane. (After marriage, of aspects of war course, Jane is on her own.) The culminating and magnificent sequence of pictures in this film adaptation of Austen's Emma begins with a jump shot from an extreme close-up of Knightley leaning down to kiss Emma to a distanced frame which turns slowly so they appear to be embracing and very small against a fountain in a vast garden as the universe whirls around them. The viewer is then treated to another distanced frame of an agricultural landscape filled with men bringing in the hay as high on his noble horse Mr.

Knightley overlooks them and Alistair Petrie as Robert Martin is seen in the distance all glowing and brown and gleaming with sweat (I quote Davies's screenplay). The sequence ends with a sumptuous wedding-feast in a great hall whose ancient associations are underlined by a shot of a large open fireplace. Online Vs Face Learning! Although there is nothing even approaching this in Austen's novel the penultimate paragraph of the novel is given over to Mrs Elton who declares, rightly, of the Knightley wedding that it was a most pitiful business!: Very little white satin, very few); there are extended sequences like this in George Eliot's and Thomas Hardy's books ( Adam Bede , Far from the Madding ). Scandal! Mr Knightley is seen from the side as at the center of online learning learning a table as he welcomes all his tenants. The cynosure of civilization is the Top Male. Emma is glimpsed sitting quietly by his side. All Emma's fantasies together with the angles of the stories real life pictures and their parallel content turn Austen's woman-centered fiction into a celebration of patriarchy.

In Clueless Greenfield finds Austen's message about class snobbery translates well into the teen world of cliques and the 'in' versus the of Same 'out' crowd, and that the workings of the high-school social scene, especially in a place as conscious of class and status as Beverly Hills, are every bit as worthy of irony and online learning vs face learning, satire as Highbury society (35-7). Greenfield admits the gender issue is less prominent in Clueless because in the 1990's gender alone does not limit women as it did in Austen's era, but says that like Austen, Heckerling makes the [parallel] point that a community of women even high-school-age women is not a viable option (37). Greenfield neglects to concede how much of a sheer teen film this is; the lure of the analogy is far more a matter of some surface likenesses, and minor plot points than it is of characterization, theme, or mood (4). Kristin Samuelian's argument is the 1995 Thomson/Lee Sense and Sensiblity discredits current feminist critique because it demonstrates that feminist protest is both tolerated and satisfactorily answered by courtship. Although the film appears to be sympathetic to the goals of feminism, [it] ends by undermining them (39-40). By a close analysis of the film's content Samuelian demonstrates it engenders a complacency about women's roles in our world by subtly revising Austen's text so as to make the men the sisters marry attractive, so as to ally courtship with passion rather than opposed to romance, and aspects of war, most importantly, so as to learning vs face learning, present the laws at gap flagship the time as depriving women of any choice or power in life. Thus the online vs face to face viewer can say, well, the laws have been changed so Elinor has another option besides piracy while, as Samuelian suggests, custom and mores are as responsible for keeping women financially and therefore emotionally vulnerable to men as predators. Hopkins's essay is revealing because her thesis that the 1995 BBC Pride and Prejudice fetishizes the Interdependence East looks of the heroes and foreground[s] that fetishization by a variety of devices depends upon her argument that the camera continually focuses on Colin Firth as Darcy; by arguing that we watch many of the events on learning vs face to face learning screen from Darcy's vantage point (2-4, 8), she makes clear what I have just shown in the ITV/AE Emma , the importance of point of view in gap flagship store london, a film (2-4, 8). The problem here is that careful scrutiny of sequences in the film reveals the camera has been even-handed, and the viewer gazes at Jennifer Ehle alone or watching others as often as she or he gazes at Colin Firth alone or watching others. Although the learning vs face to face learning shots of Firth at a window are done so expertly they become memorable, when we track the camera angle and count frames in any given sequence, say, to use a turning point in the film and novel, Darcy's writing a letter after Elizabeth rejects his proposal, and Elizabeth's reading it, we find as many flashbacks and Fair for Disabilitated Essay, invented scenes which cut away from Jennifer Ehle's face or figure as Firth's.

Both their faces dissolve into scenes and their voices continue in voiceover as they are remember or imagine the past; in vs face to face learning, fact we could argue that Ehle's point of view is more emphatic as the matter of the letter is switched to allow us first to have 16 shots cutting away from Firth and then 17 cutting away from Ehle (Bobby Bodenheimer, e-mail to Austen-L, March 9, 1998). Colin Firth himself has written the Essay Interdependence in the East greatest obstacle he found to acting Darcy in this film was he was not only not continuously on screen, but for long stretches was not even needed on the set (Sue Birtwisle and Susie Conklin, The Making of Pride and Prejudice [London: Penguin, 1995] 100). If the flaw in Hopkins's argument is online learning vs face to face learning, its impressionistic basis, she has at least has made us attend to how the film has been edited and the problem of definition internalizing film narrative conventions. All too often essays on these post-1995 films are almost wholly derived from learning to face a writer thinking about a film's content, with the result that we learn again and Fair Treatment for Disabilitated Children Essay, again that Austen's message has been undermined or reversed. In, for example, Deborah Kaplan's Mass Marketing Jane Austen: Men, Women, and learning, Courtship in Two of the Recent Films, she teaches us the Treatment Children subject matter of the films diverges from that of the novels so as to harlequinize Austen's novels; in Kathryn L. Shanks Libin's ' a very elegant looking instrument ': Musical Symbols and Substance in the Films of Jane Austen's Novels Libin reveals that Austen's distrust of an intense responsiveness to online learning, music is in the films proof of a character's worth by pointing out that Thompson has turned Frank Churchill's gift of a pianoforte to Jane Fairfax into Colonel Brandon's (or Alan Rickman's) gift of a pianoforte to Marianne (Kate Winslet). What in Austen reveals a dangerous if shared pleasure in the illicit in Thompson reveals an attractive and shared capacity for imaginative joy ( Persuasions 18 [1996], 171-81; 19 [1997], 187- 94). Increased Interdependence East Asian! In Linda Troost's introductory essay to her collection,Jane Austen and learning vs face to face, Technology, Linda Troost says it is ironic that an clinton explained author who stories have long been identified with traditional communities has become a hot property (the phrase is Amis's) because technology has made her works available to modern audiences (iii). Taking my cue from a literal reading of this clause what is missing from most essays on Jane Austen movies is a discussion of how the new technologies work and the recent commissioning of well-known stars to play leading roles.

These new technologies have for online vs face, the first time made these post-1995 films exciting enough to ordinary movie and TV-viewers to allow them to clinton scandal explained, compete as films to popular audiences. Film scholars continually take into account the centrality of hiring alluring archetypal actors and actresses who enact mythic roles in vs face to face, the dream world of the Fair Children screen (5). The tendency of learning learning literary scholars who discuss Austen films is simply to ignore the technology and the hiring of stars for reasons that are not far too seek. The former requires familiarity with the history and development of camera and clinton email scandal, sound us; the latter displaces the discussion from sociological and online learning learning, psychological interpretations dear to much of the above literary scholarship. A careful and pragmatic (looking at aspects of war what's actually on screen) comparision of a three of the post-1995 film adaptations of Jane Austen's novels with the film adaptations made between 1971 and vs face learning, 1995 reveals the post-1995 films differ not so much in historical accuracy (the importance of apparent accuracy in on Increased Interdependence in the East Asian, costume drama has been appreciated since the early 1970s), but in the use the post-1995 films make of sophisticated camera and sound work, alluring well-known stars, and publicity they are known in the trade as high profile films. Vs Face To Face Learning! These are the really measurable differences between the pre-1995 films since 1971 (the year of the first of the modern BBC films available on videocassette) and store, post-1995 films.

I have room to give details from only one example, the 1983 BBC miniseries production of Mansfield Park , directed by David Giles, screenplay Ken Taylor, and starring Sylvestra Le Tousel as Fanny Price, and Nicholas Farrell as Edmund Bertram. It will have to stand for the 1971 Persuasion , the 1972 Emma , the 1979 Pride and Prejudice , and the 1985 Sense and Sensibility , all BBC products. I italicize starring because, as any director or producer, or distributor knows, and all modern film studies acknowledge what makes a film alluring are box-office stars. Le Tousel and Farrell are not that, and they are plain; Jackie Smith-Wood as Mary Crawford and Robert Burbage as Henry Crawford are plainer still. The women are unheard-of today. When the online learning to face learning decision was made to adapt the novels in clinton email, the post-1995, most of the time before, or directly afterwards (with the proviso that the star's services could be obtained), box-office and vs face to face, sexually alluring stars for aspects of war, the leading roles were hired. It did not matter that Jennifer Ehle's characteristic hair and colouring were altered to such an extent it becames hard to recognize her: what was important that her name be linked to Lizzie's (as the character is called in the The Making of Pride and Prejudice . Learning To Face! These films drew audiences into the movie-houses because well-understood marketing techniques were applied to them. Once the movie-goer has come inside, contemporary film-makers know they must compete with action-adventure TV shows and the explosion in expensive technical gimmickry in store london, most 1990s films.

They must, to echo the people who made the 1995 BBC Pride and online learning vs face to face learning, Prejudice and 1996 BBC Emma , provide vitality, action, and gap flagship store london, a sense of continual movement, all of which is caught up in learning to face learning, the ubiquitous use of the word fun. Fun refers to an affirmative sensual and pleasurable enjoyment. When one reads what has been said about Treatment, film-making today, one learns that not only the wholly money-oriented, but respected film- makers like David Lean plan everything in learning vs face to face, a film out in such a way as to keep his audience from getting impatient. Lean's first thought is always, Is this a bore? (Kevin Brownlow, David Lean [New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996] 648). The fear of creating something too serious, something which would somehow announce itself as intimidating and boring and not bright enough permeates the discussions of the post-1995 films. It is thus no coincidence that the difference between the earlier films and these post-1995 films is a camera-driven continuous level of excitement or tension. In the 1995 Pride and Prejudice and Essay, 1996 Emma is the screen is hardly ever still.

Action and online vs face to face, gesture also accompany everything. Colin Firth goes for cyberpunk, a swim and learning vs face, fences, and Jennifer Ehle runs up and down fields because they must be doing something. The closing shots of Kate Beckinsale and Mark Strong which pan out to make the garden a universe and then move quickly back and forth between internal and gap flagship london, external scenes do not only hold a sociological meaning, they project continual changing information and movement, light, colour, music to the viewer's brain. Online Vs Face To Face! To use technical language, bridging shots, cheat shots (we see only a part of on Increased in the East Asian what is going on), jump cuts, parallel editing (a way of intemingling shots from online learning to face learning two or more scenes), and montage characterize the post-1995 films while the scandal explained films between 1971 and 1995 are still: we watch the actors on what feels like a stage; even the outdoors is pictured in a frame. The new technologies are intended to online learning, and succeed in casting a mesmerizing psychological spell over the public. The goal is to bring the viewer into the hallucinations and concoctions placed before the Asian Community eye on vs face to face learning screen. Francois Truffaut calls this kind of film-editing and shooting the contrary of variety, a use of a variety of technologies to of Same, paradoxically blend into online learning vs face to face learning, a single impression of unity within which this host of aspects of war technologies assault the viewer continually (John Andrew Gallager, Film Directors on Directing [London: Praeger, 1989], 266).

Read interviews of learning vs face producers and directors and you will find that at some point early in their remarks they will refer to the use of The Benefits Essay magnetic film for sound and computer optics for color. Ken Dancyger talks of the importance of creating a definite feeling state. Among other films, he cites both Heckerling's Clueless and Thompson's Sense and Sensiblity as films which downgrade plot in order to induce a self-reflexive dream state ( The Technique of Film and Video Editing [Boston: Focal Press, 1997] 187-90). A successful realization of this technical virtuosity is the secret to the spell-binding appeal of the Thompson/Lee Sense and online to face learning, Sensibility and the much-praised intensity and Fair Essay, closeness in learning vs face, spirit to aspects of war, the original of the 1995 BBC Persuasion (director, Robert Michell; screenplay Nick Dear). A close comparison of online these two, including the gap flagship london screenplays with the 1988 BBC Mansfield Park reveals the 1983 Mansfield Park has many more long scenes of intense psychological interplay and dialogue than either of the later films. The actors in the earlier movie are filmed as if the landscape were a stage in a play, and learning learning, the camera acts simply as a still eye which places the The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay viewer in learning learning, the position of someone in a theatre audience. Aspects Of War! If you are to be moved, you must be moved by Sylvestra Le Tousel's performance as a girl on the edge, one who becomes shattered when she is mortified by Aunt Norris (in a realistic, quiet, and unforced performance by Anna Massey) and online learning learning, begins to shake helplessly and cry with a poignant touch of hysteria when berated in a still attic room with no fire by Sir Thomas. For Sir Thomas Bernard Hepton offers a restrained yet at moments touchingly emotional performance; it is revealing that he is to be found as Mr.

Woodhouse in the ITV/AE Emma . Yet an honest impression of comparative dullness comes from viewing the 1983 film in 1997; you have to sit down and lend yourself to the earlier adaptation with expectations that are closer to what you bring to a theatre. If we except the literal plot-designs of the differing screenplays for each adaptation of the Fair for Disabilitated Children six different novels, which naturally differ in learning, accordance with the texts and demands of the original novels, I would maintain that just about Essay on Interdependence in the East Community, everything other than this hiring of stars and sophisticated active camera work in the pre- and post-1995 films remains the same. If Emma Thompson made a creative use of minor 18th and 19th century poetry, Ken Taylor was astute in his use of Elizabeth Inchbald's play. He took words and scenes from this and allowed us to watch at Mansfield Park the love-making, and in to face learning, a room to the side of the Rushworth party in London, a starved kiss between Henry Crawford and Maria Bertram. All of The Benefits of Same them the earlier and more recent films use many individual lines and dramatize many of the pivotal scenes of Austen's novels; it is in fact astonishing that audiences should so patiently sit through somewhat archaic dialogues. The 1941 Pride and Prejudice (which did err in this respect) is the sole extant film still available in online vs face learning, libraries and cyberpunk, commercial outlets not to pay close attention to historical authenticity when it comes to clothes, houses, landscapes; and small minutiae. Not that the accuracy is for real: what we get is a mirror image of what people imagine the earlier period to have been considerably cleaned up, made symmetrical, cleaner, and altogether brighter (6). In all of online to face learning them we are invited into luxurious houses which are lavishly redone to reflect a glamorized and clinton email scandal, generally speaking opulent version of the online to face learning early 19th century. A smaller aspect of this similarity is that for the minor roles the same actors and actresses show up in these films. Aspects Of War! They fit the character types.

In 1983 Maria Bertram was played by Samantha Bond; thirteen years later she is Mrs Weston in ITV/AE Emma . Jonny Lee Miller was the young Edmund Bertram in the 1983 Mansfield Park ; he is the adult Edmund in the 1999 Mansfield Park . Lucy Robinson moves from the 1995 Pride and online learning vs face to face, Prejudice to become Mrs Elton in the 1997 BBC Emma . The only actors who do not move from film to film are the scandal explained stars of the post-1995 films. Costumes too are more similar than the production staffs like to admit. I noticed a striking similarity between a bonnet worn by Jackie Smith-Wood as Mary Crawford in the 1983 Mansfield Park and a bonnet worn by Jennifer Ehle; admittedly, it was probably simply made from the same pattern. Still since both seemed to have a dark blue/wine red sheen, I wondered about the capacity and continuity of the BBC costume shop. These surface details count: they are part of what an audience comes to online learning to face learning, a costume drama (the term is still apt for all these films) for (6).

A film which presents itself as a visual and dramatic representation of gap flagship store a novel can enrichen one's experience of online to face learning that novel. Gap Flagship! The earlier films (this time beginning with the 1941 Pride and Prejudice and recent BBC productions at least mean to online learning vs face learning, do just that while remaining faithful to what is perceived as the audience understanding of Austen as comic, fundamentally genteel (no overt sex), even including the cyberpunk definition 1995 emotional Persuasion , finally light- hearted. In the learning to face learning 1983 BBC Mansfield Park , David Giles and Sex Marriage Essay, Ken Taylor did not shy away from letting the viewer quietly watch and listen to the scene of online to face learning Fanny Price and Mary Crawford sitting in Mrs. Cyberpunk! Grant's garden with Fanny musing on memory and the imagination, and the later scene of learning them in the schoolroom when Mary says goodbye and herself goes into Essay, a delicate reverie filled with loving feeling; the many intimate scenes between Edmund and Fanny brought home to this viewer how often the two are together over the whole stretch of the online novela, how this prepares us for the denouement. Since the viewer is Essay Interdependence in the Asian Community, allowed simply to watch a scene, I caught how Angela Pleasance playing Lady Bertram seemed to online learning vs face to face, echo Le Tousel's subtle evocation of intense nervousness at the edge of apparent calm.

In comparison, in the 1995 Pride and Prejudice film the equally realistic projection of an ironical yet kind presence by for Disabilitated Children Essay Benjamin Whitlow as Mr. Bennet in two key scenes with Elizabeth in his study (before and after the Lydia debacle ) becomes an unimportant moment, a kind of online learning vs face rest. Subtle gestures cannot compete with a camera rushing on to something more active. The tension that is expected to grip the viewer is made by the camera. I would argue that on the most fundamental level, Austen's novels are made up of cyberpunk definition stories which slowly and online learning, quietly emerge from the inner life and circumstances of a group of intimately- connected characters. Those public scenes she dramatizes most often focus the cyberpunk reader on the outward manifestations of some inward embarrassment, misinterpretation, or frustration from boredom.

The narrator's tactful ironies which are not overdetermined are central to the effect of these books. Now although all of the films made from learning to face Austen's novels can offer scenes of beautifully-patterned dancing, none escapes the obligatory still moments of characters simply sitting in a room together Austen's characters may be said to be conceived in terms of london how much understanding they have of themselves and other characters while they sit around on chairs or walk side-by-side. Yet the staple ingredient of moving pictures is quick visual movement and mesmerizing music and sound, moments of which become memorable to the movie-goer when epitomized in a catchy snatch of dialogue (as in I make him an offer he don't refuse). Film-makers are also wary of the over-voice: it feels too literary; the audience response depends on a quick conceptualization of the nuances of a line or lines. Deprived, then, of matter for what films do best and supplied with matter for what films often eschew, all film- makers of Austen's books have resorted to alluring costumes and lavish props.

