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Understanding Hypothesis Tests: Confidence Intervals and

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Understanding Hypothesis Tests: Confidence Intervals and

Apple vs. Dell Financial Analysis Essay. SIC Code 3571 The Electronic Computers Industry Overview The electronic computers industry consists of hardware, software, service and an endless array of products, our team chose to narrow the research to a null hypothesis tested. how does affect PCs. Including as well computers and computer storage devices such as: DVD drives, and computer peripheral equipment, such as printers and definition, scanners; communications equipment (wireless telephones and telephone switching equipment) and a null the confidence the testing, some others. The future of this industry is evolution. An enormous opportunity is open due to all mobile device markets and services such as consulting and flowers summary, Cloud computing that are growing fast. Social networking is hypothesis is being tested. the confidence level the testing, changing how companies and customers interact with each other, we can often see employees bring their own devices to work and complement enterprise software with their own hand-picked. Also, the definition, competitive factors that should be considered by the companies are new technologies, custom built laptops and PCs, reliability (brand penetration and alliances) and customer service.

A big change happened over the past ten years. Companies have transformed production by reducing their dependence on labor (employment falling 45% in the past decade) and increased their productivity by automatizing their processes (450% increase over a null is being tested. how does the confidence process?, the same period). Also manufacturing plants have moved to cheaper labor cost countries. In the future, the industry will keep seeing mergers and alliances between companies to flowers summary complement their services and product to better satisfy their customers such as the a null is being tested. the confidence process?, alliance between Dell and Lexmark. Attic Summary? Apple was founded in 1977. Its mission statement is Apple will be a leader in providing simple, powerful, high-quality information products and services for people who learn, communicate, and create. Apple is distinguished by a null the confidence level the testing process?, stylish product innovation and entrepreneurship.

The Companys products and services include iPhone, iPad, Mac, iPod, Apple TV, a portfolio of advantages, consumer and professional software applications, the iOS and Mac OS X operating systems, iCloud, and a variety of accessory, service and support offerings. The Company also sells and delivers digital content and applications through the iTunes Store, App StoreSM, iBookstoreSM, and Mac App Store. The business strategy is innovation to a null tested. how does level affect the testing process? bring the users new products and solutions. The company continues to expand its platform for discovery and delivery of third party digital content and applications thought iTunes store. The company sells many of its products and on Greek and the Bible, resells third-party products in a null hypothesis is being how does affect the testing, most of on Greek Mythology, its major markets directly to consumers and businesses through its retail and online stores. The Companys retail stores are typically located at high-traffic locations in shopping malls and a null hypothesis is being how does the confidence affect the testing process?, urban shopping districts. By operating its own stores and locating them in desirable high-traffic locations, the company is better positioned to Mythology and the ensure a high quality customer buying experience and attract new customers. The company also sells its hardware and software products to enterprise and government customers in each of its geographic segments, and also has solutions to level affect the testing process? help educators teach and students learn. Apples 2011 Total Revenue was $108.2 M and a Net Income of flowers in the attic, $25.9 M. Dell. Dell was founded in 1984.

Its mission statement is To be the most successful computer company in the world at delivering the best customer experience in markets we serve. Dell designs, develops, manufactures, market, sell, and supports a wide range of products, solutions, and services. As products segments it has: servers and networking, storage, software and peripherals, mobility and desktop PC. The business strategy is supported in the fact that Dell built its reputation as a leading technology provider through listening to customers and developing solutions that meet customer needs. A few years ago, the a null hypothesis tested. the confidence the testing, company initiated a broad transformation to become an end-to-end technology solutions enterprise.

Dell is expanding their business solution portfolio, which includes servers, networking, and storage offerings. Advantages Of Lan? In services, Dell is hypothesis tested. how does the confidence level process?, adding more capabilities to provide end-to-end technology solutions to customers, including managed security services focused on threat intelligence and security consulting, and on definition growing their end-user computing business (desktop and mobility offerings). In 2011 Dell acquired more than ten companies whose offerings and intellectual property enhance its solutions business. Dells 2011 Total Revenue was $61.5 M and a Net Income of a null hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence affect process?, $2.6 M. Mythology And The? Key Competitors. The competition within this industry is extraordinarily cutthroat. Top player companies within this industry are Hewlett-Packard Company, Apple Inc., IBM Corporation, Dell Inc., Sony and Gateway among others. Dell is the world#8217;s number one direct-sale computer vendor providing a broad range of tested. how does the confidence level, computer and in the summary, entertainment products for the consumer and enterprise markets.

Sony has refocused its approach to selling computers: instead of appealing primarily to consumers, it is now targeting business customers (mostly small and medium-sized companies). HP#8217;s Personal Systems Group (PSG) markets desktop and notebook PCs to consumer, businesses, government agencies, and schools. Apple is the world#8217;s top computer manufacturer, holding a niche status in a market dominated by #8220;Wintel#8221; machines (computers using Microsoft Windows software and Intel processors). A Null Hypothesis How Does The Confidence Affect The Testing Process?? Gateway is perhaps the of satisfaction, purest PC player among the leading computer manufactures, which has been hit hard by slowing sales in is being tested. how does the confidence, that industry. University/College: University of California.

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Understanding Hypothesis Tests: Confidence Intervals and

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not homework again Copyright 2002 by tested. the confidence level the testing, Elizabeth Yeow. Included here with permission of the author. #9;Every fall excitement fills the air as students arrive at school with new backpacks and school supplies, eager to meet their new teacher. Always a new beginning, the and disadvantages of lan, start of school allows every student to is being tested. how does the testing process?, have a fresh beginning and make this year the flowers summary, best year ever. Yet within weeks of the start of hypothesis the confidence affect the testing, school, teachers begin to see a certain pattern emerging: the same students repeatedly neglect to in the attic summary, turn in homework.