They have assumed or created and catered to a yearning to enter a beautiful place. They have also assumed that the name Jane Austen is associated with ideas that there once was a golden world for country gentry, before the learning to face learning railways, before the speeding up of time and space and the spread of Increased in the Asian Community industrialization over the countryside. Online Vs Face To Face! In the The Benefits Essay older films we find ourselves watching a plain still two-shot frame of learning to face learning two relatively-unknown actors, one whose budget does not permit such a lavish recreation of this earlier imagined world of England, and Sex Marriage, one whose techniques look upon costume dramas as products of studio techniques, inside studio art. Vs Face To Face Learning! In the post-1995 films no expense is spared to get the right impression of the dream world, and once the actors are placed in it, the camera proceeds to aspects of war, regale us through astute uses of zoom lenses, panning, with finally a focus on still highly varieed many-changing angled shots of two famous attractive stars in online learning to face learning, a scene of as fast-moving emotional catharsis as a close attention to Austen's text will permit. In sum, while the volume in question includes essays which give us insight into our ideas about the real sociological and economic conditions of Austen's times as found in her novels and Essay on Increased Interdependence East Community, as opposed to what is dramatized in film adaptations, and tell us much about the state of post- modern literary criticism today, especially in its feminist phases, it ignores what really are the differences between the recent films adapted from Austen's novels (post-1995) and all those that came before: film adaptations of online learning to face Austen's novels have become popular not because they cater to false or real comprehension in the audience of subtle issues, but because the production staff and movie companies now hire well-known physically alluring actors and actresses for the leading roles, avail themselves of sophisticated technologies which are used on location and The Benefits of Same, absorb or excite the viewer's attention and plan and execute long-range, well-planned and learning vs face to face, expensive advertisement compaigns. The phrase high profile film is used frequently about these post-1995 films and does not turn up after the 1941 Pride and Prejudice . But quite what or who such an advertising campaign aims at, how it operates and what is the measurement of The Benefits of Same Essay profitable success is beyond my province. = 1. This reversal of Austen's meaning to precisely the opposite of what Austen consciously intended ought to be dwelt upon more. It is not clear whether this reversal comes out of a genuine impulse which expands the nuances that are really in Austen's rich text or the online learning vs face to face predilections, tastes, and values of our own era. For Disabilitated Children Essay! A particularly interesting adaptation of Austen in this regard is Matthew Francis's stage-play, Northanger Abbey . New York: Samuel French, 1997. In this play the actors double as General Tilney/Montoni, Catherine Morland/Emily St Aubin, Henry Tilney/Count de Verenza and so on.

What is curious is how much of Austen's dialogue is retained in the Mysteries of Udolpho scenes and how the two phases of the play blend so easily together. 2. This is online vs face to face learning, especially true of Emma Thompson's script for aspects of war, Sense and Sensibility , where Marianne becomes the most sympathetic of the two heroines. 3. There is a remarkable physical as well as archetypal resemblance between Raymond Coulthard and the subversively kinky blonde Alessandro Nivola, chosen to play Henry Crawford in online vs face, the 1999 Miramax Mansfield Park , written and london, directed by Patricia Rozema. 4. The essays on learning learning the likeness of Clueless to definition, Austen's Emma ring true only until the viewer sees the movie. The plot points, names of the online vs face to face learning characters, and a general outline of story-design do not make a similar product at all. This is one of the Treatment Children Essay many times one discovers exaggeration in film criticism. 5. Online Learning! I take my examples from among the most respected books in Interdependence in the Asian Community, the field: Lester Asheim, From Book to Film: A Comparative Analysis of the Content of Novels and the Motion Pictures Based Upon Them, 1950 Ph.D. Dissertation, The University Of Chicago; Parker Tyler, Magic and online, Myth of the Movies , introduction Richard Schickel. 1947; reprinted New York: Simon and Shuster, 1950; Brain McFarlane, Novel to Film: An Introduction to the Theory of Adaptation . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996; Leo Braudy and Marshall Cohen, edd. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings , Fifth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

6. See revealing commentary in Sue Birtwistle and Susie Conklin, The Making of Pride and of Same, Prejudice and to face, The Making of Emma . Gap Flagship! Penguin BBC Books, 1995 and 1996 respectively. Online Learning Vs Face! The comparison may be seen in the de-emphasis given to such matters in Kenneth Branagh's Mary Shelley's Frankenstein . New York: Newmarket Press, 1994. Asheim, Lester. From Book to Film: A Comparative Analysis of the Content of Novels and the Motion Pictures Based Upon Them, 1950 Ph.D. Dissertation, The University Of Chicago. Birtwistle, Sue and Susie Conklin, The Making of Pride and Prejudice and The Making of Emma . Penguin BBC Books, 1995 and 1996 respectively. Branagh, Kenneth.

Mary Shelley's Frankenstein . New York: Newmarket Press, 1994. Braudy, Leo and Marshall Cohen, edd. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings , Fifth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Brownlow, Kevin. Cyberpunk! David Lean New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. Dancyger, Ken. The Technique of to face learning Film and clinton email scandal explained, Video Editing Boston: Focal Press, 1997. Dear, Nick. Persuasion: A Screenplay . London: Metheun, 1996.

Francis, Matthew. Northanger Abbey . New York: Samuel French, 1997. Gallager, John Andrew. Online To Face Learning! Film Directors on Directing London: Praeger, 1989. Hounam, Donald. Essay On Increased Interdependence In The Asian! Art and Opportunism: adapting Lady Audley's Secret for television, paper given at the Braddon Conference held at learning to face learning Birkbeck cCollege, London, Saturdsay June 13, 2000. Treatment For Disabilitated Children Essay! Online at: http://www.cix.co.uk/%7Edrdoom/film/bradconf.htm. Jarvik, Laurence A. Masterpiece Theatre and the Politics of Equality . Boston: Scarecrow Press, 1999.

Kaplan, Deborah, Mass Marketing Jane Austen: Men, Women, and Courtship in Two of the online learning vs face learning Recent Films, Persuasions 18 (1996), pp. 171-87. Libin, Kathryn L. Shanks, ' a very elegant looking instrument ': Musical Symbols and Substance in on Interdependence in the East, the Films of Jane Austen's Novels, Persuasions , 19 (1997), pp. 187- 94. LeMahieu, D. L. Imagined Contemporaries: cinematic and televisted dramas about the Edwardians in Great Britain and the United States, 1967-1985 , Historical Journal of Film, Radio and to face, Television , 10 (1990), pp. 243-253. Lupack, Barbara Tepa, ed. Nineteenth-Century Women at definition the Movies: Adapting Classic Women's Fiction to Film and online vs face to face, Adapting the Contemporary American Novel to gap flagship store london, Film . Bowling Green Popular University Press, 1999. McFarlane, Brian. Novel to Film: An Introduction to the Theory of Adaptation . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. Online Learning To Face Learning! Naremore, James, ed.

Film Adaptation . New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2000. This has a good annotated bibliography and Treatment Children, the general essays in the first third of the book are very good. Panofsky, Erwin, Style and Medium in the Moving Pictures, Transition , 26 (1937), pp. 121-133. Online Learning To Face! Rozema, Patricia.

Mansfield Park: A Screenplay . New York: Miramax, 1999. Tibberts, John C and store, James M. Learning To Face Learning! Welsh. Novels into Film: The Encyclopedia of Movies Adapted from Books . New York: Checkmark, 1997. Includes an absurd preference for the 1941 adaptation of Austen's Pride and Prejudice ; one can only gap flagship london assume that the authors have not read the book. Thompson, Emma. Learning Vs Face To Face Learning! The Sense and Sensibility Screenplay and Diaries . For Disabilitated! New York: Newmarket Press, 1995. Tyler, Parker, Magic and Myth of the Movies , introduction Richard Schickel. Learning Vs Face Learning! 1947; reprinted New York: Simon and Shuster, 1950. Wood, Robin. Sexual Politics and Narrative Film: Hollywood and Beyond . The Benefits Of Same Sex Marriage Essay! New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. Wright, Andrew.

Jane Austen Adapted, Nineteenth-Century Fiction , 30 (1975), pp. 421-453.

Online vs Traditional Education: What You Need to Know

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Online vs Traditional Education: What You Need to Know

Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to online vs face learning, write often works best by example. On Interdependence Asian Community. The following are excerpts from vs face learning nine first-year student essays. Most of the cyberpunk definition examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the names and online to face learning, dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for on Increased East Community future students (in other words, don't use any of the online learning learning apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to categorize the errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man. His notion of monads included contextual references to God.

He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Fair Treatment Children Essay. Had the student omitted the online learning vs face above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is aspects of war relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic.

For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in online learning vs face to face learning an essay about Essay Increased, their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. Online Learning. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to Essay Interdependence in the Asian Community, mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and to face learning, James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. This paper will not only shed light on clinton scandal some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the man that he was. This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about learning, Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the choice to begin with his date of birth is a good one. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied.

The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and aspects of war, anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well. In the online learning learning late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of clinton email, school with the intent to online learning vs face learning, make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the Increased 1650s. The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the online learning to face she then should be changed to and. To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for them. The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to cyberpunk definition, encourage him to be a farmer.

Smith invented the widgetiscope and learning to face, paved the way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. Cyberpunk. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish.

This sentence is mispunctuated. The comma is online learning vs face learning confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the on Interdependence in the East Asian theories became a necessity. The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667.

Smith believed he was being pulled in online learning learning two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. He felt a need for fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. Clinton Scandal Explained. To the dismay of vs face to face, many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess.

There are far too many ideas in it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of clinton email explained, differentiation the university re-opening after the vs face plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an aside to of Same Sex Marriage Essay, complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the university re-open in 1667, or was the plague in 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year?

Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in learning vs face to face learning one year, though it is possible. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for Essay poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to online learning vs face, understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Here is aspects of war how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on vs face learning the method of on Increased Interdependence Asian, differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for online learning vs face to face learning him to produce a document detailing all of Children Essay, his theories on the subject. Vs Face To Face. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium.

Although Smith wished to gap flagship store, attain fame and online learning vs face learning, fortune, he also feared rejection. Definition. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the learning vs face first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is cyberpunk awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of vs face to face, Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean?

Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the on in the Asian Community manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. Online Learning To Face Learning. This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from cyberpunk which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is online vs face still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into The Benefits smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the online manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope.

Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is gap flagship store london impossible to online vs face, gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. Smith formed a political plan to try to aspects of war, persuade the Germans to attack the French due to online learning vs face, him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the Treatment for Disabilitated means of vs face, his visiting Hamburg. Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of Increased East Asian Community, saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of learning, his visiting is cyberpunk a very awkward way of saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach.

Not only is online learning vs face to face this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for Essay East Community several months. Online Learning. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to aspects of war, the manor. A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to learning learning, the shock of her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from aspects of war something.

A will does not include land, a house, etc. Online Vs Face. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay, grain to [whomever]. I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. Online Learning To Face. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say.

They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is of Same Essay inconsistency in capitalization. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in online vs face he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature. Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the season has been made.

This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the Fair Children inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Vs Face To Face. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and Fair Children Essay, changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of time. To Face. Say it is a place where. Essay. or a time when. In this case, It was this century when.

Adding an learning vs face to face, 's' without an apostrophe in this case is pluralization, not indicative of aspects of war, possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died.

This says that Smith's father died at the age of six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the learning to face projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered.

To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to cyberpunk, alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the people in learning to face England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in for Disabilitated Essay wave . The current time is the moment the reader is vs face to face reading the sentence. The student meant to Interdependence in the Asian Community, say that the online vs face to face learning belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an aspects of war, error.

It should either be in waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the online vs face student had read the Increased Interdependence East Asian paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to learning to face, different problems. Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. Cyberpunk. It does not mean the same as to online to face, impede, which is to be an obstacle. On Increased Interdependence In The East Community. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to online vs face to face learning, check if the The Benefits of Same Essay word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the word themselves.

Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. So here is direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and learning vs face to face, one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish.

It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and cyberpunk definition, his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in online learning vs face learning the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from The Benefits Essay a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and online vs face to face learning, the value of that is store london always questioned. Who is questioning the value? There is vs face no attribution to explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is being questioned? The value of only definition, having one friend, or the online learning vs face learning value of the one friendship to Essay, Smith in online learning to face particular?

. which means that the cut in the # of points is cyberpunk equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is online learning vs face learning a bad short cut, and Fair Essay, certainly inappropriate for learning vs face learning a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry. How does a focus on The Benefits Essay a subject help to improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the online learning vs face to face learning subject in the community, but does that improve the on Increased Interdependence Community community itself? This is online learning to face learning a badly worded assertion.

If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach. At the end of the for Disabilitated Essay day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Winning the fight was still not enough.

John applied himself in class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student. Learning. Incredibly, it manages to The Benefits Essay, completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the online learning vs face learning boy in the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and cyberpunk, you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of learning vs face learning, a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock.

He constructed the clock out of an old box. This is store choppy. It could be easily combined into vs face to face learning one sentence. Jones became began to study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the clinton email scandal word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of online learning vs face to face learning, omission that could have been caught if the student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to read.

The word of should be between calculation and email scandal, the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the instructor has to reread the sentence to try to online vs face to face, understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted. If this happens often enough in aspects of war the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to read their essay:

One of vs face to face learning, Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to gap flagship store london, Smith in online learning to face that it served as an gap flagship london, important too in helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the online vs face to face learning ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of The Benefits of Same Essay, them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on online vs face to face religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and gap flagship store, science rejected his theories about light until the next century.

Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is online vs face to face learning a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and not others? The use of Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of East Asian, his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality.

It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay. Online Learning. This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. Scandal Explained. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about vs face to face, their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to aspects of war, the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to online learning to face learning, his uncle's place in london Brunswick. Place is colloquial.

Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of learning, law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is of Same Essay probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the 19th century. Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense.

Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and the student went so far as to interview the secretary personally. That is, of course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of online to face learning, direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only aspects of war, been one? The student means another, not other.

Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and learning vs face to face, the opening paragraph. Fair Treatment. Clearly, the student stapled the learning vs face to face learning pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in scandal proper order before binding the essay. Vs Face To Face Learning. If the instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and possibly of you.

Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. A busy man would do. The first as is an clinton email explained, error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the online learning to face Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in 1683. Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from a source and should be cited. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in this case.

A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence. Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to?

Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him.

Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in on Asian Community the present, so the to face learning word should at least be had. But even had is email scandal explained awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to converse, especially orally. Learning. One does not speak orally in clinton explained a publication. It is learning written. This word should be omitted. Essay On Interdependence In The Community. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse.

This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Online Vs Face To Face Learning. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life. This is a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence.

18 months is repeated for no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers. Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the cyberpunk definition most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. If they mean it was the online most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment.

Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and scandal, confusing. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to online vs face to face, satisfy or something equivalent.

This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of Essay, mathematics, most importantly Calculus.

Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. To Face Learning. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is cyberpunk no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to prove in the face of the importance of online vs face to face learning, Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word. Achievements or discoveries would be better. Aspects Of War. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word.

The use of greatest and most importantly referring to online learning, Calculus is gap flagship london hyperbole. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the learning vs face to face student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to make.

Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely? World is singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of explained, science and one of mathematics. This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the learning ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that.

Ration is the wrong word. The student meant ratio. This is one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the Essay Interdependence in the East Asian essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the to face inventor of the clinton email explained widgetiscope and another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the truth? The main problem here is the change in online vs face learning tense. You can't go from was to gap flagship store, is if the subject remains fixed in online learning time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past.

Try to avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed. Fair Treatment Essay. This particular statement is also bad because of the subject matter. Online Learning Vs Face To Face Learning. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the Sex Marriage Essay issue is learning vs face to face who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is aspects of war awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of learning, writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only one could be given the credit.

The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by which worked against Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. But because the store student failed to put the necessary comma between the online learning bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to clinton email scandal, come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to learning vs face to face learning, unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument.

This also repeats the clinton email explained fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from to face whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the aspects of war portion after the comma is a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc.

Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of vs face learning, darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Cyberpunk. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over online vs face to face, this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and discovered that nothing by Essay on Interdependence East Community Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the learning paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the clinton scandal student's sources and bibliography. Be sure to online learning vs face learning, list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sex Marriage Essay, Sumerian algebra was to impose on online vs face learning themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from Essay in the Community their own mathematics. Motive applies to online learning vs face learning, Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians.

Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on cyberpunk definition themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on vs face learning themselves. Clinton Email Explained. although that is still an online to face, awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute.

A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to on Increased Interdependence in the, say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is vs face to face learning nonsensical. Definition. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the online vs face word at all at worst. The proper phrase is have never been formed.

To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the definition advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in vs face learning such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is clinton email ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of learning vs face learning, Smith's word against a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often.

It's somewhat conversational, and Sex Marriage, possibly colloquial. Learning Vs Face To Face. Try to avoid it unless something is truly essential. Children Essay. A number of online vs face learning, suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of Sex Marriage Essay, saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to punctuate it is as follows (note the to face placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to say: It is a case of Smith's word against the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of definition, a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on learning vs face more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only Fair Treatment Essay, described fingleish widgetry, and failed to learning vs face to face, include an explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required.

But if you're going to do it, be careful to do it well and with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. Clinton Email. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of vs face learning, sufficient definition. Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of fundamental importance.

In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Fair For Disabilitated Children. Thus, calling a disagreement in vs face to face learning definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is of Same definitely hyperbole. Online To Face Learning. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted. Centuries upon centuries is redundant.

Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in of Same particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of online learning to face, topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is The Benefits of Same a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. This is a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to online learning vs face learning, make contact with the French government, but while waiting for aspects of war an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57).

Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Online Learning. Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about other societies? More technological in building things is gap flagship store a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to vs face learning, one of the Fair greatest geniuses that ever lived is online vs face to face learning hyperbole. Even if it is email true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to online learning vs face to face learning, or follow through to another something.

The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and Treatment Children, death and not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death. That is still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted. Vs Face Learning. This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source.

Really is colloquial, and gap flagship, should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to learning, math . Who is Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication.

Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and email scandal explained, their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the student is online trying to make the clinton email scandal science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it. It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to learning to face learning, children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by for Disabilitated Children laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. The description of the invisible force is very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an online learning vs face to face, invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against clinton email scandal explained us.

Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. Learning To Face. The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in aspects of war the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists.

Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in learning vs face it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward. It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of cyberpunk definition, this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial.

Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an impact in online to face all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the scandal explained centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. Learning. This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for years to come.

This is an important part of scandal explained, history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. Learning Vs Face To Face Learning. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. Aspects Of War. A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society. Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for learning another.

Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the clinton email student should define which century they mean. Impacts are made on, not in. If by all of online learning vs face learning, us the student means everyone on on Increased Interdependence in the East Asian Community the planet, this is vs face learning incorrect. Jones' contributions to london, mathematics hardly impact the learning to face learning life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to mention that the person did something in Essay on in the Asian Community your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the learning vs face matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay.

No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an essay that is gap flagship store london full of the learning to face learning errors listed above prevents the reader from clinton email scandal understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade. Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. All rights reserved. This original work is available for distribution, provided the following: it is only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is online to face not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form. If you want to Fair Treatment, receive notification of updates on any portion of this site, simply enter your email address here and click/select the button to enter. You will be required to sign up for a free Yahoo! account to complete registration.

Please note that Yahoo!'s privacy policy and other management are outside of kimberlychapman.com's responsibility. Users are encouraged to online learning vs face to face learning, perform their own due diligence before signing up with any online service. To find out more about the list or read messages without signing up, please visit the Yahoo! page for Essay Increased Asian Community the kimberlychapman updates mailing list.

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Category Archives: Pointless Essays. Thoreau’s Cosmopolitical Proposal. Henry David Thoreau casts a long shadow over my thoughts about and to face learning, practice of walking, particularly his essay “On Walking” which opens with “I wish to speak a word for Nature, for store london absolute freedom and wildness, as contrasted with a freedom and culture merely civil,–to regard man as an inhabitant, or a part and parcel of learning nature, rather than a member of society.” In a stroke, he introduces what becomes an elemental concept–the wild–and frames his understanding of the human away from society in the big outside actively participating in the making of that outside. But his initial phrasing also opens the question of who is authorized to speak for another, particularly an other without language. Although the essay is full of many strongly (if ironically) stated sentiments about who is qualified to walk–“If you are ready to leave father and mother, and brother and sister, and wife and child and friends, and never see them again,–if you have paid your debts, and made your will, and settle all of your affairs, and are a free man, then you are ready for a walk.”–speaking a word for nature is, from the first instant, made in a tentative voice. He might speak a word for Nature, but he cannot speak for Nature. “On Walking” is an gap flagship essay on being “part and online vs face to face learning, parcel of gap flagship store london nature,” of acknowledging its “subtle magnetism,” and the “capabilities of the landscape.” The Nature he speaks for is full of agencies known and unknown.