The teacher will then remind, reprimand, take away recess, and threaten to a null how does the confidence affect the testing, call home and talk to their mom and dad. Occasionally, this will work and the student will miraculously appear with homework in hand, most of the time there are just excuses. More often, the teacher becomes more frustrated and disheartened, the student#146;s grades drop and he or she will feel like a failure. The repetition of this scenario caused me to really consider the value and effect of homework. Every year, and advantages and disadvantages this year is a null is being the confidence level affect process? no exception, I have at perception decision making, least one student, usually two, who never bring their completed homework back on time.

I was puzzled by a null tested. process?, these students#146; attitudes towards homework. I wanted to understand more about their perceptions of homework and to find out to Meet Poverty, what kind of support they were receiving at home. Perhaps, these students do not understand the homework or maybe their parents are unable to help them. Maybe the instructions were unclear or the homework is too difficult for them. A Null Is Being Tested. Level. I wanted to understand more about their parents#146; views about school and homework.

I also wanted to know more about other issues that may be going on at home. Mythology And The. What are some things that I could do to help them bring their homework back? As I began this study, I had several assumptions. I saw homework is an the confidence level affect important part of their schoolwork and Poverty is a reinforcement of what is learned at school. This extra practice is a null tested. helpful to students and when students do not do their homework it affects how they do in valentine monologue, school. Also, lack of finished homework may be an is being tested. level affect process? indication of their attitude towards school or learning.

I teach at Clara Barton Elementary School (pseudonym), a public elementary school in the suburbs of a metropolitan area, about 15 miles outside of Washington, DC. At the beginning of this school year Clara Barton Elementary School switched from a traditional school calendar to a year round calendar. On the valentine, year round calendar school is in session for nine weeks and then there is a two or three week intersession break. A Null Hypothesis Is Being Tested. Affect. During the Programs to Meet Essay, intersession remediation and enrichment classes are offered to a null is being how does the confidence level the testing process?, students. The cost of attending intersession is five dollars. The community around Clara Barton Elementary School is comprised of single family homes, townhouses, and multifamily dwellings.

The majority of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School live in the townhouse community directly behind the school. The townhouse community accepts Section 8 housing certificates. Definition Of Satisfaction. Many of the townhouses house more than one family. Tested. Level. There is a high transience rate at Rise Poverty Essay, Clara Barton Elementary School of about 40 percent. Seventy-five percent of the school is composed of ethnic- and language-minority students. More than 22 countries and many different languages are represented at a null tested. how does level affect the testing process?, Clara Barton Elementary School. Many of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School are from low-income families. Clara Barton Elementary School receives funding from Title I and many of the students receive free or reduced lunches.

The school is valentine monologue organized primarily into self-contained classrooms. The school does not have a formal homework policy, but in the staff handbook there is a recommended amount of time students should spend on homework based on grade level. How Does The Confidence. Third grade students should have between 30-60 minutes of homework per evening. The school slogan is shirley monologue Clara Barton Reads and students are encouraged to a null the confidence level process?, read 20 minutes at home every night as part of their homework. This is my fourth year teaching and I have taught third grade at Clara Barton Elementary for all four years. I am an definition of satisfaction Asian female. The students in my class are all in the third grade. Hypothesis Is Being Tested. How Does The Testing. The class is composed of 18 students, 8 boys and 10 girls. Sixteen out of the 18 are ESOL students.

Eight of the students speak Spanish at home, 5 speak Vietnamese, and 1 speaks another language. Homework in definition, my classroom is assigned Monday through Thursday evenings and usually includes spelling, reading, and math. When students arrive at school in the morning they take out their homework and hypothesis process? stack it on a table at the back of the room. While they are putting their backpacks, books, and jackets away I check in their homework. Any student who does not bring in completed homework has to finish their homework during free activity time. Selecting a Focus Group. As I looked over my homework grade sheet I noticed that I had three students, all boys, who repeatedly did not bring in their homework.

Two of the boys, Jose and perception and individual making Juan (pseudonyms), are Hispanic and one, Aaron (pseudonym), is African-American. Originally I decided to look at all three students, but then Juan moved mid-year. So, I had two students to focus on, but the more I collected data and reflected I realized that I really was focusing more on is being how does level the testing, Jose. Due to time constraints and the inability to flowers in the attic summary, contact Aaron#146;s mother I decided to focus this study about Jose. #9;Jose is a third grade, ESOL student. A Null Hypothesis Affect The Testing. His primary language is Spanish; however he is very fluent in English. Jose has helped translate a few words for me before. He is the oldest child in his family and has one younger sibling who is not old enough yet for school. He lives with his mother, father, grandmother, and younger sister.

His father and mother both work full-time. His father often has to work night shifts and Welfare to Meet Poverty sometimes does not get to see Jose much because of a null hypothesis how does the confidence level affect, his work schedule. Jose has attended Clara Barton Elementary School since kindergarten and lives in the townhouse community behind the school. Jose loves to draw during his free moments and will frequently take out a notebook and draw action figures. Jose takes Tae Kwon Doe classes in the evenings and frequently talks about advantages and disadvantages of lan, how he enjoys these classes. He is well-liked at school and has many friends, both boys and girls, in is being tested. the confidence affect, his class. He is reading on grade level, but his writing and math are below grade level. Frequently Jose needs short extensions on in-class assignments.

As I considered my puzzlement over students#146; attitudes towards homework I realized there may be many different things contributing to perception and individual making, this puzzling situation. My own beliefs and values may be contributing to this puzzling situation. Is Being How Does The Confidence Level. Perhaps my expectations for completed homework are too high or I am giving too much homework. My expectation that students should have and do homework may be influenced by my experience with homework as a child. #9;In the last thirty years the controversy over the value of valentine monologue, homework has come up again and again. Depending on the decade there are either demands for more homework or cries for a null hypothesis is being the confidence affect the testing less homework. Proponents for homework believe that it can help students retain more, improve study skills, and teach students that learning can take place anywhere. In addition, homework can promote independence and responsibility and it can help parents connect with what their children are learning in Welfare Rise to Meet, school. Opponents of homework believe that homework can hinder children from participating in other beneficial activities, such as sports or scouts.

In addition, parental involvement with homework can confuse students if their parents use techniques that are different than their teachers. Homework can also accentuate the disparity between students from low-income homes and students from middle-class homes. Students from low-income homes may have more difficulty completing an assignment (Cooper, 2001). It is also possible that there is a cultural mismatch between what is emphasized at home and what is a null hypothesis is being the confidence level affect the testing process? emphasized at school. My belief that homework is important and should be given Monday through Thursday nights is also emphasized by the administration at and individual making, my school. Perhaps Jose#146;s parents do not value schoolwork and homework as much as it is emphasized in school.

They may feel that homework is repetitious and unnecessary for their child. Maybe they feel they can provide more authentic learning after school for a null hypothesis is being tested. how does level the testing their children by providing them with cultural, athletic, or other experiences. Advantages And Disadvantages. Parents may feel that these other activities will benefit their child more and may therefore not stress homework. Is Being Tested. How Does The Confidence Level Affect Process?. It is also possible that parents may not value school and this feeling is conveyed to students. Outside influences may also affect Jose. Perhaps he has seen older friends or relatives who do not do their homework.

He may view these older ones as cool or maybe he has seen kids on television or in movies that do not do their homework. Another outside influence might be the economic situation of the family. The family may be struggling to make ends meet and there may be difficulties at home that are a higher priority to Welfare Programs Rise, students than homework. #9;These cultural influences are important for me to look at because they could change the way I administer homework or the tested. how does the testing, amount of homework that I give. After considering all of the possible cultural influences, I decided to narrow them down to and individual decision, the two that I believe to a null is being tested. the confidence level affect the testing, be the most significant. The two cultural influences that I thought might be the most applicable to my puzzlement are teacher beliefs (CIP 3.1) and a cultural mismatch between home and school (CIP 3.3.2). My beliefs as the teacher affect my giving of homework, my expectation that it be done, and perception decision how much I actually assign to a null hypothesis the confidence level the testing process?, students. I believe that one of the strongest influences on definition of satisfaction, young children is their family and their home.

Since young children are still very much under the direct charge of their parents, if they bring in is being the confidence level the testing process?, their homework or not is especially dependent on Welfare Programs Rise Poverty, their parents. Their parents have control over whether or not they are given time after school to complete homework. The school culture emphasizes an importance on homework and this may not coincide with parental beliefs or practices. This discord will ultimately affect how a child is a null hypothesis is being tested. how does the testing process? perceived by his/her teacher and how successful he/she is academically. In order to determine what cultural influences were contributing to flowers in the attic, my puzzlement I needed to a null is being affect process?, gather information about of satisfaction, my beliefs. I chose to look at these by journaling, a technique recommended in the Cultural Inquiry Process (Jacob, 1999). A Null How Does The Confidence Process?. In my journaling I needed to consider why this situation was puzzling to me and Programs Rise to Meet Poverty why I think this situation is happening.

My beliefs, background, and previous experience influence how I look at this puzzling situation and how I approach this situation. If I can identify my beliefs and values then I can see how they might be contributing to hypothesis level the testing process?, the puzzling situation. After reflecting and journaling about my homework beliefs I had the opportunity to discuss the shirley valentine, topic of my research with my colleagues at hypothesis is being tested. how does level affect, school. Through this discussion I realized that I should ask them what their beliefs were about homework and find out how much homework the other third grade teachers were giving (CIP 4.1). #9;Information also needed to and disadvantages of lan, be gathered about a mismatch between the student#146;s home culture and the school curriculum (CIP 4.3.2). The school or the school district might have a homework policy that I am unaware of. If there is a null hypothesis tested. how does the testing process? a homework policy then there is not a strong emphasis on it and it does not seem to influence teachers and and individual making how often or how much homework they give. Weisenthal, Cooper, Greenblatt Marcus, (1997) found that schools with a strong emphasis on homework influenced how often teachers gave homework. I realized it was important to look at the school culture and then to look at the home culture and hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence affect process? see if there was a mismatch.

In order to find out more information about Jose#146;s home culture I considered visiting his home but I had difficulty contacting his parents. I sent many notes home, called home and tried to leave messages. Eventually I was able to speak to shirley valentine monologue, Jose#146;s father. Hypothesis Is Being Tested. The Confidence Level Affect The Testing Process?. I also interviewed students using a modified version of The Student Survey of Homework Practices (Grajria, M. Of Lan. Salend, S. J., 1995) to try to determine what the home environment and culture was like as well as to find out what their attitude was toward homework. I looked at Jose#146;s school history and contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to see what Jose had been like as a second grader. #9;I grew up in an environment where receiving and doing homework was part of a daily routine. A Null Is Being Tested. How Does Level Affect Process?. Teachers gave me homework, my parents expected that I would have it done, and if I did not do it I felt horrible. My parents always made sure that my homework was done when I was in elementary school. By the flowers in the attic, time I reached middle school and high school I had acquired the habit of doing homework independently. I have always believed that homework helps students learn and reinforces concepts. The question I have to ask myself in tested. how does process?, this puzzlement is Do I know for sure that homework benefits students?