The Belgian philosopher Isabelle Stengers also wants to question those who speak “a word” for Nature, to understand what authorizes certain people (usually scientists) to speak for learning to face nature, and to what extent their words are final. Her “Cosmopolitical Proposal” advocates listening to multiple voices speaking for of Same Essay or with multiple constituencies, articulating alliances, and arriving at an often brief consensus. She opens with a question–“How can I present a proposal intended not to say what is, or what ought to be, but to provoke thought; one that requires no other verification than the way in which it is able to ‘slow down’ reasoning and create an opportunity to arouse a slightly different awareness of the problems and situations mobilizing us?” Her friend and mentor Gilles Deleuze once characterized Nietzsche’s philosophy as a “series of darts” –provocations to thinking– rather than a system or method. Alfred North Whitehead, Stenger’s other, more distant mentor, spoke of philosophy as “lures for thinking.” All three–Whitehead, Deleuze, Stengers–offer up concepts, a tool-box, to help do philosophical work. They give no absolute position from which to speak absolutely, but they do point out online learning learning a branching path where thinkers can, in Thoreau’s word, saunter. The beginning of “On Walking” is Treatment Essay, a critique of an overly sedentary existence promoted by the business economy, but it is also a description (sometimes prescription) of proper walking attitudes. In the latter part he echoes his mentor Emerson’s plea in the “Divinity School Address” for a unique American literature and philosophy, one partaking of and maybe even articulating the wild land they now occupy. Online Learning Vs Face To Face Learning? This notion of “the wild” is a fraught concept, one subject to many different appropriations, most notably to cyberpunk, support eco-political movements advocating for setting aside wilderness areas. His line “in wildness is the preservation of the world” is often misquoted as “in wilderness…” Without doubt, one could find elements of learning vs face a Thoreavian wild in a vast wilderness, but it also is to be found in Increased Interdependence East Asian Community the “civilized” world: in swamps or low spots on farms, at learning vs face to face learning, the edges of fields, in The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay the margins of cultivation (agricultural and social). Thoreau himself, as Walden demonstrates, seeks out the wild and lives it on those very margins. He notes in “On Walking,” “For my part, I feel that with regard to Nature, I live a sort of border life….” His wild is not an inhuman isolation from the tame or civilized, but instead is a force which gives energy, vitality, or following Whitehead, articulates the learning to face learning “ultimate metaphysical ground, the definition creative advance into novelty.” The wild is a source, a wellspring that creates in spite of the cultivation that civilization demands.

It is the tang of the wild apple or the wilding potato growing on the edge of a cultivated Peruvian field ready to bring new taste and characteristics to the dinner table. A place to locate this is in one of his seemingly offhand rants near the end of the essay where, as a counter to an American obsession with the practical (or as a proleptic critique of the vs face to face learning neo-liberal University), he calls for a “Society for the Diffusion of Useful Ignorance.” He immediately renames ignorance “beautiful knowledge” to distinguish it from the practical, but it could just as easily be called “the wild” as he follows his proposal with a Whitmanesque image of cattle who find vitality in the new spring grass after a winter of on Increased Interdependence in the Community hay. Ignorance can take many forms, and usually not particularly positive ones, but Thoreau’s is a plea for thought freed from the cultivation of a rigidified civilization, of one that only listens to narrowly defined expert voices speaking an officially sanctioned discourse. Useful ignorance is learning vs face learning, a form of naivete, a voice that can produce insights that, because unrecognized, are not available to on Increased Community, the expert witnesses. The central figure in vs face to face learning Stenger’s “Cosmopolitical Proposal” is the idiot, a conceptual persona she takes from Deleuze (who appropriated it from Dostoevsky). In Stenger’s hands, the idiot is the tentative, unauthorized voice who asks non-sensical or useless questions. Idiotic questioning is Essay Increased in the Community, a way to online to face learning, strip bare the categories of sense and use.

She does not deny knowledge but does want a fuller understanding of the ground on which it stands: “We know, knowledge there is, but the idiot demands that we slow down, that we don’t consider ourselves authorized to gap flagship, believe we possess the meaning of what we know.” Stenger’s idiot is a practitioner of Thoreau’s useful ignorance, or perhaps is learning vs face, Thoreau himself–someone willing to ask naively the obvious question, who slows down a railroaded consensus. Clinton Email Scandal Explained? Thoreau is the consummate railroad philosopher. Online Learning? Regarding transportation to Fitchburg he notes it would take him a day to earn train fare, but he could walk it in a day, so he opted for the second. A form of willful perversity perhaps, maybe a refusal to participate in an unnecessary economy, from most perspectives the action of an idiot, but definitely a way to slow down. In her plea for slow science, Stengers quotes Whitehead’s critique of a narrow professionalism: “minds in a groove. For Disabilitated Essay? Each profession makes progress, but it is progress in its own groove. (…) The groove prevents straying across country, and the abstraction abstracts from online learning, something to which no further attention is given.” Inherent in this position is the desire to move transversally, as Thoreau advocates, to set out across the fields instead of following established roads, and as a consequence to slow down enough to pay due attention– not just to the world encountered but also to the thinking produced by that practice. Naive questioning, slowing down, paying due attention: these are pedestrian practices. In “On Walking” Thoreau notes, “My desire for knowledge is intermittent, but my desire to bathe my head in clinton scandal explained atmospheres unknown to my feet is perennial and constant.” This is contrasted to Emerson’s more famous transparent eyeball, “I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the vs face Universal Being circulate through me; I am part of God.” Thoreau is not after knowledge (at least none of the officially authorized kind), nor does he attain airy transcendence. Instead he wants his head to go where his feet can take him, to those little known places he sought out while sauntering in the woods surrounding Concord. He opens “On Walking” tracing an etymology of gap flagship store london saunter, first claiming it describes someone going to learning vs face to face learning, Sainte Terre, to the Holy land.

Then he sets out the possibility it comes from sans terre, to be without land, which “will mean, having no particular home, but equally at home everywhere.” Ultimately Thoreau prefers the former, but I like the latter because of the definition double logic it proposes. To be without ground is to acknowledge that the position from which you think and speak is solid but transient. To saunter intellectually is not to be arrogant but instead tentative. You can venture to learning vs face to face learning, “speak a word for Nature,” but you cannot utter the definitive term. You cannot close off the conversation. The second half of the logic is definition, that such groundless can still provide a home, that we don’t have to root ourselves in the village, condemned to repeat the same formulae, nor do we have to run on the grooved rails of the train. Instead we can slow down, saunter across places hitherto unrealized, looking for knowledge of the learning wild, or even better, wild knowledge. T. Hugh Crawford. Christo’s “Floating Piers”: Learning to The Benefits of Same, Walk. Finding myself in Milan after nearly a year of long-distance trekking, I couldn’t pass up the chance to walk on water.

Christo’s latest large-scale installation–the Floating Piers–was open on nearby Lake Iseo. Though not as well-known as its counterparts–Como or Lugano–Iseo is a charming lake with a large island. Instead of the online learning vs face to face learning usual ferry, the Floating Piers provides travelers with a bridge from the mainland town of Sulzano across to the island. The lake is in a quiet wine district, and clinton email scandal, Christo’s installation threatens to overwhelm the region’s infrastructure. Arriving at learning to face, Sulzano feels more like walking into carnival than an art exhibition. Treatment? It was a brutally hot day, and online learning vs face learning, transport included a packed shuttle bus from satellite parking lots. Given the difficulty of travel and temperature, the visitors were in remarkably good humor, each showing a quiet expectation or maybe just plain curiosity about what they were about to experience. Christo’s installations tend to be visual–the many draped buildings, his wrapped islands, and the canyon curtain–so The Floating Piers is a divergence.

It is participatory, a set of clinton scandal explained bridges that are meant to be crossed by walkers, pilgrims of all types learning to online learning to face, walk on a strange cloth-covered contraption. The installation was first conceived in cyberpunk 1970 by online learning vs face learning Christo and his collaborator Jeanne-Claude. Fair For Disabilitated Children Essay? A three kilometer set of bridges, it links Sulzano with the learning vs face island town of Peschiera Maraglio and the tiny Isola di San Paolo. Open from June 18 until July 3, Floating Piers is 220,000 high density polyethylene cubes covered by 100,000 square meters of Increased Interdependence in the East fabric and vs face, held in place by 200 anchors. With a color that approaches school-bus yellow, the Children bridges float just above the water’s surface with edges tapering to a zero point where the learning vs face to face learning water laps and, on a hot day, invites.

The site and surrounding towns have been overrun with walkers. On Interdependence Community? In the first five days alone, 270,000 vistors arrived, far exceeding all estimates and learning vs face to face learning, prompting nighttime closures to for Disabilitated, enable the towns to clean up and reset for the next day’s onslaught. Planning walks usually involves maps with trail distance in kilometers and hours, but also topography with details on elevation gain and loss. The one bit of information often unavailable is a description of surface. A well-made trail up a steep incline can often be hiked faster than a poorly made level path. The Floating Piers has no elevation change. It is online learning vs face to face learning, a two-dimensional plane perfectly level with the Treatment Children Essay surface of the water, its colors forming an abstract diagram to be seen from above. Its bold diagonals are a striking sight, but the the surface walked is online learning vs face to face, another matter. It is hard to describe the sensation of crossing. It is a flexing, forgiving surface that enables walking in any footwear (or with none at email explained, all) and vs face, the map provided does not so much guide as it abstracts.

Many of the visitors are local tourists, but there are also pilgrims from all over the world. Walking there is to hear a cacophony of The Benefits languages and experience a cacophony of walking styles. Seasoned trekkers tend to move rapidly and directly, always aware of where they are on a trail and learning vs face to face, when in high traffic areas paying close attention to the movement of others. It is a full-bodied dance that is direct but accommodating, open but precise. In contrast, The Floating Piers is Sex Marriage Essay, walked by a variety of people, each struggling to learning to face, find their pace in relation to a crowd which moves to different rhythms or does not move at all (Selfie sticks have replaced trekking poles on this trail). On Increased In The Asian? The paths on online learning vs face to face learning the islands vary in width, but the floating bridges themselves are a uniform 16 meters wide. Aspects Of War? Covered in what they describe as a “simmering yellow” fabric, the online to face learning walkway provides only one sense of cyberpunk definition directionality–across the lake and back. The surface itself is unmarked, giving no indication of online vs face learning where to walk.

I recall hiking the Ninety-Mile Beach on the northernmost part of New Zealand. In that wide expanse of sand, I found myself unconsciously following any track that appeared–human footprints, tire marks, even the The Benefits of Same seaweed of the to face learning tide line–if only to find a sense of Essay Increased East Community where and how to walk. Christo’s walkers are given a blank space. Learning Vs Face? The bridges are not long distance trails, nor are they city streets or the arcades of a shopping center. They have a direction, but give their walkers no directions. What is most striking about the on Increased Interdependence in the Asian Community project surface is that, like water, it is not a rigid plane. The piers flex, float, and move according to their own complicated pattern, one that is influenced by the movement of the lake surface, the wake of boats, and the wind, but also by the footsteps of the many walkers. If you expect them to follow a pattern based on a human scale, you are in for a surprise as the surface rises to your foot or withdraws from it with no discernible rhythm. Online Vs Face To Face? Consequently, the crowds moving in either direction (in or out) have to navigate the unpredictability of their fellow walkers and Essay on in the East Asian, the chaotic flexing on the surface on which they stride. Perhaps it is the school-bus yellow, maybe the sharp and bold abstraction of its lines, or just the sheer child-like playfulness of the entire project, there is online to face learning, something about the Floating Piers that turns its users into children. It is a playful concept, but more fundamentally its users, like toddlers, must learn to The Benefits of Same, negotiate the surface where they walk and the people with whom they share that surface.

The day I walked the Floating Piers, I got to tiny Isola di San Paola (the most playful section of the project) to find a pontoon workboat floating just off the yellow fabric coast. Christo was there with guests, including a man wearing yellow pants that appeared to be made from the bridge cover fabric (I’m sure they had a few extra yards lying around). There is nothing unusual about an online vs face to face artist visiting his own installation, but there was something poignant about this. Were it the opening for an earlier work, Christo would have been occupying more or less the same perspective as his audience. Here the clinton email explained artist was offshore looking obliquely at online learning vs face to face learning, the planar surface of his art, but primarily he was looking at aspects of war, the walkers on that plane who were turning his bridges into bridges. The floating piers are just beautiful abstract surfaces on the lake surface until the online learning vs face learning walkers arrive. Then the paths become paths, the toddlers learn to aspects of war, walk, and a new, albeit temporary, community is online learning vs face, formed. Footpaths are humanity’s first writing, producing marks on the land that tell others where to go, and aspects of war, they, by learning vs face going, create community. Aspects Of War? Paths exist through use.

Christo’s are temporary and the community of walkers formed is transient, but the online learning to face learning lesson remains. Given a sufficiently estranging path, we can become toddlers and once again experience the wonder that first walking brings. They were burning the fields in Helambu, mountains terraced like a 3-d model of Essay Interdependence in the Community a topo map but nearly as old as human history. Vs Face To Face Learning? First they burn the chaff and straw, then cultivate with short-handled heavy-headed hoes, a design older than the millennium. In the larger fields, a wooden plow is pulled by a yoke of yak, writing simple lines in the soil with a metal tip tapering to a plain point. The plows are carved from a small tree-trunk with a heavy root angled by the winds, water, and on Increased in the East Community, rocks where it grew. A handle is mortised at the butt to give the plowboy control over depth and direction.

The ashes from the burn are turned into the soil, but only after the learning vs face fire has filled the sky with a choking smoke. In the villages they heat and gap flagship, cook with wood, often in rooms without chimneys. Instead a hole up in online to face the eaves helps draw some of the smoke from the kitchen. Aspects Of War? The paths that wind between villages and to face learning, farms are littered with empty coughdrop blister-packs, an Fair for Disabilitated Essay attempt to sooth the irritation of indoor and outdoor smoke. Vs Face To Face Learning? The latter was completely unexpected as I climbed the trail, finally gaining 3690 meters of altitude. Essay On In The Asian? Higher than I had ever been but still not above tree line. Online Vs Face Learning? The forest remained primarily pine and cyberpunk, juniper, though becoming more scrub-like as the afternoon progressed.

Ahead was a peak the path would go around, but I could see a recent rockslide had sheared off most of learning vs face to face its face and the trail rerouted at that point. Fair? The foot stones were fresh and there were small cairns signaling the way, but as it turned out, in vs face order to get past the slip, the path went almost to Essay Interdependence East Asian Community, the peak. My altitude sensitive lungs went on online to face learning full alert. Until this point, the hour estimates printed on my map had been spot on, but the walk from Mangengoth to Thadepati Bhanjyand was listed as one hour and took two and a half. Not sure what the kilometers were, but at this altitude they are of little consequence. The only thing that mattered was the air.

It is not surprising that Buddhist meditation practices focus so intently on breath. Spiritus is elusive at altitude. Just moving about in the Himalayas is an cyberpunk exercise in breathing, a palpable factor in to face all activity. Visiting the gompa at Bhraga required not just a long walk up the Annapurna Circuit but also slow acclimation. The general rule of thumb is not to gain more than 1000 meters altitude per day, and I was by no means pushing myself on arrival at the village. On learning I could see the inside of the monastery which was perched high on a cliff above the aspects of war village, I had to hustle to get up to it in online learning to face time.

Almost immediately, oxygen debt crushed my stamina. I slowed and methodically made my way to the entrance where I was met by an ancient Nepali doorkeeper who instructed me to remove my shoes and compose my breathing, then led me into an exuberance of Buddhist statuary, imagery, and manuscripts. I wandered in a daze, enthralled at the spectacle and the history it contained (I’m sure lack of Essay oxygen contributed to that daze). On leaving, she tied a thin, blue-green string around my neck (which remains to to face learning, this day), and I breathed one last time the smell of incense and ancient learning before descending some meters to the village and its relatively richer oxygen world. Bhraga is on the Annapurna circuit in Nepal. As a child I was a voracious reader in a house with a decent but limited library. I remember Maurice Herzog’s account of the ascent (and more important, descent) of clinton email scandal Annapurna in the first expedition to summit what was then the highest mountain yet climbed by Western mountaineers. That story remained tucked in my psyche, resurfacing when I read about the circuit. I’ve been trekking long enough to have chucked the to face learning “bucket list” mentality over the edge many years ago.

My idea was to walk around the Annapurna massif as a sort of pilgrimage, like the Buddhist circumambulation of Mt. Kailash. In my pilgrimage, I would see the villages, people, and countryside but also the places Herzog’s expedition passed, and I would see the The Benefits mountain that bulked so large in online learning learning my childhood imagination. Gap Flagship Store? Except for ice gear, I carry the equipment necessary to meet most challenges on a trail. The description of the Annapurna Circuit was quick to point out that people of moderate fitness were capable of finishing, so I didn’t worry much about the online learning vs face to face specifics. Of Same? My first days out were uneventful, walking without a guide on a well-marked, well-travelled path. As the days passed, I encountered many of the same trekkers, listening to learning to face learning, their conversations which almost never mentioned the walk itself. Instead, like a mantra, they repeated the words “Thorung La,” a pass that, at 17,769 ft., was the highest point on cyberpunk definition the circuit.

It soon became clear most of my hiking colleagues were focused almost exclusively on the challenge of learning vs face that pass. Along with the 1000 meter rule, everyone hydrated relentlessly and many ate lots of Essay on East garlic, a folk remedy I was most happy to follow. Morning eggs in the guest houses were usually covered in garlic. Some were also taking Diamox (acetazolamide), a drug used to treat Marfan’s syndrome and some forms of epilepsy. It is a diuretic which tends to online learning learning, acidify the blood, causing deep breathing and clinton email scandal, increasing the learning learning blood’s oxygen supply, so it supposedly works as prophylaxis for mountain sickness. For these people, a pilgrimage around and through a remarkable landscape had been reduced to hemoglobin, to Fair Treatment for Disabilitated Essay, blood and oxygen. My passage over Thorung La was uneventful. Online Learning Vs Face? A beautiful but bitter cold day, a long steady climb followed by a hasty descent to Kagbeni, it was satisfying and, by walking at on Increased Interdependence in the East, a judicious pace, my blood remained well-oxygenated. Online To Face? A few weeks later, on another continent I came to email scandal, understand thin air.

I began the final ascent of Mt. Kilimanjaro at midnight, but not before asking the guides about the rationale for such a strategy. We had already spent days acclimating, and it seemed unwise to disrupt diurnal patterns just at the moment we were readying for the big push. They offered three explanations, each plausible, but not entirely convincing. The hike up from online learning vs face, Kibo huts to The Benefits Sex Marriage, Uhuru peak is less than six km with a little more than 1000m altitude gain. The summit is 5895m (19,341?). For comparison, Everest is 29,029?, and the highest peak in North America is Denali coming in at online, 20,310?. So the first answer had some merit– seeing the sunrise from the crater rim is an incredible experience.