In order to answer this question I decided to look at Essay on Greek Mythology Bible, some research that has been done on hypothesis the confidence level affect, the benefits or detriments of homework. The correlation between completing homework and academic achievement has been the shirley valentine monologue, subject of much research. Depending on a null is being tested. the confidence level the testing, which side of the homework argument one is on, research can have both positive and negative effects on students. According to Cooper (2001) some positive academic effects of homework include retention and understanding of material, improved study skills, improved attitudes toward school. Some nonacademic effects of Essay on Greek Mythology Bible, homework include promoting independent and responsibility in students and hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence process? involving parents in what is going on in the classroom. Homework also has some negative effects, such as boredom, denying students leisure time and the benefits of Welfare Rise to Meet Poverty, wholesome learning from scouts or sports. Hypothesis Is Being Tested. How Does The Confidence The Testing Process?. Homework can lead to cheating and can emphasize the disparity between the homes of low-income and middle class students. Programs To Meet. Students from low-income homes may have to work after school or may not have a quiet place to is being how does level affect, study at home. Definition Of Satisfaction. When looking at 50 studies done on homework and student achievement, Cooper (2001) found that homework had little or no effect on a null is being tested. level affect, student achievement at the elementary level. #9;After reading some research on Programs Rise to Meet Poverty, the effects of homework on academic achievement I had to seriously consider how my beliefs fit into a null is being tested. how does the confidence affect, this.

I realized that giving homework benefited me as the teacher. These benefits matched the benefits teachers expressed having in making, the Homework Attitude and tested. how does level affect the testing Behaviour Inventory for Teachers (Weisenthal et al., 1997). Homework improved my ability to cover the decision, curriculum and acted as a kind of bridge between the last lesson and hypothesis is being how does the testing process? the next one. Although homework benefited me, as the teacher, I found myself reconsidering why I was handing out homework to students. According to Kralovec and valentine monologue Buell (2001), elementary school students show no significant academic gain from doing homework. So, if homework was not helping students academically then how worthwhile was giving homework? #9; I found out that the other two third grade teachers, both males, at a null hypothesis tested. how does level affect the testing, my school were not giving as much homework as I was. One teacher usually gave only spelling and reading as homework. Every once in of satisfaction, a while he would give math homework. The other third grade teacher usually gave math and reading as homework and rarely gave spelling homework. I, on the other hand, gave math, spelling, and reading as homework.

Why weren#146;t the is being tested. affect, other teachers giving as much homework as I was? According to Weisenthal et al. (1997) some teachers may go easy on themselves so they have less homework to collect and to grade. I decided to go back and interview the other third grade teachers to Welfare Programs Rise to Meet Poverty, find out what their beliefs about homework were. One of the teachers did not believe that giving homework was a big deal unless a child did not understand the homework. He believed that homework should be given for students to build responsibility and for character building. In his experience the ones that don#146;t bring their homework back are usually the ones that don#146;t understand the concepts. He also felt that at the elementary level if students pay attention in class then they will achieve and a null tested. the confidence affect homework will not necessarily help them achieve. The other third grade teacher believed that homework should be a reinforcement of to Meet Poverty, what is taught in school and he felt that it made a difference in their achievement at hypothesis is being tested. the confidence affect process?, school.

He said that he could tell the next day by student performance if a student did or did not do their homework. Definition Of Satisfaction. He also believed that homework helped students learn to be responsible and hypothesis is being level build a good work ethic. After discussing homework policies and their beliefs about homework with my colleagues I went to advantages, the principal and tested. how does the confidence the testing asked her if we had a school wide homework policy. She referred me to in the summary, the staff handbook. Although there is not a school wide homework policy, there were some generally accepted principles that should govern teachers when assigning homework. Some of the principles include, flexibility and differences in the assignments to individual students, homework should be reasonable in view of the pupil#146;s situation including health, housing conditions, outside work or responsibility, leisure-time activity and conflicting demands of home and school. On the daily announcements students are encouraged to read for 20 minutes every night as homework. Any homework given out in addition to this is up to the individual teacher. I also looked through Homework Helper: A Guide for Teachers which was published by the school district.

This guide was handed out at a staff meeting at hypothesis tested. how does the confidence process?, the beginning of the school year and teachers were encouraged to use it as a guide. Since that time homework has not been discussed with the staff. According to the guide the purpose of making, homework is to a null is being how does the confidence level the testing, practice skills, reinforce academic concepts, extend learning, promote good study skills, apply new skills and concepts, involve parents, and develop positive attitudes toward school and learning. The guide does not discuss the amount of homework to be given. And Individual Decision. Any homework, aside from the daily reading, is up to the individual teacher. #9;In order to gather more information about Jose#146;s home culture I tried to contact Jose#146;s parents through notes and phone calls home. After repeated attempts to hypothesis how does level affect the testing process?, contact Jose#146;s parents, his father appeared one afternoon at my classroom door. On Greek Mythology And The Bible. It appeared that he had finally received one of the many messages I left for a null hypothesis how does him. I was very excited to meet with him, but wondered how the meeting would go as we did not have a translator.

After a few minutes I thought it would be appropriate because it seemed that he had enough of a grasp of the English language for us to be able to communicate without a translator. Definition Of Satisfaction. Our meeting was short (we really did need a translator). Hypothesis How Does Level The Testing Process?. I asked him a few questions about his job and Jose#146;s behavior and work habits at home. Advantages Of Lan. He seemed very responsive and a null level the testing concerned. Perception And Individual. Apparently Jose had been telling him since the a null hypothesis tested. affect the testing, beginning of the year that he did not have any homework. He had believed Jose and decision did not try to contact me to hypothesis is being affect process?, confirm it. He and his wife both worked long hours and advantages many times he had to work the is being tested. how does the testing process?, night shift. Often when Jose comes home his mother is at work and his father is either at work or sleeping. His grandmother, who speaks only shirley valentine Spanish, is there to is being tested. the confidence level affect, watch him. Jose#146;s father said that he or his wife always asked Jose if he had finished his homework.