People walk up Poon Hill in Nepal starting at 4:00 am to see the sun rise over the Annapurna massif and Daulighiri, but that is a well-marked and fairly short track. Another reason: it was the wet season and the rains tend to start mid-morning, so they wanted to get up and gap flagship store, then off the learning mountain early. The last, which seemed both patronizing and Sex Marriage Essay, nonsensical, was actually the best. Hikers cannot see what they are climbing in learning vs face the dark. It might only be six kilometers and only 1000 meters elevation gain, but it is straight up the Fair Treatment for Disabilitated highest mountain in Africa. At 11:00, we had coffee and biscuits and by the stroke of midnight were walking out of camp, each wearing a headlamp directed at our feet. We soon discovered that rain the day before was snow up high, and within the hour we were in ankle-deep powder, each of us following single file, seeing only the terrain illuminated by online learning vs face learning our headlamps and concentrating on the footprints directly in front of us. This went on of Same for six hours. Online Learning Vs Face To Face? Initially, I treated it the way I do all long treks.

Walking is an opportunity to Essay Interdependence in the Asian Community, think, but walking and thinking at high altitude is a curious and subtle experience. I found while I did the Kili shuffle–placing one foot directly in front of the other, heel to vs face learning, toe with no space between (very much Pink Floyd’s The Wall walk)–I could maintain a train of thought, but soon the lack of clinton scandal oxygen took effect, and I could only focus on the feet stepping in front of vs face learning me, step after step, hour after hour. Climbing in snow is physically taxing, and as the air thinned, every misstep or slip interrupted carefully patterned breathing which in turn made me stop to pant, trying to get oxygen balance back. The new snow slowed our pace, so we arrived at Gilman’s point on the crater rim much later than expected. Of Same? Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano– a singular peak rising out vs face to face learning of the Rift Valley that characterizes the geology of East Africa. We rested briefly, and for the first time could see beyond the definition halos of our headlamps. Learning Vs Face? The sun washed across the store landscape, making shadows of learning vs face to face learning unbelievable intensity and finally breaking the monochrome of our night walk. By now I was really feeling the altitude. I had crossed Thorung La with little distress, but given the for Disabilitated Essay exertion of learning vs face climbing in snow, I was gasping for air and Fair Treatment Children Essay, feeling many of the symptoms of altitude sickness.

Nevertheless I continued the last bit of the climb around the learning crater rim to Uhuru point. There were congratulations all around, but what stunned us all was the sheer magnificence of a clear, rainless morning looking out over the glaciers surrounding a breathtaking crater (and I mean breathtaking in its most literal sense). We soon turned back– lingering at clinton scandal explained, the peak invites many problems including body-temperature drops and online learning, perhaps more time sliding down the incline in the rain. Essay On Increased Interdependence Asian Community? We made our long return to online learning to face, Kibo huts, and each step brought more oxygen. After a glorious hour resting, we geared back up and made the descent to gap flagship store, Horombo, had supper and slept the sleep of the dead. Emily Dickinson once wrote that “the brain is online learning vs face to face learning, wider than the sky.” On Kilimanjaro, I learned that a tired, physically stressed, and aspects of war, oxygen-starved brain is no wider than the faint outline of a headlamp illuminating footsteps in the snow. Air signals its presence in other ways, perhaps most directly by moving. In Nepal climbing to Tilicho Lake, I watched the snow on a mountainside break off, sliding into a ravine a couple of kilometers from where I walked. There was no danger the avalanche could reach the trail, but in learning vs face learning a few moments the Fair Treatment for Disabilitated Children clear sunny day was filled with airborne ice crystals moving east fast and online learning vs face to face, wet.

About 20 minutes later, the same ricocheting wave recrossed the path, this time moving west, once again covering me completely in ice. The Tongiriro Crossing on New Zealand’s North Island involves altitude change though nothing like Kilimanjaro. The edge of the Red Crater is a little over 1800 meters and cyberpunk, when I was to cross during my hike of the Te Araroa Trail there was still snow, a lot of learning to face it. Tongariro is one of those hikes that swiftly changing weather can make dangerous. Gap Flagship Store? My morning started out cold (down at online learning vs face learning, low elevation) and wet, though there were glimpses of sun, and the cloud cover did not look significantly different from a typical New Zealand morning in late Spring. My plan was to first hike to the Ketatahi Hut which was about 18 km, so I hoped to get there mid-morning and would then have a sense of how the weather would play out. Store? Early on the hike went well, a long road walk followed by well-designed and maintained paths. Online Learning? When I emerged from the bush and started hiking the alpine tundra the temperature started to drop, and the wind picked up. Still, I was well dressed in wind/rain gear, ready for what I thought would come, but the rain intensified and the wind was soon gale force.

At times it actually pushed me off the trail. The last kilometer or two were otherworldly– horizontal rain, freight-train wind, and no clear end in aspects of war sight. Then the hut appeared (not a moment too soon). The first thing I saw when I got to the door was a sign redesignating the hut as a temporary shelter. It was not an overnight site any longer because of a recent eruption which had dropped rocks through the roof and online to face, disrupted the Fair for Disabilitated Children foundation. I went inside, stripped off wet clothes, and with shivering hands made an early lunch. As I did not get appreciably warmer–the wind by now was bashing the sides of the cabin– I spread out my sleeping bag on the table and crawled in, which soon got my body temperature to a better range. Before long some Department of Conservation people showed up to work on the hut, surprised to learning learning, find anyone there in such weather and relieved that I had decided to return down the way I had come. I packed up, headed back into the maelstrom, and could feel the london temperature creep up as the online learning altitude decreased.

While hiking back down the mountain, I thought about Sex Marriage Thoreau in learning The Maine Woods where he climbed Katahdin, though he did not achieve the summit. His description of the mountain is some of his best writing, and I was thinking about how to him Katahdin was a cloud machine, making its own weather. He did not end up posing at the top for pictures the Essay Increased Interdependence in the East Community way Appalachian Trail thru-hikers do today, but he experienced the mountain in learning to face learning all its weather fury. From that perspective, his was a successful climb, as was mine that day on Tongariro. Another of Thoreau’s mountains is clinton email, New Hampshire’s Mount Washington, a place where the air asserts itself insistently. Learning Learning? It is a mountain with a constant flow of tourists. I remember one day climbing it through the Tuckerman Ravine with one of Fair Treatment Children my sons. Like Katahdin, Washington is also a cloud factory, so on learning nearing the summit the mist came in. Tom asked if we were close, and I responded that I could see something just ahead.

As it turned out, that something was the bumper of aspects of war a car. To Face Learning? We summited through a parking lot, then stood next to tourists in street clothes waiting our turn to snap a picture by the sign at the peak. Flat and exposed, Washington is situated at a point where major storm systems from the south and aspects of war, the west converge. Online Learning Vs Face To Face Learning? It can have temperatures as low as -35 and, at 231 mph, the highest wind speed ever directly recorded by humans. It is no wonder that in the past 150 years, almost the Fair Treatment Children Essay same number of people have died on its slopes. Like Tongariro, the weather changes rapidly, with storms scudding in at an unheralded pace. Standing at the peak, ignoring the cog-railway and learning learning, full parking lot, watching the clouds mark the wind direction and speed, is to experience air as air. Today when people speak of a medium they might be thinking of a trafficker in the spiritual realms but more likely are referring to gap flagship store, a communication medium. Online Learning Learning? I currently teach in definition the newly re-named School of learning vs face Literature, Media, and Communication, where media finds itself squarely in the middle, sandwiched between an elderly media form and the study of aspects of war how to get the message through as clearly as possible. At least since McLuhan (actually since Plato), people concerned with effective communication focus not just on the message but also on its medium since, obviously, its specific affordances configure the learning to face learning messages that pass. Idealists desire transparency, the mythic state where the medium recedes to such an The Benefits extent that the message stands clear for all to online to face, see and on Increased Interdependence in the Asian Community, understand.

In Remediation , my old friend and colleague Richard Grusin makes the online vs face learning distinction between immediacy and hypermediacy, where the first characterizes the push for transparency while the aspects of war second calls attention to online learning, both the limitations and cyberpunk, the affordances of the medium itself. Similar to Heidegger’s tools “ready-to-hand” and “present-to-hand,” immediacy and hypermediacy are engaged in a constant dance. One leads for a moment, then the other, as the message is passed and its medium registered. In the online learning vs face learning last half-century, we have come to think of information moving through a medium as fundamental to the maintenance of society and vital for continuing life through our very genetic structure. In a climate-controlled environment (at least in the West), air rarely shows itself as hypermediacy. Instead it seems textbook immediacy. Aspects Of War? Indeed, except for startling instances of dense air pollution (or to a trekker on the Helambu circuit during spring field preparation), the primary characteristic of air is online to face learning, its transparency. Aspects Of War? Something invisible, beneath notice, surely does not carry a message of consequence, but of online vs face learning course it does. We respond somatically to changes in air pressure. We feel deep in Essay Interdependence East Asian Community our souls the freshness of a clear cool morning.

We feel the oppressive weight of water on a humid day, and a stiffening breeze signals a change in the weather. The down on our cheek trembles in the slightest current of air or shift in temperature, but what makes air so clearly a medium is its very transparency. To experience the big outside on an exceptionally clear day is to be enthralled by its clarity, by exactly that which you cannot see. As William Carlos Williams says in the first poem of Spring and online vs face learning, All : under the surge of the on Interdependence East Community blue. mottled clouds driven from the. northeast—a cold wind.

Now the grass, tomorrow. the stiff curl of wildcarrot leaf. One by one objects are defined — It quickens: clarity, outline of leaf. The transparency of the air there does not withdraw in the face of the immediacy of the object–it produces it, enables it, and mediates it. Air is our first medium. T. Hugh Crawford.

Walkers Have Never Been Modern. for Bruno Latour. Robert MacFarlane along with Stanley Donwood and Dan Richards wrote a beautiful little book called Holloway . A holloway is online vs face, “a sunken path, a deep shady lane. A route that centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run have harrowed into the land.” In other words, a holloway embodies and records a human history of acting in aspects of war and with the non-human world, a world made of earth, stone, water, but also animals, wheels, wagons, and tools. I recently finished the Camino Frances path of the Camino de Santiago, crossing the Pyrenees near St. Jean-Pied-de-Porte and walking through Pamplona, Burgos, and Leon to Santiago de Compostela, and online learning, then beyond to the Costa de Morte, to Muxia and gap flagship store, Finisterre (900 kilometers). Though its paths are not usually as deep as the holloways MacFarlane explores in online learning vs face learning England, they record a deep history, one of pilgrimages to Finisterre that even predate the Christian Era. While parts today must be re-routed to newer paths to Sex Marriage, avoid trekking on what have become major highways, the Camino breaths a complex history, passing by every church in its path, but also circling natural formations, avoiding rugged climbs, reflecting the wisdom of the choices made by centuries of walkers. With each step, the modern peregrino is constantly aware of those years of wear, an overwhelming sense of human and nonhuman history. Some years ago, I hiked the Appalachian Trail with one of my sons, a trek markedly different from the online learning vs face to face Camino for a number of gap flagship london reasons. Over 2000 miles, the AT winds its way up the east coast ridge of the online learning United States, from Georgia to Maine, never very far from large population centers but on land that is Fair for Disabilitated Children, largely depopulated, giving little sign of its ever having been occupied.

There are of course moments when hikers feel history. Passing through northwestern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland is online learning vs face to face, a lesson on significant battles of the cyberpunk American Civil War, but often the sense of hikers, one reinforced by the designers and maintainers of the trail, is that they are walking in online learning wilderness, a place devoid of of Same Sex Marriage Essay human history. This mood is even stronger for those hiking the other two major US long-distance trails–the Pacific Crest and the Continental Divide–both of vs face to face which indulge walkers in email the fantasy that they are walking where no one has walked before. Unlike the intensely historical nature of the online to face learning Camino, the trope of American long-distance trails is aspects of war, uninhabited wilderness. Native-American habitation has been literally and symbolically erased from that landscape. American hikers, particularly those from the west, tend to fetishize this blankness, using human absence as a form of valuation, what is called the “fallacy of the wilderness.” It is as if there have been no “centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run.” It may seem odd to turn to a French philosopher of science and technology to talk about attitudes toward the wilderness and online to face learning, human history, but Bruno Latour, in his early book We Have Never Been Modern and the recent An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence gives a vocabulary to help frame these observations. Aspects Of War? At the learning vs face to face risk of oversimplification (which is gap flagship store, inevitable given the length of this essay), We Have Never Been Modern is a critique closely related to Alfred North Whitehead’s notion of the learning to face learning “bifurcation of nature” which initially was a criticism of the philosophical distinction between an object’s primary and secondary qualities but eventually becomes a tool to dismantle the subject/object distinction that has dominated modern philosophy at least since Kant which is the avowed purpose of Essay on Interdependence in the East Asian Community An Inquiry Into Modes of to face learning Existence. In Latour’s timeline, Modernism began (or did not actually begin) when Western philosophy accepted and enforced a rigorous distinction between the subject and aspects of war, the object.

An accomplished modernity would be one that could rigorously control the boundary between knowledge of the natural world and of human society. Latour’s insight is that while that wall might be tall and seemingly impregnable, it (like all geopolitical walls real or imagined) cannot stop subject/object hybrids (what he calls “quasi-objects” and “quasi-subjects”) from learning vs face to face learning, proliferating. No matter how hard the modern knowledge police work, the subject/object distinction cannot be maintained for long. A nature untrammeled by human contact and history, one seen only from clinton email scandal, a scenic overlook or walked on paths that were never built for online vs face transportation or human labor, is the wilderness ideal. Email Scandal? From that perspective, American long-distance trails mimic the modernity Latour decries, one that erases the history of the material world and the imprint of online learning learning human thought and action on the landscape. Email Explained? They are a celebration of Nature purged of all humans except the limited few with the strength, stamina, time, and financial wherewithal to make the trek. The holloway is an example of the learning vs face learning sort of hybrid Latour invokes to destabilize the notion of an accomplished modernity. The holloway is objective, made of what we would call natural objects–dirt, stones, trees, roots, plants–and is subject to natural forces–rain, wind, drought, frost heave. Essay On Asian? But it is also social as it was made and is maintained by online human activity, serving as a conduit for clinton email labor, play, transportation, and human contact. To walk a path is to live its history and trip over its ruts, at the same time!

The modernity Latour critiques is one without history, and many ways it is one without thought. An accomplished modernism would be completely sleek, completely measurable, completely computable. It demands a seamless infrastructure, one that never calls attention to itself (see “Swinging Bridges”). In many ways, it is the neo-liberal dream. Walking a holloway track– the online vs face to face learning Camino de Santiago or Nepal’s Helambu circuit–is to feel a sedimented history, but also much more. When you walk long enough, modern concerns (I owe money, I have obligations, I must be productive) diminish and something else (without the I) opens up. A range of forces come to bear–gravity, oxygen levels, a fine-grained sense of the weather, attention to flora, fauna, the impress of human activity, and memory. These and other factors constitute a mood that can open to reflection and aspects of war, ultimately open onto the possibility of thinking instead of having thoughts which, like ideas, become tokens to move about in some discourse to be measured and validated by learning to face learning a calculus of The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay intellectual activity. The latter–thoughts–are prized by online to face learning the neo-liberal academy as they can be converted into statements that circulate as a proxy for thinking and an emblem of intellectual activity, but are actually a faint shadow of the clinton scandal explained non-modern experience of thinking. In that light, the academia’s long slide from celebrating wisdom to knowledge (18th century) to information (20th century) to data (21st century) is to the neo-liberal university, a place of constant self-assessment, periodic review, and impact analysis, a machine designed to halt thinking in its tracks. The optimism of Latour’s book is his claim that we have never been modern, that such a state can never be accomplished because the boundary between subject and object, self and world, is a chimera.

Purification gestures may create power relations and try to learning, reduce thinking to having thoughts, but the hybrid I am calling thinking proliferates outside those boundaries, in Fair Treatment Essay a world that never was modern. On morning I woke in a Kathmandu hotel with no electricity which is of course a regular occurrence in learning to face most of the world. Technological differences tend to be what we first notice when visiting other places. Heading out of the city deeper into cyberpunk definition the mountains is a move toward fewer conveniences and what seems a simpler life. Many writers, including some I highly respect, describe this as stepping “back in time.” I understand what they mean. In isolated rural areas, the daily practices of the people living there are often quite similar to those of their ancestors. Farmers tilling narrow terraced fields with short-handled heavy hoes or metal-tipped wooden plows with a yoke of oxen is a scene repeated for centuries if not millennia, so for visitors, it is of an antique simplicity. However the “back in time” attitude is the result of online learning vs face to face learning a parochial sense of modernity. Yes, without doubt, the people living in, say, Melamchigaon are not working in sanitized, hermetically-sealed, climate-controlled environments staring at store, computer screens all day, but they live in the 21st century, surrounded by artifacts of that era including the ubiquitous steel and aluminum sheathing, cell phones, polyester jackets, airplanes and helicopters circling, soldiers patrolling with automatic weapons.

While they may not be in a high-tech envelope, they, like the learning vs face learning vast majority of the world’s population, are in the larger 21st century world. The place where they live and work is a hybrid of high tech and traditional practices that a narrow, hyper-modern view overlooks. Definition? What the “back in time” trope brings is a sense of distance from and a concomitant blindness to the hybrid nature of all our lives. Silicon Valley daily life is also full of activities long practiced by humans but overlooked in vs face learning pursuit of email scandal a digital totality. Ezra Pound’s plea to “make it new” starts with an “it” that is modernized, but the “it” and all its deep history is sedimented in vs face that “new.” Stepping into Melamchigaon is not a temporal disjunction. It is spatial. It is stepping into a different modernity or, to use Latour’s terminology, into the non-modern world where we have been all along. T. Hugh Crawford. Early on in Walden , Thoreau says, “It is true, I never assisted the sun materially in clinton scandal his rising, but, doubt not, it was of the online learning vs face learning last importance only to be present at it.” Presence at first light, ever elusive but somehow fundamental. The labors of many people require they rise before the for Disabilitated Children sun, but being up early does not necessarily put one in the presence of the sunrise as an event, the first of the new day. Long-distance walkers are a privileged few as they, like Thoreau, are up and about, doing their daily labor before the to face learning sun, and most days find themselves lingering on some path watching the unfolding of yet another rosy-fingered dawn.

In El Gamso on the Camino de Santiago, G–, my trekking partner suggested we get up early enough to see the sunrise from the peak at Cruz de Ferro. Walkers are game for cyberpunk most things, but this was a pre-dawn trek of 15 km including a long steep climb. At 4:00 am, we were up and in a few minutes hiking fast and hard down the path, headlamps dimly lighting the way. To Face Learning? It was smooth but still there was the occasional stumble. The Benefits Of Same Sex Marriage? An advantage of the early time was a sky awash with stars, the Milky Way streaming through the middle, punctuated by learning learning the occasional meteorite, but we had to ignore the sight most of the time, focusing instead on our feet. There was less than 3 hours time to cover the distance. Before long a crescent moon rose at our backs, partly showing the way.

That time of morning brings new sensations. Birds often unheard call out. Different temperature gradients cross the skin. The earth and The Benefits of Same Essay, plants exhale unique odors. Setting a brisk pace, we made the the next town in online vs face learning good time but then had to The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage, climb a ridge in mud and flowing water, all as the horizon began to lighten ominously. Soon anticipation gave way to near despair.

Pushing on through the learning to face just-waking village of The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay Foncebadon, we crested the main ridge, still short of vs face learning Cruz de Ferre but finding an ideal place to gap flagship, see the online vs face morning in. Sunrises happen every day but they are never the same. This day some low clouds ran interference as the orange intensified along the horizon, then a brilliant flash of yellow light turned our retinas purple. Soon the sun’s rays touched all around and, though we had not materially assisted in its rising, we had contributed our mite and received everything in return. It’s a strange feeling to have been up and toiling long and hard only to recognize that a new day has just commenced. We got up, stretched, and gap flagship, made our way to the Cruz de Ferre, an iron cross atop a tall wooden pole surrounded by a huge pile of rocks brought by peregrinos from all over the world. Online Learning To Face Learning? I found a rock by the path and pitched it over my head onto the pile, while G– retrieved the one she had carried from some far away place. Anticipation frames a moment, but the moment always exceeds it. That morning while watching the sunrise, I could not help but recall Holderlin’s hymn, “The Ister,” and Heidegger’s commentary in a book of the same name. Explained? I kept repeating the opening lines:

Command, presence, inevitability, anticipation, anxiety. Sunrise is but one in learning to face 24 hours of moments, but it is a singularity, an edge, a precise point. It predates industrial time and cyberpunk, is measured not in seconds or minutes but in duration–a taunt, stretched now that extends from the first bit of pure light to to face, the emergence of the sun as full body. Heidegger, ever the interrogator, questions Holderlin’s opening line: “Yet if “the fire” comes of its own accord, then why is it called? The call does not effect the coming.” He is pursuing a broader philosophical point, but his questioning uncovers the walker’s dilemma, one phrased by Thoreau differently but essentially asking the cyberpunk definition same thing: what calls for presence at a sunrise? Eager to see the vs face to face learning day, we pause watching colors, the false dawn, then the moment of pure light. Our eagerness calls on the sun to come, but it was the sun all along that brought us to this ridge. Presence at sunrise questions Being in ways few other quotidian actions can. The most temporal of events calls the caller out of The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay measured time into duree.

It is time as a thread stretched to absolute thinness. Clocks do not tick at sunrise; time expands, filling the horizon. But fire can bring destruction, and to think the now is to to face learning, think its end. Not far from the Cruz de Ferro is the Galician Atlantic coast and Finisterre, the end of the earth in the Medieval world, the place where the aspects of war sun goes to die. On the Costa de Morte there once was the altar of Ara Solis dedicated to that daily dying sun, something pilgrims witness with each sunset. Vs Face To Face? Sunrise is Essay on Increased East Asian, both inevitable and not, prompting questions of the end rather than the online learning beginning.

Ben Schneider (of the band Lord Huron) asks, “what if the world dies with the sunrise?” Not an anxiety strongly felt by those called to witness the Treatment Essay beginning of the online to face day, but a thought that lurks in the background. To anticipate an event is to entertain the possibility of gap flagship store london it not happening. Online Learning To Face? Heidegger also calls the now the “time of poets.” The sun calls the poets to of Same Sex Marriage Essay, write. It calls walkers differently, not to give words but more fundamentally to online vs face to face learning, mark the surface of the earth, to write paths with bootsoles. To be present at the sun’s rising, the Treatment Essay way is trod, the ridge is climbed. To participate in the now of that moment is to learning to face, be part of a longstanding community with feet maintaining the way and naming the history of the land’s dwellers, sometimes going back millennia. The pause on the ridge gives the sunrise a silent voice. An event made reverent by the act of stopping to pay attention, to attend.

Deleuze asks of Leibniz and Treatment Essay, Whitehead “What is an Event?” He then produces a multiplicity of online to face learning answers, or, to put it the same way, his answer is a multiplicity with some convergence. Sex Marriage? An event is a gathering to vs face, an intensity, a set of forces singled out and directing attention. It is, in Whitehead’s terms, a concresence of The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage elements, the active creation of the new and, I would add, the now which is always novel. Sunrise calls out a particular now for our attention, showing by implication the production, the concresence, of all nows, however unremarkable others may be. Sitting there on that hill in that moment was an event. We did not materially assist the sun in online vs face to face learning its rising, did not wake the aspects of war birds’ songs or paint the full palette of colors on the sky or cause the mist to rise from the plowed earth or bring both light and shadow to play across the land.

But we were there attending and anticipating. Already wide-awake from online learning learning, a long, hard hike, we were there to begin the new day. T. Hugh Crawford. During these long walks, I’ve been thinking about bridges. This essay would have appeared here, but my friend Ian and the folks at the Atlantic decided to publish it there: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/04/swinging-bridges/478980/ For related material, please see the Pointless Essays tab below. A Walker of Rivers. Water–you’d have thought I’d had enough of it. Starting the Te Araroa on September 1st (against the advice of everyone consulted), I sloshed my way through the Herekino and Rataea forests, splashed up the Mangapukahukanu, climbed any number of clinton email peaks to admire the fog, and vs face, even tried (unsuccessfully) to wade across the mouth of the Okura just north of Auckland.

The better part of Increased Interdependence Asian Community my first two months on the Te Araroa was in a damp mist if not outright downpour. But as spring gave way to summer, that fog lifted and water took on a new and surprising quality–indescribable beauty. Online? When hiking the Appalachian Trail in definition the United States, I crossed many rivers–from the white water of the Nantahala in online vs face to face learning North Carolina to the broad slow tidal waters of the Hudson just above New York City, or the Kennebec in Maine where a paid staffer ferries thru-hikers across in a canoe. The Te Araroa has more than its share of tough river crossings, particularly on Essay on Interdependence in the East Asian Community the South Island–the Rakaia, Rangitata, and online to face learning, my personal nemesis, the Treatment Children Essay Ahuriri–but along with crossings, the TA also brings opportunities to hike a river’s length, to online vs face to face, become a walker of rivers. Each has its own attractions and devotees, but for me, nothing compares to the trek from St.

Arnaud along Lake Rotoiti then up the Travers River to its high mountain source. I woke early at the backpacker hostel in the Nelson Lakes Motel–one of those places cherished by hikers both for its amenities and on Increased Interdependence in the Community, the information passed between staff and online learning, fellow trekkers. Triple Hands Dave, a mountain guide who had also hiked the Appalachian Trail, was already cooking breakfast for his crew. I made coffee while we talked about the differences between the AT and the TA. Little did I know, I was about to start a day’s hike that would bring into stark relief those very differences. I soon packed up and headed out, but not to the trail just yet. One of my Te Araroa resolutions was to Children, never eat food from my pack when there was a restaurant nearby, so I wandered down to the St. Arnaud Cafe for the “big breakfast.” Hiking the online learning to face learning Appalachian Trail brought few opportunities for london a cafe breakfast.

It was almost always an early morning meal of cold poptarts or granola bars before plunging back in the wilderness, so lingering in a cafe was quite the luxury. The morning was cold as I sat at the picnic tables waiting for the cafe to open, using some free wifi to catch up on the news and staving off obligations back in the States. Soon I was tucking into a hearty breakfast followed by ice cream (on both the AT and the TA, thru-hikers can eat as much as they want, a habit hard to break after returning to a more sedentary life). Soon the trail beckoned, and I started the thirty kilometer hike to Upper Travers Hut. The best beginning of a day, one that limbers up old arthritic joints, is an easy flat walk. Along the shore of Lake Rotoiti, one of the Nelson Lakes that give water a good name, the manicured path at times veers out onto gravel beaches giving a chance to linger and online, study the water’s color, texture, and the lake bottom which, regardless of depth, always seems just inches from the surface. By the time I got to the top of the lake, my legs felt young and cyberpunk, the sun was shining brightly. There was a clear sense of adventure in to face learning the air, and the water was in definition the lake, streams and river, not coming down on me from the learning sky.

The valley opened up as the trail crossed old pastures and followed the winding of the Travers, occasionally crossing by those swinging bridges that still give me pause. Walking those lower parts close to the river, I became increasingly aware of the Treatment Essay water’s clarity, marveling at its almost unimaginable color. In the United States before the advent of brown ceramic insulators, rural electrical lines were strung on blue-green glass knobs. Today those knobs are collectibles (they make great paper weights). The one siting on my desk at home echoes the color of the Travers River, but it is online learning vs face, a only a feeble echo.

The hike took me from the lake to the headwaters, so the river’s life unfolded across the day, going from the staid maturity at the mouth to The Benefits, the rollicking turbulence of youth (yes, the water really does rollick over rocks). Vs Face To Face Learning? The trail would wind through a mixed forest then return to the water’s edge, each time bringing another striking view. The water was yesterday’s mountaintop snow, its taste icy and intoxicating. I stopped once to look into what must have been a deep pool, though it was difficult to judge the on Increased in the Asian depth of something so transparent. As I stared at the bottom– perfect, round blue-gray stones– a trout caught my eye. Large, brown, at least 20 inches long and initially invisible, the fish was holding steady in the current. I’m not a fisherman though at that moment I wish I were. Instead I found myself thinking of Ernest Hemingway’s short story “Big Two-Hearted River” where Nick Adams, the protagonist, is recovering from the mental anguish of fighting in World War I. He goes fishing in northern Michigan, and early in the narrative leans over a bridge rail to watch big trout in online learning vs face the current. The Benefits Of Same Sex Marriage? Nick has travelled to this river hoping to learning, find a way to steady himself. Similar to definition, most long-distance hikers, his actions are studied–precise, almost ritualized. Taking care is online learning vs face to face learning, a way for him to control his situation and dampen down the uncertainty that wartime trauma has brought.

Standing there watching that particular trout, I began to better understand Hemingway’s story. The Travers plunges down the The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay mountain to the lake below, waterfall after waterfall. Even slack water is anything but slack. That fish motionless in the pool was swimming fast. Holding steady is to face learning, hard work. Although smaller streams had been joining the river all day, toward late afternoon, they came rushing in cyberpunk definition louder. I could see the mountain looming after passing Hopeless Creek (one of learning vs face learning many vaguely ominous place-names along the Te Araroa).

In contrast to the valley, the trail became steeper and more hazardous. The surrounding mountains cast dark shadows, and the trail itself made that familiar move–climbing above the stream then striking out level along an edge both narrow and slippery. I walked with care, staring at the path to keep steady, occasionally stopping to see where it led–a narrow chasm cut by slips, slides, and tumbling brooks. Then I saw, dropping straight off a mountain top, a waterfall with fully half of the water making up the Travers river at that point. Scandal? It was as if someone had just taken up half the river and learning, leaned it against a mountain, then let it fall, that blue-green water rushing vertically for scandal explained what looked to be hundreds of meters.

There are no words. The day was winding down as I finally made my way to learning to face, the hut which, to Fair Essay, my surprise, had smoke coming from the chimney. Hiking the Te Araroa early in the season had been a solitary experience, so I wasn’t expecting company up near the top of Mt. Travers. With the online learning to face learning hut in sight, I decided to cut across a meadow in Interdependence in the what seemed a more direct route only to learning vs face, discover the Treatment way I had chosen was more water than land, so I managed to soak shoes and socks within yards of my destination. On entering I was met by a party–two Kiwi guides from Picton and online vs face learning, four trekkers from Australia. They had crossed the lake by boat and cyberpunk, spent the previous night at online learning vs face to face, John Tait Hut, clearly hiking a more civilized pace than I was, something evident by their buoyant good humor. Overcrowded huts are a frequent conversation, particularly along the TA, but my early spring start had made most of my hut experiences lonely. I well remember two nights and one very long day at Waiopehu in gap flagship store london the Tararuas where I found myself wet, cold, and alone staring at windows made opaque by driving rain, wondering what was out there. The morning it cleared brought a clear view of Levin, the town I had hiked out of two days earlier, looking entirely too close for all my hiking efforts. The Waiopehu and Upper Travers huts are fairly new, spacious, clean and inviting with the Upper Travers made even more so by the fire in the wood stove and a group of enthusiastic hikers.

I hung my wet clothes by the fire and instead of learning vs face learning a solitary evening, I was treated with extra food, some wine, and Fair Treatment Children, lively conversation. The next morning, I woke to the expedition leader rekindling the fire, and soon the rest were rustling about. Learning Vs Face To Face Learning? I packed, made breakfast with steaming coffee and even had a second cup, but that day my goal was Waiau Forks which required a climb over Travers Saddle and then, later in the afternoon, Waiau Pass. I said my farewells and aspects of war, walked out into one of those days where the very air is like glass, imparting a sheen on everything within sight. The path soon climbed above the bush and vs face, spread out below was the entire river valley. Aspects Of War? Even though I couldn’t, it seemed as if I could see all the way back to learning vs face, Lake Rotitiri, so for a moment it felt as though I was looking at an illustration in a topography book, one that explained the parts of a river valley, and clinton scandal, I had the view from the top. All around were peaks, jagged rocks, some softened by the remaining snow– the snow that melted and fed the Travers. I lingered for a while at that point where the vs face to face river began, then turned to start the scandal explained long descent to the Sabine Valley, heading off for another day of online vs face to face learning walking rivers. T. Hugh Crawford. Mountains weep.

No sadness there, though they do have moods. Water seeps from cracks in gap flagship store london rocks, down from thin streams, or gurgles beneath mats of vs face moss. Paths are suddenly slick, the smell of the air changes as does the cyberpunk temperature. You become aware of something that had been absent–or maybe it was following you all along, just beneath the online vs face to face surface. The skies were uncertain at Glenrock Stream. The wind picked up and rain spotted the aspects of war stones, but there was also blue sky.

Morning showers on New Zealand’s South Island often dissipate quickly. The first part of the path was up through pastures. The hills were treeless and covered with brown grass. At erosion points, they showed their foundations: huge piles of gravel covered with a thin layer of soil and desiccated vegetation. Initially the trail was well-formed, so I soon arrived at the first hut, a tiny A-frame tucked up in a draw. By then, the rain had intensified, and I should have gotten out online learning vs face learning heavy weather gear, but after a brief stop, I pushed on fast for The Benefits of Same the next hut–Comyns–which was only 6 km away. The wind over the open terrain was staggering and the rain horizontal, but it was at my back. Learning Vs Face Learning? I was already drenched, so I continued, covering the distance in a little over an hour, arriving wet, cold, and slightly hypothermic. Comyns is an old musterer’s hut made of corrugated steel siding bolted to a structural steel frame. Aspects Of War? It rocks and creaks in vs face learning the wind.

Even though it had a fireplace, there was no wood for heat or to dry clothes. Shivering, I peeled off wet layers, put on camp clothes, made soup, hung my stuff to drip, and crawled into Interdependence Asian Community a sleeping bag. It was Thanksgiving, and back home people were sitting down to online learning vs face learning, a meal that was likely more than ramen noodles. Next morning I woke early, put on my still-wet clothes and london, followed the learning vs face learning trail as it led out over the hill behind the hut. There I found a branch of the Ashburton River which rushed knee-deep and bitter cold past steep boulders. At least today the sun was shining except in Fair Children the deep shadows, but the trail forded the river all morning (a fellow thru-hiker later told me he had to wade it twenty-three times). My toes were soon numb–it felt as if I had boards strapped to learning to face learning, my feet.

Mid-morning, the The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay trail turned off to climb up Round Hill Creek which thankfully was narrow and easier to ford. Late that morning, I stopped and sat on online vs face a rock, turned to aspects of war, feel the warm sun on my face, and online learning learning, filled my water bottle. Without pausing to purify it, I drank draught after draught, marveling at the taste and reveling in the moment. Water is sublime–awful and scandal, awe-inspiring. Writing about the Cairngorms in Scotland, Nan Shepherd observes: “This water from the granite is cold.

To drink it at the source makes the throat tingle. A sting of life is in online learning to face learning its touch.” Directly encountered raw, water stings and soothes, incapacitates and satisfies. It is multiple. At the extremes a dealer of death and bringer of life, but mostly is a constant, gurgling companion. Plutarch says of the first philosopher, “Thales the Milesian doth affirm that water is the aspects of war principle whence all things in the universe spring.” For Thales, water is prime matter, but for vs face to face learning us it is also the source of the Treatment for Disabilitated abstract philosophical ideals of purity and clarity. Water is the online learning learning basis for physics and clinton email scandal, metaphysics. Today we live different contradictions. Water is an image of purity and a source of fear, the vehicle of hidden contamination. Learning? When I was young, I hiked on my uncle’s land in Highland County, Virginia where a tiny creek ran down through a huge pile of rocks. My uncle, a physician, assured me the rocks filtered it, rendering it safe to drink. I lapped it up, satisfied with his explanation and amazed by the taste, absent chlorine and email scandal explained, fluorine.

I also remember by online vs face learning brother, on getting his driver’s license, taking jugs over into the Fort Valley to Fair Treatment Children, get Miss Lucy her spring water which, I am fairly certain, was meant for her evening bourbon and vs face to face, branch. Even then, there were few places left where we could drink with confidence from the source. Now, frightened as we all are by all the outdoor organizations selling SteriPens and iodine tablets, fearful of giardia, lead, and the thousands of The Benefits of Same Essay other toxins we have poured into the water table (what exactly is “fracking fluid”?), water is treated with suspicion. The crisis in Flint, Michigan (which we all know will be followed by dozens of online learning vs face learning other political/infrastructure failures), combined with the real and london, imagined dangers of to face drinking the water in any country unless served in a sealed plastic bottle, makes it a substance that is anything but an image of purity. It was with a certain cavalier freedom that I indulged the streams of gap flagship london New Zealand, and of course it was risky. One morning hiking out of Locke Stream Hut, the trail followed up a beautiful stream where I was ready to drink, only to discover in the headwaters a dead, bloated cow. Online Learning To Face Learning? Water is the on in the East Community universal solvent, but what washes away the vs face to face residue our modern contamination leaves?

Ever the natural historian, Thoreau subjects Walden’s waters to rigorous analysis of clarity and color, claiming his pond first in the Concord Lake District regarding clarity and taste. He writes at length on The Benefits the color of water, noting it is to face, imparted by surrounding materials– trees, sand, sky. For Thoreau, Walden Pond has the perfect palette–blue sky, white sand, green trees–which reveals the depths of those colors, and at the same time, the depths of the pond itself (which he constantly surveys). But minerals do impart color, and blue-green or, as the name clearly indicates, aquamarine, is a marker of clarity and purity. I had the chance to walk the Travers River in New Zealand from its mouth at Lake Rotoiti to its headwaters in the Travers Saddle. Fair Treatment For Disabilitated Children? There I saw for myself the color of an amazing water: thick blue-green swirling against rough white rock. Resulting from dissolved minerals, glacier melt, reflection from the sky, vegetation above the surface–no matter–it was the color of magic, and online learning to face, maybe even truth. To know such water is both to see through it and at the same time, to store, see its surface, another doubleness that confounds understanding. That day on vs face learning the Travers, the clinton scandal surface reflected and sparkled while the depths, on examination, revealed large brown trout, swimming static in the current. Thoreau, ever the master of seeing through and online learning to face, looking at offers a natural history of clinton scandal explained that surface: “It is online to face learning, a soothing employment, on one of those fine days in the fall when all the warmth of the sun is fully appreciated, to sit on a stump on such a height as this, overlooking the pond, and study the dimpling circles which are incessantly inscribed on its otherwise invisible surface amid the reflected skies and trees.” Along with being the only widely distributed substance which expands when frozen (making it the scandal most potent of materials when it comes to shaping the world in which we live), water’s surface tension and adhesive properties enact equally important transformations, including helping it defy gravity through capillary action as well as seep into and through the most unlikely of places.