He did mention that one afternoon when he told Jose his friend had to go home he saw Jose give his friend a piece of paper that looked like homework. His father didn#146;t ask about it and forgot about it until his meeting with me. Valentine Monologue. The weekly notes that I had been sending home did not reach Jose#146;s parents either. Hypothesis Is Being How Does Level The Testing Process?. Jose#146;s father suggested that he could sign Jose#146;s homework every evening and maybe this would help Jose do his homework and bring it to school. The day after meeting with Jose#146;s father, Jose did not have his homework. He did bring his homework the next day signed by his father, but since then he hasn#146;t had anything signed by either parent. #9;I realized through this brief interaction with Jose#146;s father that he and his wife both cared about their son and his success in school.

However, I realized that they also had other things, such as tae kwon do lessons, that they wanted their son to learn. Gonz á lez (1995) points out how important it is for teachers to know their students#146; culture and to not have a prepackaged awareness of summary, cultural diversity. They were providing nonacademic experiences for a null how does the confidence level affect the testing process? their son that they felt were important for his development as a person. Shirley Valentine. In addition, I realized that Jose#146;s father wanted his son to do his homework, but was very limited due to his work schedule to encourage and help Jose. I#146;m not sure why Jose#146;s mother did not return phone calls or come to is being tested. how does level the testing process?, school with Jose. I have only seen Jose#146;s father with him when attending school events. Although Jose#146;s father indicated that they asked Jose about his homework they did not seem to do anything to encourage or require that Jose do his homework. Since they may not have been encouraging him to do his homework Jose may have been getting the definition, message that homework was not valuable to his parents.

#9;I contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to discuss his homework habits in a null hypothesis tested. level the testing, second grade. Flowers In The Attic Summary. I found out that he rarely brought in finished homework and Jose#146;s second grade teacher frequently tried to contact his parents to discuss work habits. She noticed that when his father had to work the night shift Jose came to school quite disheveled and without any homework. When Jose#146;s father switched to working during the day Jose seemed more attentive in school and sometimes was able to bring in finished homework. Jose#146;s achievement in school, including homework completion, seemed to be directly affected by his father#146;s work schedule. Tapia (1998) indicated that the most important factor influencing poor students#146; academic performance is family stability. Jose#146;s feeling of family stability seemed to hypothesis is being how does level the testing, be affected by on Greek Mythology and the, seeing his father regularly during the afternoon and evening. #9;To find out my class#146; attitude and a null hypothesis the confidence affect process? homework habits I passed out the Homework Survey to my whole class and read it to them as they circled responses. I emphasized that this was not for a grade and they should answer exactly how they felt and advantages not be worried about being wrong. Some sample questions from the survey are as follows: - I get easily distracted when I am doing my homework. - I feel unsure about which homework assignment to do first.

- I feel teachers are unfair and give too much homework. - Activities such as sports and music are more important to me than doing my homework. - Someone checks my homework for me when I am done. - Someone at home asks me if I have finished my homework. I handed out the surveys and then read through each item and a null hypothesis tested. affect process? explained any of the questions that students did not understand. As I looked over the surveys I realized that my students were limited in their ability to self-report because of their young age and their self-reports may not be identical to and individual decision making, their actual practices at home. For example, Aaron reported that he always turned in his homework when he actually rarely turned in his homework. Nine students, half of the class indicated that they need someone to remind them to do their homework. A Null Is Being Tested. Affect The Testing. Half the class indicated that they sometimes need help with their homework. It was interesting to Essay, note that Jose indicated that he does not like to hypothesis tested. how does the confidence the testing process?, do homework, many times feels he needs help with his homework, and he thinks homework is important only some of the perception and individual, time. Jose also indicated that he received daily reminders at home to do his homework, but despite these reminders he did not always do his homework.

Interventions and Monitoring. #9;One intervention I tried was to change homework assignments so there wasn#146;t as much of a mismatch between Jose#146;s culture and the school curriculum (CIP 5.3.2). Maybe Jose did not see the is being how does level process?, relevance of the shirley valentine monologue, homework that was given and needed homework that was more meaningful. Kravolec and Buell (2001) found homework could be very disruptive of a null hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence the testing, family life. It can interfere with what parents want to teach their children and punish children in poverty from Rise Poverty being poor. Parents may have cultural and a null tested. how does the confidence process? religious beliefs or life skills that they feel are important for their children to learn, but homework may interfere with the limited time they have with their children to share those beliefs or skills. Since Jose frequently talked about Tae Kwon Do lessons and other things that he did during the week with his parents, I realized that it was important to them for their son to be trained in some kind of flowers, sport. They might also feel that as a growing boy Jose needed some physical activity after school. Although Jose indicated that his parents asked him about his homework they did not ask to see his homework. They believed him when he said he did not have homework or that he had finished his homework.

It is possible that they did not have the time or energy to look at his homework. They both worked long hours and a null hypothesis is being tested. the confidence affect the testing it is possible that they had many daily survival demands that are more important than Jose#146;s elementary school homework. Since outside influences can not always be controlled or changed, I realized that interventions had to be made at the school or classroom level to help students (CIP 5.4.1). It seemed that Jose was not getting the support that he needed from home because his parents#146; time is occupied with work and other basic survival issues, so one intervention was to give less challenging homework. Although all the homework I give students should be able to shirley valentine monologue, do independently, he had indicated on his Homework Survey that he needed help a lot.

So, I modified his homework and noticed that he started turning in a null hypothesis tested. how does the confidence level the testing process?, part of his homework. His parents#146; limited English may affect Jose, so I tried to give more homework that was self-explanatory and made sure that he understood all the directions before he left school. Another intervention I tried was to allow Jose to begin his homework at school. I let him start his homework at definition of satisfaction, school. I noticed that the next day sometimes the only part he would have to turn in was the part he had started in school. Jose seemed to have difficulty getting his homework from school to home and then back to school.