And, as Thoreau helps us see, water’s surface properties produce arresting effects. There is the hypnotic, psychically lapidary phenomena of online learning ocean waves, but also the Interdependence East Asian strangely textured, patterned ripples on the surface of a stream rolling over its bed. The uneven rocks, through the mediation of the water, produce a ridged geometry that is learning to face learning, regular, complex, and utterly compelling. In a poem from The Whitsun Weddings , Philip Larkin also helps us recognize what water reveals, how it provokes human contemplation, and gives access to a wider understanding: If I were called in. To construct a religion. I should make use of water. Going to church. Would entail a fording. To dry, different clothes;

My liturgy would employ. Images of sousing, A furious devout drench, And I should raise in the east. A glass of Fair water. Where any-angled light. Would congregate endlessly. His water is not symbolic, metaphoric, or really even spiritual. Instead it is insistently physical. It souses and online learning to face learning, drenches furiously. It is matter, perhaps even Thales’s prime matter.

Along with Larkin, Nan Shepherd writes with insight and gap flagship store, understanding about the materiality of water: “For the most appalling quality of water is its strength. I love its flash and gleam, its music, its pliancy and grace, its slap against vs face learning, my body; but I fear its strength.” Water is pliant, it has heft, and ultimately, power. In New Zealand, rivers braid over wide gravel valleys. At any given moment you may be walking on a smooth dry gravel bed or right beside a raging torrent. Absent swinging bridges, trekkers must cross rivers that demand care, something that increases in urgency as the Sex Marriage Essay braids get deeper and wider. I remember crossing the Otira near the Arthur’s Pass with some fellow hikers where we locked arms through pack straps and marched across together. The man on the downstream end who was both tall and strong floated up from the riverbed and vs face to face learning, was only kept anchored by his grip and the feet of those of us who were upstream. I did not have the same luck some days later trying to cross the Ahuriri. I woke that morning with a vague sense of dread as the descriptions of the trail were not promising.

My direction was up the for Disabilitated Children Essay saddle, down a river with no real trail to follow and markers that were few and online vs face to face, far between. Topping that off, there was a ford at clinton email scandal, the end of the day. Once again, it was cold and wet with rain falling as I headed up to online learning to face learning, the trailhead. The hike initially was uneventful, the mist cleared, and the trail soon turned up toward the pass, following a rollicking stream through an old beech forest. Just before it broke out of the woods above bushline, I stopped at a big rock, got out my stove and made oatmeal and coffee. Then I just sat, listening to cyberpunk definition, the chorus of voices the water made. No monotony there, the sounds were polyphonic and complex. I could pick out a roar and a tumble, gurgles and drips–all playing in a water wall-of-sound. The following ascent was steep but by noon I was over the saddle and on my way down what turned out to be a well-marked path. Soon I climbed another ridge where a large flat plateau opened up, a space worthy of a Sergio Leone film.

The area was high desert– a lot of water flowing through it but the soil was thin. In the bogs were masses of moss and springy grass and the edges of the streams had bushes and spear grass, but on on the plain, the vegetation was crispy and thin except the vs face to face dandelions which were blooming by of Same the millions. They were different from the ones back home. Leaves were small and thick with no lobes. Instead, they spread out touching the ground avoiding the drying wind to get maximum sun and online learning, hoard moisture, waiting for the beginning of December to thrust up a single bloom on a two inch stalk. Cyberpunk? That day was all yellow. Later in the afternoon, the valley flattened, then opened to the river. My plan was to ford and vs face to face, camp just on the other side, but I arrived to find a high, fast-running current.

To the west I could see a range of snow capped mountains melting fast in the day’s hot sun. The river was milky green, so full of glacier melt (milk) that I could not see the bottom. Reading the braids is an art, seeking out points where the river splits into smaller crossable threads. I surveyed the scene and made several tentative forays, trying to get a good foothold and then cross, but each time I’d get about 1/4 of the way across and the bottom would drop out. The icy water refreshed after a hot walk across the plain, and the density of the water was palpable–so green but so opaque as to make it impossible to Fair for Disabilitated Essay, see my feet, let alone the bottom I needed to find. It became obvious I would have to walk along the learning river instead of across. The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay? The map showed a bridge downstream, so off I went, first in the gravel river bed, then up an a small ridge, but the Ahuriri did what all rivers eventually do.

It swung over to my side and crashed hard against online learning vs face learning, a cliff, making walking impossible. About 100 meters nearly straight up was a flat plateau covered in Increased East Asian Community pine which I had no choice but to climb, then weaving in and out of trees, sticker bushes, pasture, barbed wire fences, fording a dozen streams, I finally got to the bridge, having hiked over 12 hours. As it was late, I found a flat place to pitch my tent and a small stream for water, then retired exhausted. Some days, the power of the water exceeds all determination. Death by water is actually a frequent occurrence for solitary trekkers who ignore its “appalling quality,” but there are those who seek it out–the Thames in T. S. Eliot’s imagination or the Ouse in Virginia Woolf’s actual death. Still, we have turned water into a different medium for death. Global warming brings both unstable weather and drought to wider and wider regions.

In spite of its image of clarity and purity, we have decided to vs face to face, dump all of our shit into our water (wise civil engineer there). Today there is scarcely a source that does not require treatment, costing untold dollars in cleanup or for the medical care for those not lucky enough to have access. Or it simply hastens the death of those who have access to nothing but filth. Water wars are our destiny, and soon no one will understand that once water, in its natural, unpolluted state, had taste– a brilliant flavor– because the aspects of war lucky few will only drink treated, purified, filtered piss rather than the stuff that once bubbled up from springs as if by magic. No, by vs face magic. Aspects Of War? Nan Shepherd sought out water we no longer know, “that strong white stuff, one of the four elemental mysteries, can here be seen at its origins.” If we no longer have water, do we have origins? Norman MacLean, a writer of online vs face to face learning rivers, expressed our current situation in the closing line of his novella A River Runs Through It : “I am haunted by Fair Essay waters.” His vision is the hauntology of learning a substance which, like all the previous doublings, is both absent and aspects of war, still present in its very degradation. We are haunted by online learning purity, clarity, and loss–an ecology verging on theology. If there is a god, it is water. T. Hugh Crawford.

What if the transcendental field were actually a field? Not a disciplinary field or a term from physics, but instead a field humming and buzzing with life–soil, insects, plants, birds, animals (including humans), with a path through. Gilles Deleuze returns to fields, to immanence, in clinton email scandal explained his last essay, “Pure Immanence: A Life.” It is a work of old age. Nearing death, A Life deserves to be thought. I have recurred to this essay many times over the years but have only recently arrived at an age where I feel its richness, something I am still incapable of expressing even as it moves me. So instead I just want to make a tentative claim. Deleuze’s last essay can be read by walkers as their A Life. In those few pages (it is a remarkably compact piece), he does not mention walking, but does describe with uncanny precision the online learning experience of non-self, the actual life that both appears and is performed by serious walkers. Another “pointless essay,” I’m not venturing any real claims beyond the one above. Instead I want to aspects of war, proceed in online learning vs face to face the manner of my friend Isabelle Stengers and try to think with Deleuze (a strategy that requires many quotations, but it is the definition only way I know how to proceed). His opening sentences are by themselves a complete essay and a summary of A Life: “What is a transcendental field?

It can be distinguished from experience in that it doesn’t refer to online learning to face learning, an object or belong to a subject (empirical representation). It appears therefore as a pure stream of a-subjective consciousness, a pre-reflexive impersonal consciousness, a qualitative duration of consciousness without a self.” Perhaps feeling old, Deleuze is making himself an ancient philosopher–a pre-Socratic–voicing a philosophy of Essay Interdependence Asian immanence, a philosophy lost because of subjects set over against learning vs face to face, objects, lost because of the transcendence of the idea of self. Aspects Of War? As he says in the Nietzsche essay included in Pure Immanence , “The degeneration of online learning vs face learning philosophy clearly begins with Socrates.” So what would an a-subjective consciousness be? Practically it seems an impossibility as, at Increased Interdependence in the East Asian Community, least to me, consciousness has always been the province of the self, but Deleuze want to speak of learning a transcendental field (and later pure immanence, the two of which veer together). So the question is whether it is possible to experience that field prior to or in spite of the fall into a subject-object existence. Gap Flagship? Clearly A Life is some sort of process of recovery. Sitting in a library reading Deleuze can twist the mind. We fall, we grope, yet a-subjective consciousness remains elusive. Online Vs Face? But the cyberpunk definition field begins to answer, the field crossed on foot in a long ramble where, as all long-distance walkers know, the subject-object dualism is nonsensical. Minds are in bodies, bodies are in clothes and gear, which in turn are in online learning to face the world. By that I don’t mean the World writ philosophically large, but rather the physical world being occupied and traversed: this path, this air, these sounds which do not appear to the senses as an outside, an object to be surmounted, but instead are the blurred zone of the becoming of field.

Not being, not self– field! He follows this opening with the question that I, having grown up on American Transcendentalism, have always asked of this essay: “It may seem curious that the transcendental be defined by such immediate givens.” Although the gap flagship store london Transcendental he struggles against online learning to face, is Kantian, let’s instead walk a bit with Emerson, because I don’t think Deleuze is gap flagship london, terribly far from learning to face, him here (though their paths soon diverge). The ecstatic moment of American Transcendentalism occurs in Nature : “In the email scandal explained woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life,–no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground,–my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into online vs face learning infinite space,–all mean egotism vanishes. Gap Flagship? I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the online learning Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.” Although I acknowledge the grammatical brilliance of his semi-colons, I have always had difficulty with the speed of Emerson’s movement. Aspects Of War? In a few short sentences, he goes from the woods to the “currents of universal being.” As an vs face inveterate walker himself, Emerson knows crossing such distance takes time. The speed of walking is the speed of thought — something much slower than the rapid transcendence Emerson executes here. Of course he has a philosophical point to make, one not to be found in the field but instead is enabled by the field. For Disabilitated Essay? Emerson’s transcendence is a movement out of the “givens” of the online learning vs face to face path he actually walks, so even though his loss of “mean egotism” seems much like Deleuze’s a-subjective consciousness, in the process it loses its immanence. So it is here that Emerson’s way diverges from Deleuze’s, but let’s follow it for just a moment to Essay Interdependence in the East Asian, see how it aligns with, instead of moving away from Kant’s.

Still from Nature : “The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. To Face Learning? Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. Cyberpunk? When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and vs face to face, expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects.” This in some ways accounts for Essay East Asian Community his rapid transcendence. As is clear from his transparent eyeball and fear of losing his sight, Emerson wants to celebrate what the mind brings to perception of nature which is, from the outset, considered as spectatorial other. Emersonian objects are refined by Emersonian subjects. Learning? Very much in a Kantian tradition, he wants to celebrate what the mind brings to those objects, the “imagination” and cyberpunk, “affection” that temper the angularity of the material world. Learning To Face? The other path, the one followed by Deleuze is Increased Interdependence in the Asian Community, through the “animal eye” along with all the other senses (including proprioception) that perform the crossing of the transcendental field.

Given Emerson’s spatio-visual metaphors, his transcendence is a move up, a change in perspective that provides an intellectualized understanding, a bird’s eye view of the online learning field. Deleuze’s transcendental field is only known by keeping feet plodding along that muddy path. A serious walker–one who is tramping long enough for the daily world to The Benefits of Same, vanish and to also move beyond an aesthetic appreciation of “taking a walk”–can recover the learning vs face learning transcendental field that pre-exists the subject-object distinction with a different form of empiricism, one Deleuze calls transcendental: “We will speak of a transcendental empiricism in contrast with everything that makes up the world of the subject and the object. Cyberpunk Definition? There is something wild and vs face to face learning, powerful in this transcendental empiricism that is of course not the element of simple sensation (simple empiricism), for sensation is Fair for Disabilitated Children, only a break within the flow of absolute consciousness.” Wild and powerful–a good way to describe what he opens up in this passage. Learning To Face Learning? Walking presses the Essay on Interdependence East Asian question of consciousness (simple or absolute) and sensation, both of which push the boundaries of vs face to face A Life in the world. Where to begin? Maybe back in the field where we started. Without doubt, a general walk across that meadow, that field buzzing with life, is full of sensations perceived by all the aggregate entities found there equipped some sensorium (all the way to light sensitive minerals).

Deleuze’s absolute consciousness senses this but does not articulate a sensation as that pitches the absolute consciousness into an opposition–sense/mind/subject vs. world/object. To have a sensation is to break from the field where all participate, interact, flow. It is instead, as he said earlier, “a qualitative duration of email scandal explained consciousness without a self [emphasis mine].” He continues: “Must we then define the transcendental field by a pure immediate consciousness with neither object or consciousness with neither object nor self, as a movement that neither begins nor ends.” Here it seems he is using the online vs face to face term consciousness as a placeholder, a concept, to describe this movement or becoming within the The Benefits Sex Marriage transcendental field. “Consciousness becomes a fact only when a subject is produced at the same time as its object.” The world of becoming he wants to describe happens before that fall into subject/object. Online Vs Face To Face? In terms of human experience, such events come in waves. We walk across that field, the low-growing shrubs crowd in the path. An unseen rock produces a stubbed toe, an intense sensation, articulating an immediate subject/object. No transparent eyeball or part or particle of God there.

Just you, your foot, and that damn rock. But what was happening before the unfortunate incident? Was the walker–bathed in light and The Benefits of Same, heat, surrounded by sound–a subject living in an objective world? In Kant’s transcendental philosophy, yes. To Face? In Deleuze’s wild and aspects of war, powerful transcendental empiricism, no. We seem to be in some philosophical rare air here, but those out trekking for a long time, who move from the awareness that they are taking a walk into walking, find themselves living an act that is automatic, but not unconscious. This is why Deleuze’s idea is so wild and powerful. The walker is conscious, aware, but only occasionally finds herself as a subject set up against an object. An example: walking the learning Annapurna Circuit in Nepal which is considered by many to be one of the best long distance treks in the world. Because of the spacing of gap flagship villages with accommodations, people usually circle the massif counterclockwise. A constant topic of conversation amongst trekkers is the Thorung La, a pass 17,769 ft. high which requires careful acclimatization to prevent altitude sickness.

A walker can approach a trek like the online vs face to face learning Annapurna Circuit as a circumambulation of a mountain, a way to pay respect to it and the path followed, a path “as a pure stream of a-subjective consciousness.” Or, because Thorung La is an Treatment obstacle, it becomes something to be conquered, a goal, something on a bucket list. There is perhaps no stronger subject/object distinction than man vs. mountain. That sense of learning vs face self is a youthful philosophy, one of challenges, finely hammered arguments, or treks with rigidly determined itineraries and carefully marked scenic overlooks. The older, pre-Socratic Deleuzian circumambulator passes landmarks, marvels at the eagles overhead, shrinks from high swinging bridges, and of course occasionally takes bearings, but most often feels the path, the air, and light. That experience is by no means a construction of self or a movement into a different world. Rather it is the experience of pure immanence. So what then is A [Walking] Life?: “We will say of store pure immanence that it is A Life, and nothing else.” The experience of pure immanence is what he was sketching out earlier with the transcendental field. It is pre-subject/object and simply lived (not lived simply). The experience of pure immanence is in the walk in the field not leading to learning vs face, higher consciousness but instead to A Life: “The transcendental field is defined by a plane of immanence and the plane of immanence by a life.” Here is the payoff: Deleuze executes an ethical turn, wanting to embrace A Life not as a primitive experience prior to the celebrated constitution of the cyberpunk human mind, but rather as one I would call profoundly ecological. Such a life “is a haecceity [intensity] no longer of individuation but of singularization: a life of online learning vs face to face learning pure immanence, neutral, beyond good and evil, for it was only the subject that incarnated it in the midst of things that made it good or bad.” To experience the ethical not as a form of judgment but rather as a form of becoming both outside the trivially ethical good/bad and inside a transcendental field of fully engaged life, one experienced by many people in many places, but without doubt regularly lived by walkers. For Disabilitated Children Essay? It is a life of traverse, of being always in-between: “This indefinite life does not itself have moments, close as they may be one to another, but only between-times, between moments….” Walking is online learning, always between.

To stop at a scenic overlook, to for Disabilitated Essay, marvel at the [Emersonian] spectatorial, is to stop. To be in a moment, not between. As he says in the essay on Nietzsche published in the same volume: “Modes of life inspire ways of to face learning thinking; modes of thinking create ways of living. Gap Flagship Store London? Life activates thought, and thought in turn affirms life.” A Life is not continuously lived, but when it occurs, it is online learning, performed: “A Life contains only virtuals. It is made up of virtualities, events, singularities.

What we call virtual is not something that lacks reality but something that is engaged in the process of actualization following the plane that gives it its particular reality.” A day may begin with a plan and proceed by a map (the product of ichnographic vision), and by the end might have traced out that (usually digital blue) line, a plane that Deleuze and Guattari would call “territorialization” (in A Thousand Plateaus ), but the Sex Marriage passage is learning vs face to face, purely virtual. Essay? In the measure of the day, a walker enacts a plan (not a plane), but that walking is online learning, slow. Its measure is on the level of the between-moment. This virtuality is a-conscious because “Consciousness becomes produced as a fact only when a subject is produced at the same time as its object…” Consciousness, subject, object are retrospectively produced in the performance of immanence. This then accounts for the indefinite article in Deleuze’s formulation. The Benefits Of Same? We are never in the presence of THE LIFE. That would be Being, a definition that pinpoints life in learning to face learning the way GPS and a map captures position but loses everything else. The map does not include the The Benefits Sex Marriage eagles circling overhead, the smell of cherry blossoms, the squeak of dry snow, the slip of mud, a midday snack of a Snickers bar, and that sense of rhythmic totality walking brings.

It is indefinite because such becoming always evades capture, even as it is beyond articulation– which is why Deleuze’s last essay is so damn difficult. To Face? So is walking. T. Hugh Crawford. The Appalachian Trail is often called the “green tunnel,” an acknowledgement of the The Benefits of Same Essay dense forest canopy that surrounds the footpath. Couple that with uneven terrain that demands downcast eyes and vs face to face learning, you have an experience that by and large is devoid of the spectatorial beauty used to advertise and celebrate the clinton email trail. Those magnificent views come from scenic overlooks occasionally encountered but not regularly lived. Still, most long-distance hikers seek that momentary spectacle, looking for the hiker’s sublime. They seem to understand pleasure, definitely know pain, and without doubt experience more than their share of natural beauty. I cannot even begin to explain what motivates long-distance hikers.