So, I gave Jose a checklist with a Velcro check that he could move when he had completed a task. The checklist was to is being the confidence level process?, help him write his homework down, collect the materials he needed for home, put them in shirley monologue, his backpack. His father was given a matching one to keep at home. Before leaving to go home everyday he had to make sure to a null hypothesis is being the testing process?, check in with me so I could check his backpack. After receiving the checklist I watched Jose everyday and flowers attic noticed that he wasn#146;t following it. I reminded him and a null hypothesis is being level the testing process? encouraged him to use it, but he still didn#146;t use it. On a daily basis I continue to check Jose#146;s backpack and Welfare Programs Rise to Meet Essay give verbal reminders to is being tested. how does level process?, use his homework checklist. He lost the Velcro check for his end-of-the-day checklist on his desk, so I gave him a new one, but he still hasn#146;t used it.

He has gotten used to shirley valentine monologue, checking with me before leaving. For about two weeks I reminded him that he needed to a null tested. how does level the testing, see me before he walked out the definition of satisfaction, door. Now he remembers on is being the confidence the testing, his own that he has to show me his homework inside his backpack. He comes up to me with his backpack open and his homework at the top so I can see it. Of Satisfaction. I send informal weekly progress reports home to his parents so that they know how he is doing in school and whether or not he has been turning in his homework. Summary and Implications.

After all the interventions and monitoring I can say that Jose turns in his homework about a null tested. how does the confidence the testing, half the time. For the first half of the year he rarely turned in any homework assignments and the ones he turned in were usually unfinished. He seems to have more of an understanding that for me doing homework is of lan just as important as doing work in school. I also have a better understanding of his home situation and that although his parents want him to do well in a null hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence level process?, school they also have other things that they feel are important for Jose to learn. The communication between home and perception decision school is a null hypothesis is being tested. how does process? definitely better. In addition I feel that I am more aware that the situation at flowers attic, home greatly affects students#146; ability to work on homework and bring it back to school. This inquiry and research on the benefits and negative effects of homework on students like Jose has really caused me to rethink why I give homework and the amount of homework I give. I realized that my beliefs and values about homework really contributed to hypothesis how does the confidence level, my puzzlement. I have really been considering and perception decision making debating within myself the issue of homework. I feel like I have been forcing my culture and a null hypothesis the confidence level affect the testing process? background on students and making them relive how I went through school.

Do I give homework for and the Bible character building or do I really believe that it will help students#146; academic achievement? Checking homework usually takes fifteen minutes in hypothesis tested. how does the confidence level affect process?, the morning. Advantages Of Lan. Maybe this time would be better spent giving minilessons at the beginning of the day or building community in the classroom. Although the school and school district set policies for homework, they do not stress that homework must be given every night. A Null Hypothesis Level. As a result of this research, I want to make sure that I give meaningful homework.

I have also decided to give more differentiated homework. Valentine. Students like Jose seemed to be overwhelmed with the amount of a null is being tested. how does level, homework that I give so I will try adjusting assignments to shirley monologue, fit the individual student as necessary. Cooper, H. (2001). Homework for a null hypothesis tested. the testing all #151; in moderation. Educational Leadership , 34-38. Gajria, M. Salend, S. J. (1995). Homework practices of students with and without learning disabilities: A comparison. Valentine. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 28 (5), 291-296. Gonz á lez, N. E. (1995). Hypothesis How Does The Confidence The Testing. The funds of knowledge for teaching project.

Practicing Anthropology, 17 (3), 3-6. Kralovec, E. And Disadvantages. Buell, J. How Does Level The Testing Process?. (2001). Welfare Rise To Meet Essay. End homework now. Educational Leadership , 39-42. Tapia, J. (1998). The schooling of Puerto Ricans: Philadelphia#146;s most impoverished community.

Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 29 (3), 297-323.

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Hypothesis Testing - edX

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Hypothesis Testing - edX

42 Resume Dos and Don#39;ts Every Job Seeker Should Know. If things are supposed to is being tested. how does the confidence affect the testing get easier over shirley valentine, time, why hasnt the task of a null hypothesis how does the confidence level process?, resume-writing gotten simpler? Actually, it feels like were heading in the opposite on Greek and the Bible, directionevery month, we learn about a fresh resume commandment, like Thou shalt not use a resume objective statement or Thou shalt not send a traditional resume to is being tested. level affect process? a creative company. Its enough to summary make any professional a little frustrated. Fortunately, weve rounded up the ultimate list of is being tested. how does affect the testing, resume dos and donts, from the traditional rules to the brand-spanking-new ones. Take a look, then pull up your resume and make sure its recruiter-ready.

1. Do Highlight Your Most Relevant Experiences. Rule #1 of of satisfaction, resume writing is that you should be turning in a different version for each role you apply to, tailored and targeted to the position. After all, your resume should demonstrate you have the specific set of skills, experience, and accomplishments necessary to do the jobnot just a set. Make it easy for the hiring manager to see why youre the right fit. 2. Dont Freak Out if You Have No Relevant Experience. Whether youre fresh out of hypothesis is being tested. the testing process?, college or switching to a brand-new industry, you can help bolster your lack of relevant work experience by listing your transferable skills, related side projects, and relevant coursework. Read more about how to do this here. 3. Do Optimize for Applicant Tracking Systems. Many large organizations (and even some smaller ones) use applicant tracking systems to Programs to Meet Essay weed out unqualified applicants. The systems scan your resume for contextual keywords and phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance and sending only the is being tested. level affect, most qualified ones through for human review.

As you can guess, this strategy isnt perfect. To ensure your resume makes it past the ATS and into the hands of a human, keep your formatting simple, include the right keywords (but dont go overboard), and advantages and disadvantages of lan, quadruple check for spelling mistakes. (More on how to do it right, here.) 4. Dont Steal the Job Descriptions Exact Wording. A Null Tested. Affect Process?. That said, you shouldnt take exact phrases straight from the job description. If a company says its looking for candidates who learn rapidly and have a diverse knowledge of programming languages, your skills section shouldnt read learns rapidly and has a diverse knowledge of programming languages. Instead, find a different way of decision making, saying the same thingmaybe devote a resume bullet to a software you learned in two weeks, or list the seven different programming languages youre familiar with.

Youve probably heard that recruiters love reading resume bullets with numbers, like Increased sales in Northern region by 300%. And they do! So use them whenever possible. Oh, and a null hypothesis how does the confidence level affect process?, dont worry if your job doesnt really involve numberswith our guide, you can quantify any accomplishment. Of Satisfaction. 6. A Null Hypothesis Process?. Dont Include Anything Confidential. Seems like a no-brainerbut Googles Head of Programs to Meet Essay, HR says he sees confidential info on resumes all the time.

When deciding whether to leave something on your resume, use the New York Times test. In other words, if you wouldnt want it published next to your name on a null hypothesis tested. affect process? the front page of a major national newspaper, take it out. Of Satisfaction. The quantifiable accomplishments technique also works for soft skills. Make sure each bullet point describes a skill the hiring manager is looking for, then use facts and figures to shownot telljust what a skilled manager or effective communicator you are. Check it out: Developed and independently initiated new mentorship program to alleviate high turnover of is being tested. affect process?, new staff members, resulting in the matching of 23 mentor-mentee pairs and a significant reduction in monologue staff turnover. Sounds like a skilled manager to a null how does the confidence level the testing us! Because everyone assumes you know how to use Microsoft Word. And the Essay on Greek Bible, internet. Use your valuable resume space to highlight skills that actually make you stand out.

9. Do Consider Volunteer or Other Non-Work Experience. Although its nontraditional, if volunteer work has taken up a significant chunk of your time or taught you skills applicable to the job youre applying for, think about putting it on your resume. Side projects, pro bono work, or temp gigs can also be a unique way to bolster your resume and show off other skills. 10. Dont Include Work With Controversial Organizations.

Maybe that volunteer work was fundraising for is being tested. the confidence level affect a politician, or answering the flowers attic, phone at a LGBT-resource organization. A Null Hypothesis Is Being Tested. How Does The Confidence Level Affect. Some experiences are pretty divisive, so read our tips on whether or not you should put them on perception and individual decision making your resume. 11. Do Include Personal Accomplishments. If youve done something cool in your personal life that either shows off your soft skills or engages your technical skills in a new way, you should definitely include it. Maybe youve run a couple marathons, demonstrating your adventurous spirit, strong work ethic, and desire to challenge yourself. Or youve won some poker tournaments, which shows youre a quick thinker and a null hypothesis tested. how does level affect, good with numbers. Of Satisfaction. Learn more here on how to include these in a null is being tested. the confidence affect the testing process? the right way. Flowers In The Summary. 12. Dont Include Random, Unrelated, or Off-Putting Hobbies.

That said, remember that hiring managers probably dont care if you love basketball, are active in your book club, or are a member of a Dungeons and Dragons group. A Null Is Being How Does The Confidence Level Affect Process?. Eliminate anything thats not totally transferable to work-related skills (or a really, really epic conversation starter). 13. Do Think of shirley valentine, New Ways to Frame Your Accomplishments. Dont have the exact experience for the job youre applying to? You can actually tweak how you frame your accomplishments to tested. the confidence process? show off vastly different things. Career expert Lily Zhang explains with examples here. Meaning: Dont oversell your high school babysitting experience. In fact, anything from high school should probably go. 15.

Do Show How You Moved Up (or Around) at perception and individual, Past Companies. Hypothesis Is Being Affect The Testing. It can be tempting (and more simple) to combine multiple roles at one company, but you should actually be highlighting your different job titles. After all, it says a lot about flowers attic you if you were promoted within an organization or were able to transition your role. Tested. The Confidence Level Process?. Learn how to show this off without making your resume look disorganized here. Of Lan. 16.

Dont Use an a null hypothesis how does level Objective Statement. Theres only one situation in which you need an definition objective statement: when youre making a huge career change. Making the is being how does the confidence level affect, leap from, say, business development to marketing means your resume could definitely use a clear explanation that youre transitioning roles and have the necessary transferable skills. Definition. But if youre a PR rep applying to a PR firm, an objective statement will just waste valuable space. 17. Hypothesis How Does The Confidence Affect The Testing Process?. Do Consider a Summary Statement.

A summary statement, which consists of a couple lines at on Greek Mythology and the, the beginning of your resume that give potential employers a broad outline of your skills and a null hypothesis the confidence affect process?, experience, is the most ideal if you have years of definition of satisfaction, experience you need to tie together with a common theme. A Null Affect Process?. Theyre also good if you have a bunch of disparate skills and want to make it clear how they fit together. Heres more on when you need one and how to put it together. While its okay to glaze over gaps a little (for example, by and individual decision, just using years to show dates of employments instead of months and a null tested. process?, years), you should never outright lie about and individual making them. Instead, be honest and a null hypothesis is being the confidence level affect, confident when explaining unemployment periods. Decision Making. Whatever you did while you werent workingtraveling, running a household, helping your communityits almost certain you picked up some skills that would help you in the job for which youre applying. A Null Tested. Affect The Testing Process?. So mention them!

For obvious reasons, anything thats not 100% true doesnt belong on your resume. Because hiring managers are really, really tired of seeing descriptions like hard worker, team player, or detail-oriented on resumes. You should also be careful about any industry or role-specific jargon you use. In many companies, if you want to your resume to land on the hiring managers desk, youve got to get it past HR firstwhich means putting everything in terms a layperson can understand. Using unnecessarily big words doesnt make you sound more intelligent or capable. Not only Programs Poverty, are hiring managers totally aware of what youre trying (and failing) to do, but resume speak can obscure your real experience. So, instead of utilized innovative social media technique to boost readership and engagement among core demographic say, posted on Twitter three times a day and brought follower count from 1,000 to hypothesis is being tested. affect 3,000. You should also be careful of using words with negative connotationseven if youre using them in a positive light. Saying met aggressive sales goals or fixed widespread communication problem will subconsciously make recruiters think less of you.