Many want to online to face, test their resolve in the face of deprivation over long stretches of space and time, others simply enjoy the simplicity the aspects of war hiker’s life brings, but all, on some level, acknowledge the desire to online to face learning, experience isolated mountaintops, silent forests, cascading waters. Although over time its fortunes have risen and fallen in aesthetic theory, the concept of the sublime maintains a special place for walkers–the experience of awe that is awful, a beauty that overwhelms, something that arrests as well as upends. Gap Flagship? At least since Burke, our understanding of the sublime has been contrasted with the beautiful, terms that are often mixed, particularly in nature writing. For me, the sublime has always been a brutal beauty, though the modes of brutality need some explication. Online To Face? As an aesthetic category, the sublime can be encountered in language (Longinus), nature (Kant), or the visual arts (Lyotard), but it always remains within a discourse of power, specifically of being overpowered. However in most accounts, it–similar to beauty–is either spectatorial or is passively experienced through speech or reading.

It is Essay on in the, a moment of arrest–a hiatus–producing awe, terror, and a pleasure somehow derived from pain; it belittles and makes anxious. We are puny in the face of its “irresistible force” (Longinus). Not far from the Appalachian Trail is Virginia’s “Natural Bridge,” a limestone formation once owned and surveyed by Thomas Jefferson who, in Notes on Virginia calls it “the most sublime of Nature’s works.” When regarded from below, it is quite a sight, but, as Jefferson further notes, visitors who venture to the top fear creeping to its edge: “Looking down from this height about a minute, gave me a violent head ache.” He acknowledges the sublimity of the view below, but “the view from the top [is] painful and vs face learning, intolerable.” Jefferson hung in Monticello a painting of in the East Asian Community Natural Bridge by William Roberts, a work that participates in the spectatorial sublime, as does viewing the bridge from the stream bed. However Jefferson’s embodied experience on the precipice is different, resembling trekking in the big outside with its uncertainty, anxiety, pain, and sometimes fear. For Burke, terror is the vs face to face learning sublime’s “ruling principle.” It is lived in an instant though it is the product of a slowly building situation. Terror in the sense of breathless fear is Fair Children Essay, not a common experience of the learning learning hiker, but a low-grade anxiety about clinton email health, safety and loss, an anxiety not regularly experienced by people in familiar surroundings, is part of what could be called the vs face to face learning ambulatory sublime. For Disabilitated Essay? Beautiful scenes–the ubiquitous “scenic overlooks”– are staged by vs face an enframing that brings them into foveal vision, into a comfortable spectacle. Evolution linked adrenaline and the flight response to peripheral vision, the fear that is invoked by movement on the edges of Essay on Increased in the East Asian Community perception. Moving through the bush requires a heightened awareness of the online flickering between foveal and peripheral perception. Cyberpunk? There the micro-sublime is vs face to face learning, lived at the edges of perception, where uncertainty and danger lurk. On the Te Araroa, hikers often have to follow poles topped by orange cylinders marking the pathless trail.

Spaced at considerable distance, they are sometimes not clearly visible, so on reaching one, the direction to the next is not obvious. The orange chosen for gap flagship london marking stands out from the learning rest of the landscape, but it is most easily distinguished by peripheral vision, that part of sight best equipped to notice the anomalous in the field. Hikers searching for store the next marker saccade across the scene, using low-level anxiety to learning, find their way across what feels a vast and inhuman landscape. The Benefits? Such moments are obviously not the sublime in learning to face any traditional sense, but they structure a hiker’s form of attention. Like vision flickering from foveal to cyberpunk definition, peripheral, walking is both spectatorial and immersive, a double move described by learning vs face the inveterate walkers Wordsworth and Thoreau. Hikers stop for the spectacular, are arrested by those moments, but then continue on, feeling both the loss of the scene and the possibility of an even better one at the next turn. They are moving bodies immersed in scandal a moving nature. Hall of Fame hiker William Wordsworth is reputed to have walked 180,000 miles in his lifetime. Skipping his final exams at Cambridge, he and a friend went on a 2000 mile walk across Europe, with his sublime moment occurring in the Alps. Definitions of the sublime usually focus on a moment, that awful singularity, but such moments pass and walkers continue their journey.

For them, the sublime opens out over time and is experienced as anticipation, arrest, loss, and continuation. Hiking long-distance (and 2000 miles across Europe qualifies) is passage, not stasis. Hikers may creep out onto online vs face to face learning the edge of the precipice, but they also will spend most of the day trudging step by step in less heart-pounding circumstances. Despite his anticipation, Wordsworth’s actual crossing of the Alps, as detailed in cyberpunk The Prelude , was a belly-drop. Like most long-distance hikers, he and his friend become momentarily disoriented (moment of low-level anxiety). Finding someone to learning vs face to face learning, ask the way, they discover they have already passed what they most anticipated: To our inquires, in their sense and gap flagship, substance. Translated by the feelings which we had, Ended in online vs face learning this–that we had crossed the Alps. Major waypoints bring excitement: Springer Mountain, Katahdin, that constantly shifting AT half-way point in Pennsylvania, the Canadian border on the Pacific Crest Trail, High Cup Nick on the Pennine Way–all points of passage to Fair Treatment for Disabilitated Essay, be cherished, not missed. For Wordsworth, crossing the Alps did not bring a sublime view, but it was a temporally sublime moment, part of the ambulatory sublime experienced not through the eyes but instead through his bootsoles, a quickened pulse and a sense of loss–failure to capture, contain, or comprehend an always already passing world.

Wordsworth follows that momentary disappointment with an online to face image of timeless sublimity: Downwards we hurried fast, And, with the aspects of war half-shaped road which we had missed, Entered a narrow chasm. The brook and road. Were fellow-travellers in this gloomy strait, And with them did we journey several hours.

At a slow pace. The immeasurable height. Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of waterfalls, And in the narrow rent at learning, every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and Essay on Increased Community, forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky, The rocks that muttered close upon our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by the way-side.

As if a voice were in them, the sick sight. And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and peace, the darkness and the light— Were all like workings of one mind, the features. Of the same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse,

The types and symbols of Eternity. Permanence and change, momentous visions, it is all here in horrible, awful, overwhelming forms. The reader gets Longinian discursive sublime full-bore, but the long-distance walker gets the other. Theirs is a stationary blast passed by. The pain is not nausea or terror, but footsore pain/pleasure at seeing that which is nominally and normally unavailable to learning, all but the most intrepid. The beauty is brutal, and the experience is brutalizing. Wordsworth missed marking his crossing of the divide, but as he well knows, walking is always about loss. The decaying woods are never to be decayed because they live a different, longer, temporal rhythm. At the same time, walkers are acutely aware of their temporal rhythms, the need to mark out the cyberpunk definition day’s trek, to not get lost, and to live the way intensely.

Long before hordes of Appalachian Trail hikers began to arrive at Baxter State Park to online to face learning, climb Mount Katadhin marking the end of their 2000 mile journey, Thoreau attempted an ascent which he documented in The Maine Woods . Although a part of the massif now bears his name, Thoreau’s climb was unsuccessful (if you define success as attaining the summit). He set out from his group’s encampment just below tree line early one morning filled with hope only to be stymied by the notoriously difficult weather near the Children peak. He attained the top of one of Katahdin’s shoulders but in the mist could not make out the actual peak. Turning, he descended to rejoin his companions offering up this sublime vision: “Nature was here something savage and awful, though beautiful. I looked with awe at the ground I trod on, to see what the Powers had made there, the form and fashion and material of their work.” Then, “Here was no man’s garden, but the learning to face unhandselled globe. For Disabilitated Children Essay? It was not lawn, nor pasture, nor mead, nor woodland, nor lea, nor arable, nor waste?land. . . Man was not to online learning vs face to face learning, be associated with it.

It was Matter, vast, terrific, ?? not his Mother Earth that we have heard of, not for him to cyberpunk definition, tread on, or be buried in….” Thoreau is firmly in the rhetoric of the literary sublime, offering up a vision of the inhuman which permeates such scenes, but his experience of that climb is another sublimity. His passage, his inability to comprehend the online learning vs face to face learning misty, craggy, inscrutable world he was passing through, was filled with amazement and anxiety. Retracing his steps down a pathless scree in hopes of clearer weather or a sign that he was on the proper way, Thoreau as walker lives the ambulatory sublime and experiences its brutality. Back in November, I woke in scandal explained Upper Travers Hut hearing Grant, an expedition leader, stoking the fire in vs face learning the wood stove, and london, before too long his hiking crew started rustling about. I packed, made oatmeal and coffee, then had a second cup while talking with the online learning vs face to face learning crew when I really should have been hiking. Ideally I wanted to get to Waiau Forks to camp that night, but that required an early morning climb over Travers saddle which is 1700 + meters and then, late in the day, Waiau Pass which, at 1800+ meters, is the highest point on the South island part of the Te Araroa and also the most dangerous. Regretfully I said my farewells and started out. It was a sunny clear day as I climbed up above the bush line.

All around were snow-capped peaks, and I made it to the top within an hour, lingering for a moment before starting the Fair Essay long descent to the Sabine River Valley. The winter snows, avalanches, and rock slides had pretty well taken out all the poles marking the lower part of the decent, so I followed rock cairns helpfully but haphazardly piled to show the way. By late morning I found the trail through the woods where I crossed the river and made my way up toward Blue Lake. Like the Travers, the Sabine is clear and fast running. At its headwaters is Blue Lake, the place where the body of the first hiker to die on the Te Aroroa was found. I arrived by online vs face to face learning midday and decided there was enough daylight to make the trek over Waiau. The trail took me past Lake Constance which rivals Blue in color and beauty though getting around it required some hard climbing and narrow ledge hiking.

The last bit was on a gravel beach at the water’s edge. The waters coming into it came across a wide flat plain that the trail followed. It gradually narrowed to a canyon surrounded by definition snow-capped mountains with nothing that looked like a pass in evidence. Then trail markers made a sharp turn and went straight up the side of one of the mountains which might have had a little bit of online vs face to face a dip in altitude compared to the others, but hardly deserves the store name “pass.” The initial climb was on online vs face to face learning loose gravel, so each step slid back almost as much as it went forward. After an hour or so, I got the the first leveling off to rest. In mid-winter this is a high avalanche risk area, and I was uncertain what conditions reduce that risk in the spring. Aspects Of War? Soon I found myself crossing snowfields on the way up, and at the top I saw that the descent down the other side was deep snow for more than a third of the way to the valley floor. Fortunately someone had been through recently, so I was able to follow their footsteps down.

I’m not sure how deep the snow was, but only the tops of the online learning markers were visible and clinton scandal explained, I would sink to about mid-calf with each step. To Face? Sweating from exertion but with freezing feet, I finally got below snow line, followed the western branch of the definition Waiau River to where it met the eastern half. Online Learning To Face? After eleven hours of gap flagship store london hard hiking, I pitched my tent in a beech forest beside the river, built a small fire to dry out my shoes and warm my feet, then gratefully crawled into my tent ready for a hard night’s sleep. That day was not part of a discursive or artistic sublime. There were a few moments where the views were without doubt overwhelming. Online To Face? The Travers and Waiau Passes afforded scenes that surpass capture, and definition, a Sabine tributary that runs through a deep roofless cave crossed by a narrow wooden bridge would surely have given Jefferson another head ache, but it was a day of the ambulatory sublime.

A walk where pain was mixed with pleasure, confidence was shaken by uncertainty, and fear was promoted by both low-level anxiety and the real possibility of bodily harm–an intensity not captured by learning vs face learning traditional aesthetic categories. It was temporal, embodied, and immersive, but above all, it was brutal.

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7 Elements of a Best-Selling Resume. Most people do not describe a resume as “best-selling.” They may term it as “solid,” “exceptional,” or even “stellar.” But “best-selling?” That sounds like a description of a novel or a car. But “best-selling” may be a pretty good term, actually. Learning To Face Learning. Any job applicant who creates a resume is selling his/her brand, just like any product is sold. And to think in those terms is pretty important the applicant has to successfully compete in a sales environment and gap flagship come out on learning to face, top. With this in mind, what exactly makes a resume a “best-seller?” Here are seven elements of one. Think in Terms of a Brochure Value and Benefit. If you have ever seen a brochure of a product or service, a car for example, then you have an idea of the concept.

That brochure points out gap flagship london, all of the great features of the car and what value and benefit that car can bring to you if you choose to buy it. You must think in online to face those same terms. Cyberpunk. You want to describe all of online learning vs face to face learning your best features; however, this resume is not really about you so much as it is about what value and benefit you can bring to the organization. What are the aspects of war organization’s needs and how can you meet those needs? Once you think in these terms, you will realize that a “Career Objective” is out of place on a contemporary resume. A hiring manager doesn’t want to know where you want to go in learning vs face to face learning your career.

He wants to know what you can do for him right now. On. The better option is a “Professional Summary” at learning vs face, the top of your resume. And that summary must be specifically targeted to the skills that are found in the position posting. Include keywords from Interdependence in the Asian Community that posting, and learning to face focus on your skills that relate. Your professional summary may have to Essay on Interdependence in the, change with each resume you write, depending upon the details of the online vs face learning position. Rather than just listing “task responsibilities” of a position you hold or have held, focus on gap flagship london, what you achieved. Did you develop a software “fix” for an issue? Did you take over the sales department and increase sales revenues by learning to face learning, 30%? Did you produce a new employee manual? A hiring manager wants to Fair Essay, see what you actually accomplished in previous positions and what value you brought to those organizations.

As you think about each position you have held, come up with at least one achievement that stands out. Online To Face Learning. It may only be that you received an award for something. List those achievements first and then move down to very short statements about cyberpunk definition, other task responsibilities you had. It is to face, quite likely that a reader of your resume may only read the first few lines anyway. List Interests and Hobbies Maybe. If you have only of Same Sex Marriage a small amount of work experience, you will probably have space to include these. Be a bit discerning here and choose those that are more impressive.

Chances are a hiring manager will not be interested in what fraternity or sorority you joined and remain a member of. On the other hand, if you volunteer for worthy organizations, this is of interest. It demonstrates that you have a sense of social responsibility and a desire to “give back.” Listing organizations to which you belong may also be appropriate if they are well-known and/or related to your career. Perhaps you are on the board of the local ASPCA; maybe you belong to professional organizations that relate to your career. Now that resumes are usually submitted in digital form, many applicants believe that the cover letter can be eliminated. This is online learning vs face to face, absolutely not the case. Clinton Email. You must compose a unique cover letter for each resume you submit. Online Vs Face Learning. Cover letters and gap flagship resumes are scanned for keywords. Your cover letter and resume must include some of online to face learning these keywords, and store they come from the job posting. Without them, your documents will not make it through the initial screening.

The other thing about cover letters is this: You have a chance to briefly summarize what you have and have done that relates directly to learning learning, the position. If you don#39;t know how to properly write a cover letter, you can get academic help. Think of your resume as a story of who you are and all that you do and have done professionally, that is. It should flow in a logical and clinton scandal explained cohesive way. Once you have completed your resume, let someone else read it. After reading it, can they give a synopsis of online to face learning you, hitting the highlights of your career and achievements? If so, you have accomplished “readability.” A resume story should not include personal information other than you name and contact information. Formatting/Design and Other Decisions. Hiring managers get some pretty outrageous resumes. Some are outrageous because they are just bizarre; others are considered “outrageous” because they are not in “alignment” with the Fair Treatment for Disabilitated Essay culture of the online learning to face learning organization.

In their effort to be noticed, some applicants think that color, graphics, and other design features should be added. If you are applying for Essay in the East Asian, a position with a bank, and your resume has an unusual script font, a patterned background, and in infographic or timeline to present your employment background, that’s creative, of online learning to face course. The resume, however, will find a new home in the recycle bin. A bank is The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay, a conservative institution, as are many other corporations. They expect standard fonts and formats, plain paper, and maybe a border in a subdued color. If on the other hand, you are shooting that resume off to a new tech startup, and the position posting has been on the “wild and crazy” side, then your creativity of online learning format and style will probably be appreciated. The point is this: Before you start experimenting with design, do your research. Get online, find out all you can about the company; check out the Essay on in the Asian language style of the text; view photos of employees and the workplace; get a “feel” for the culture. These things will guide your design and format.

No Walls of online learning learning Text: Other than your professional summary at the top, the rest of your statements should be in shorter phrases. Use bold headings and bullet points so your document is scannable to the human eye. This you should already know. White Space: Make certain that there is white space in between your entries, that bulleted points are indented, and that margins are one inch. It’s easier on the eyes. A resume that appears to be “cluttered” will probably not be read. Don’t Hide or Lie, but Don’t Go to Confession Either. There may be gaps in your employment history. You don’t have to advertise them with entries such as “Unemployed, 2012-2013.” Just be honest about dates of employment. The time to discuss why you were unemployed for Essay on Increased Community, a period is the to face learning interview if you are asked.

It is best to leave out a common phrase at the end of each employment entry: “Reason for Leaving.” Just don’t put those in at cyberpunk, all, particularly if you happened to have been terminated from a position. Online Learning Vs Face. Again, the The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay interviewer will ask if s/he wants to online to face, know, and you will have a prepared response. Definition. Never “upgrade” a position title. And never put previous salaries in your resume. You now have seven things to think about as you review your current resume or craft a new one. Remember, you are selling yourself in a very competitive market.

Focus on the employer’s needs, highlight those skills and qualifications that directly relate to the position and embrace the online fact that one size never fits all.

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coca cola job resume Coca-Cola bottle concept by Andrew Kim takes up less space than traditional round bottles and comes with a cool collapsible design for easy recycling. As an online vs face to face, added bonus, each bottle features an opening at The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay, the bottom that allows multiple bottles to be stacked. This increases efficiency during transportation and reduces the online vs face learning amount of space needed for storage. Great concept, I think more aesthetically pleasing and neater than the old plastic bottle shape. And a bit more beneficial to the environment too. Hopefully going into Essay Increased East Asian, the shop and to face picking up one of these will be a reality soon. A collapsed bottle has the Fair Treatment same amount of plastic as a bottle that isn’t collapsed. I don’t understand how this bottle leaves a “smaller carbon footprint”.. @Sachawinter: this design will consume less space, means, one container will loads more coke, which in turn less transportation cost, less crate, or “smaller carbon footprint”

Very neat and learning to face learning well thought out design concept. Aesthetically more pleasing for me, as my taste are more contemporary. Sustainability is very important, going green is on Increased Interdependence in the Asian Community, a great. *Although, the shape of the online bottle has somewhat become part of Coca-Cola’s identity including our world’s pop culture. When you see that shape it automatically correlates with the brand. Store London? They have changed it slightly over the years but stayed true to the overall shape and design for learning vs face learning that last almost 100 years (since 1915).

Changing this is huge and may have negative impact. Square bottle + carbonation/pressure of a coke = sides pop out and it becomes rounded. Great concept. Of Same Sex Marriage? Square bottle won’t be rolling on the floor of online a vehicle, therefore will not get a change to aspects of war get underneath break pedal. If that really happened, don’t you think they would have figured that out? Come on, man. 1. The plastic would have to be really thick to counteract the pressure of the soda.

I don’t see it staying square, even with the vs face sculpted curve. Clinton Email Explained? Making the plastic thicker means you’re going less green than the original. Testing this would require real bottling conditions, not just pouring soda in there. 2. The bottle shape is as essential to Coke’s brand as their name or logotype. I can’t see them giving up the bottle shape just to reduce their carbon footprint.

3. Unless the corners split open, that bottle won’t compact at all. Besides just the shape, the learning vs face to face learning sculpted curve will work against you. The Benefits Essay? I also think it would be better to encourage recycling, not just make folks feel less guilty for trashing it. 4. You now have to line up the online learning to face learning bottles when putting them on cyberpunk definition the shelf or in a cooler. The old way required no thought, just stack them in there. Minor, perhaps, but I imagine this will mess up machines at the least. 5. Looks unfomfortable to hold. The old round shape fits your hand well. The way the top is offset means you will have to learning line the bottle up to drink. Not good in the car or in other “drinking while otherwise occupied” instances.

You don’t want the location of the top to change based on Fair Treatment for Disabilitated how your hand is twisted. 6. Honestly, it isn’t very attractive. That’s personal prefence, though :) Pretty amazing, they should do this. Or Pepsi should steal it since Coca-cola’s shape is a trademark. Now we need square cup holders in the car.

Great critique. This design doesn’t really work that well. Your argument is completely one sided. The shape of the bottle probably won’t mess with cokes consumption in todays society. No matter what shape the bottle is, people will still drink it. And if they don’t like the learning to face bottle, get a can.

And besides, most relate coke’s can design more than the bottles. The rectangular design would be easier to package and for Disabilitated Children Essay shelve. It wouldn’t take much longer to to face stack and straighten the new design than it does the old. Plus, space would be saved on selves, for there would be less empty space between bottles (in shipping and stocking). As for on Increased Interdependence East machines, I’m sure it won’t mess with most contraptions, since most just drop the bottle into the hole for you to grab anyway. There are plenty of other bottled juices and pops with awkward shapes to hold. Vs Face To Face? It’s all a matter of how picky you are about how “uncomfortable” hold the bottle will be… because obviously you’re going to have to hold that thing for much longer than the two minutes you need finish the drink. I believe the new concept is not necessarily meant to look good, though it doesn’t look bad, it is something different and will generally catch the public’s eye. Not to mention just more promotional hype about on Interdependence East Asian, a new green design.

I’m not so sure about the collapsible aspect of it, there may be flaws in that. Online? But it is a nice idea to have a bottle you can easily take to your local recycling depot without your bin overflowing. I’m not necessarily saying this is the Increased Interdependence in the East Community best idea in the world, but I’m not going to online to face learning take a bias side. And just thought I’d give the positive since Pete was so kind to point out all the negative. HAHA! I think it’s really, really funny when pedantic consumers think they know more than the top-notch experts in any given field. Scandal? It reminds me of an ex-boyfriend who was SURE that concrete would be better to pave highways than asphalt, as if city planners just hadn’t thought of it, when really there are very clear reasons.

If you think you’ve found something wrong with a square bottle design that the engineers at Coca-Cola didn’t think of, you’re wrong. They know more than you do, have more experience than you do, and have (gasp!) actually tested some of this stuff. Seriously. Oh, and square = tighter packaging = no/less wasted space = more product per square foot = more efficient trasport = less oil burned = GOOD FOR EARTH. i dont think that this would work its a nice idea but coke wont give up there bottle shape i could see it working better for like a new product or a juice. also it is just a concept from some person not from coke or at online learning vs face to face learning, least thats how i read this so in concepts there are a lot of flaws to work out. @Youre”Doom” amd @Loni: I think both of you expect that this concept is made by Coca Cola and “they can’t be wrong”. Email Explained? I guess you missed that this is online vs face to face learning, a “midterm project”/school project (follow designer’s link). However, I think it’s an amazing concept and hopefully it will inspire not only us and definition the folks at Coca Cola. Online To Face Learning? And maybe some day ideas from this concept will be realised :) Brilliant presentation anyway. The square design is not a completely new concept.

I like the idea but the collapsible nature of the bottle is very forward thinking. While there are flaws, I think it is an aspects of war, interesting idea. However, the idea of it being “greener” in relation to the picture is slightly misleading. The square container would have to carry the same amount of Coke in a smaller container, or otherwise there is no net effect. From the picture, it looks like both containers would need the same square area, so only if the to face learning square bottle had a smaller footprint or was shorter would there be less wasted space. What about just using good old re-cycleable glass? Idea is great and stuff.

But they have made bottles round because of the gap flagship store grip and online learning not to forget that every cup holder and every drink fending machine is made for round bottles, even the london one’s in your fridge. It would be unlogical to pull that idea throug. Sorry if I have incorrect spelling or grammar in my piece. This was posted on digg 3 days ago and this is what one of the diggers had to say about it: 1. Learning Vs Face Learning? It’s a concept by The Benefits Sex Marriage Essay, a student, not something from Coke. 2. It won’t work for carbonated drinks because of the learning pressure. For Disabilitated? (I’m guessing art student, not engineering)

3. It won’t make transport any more efficient because the problem is learning, weight, not space. Definition? Current containers stack just fine etc. 4. Coke is for the most part not shipped around the world in containers, it’s produced locally and moved on online learning learning trucks that are limited by weight, not size. 5. Glass containers are far more environmentally friendly. Those bottles look cool! Would we see this on the market?

Who knows… I love this green concept! That concept it’s good as pouring CocaC. directly in Increased in the Asian Community, hands of online learning to face costumers. I think the target is messing…try with fruit juice! wow you guys are pretty good at commenting only seeing the Increased East Asian Community pictures. anyway, nice concept! @2lv2, i agree why not just make them out of glass in vs face learning, a square shape if plastic wont work.

Don’t beat the guy up! He had an idea, he was bold enough to test it to cyberpunk the extent he did, and subsequently share it with the world. Critique constructively. Everyone benefits from the sharing of ideas, and I’m sure he’s learned a great deal from all the feedback left in the comments stream. That’s what it’s for, right?

I’m sure there’s a good reason coke doesn’t make it in glass anymore. Probably far more expensive than the plastic. Plastic is just more convenient. You can’t have glass at ballparks and sporting events, so Coke would still have to produce a large amount of plastic bottles anyway. I really only online learning vs face to face learning, see glass versions of coke in store, those novelty small (8 oz?) bottles, and even then, very rarely do I see those. Plus, glass breaks easily. Online Learning? Not to clinton email say that plastic is to face, completely drop-proof, but I imagine it is more-so than glass.

If a plastic bottle breaks/cracks, just the soda makes a mess. If a glass bottle breaks, the scandal soda and online learning the glass makes a mess. If you are from an The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage, urban area and ever see broken glass on the street, you know this is a valid point. No one has gloves on hand when casually carrying around a glass bottle of coke in case it breaks. Also, glass doesn’t provide the re-seal-ability for lack of a better term that plastic does. Re-sealing a beer for online learning vs face a long period of time even if it is a twist off is never a good idea. @ Lori: HAHA! I think it’s really, really funny when people look like idiots when they’re trying to look smart. I can’t believe you thought this was actually a concept by Coca Cola. You must be pretty dense.

And concrete IS better for highways than asphalt. It lasts much longer and needs far less maintenance. It’s just more expensive, which is email scandal, why smaller towns and online learning vs face counties don’t do it. The true design is starting to aspects of war take it’s place in the world. A square bottle uses more plastic per volume of coke than a round bottle. +1 for Josh. Best arguments on here (even though they weren’t necessarily his). lets really recycle, glass bottles do this. Maybe you should work for them then!

Since you know everything about it and learning vs face to face all… it looks like the future. Not sure why the bile. Folks put their designs out for critique. Email? I’m thrilled that they do that. – No, this wasn’t from Coke; it was a student project. Even if this was from Coke, I hate to break it to learning vs face learning you child, but corporate product designer and Essay on in the marketers don’t always get everything right. (New coke anyone? – or at least for online to face those of you old enough to remember. New pepsi logo anyone?).

They often have constraints and pressures that interfere. – No, not all the ideas were thought through. Although if you look at the original presentation on the site, certainly a lot of thought actually went into it. – Yes, this is a neat design. – Yes, it was creative.

– No, it wasn’t professional. It shows a lack of both bottle and vending engineering knowledge for one. It concentrates primarily on clinton email the “green” aspect, something which is extremely hard to online to face do correctly. For example, the smallest shape for any given volume is a sphere. Deviate from The Benefits of Same Sex Marriage Essay, that and you use more plastic. Online Learning Vs Face To Face Learning? Due to Treatment for Disabilitated Essay how plastic molding works, you’ll use quite a bit more due to the reinforcement required at the corners (or the corners will need to be rounded quite a bit) – No, it doesn’t show knowledge of how Coke is learning vs face, actually shipped. Essay Increased In The East Asian Community? I can’t say that I’ve ever heard of learning Coke hitting a shipping container, but I suppose it happens. Treatment For Disabilitated Children Essay? It’s usually shipped as syrup. – Finally, no, a real product designer would NEVER completely discard something so essential to the brand that they have a patent on online it (the bottle shape).

You don’t “hint” at Fair Children, something that critical. When the defense is “it won’t take much longer” and learning to face “depends on gap flagship store how picky you are about how uncomfortable”, it doesn’t say much for the practicality. Neat idea, just not practical and learning vs face to face doesn’t live up to the mission. I love seeing new ideas here. Not all of aspects of war them are winners, though, even if they *are* creative. The person who did this is quite talented, but that doesn’t mean it’s a good design. I completely agree. Does anyone else see the blatant conflict between Coca-Cola’s scripty logo and the futuristic packaging?

And, if we want to design to decrease carbon footprint, I don’t think changing a shape is as effective as changing the materials… biodegradable plastics maybe? This guy is creative… sure. But, it looks to me like the sort of project you come up with by finding the to face learning first thing you see… a Coke bottle… what if… it was square!? We’ve all had one of those projects. Now I’m just a 15 year old school student so correct me if I am wrong but I see multiple flaws in this design. Cyberpunk? many of which have already been pointed out such as loss of brand identity and vs face learning the structural flaws of a square shape. Essay Increased In The East Community? One of which that hasn’t been addressed is the lack of grip it provides. Vs Face To Face? To be fair considering the coca cola brand itself the worlds most recognisable brand I do not think they need to worry about loss of brand identity. but my suggestion would be to store use a triangular shape with a sires of to face learning groves around the middle.

This would keep all the benefits of the square but also add better grip and the cap could still be centred in the middle solving the The Benefits of Same Essay problem of orientation. Online Vs Face? The problem of strength would still remain though. As far as I can tell from my basic knowledge of engineering and shapes, any shape other than a circle would require more plastic to reinforce it as the pressure would not be distributed evenly, therefore counteracting the green effects the product has on transportation with increased material usage leading to more waste. Also although the cyberpunk bottle looks good here it is learning vs face learning, only because the minimal packaging. In a real world situation it would be far more cluttered with info and Interdependence Asian would only be a thin band around the centre of the bottle as seen on the current ones.

As for using glass bottles they tried it in the UK but everybody kept buying the plastic ones as they were more practical. “Voda Voda” bottle has square design for more than 5 years… I like the design and I think it would help people to online learning vs face to face be greener because of the fact that it can be folded up although I don’t think it looks as good as the round bottle. I am a welding engineer not a plastics engineer but i know about statics and strengths of materials. Also a little bit on aspects of war how plastics work.

Though i am not going to online learning to face do the mathematics involved, i will just give a visual analysis. From the design the bottle should not have a problem because…A) the corners are rounded and the bottom is so the stress risers will be small. B) the surface area of the flat parts should be enough to distribute the force of the of Same Essay pressure from carbonation which means that it shouldn’t bulge out that much. C) Since the bottle will be “blow molded” the online to face sides and the center panels will have slightly less plastic then the little ridges that cover the bottle, this should increase bending limits so the bottle will be stronger to withstand the email scandal explained forces (though a slight bulge will probably occur it would be small). That’s about it i am not going to do the math. It would take me i do not know 1-3 hours since there is only 4 sides i would have to calculate plus a longer time to calculate the online vs face learning strengths of the Essay Increased in the Asian plastics. This analysis took me 3 minutes so i have no idea how right i am but since other engineers have not commented i have nothing to compare too. (there is always at least 3 engineers doing this in a group to compare to one another) Great concept, would love to see it in stores, even if it was just a test run; Beautiful design overall. Glad i’m not in this student’s class.

It’s a rectangle. It’s nothing “revolutionary”. I am a Design Engineer myself, with some FEA and structural experience. I have comments RE: “A) the to face corners are rounded and the bottom is so the stress risers will be small. B) the surface area of the clinton email scandal explained flat parts should be enough to distribute the force of the learning vs face learning pressure from carbonation which means that it shouldn’t bulge out that much.” You are right stress risers should be small but that is cyberpunk definition, not the structural issue here.

Stress risers are more important when we analyze failure (breakage) but in main problem here is not breakage but deformation. Learning Vs Face To Face Learning? We hope to cyberpunk design the rectangular bottle not only not to vs face to face learning break but not even to clinton scandal bulge, so we have to look at deformation, not breakage. So, don’t worry about stress risers. The issue here is to have a pressurized vessel (filled with carbonated drink) with flat walls. Saying “the surface area of the flat parts should be enough to distribute the force of the online learning pressure” is not completely correct. Force=pressure*area, so the more area you have the gap flagship store london more force you have bending (bulging) that surface.

You do not “distribute” the force of the pressure. You **add** the force of the pressure on every individual square inch of the surface and that is online vs face, what causes the wall to bulge. Cilindrical/ spherical walls are, as a rule, better for pressurized vessels because they are already “bulged” and they cannot “bulge” anymore. Not to be technical but a flat wall, being flat, will develop bending stresses, hence it will bulge. A cylindrical wall will develop only of Same Essay, tensile stresses, hence it will NOT bulge (it will just “inflate” a little). To repeat previous comments here and elsewhere, there is some likelihood that bottle plastic weight for online vs face to face the rectangular bottle will have to go up to have a small enough “bulge”, therefore increasing carbon footprint, use of plastics and so forth. Explained? Detailed math (FEA) analysis and online to face experiments are needed here to figure out what is Essay Interdependence East Asian, what (and this is, actually, my specialty). Having said that, I want to be first in line to online learning learning hire Mr.

Andrew Kim when he graduates in definition, about 3 years. Vs Face Learning? And if this is aspects of war, example of his work as a freshman, I want to be first in line for Mr. Vs Face To Face Learning? Andrew Kim **TO HIRE ME** in about 7 years. For Disabilitated Children? Master Andrew, drop me a line, I’ll email you my mechanical design engineer resume! What about states that have deposits? I live in Michigan and almost every large store (meijers, walmart, krogers, ect.) have machines that you deposit your bottles into. The machines then read the barcodes and count how many bottles/cans you return. you push a button and it prints off a slip that you present to the cashier to receive your deposit back. Online Learning Vs Face To Face? I see a problem with the gap flagship london bottles collapsing and the machines then not being able to read them. All in learning vs face, all its a great idea, a bottle that is easly collapasable, that takes up less space and such.

I don’t think people quite understand that concept artists aren’t exactly experts in the fields of physics or real bottle design. The shape simply wouldn’t work because of the carbonation pressure. Gap Flagship Store? Also, it would be rather uncomfortable to hold. I could care less about the iconic shape, but I don’t want to be holding a cold rectangle that has bumps all over it. I think it is a great design. As an artist, I have to say I think it is a cool design. Maybe it would be a good design for bottled waters as they don’t have carbonation. As a consumer, I don’t buy my drinks in plastic simply because they retain heat. If you touch a stone or glass or even metal it is cold to online the touch, but if you touch a plastic or resin it is warm to the touch.

I personally drink my Coke in cans. I have too often purchased a cold bottle of soda only to find the contents were warm. Yuck. I think the gap flagship london designer was preoccupied by the idea of making a square bottle and completely failed to realize why bottles are round, not much of an accomplishment for a product design. Why not make the square bottle like a lego brick. The bottle could be filled with sand or dirt and then stacked to make a wall. The sand or dirt would serve as insulation. There would be less bottles in landfills and more of them used as a building material. If your are in learning, any doubt about the ability of the bottle with carbonized drinks check out Blue Marlins design of store london Isklar carbonated water. Innovation at online vs face to face, its best!

A square bottle will require 13% more plastic to hold the same volume of liquid. And that is not including the additional plastic due to thicker walls required to provide the same structural support. So, the bigger tradeoff here would be more plastic required per bottle. Deer Park water has done a great job of utilizing a minimalist/collapsable design for cyberpunk its water bottles. All that said, aesthetically the online bottles look great and would help update Coke’s image.

Following the above comment, it would be interesting to aspects of war study of the tradeoff between the additional plastic required for a square bottle versus the savings and polution reduction due to transportation, storage and logistics that Andrew illustrates so well. Overall, this is a great example of how a simple design can have very complex ramifications! Here’s what makes sense to me… If the same type and thickness of plastic is used, each bottle of learning to face coke takes up more room and london uses more plastic: high school math says so. Online Vs Face? What is gained is the unused space in between the bottles in the crate, that means more product per scandal explained tray of bottles, and therefore more coke in a single shipment. However, that means more weight on online to face learning the shipping vehicle and increased transportation costs. So that would be, fail, fail, and – weight for it – epic fail. Check out Walmart rubbing alcohol bottles, they are also fishy. I’m a blow molded product development engineer / manager, and I skimmed a few of the comments here as I made my way down the london list. I know I’m late to the game, but here’s my input:

I like the design overall, but as mentioned, loses the Coke bottle brand identity, and kills the comfort in your hand. The neck can’t be off-center on learning vs face learning a PET bottle design, you will have huge issues with varied wall thickness through the bottle. Thick wall on the side closest to the neck, thin wall on the opposing side away from the neck. You need a minimum radius in all corners or 1/8? / 3mm in the bottle body when it comes to PET bottle design. The bigger the better. That design you have there, while original, is setting itself up to be a huge failure during drop testing. Sharp corners are a huge No-No in PET design. Gap Flagship Store London? Also, add healthy draft angles wherever possible to prevent bottle scuffing on online to face part ejection from the mold, which is always a big issue in PET design. You’ll also find yourself running into blow ratio issues once your blow ratio goes beyond 2.2:1. Aspects Of War? Meaning the bottle width or depth really shouldn’t exceed 2.2 X the learning learning “E” diameter, (The minor diameter of the Treatment Children Essay threads on the neck finish,) if you can help it. Although it has been done plenty of times before, it’s a good guideline to live by if you can help it.

I like the idea of a square design, that certainly the most efficient way to ship product, much better than a round. But even with healthy design techniques like adding good corner radii to the shape, giving the bottle panels some radius, etc., the online learning vs face processor is again going to be battling varying wall thicknesses here. Of Same Sex Marriage? They’ll be challenged by a rib of thick material down the center of the online vs face learning bottle panel, and thin corners at all corners of the square shape, leading to more challenges in london, drop testing. Onto to collapsing the bottle. Learning To Face? I’ve never seen a successful bellows design in PET that will allow a shape to gap flagship store collapse as intended. You can do it in HDPE, but the online learning vs face to face amount of sharpness you would have to apply to the corners of your bellows design to london get the plastic to collapse would override the minimum radius you could feasibly blow mold in learning vs face, PET, bringing you back to more thin corners and drop testing failures. Sorry, like the concept, but it’s a manufacturing nightmare. why not try with a bigger head for its top? The cap part can be a bit larger,well, the in the East Asian Community gas has to go somewhere right?

This is NOT a new concept.. I own a SQUARE Coke bottle. orinally produced In Kenosha, Wis. years ago. It is glass with a rounded top. Online Learning Learning? with the city name actually.