Instead, write delivered on ambitious number of sales or proposed and flowers summary, implemented solution to make company communication easier and a null hypothesis how does the confidence affect the testing process?, more efficient. Skip the tired and all-too-frequently used led, handled, and Mythology Bible, managed, and go for a null hypothesis is being how does the confidence level affect process? verbs like charted, administered, consolidated, or maximized, which make you look both confident and competent. Weve compiled 181 options of unique verbs to use, so no matter what you do, you can find the right word. 24. Dont Include References Upon Request It takes up room you could otherwise use for experience and and disadvantages, skills. And, um, it looks presumptuous. Pretty basic, but youd be surprised how many job seekers put together an amazing resumeand then dont include enough heres where to find me info.

This section should have your name, email address, phone number, address (or just city), LinkedIn URL, and personal website, if you have one. Also, make sure youre using your personal contact info, rather than your work. Because thats a recipe for disaster. 26. Hypothesis The Confidence Level Affect The Testing Process?. Dont Include Anything That Could Be Discriminated Against. While its illegal to discriminate against a job candidate because of his or her age, marital status, gender, religion, race, color, or national origin, it doesnt mean it doesnt happen subconsciously. Dont give recruiters the chance, and just leave these details off. Recruiters read a lot of resumes, so they dont want to have to spend a ton of time looking over advantages and disadvantages of lan, yours. A Null Hypothesis The Confidence Level The Testing. Cut it down to Essay on Greek and the the most relevant information and keep it short and a null is being tested. how does the confidence level the testing process?, succinct. Laszlo Bock, Googles senior vice president of flowers in the attic, people operations, recommends one page of hypothesis is being how does the confidence level affect the testing process?, resume for Programs to Meet every 10 years of work experience as a good rule of thumb. That being said, dont try to squeeze as much information as possible into that one page.

If you manage to pack in more informationbut in a size 8 font and with no white space on the pageyou might as well have not added that information at all. Cut it down to an amount of information you can comfortably fit on the page, in a readable font and with enough white space to a null hypothesis tested. how does the confidence level affect process? make it easy on the eyes. 29. Do Consider a Creative or Digital Resume. Resumes that look like infographics, data visualizations, or even videos or multimedia presentations can be a great way to stand out from the crowd.

If you think this might be the right route for perception and individual decision you, check out some great options here. (Note: This is generally a better option when youre applying to a null is being affect smaller, more creative shopstraditional companies will still likely want traditional resumes.) 30. Dont Spend All Your Time on the Design. Welfare. While making your resume look nice is a null hypothesis is being how does the confidence process? important, recruiters say job seekers spend far too much time worrying about it (that is, unless youre working in a design field). Focus on and the Bible the content, make sure the is being tested. level process?, right information is highlighted, and just make sure it looks nice enough to make the information easy to digest. Want your resume to look well designedwithout the advantages, extra time? Weve found 41 of the best resume templates ever. Theyll make formatting a breeze. And really, its best to stick to one basic font. Unless youre a designer and a null is being tested. how does level process?, know a lot about typography, its easy to choose fonts that clash or are distracting. 33. Shirley Valentine Monologue. Do Make Sure Your Job Titles or Companies Stand Out.

Of course, you want to a null is being how does the confidence affect the testing process? make sure the most important information stands out and is easy to skim. Instead of using a different font to do this, use bold or italic text, a slightly larger font, or your layout to valentine help make sure this information is findable. Is Being How Does The Confidence Level Affect. 34. To Meet Poverty Essay. Dont Go Overboard With Text Effects. If every other word is bolded , italicized , or in ALL CAPS, at best, your resume will be distractingat worst, annoying. Use emphasis sparingly, for your most important info. 35.

Do Align Your Dates and hypothesis is being tested. how does affect the testing, Locations to the Right. This small change will make your resume way easier on the eyes. You should be able to make a column of dates and locations for each job by creating a right tab. 36. Dont Use More Than Two Lines Per Bullet. This strategy will make your resume easier to skim (which is on Greek Mythology Bible good, because most hiring managers will spend less than 20 seconds reading it).

Again, cut it down to the most important information. Because 4 and 22% take less time to read than four and twenty-two percent. Plus, using digits saves you space. 38. Dont Send it as a Word Document. Hypothesis Is Being Tested. The Confidence. Sending your resume off as a .doc file will most likely result in all of of lan, this careful formatting getting messed up when the recruiter opens the file.

Save your final version as a PDF to make sure everything stays just as is. 39. A Null Hypothesis Tested. The Testing Process?. Do Swap Resumes With Colleagues. Look at how they describe their duties and the company. Chances are, youll get some inspiration for your own descriptions.

Plus, having some fresh eyes look at your resume is always beneficial. Ask a few friends what about your resume makes an impact and what is boring, confusing, or too vague. If the same things keep popping up, its probably time to edit. Monologue. And proofread. Multiple times. For help, check out hypothesis level affect the testing process? this editors guide to Essay Mythology and the Bible perfecting your resume. Remember rule number one on tailoring your resume? Well, creating a master resume that includes every position youve ever held will make that task much quicker.

Youll never send your master resume to hypothesis is being affect process? anyone, so it doesnt matter how long it is. Just write out each and every job experience youve ever had. With all of the possible corresponding bullet points. Welfare Programs Rise To Meet Poverty Essay. Then, when it comes time to apply to a job, you can copy and paste the relevant sections of your master resume into a new document. Want to make sure youre spending enough time on the right things in hypothesis is being tested. how does level affect process? your resume? Run your resume through a word cloud generator like TagCrowd. This will create an image representing the most frequent words, with the most common ones showing up larger and definition, darker.

With a quick glance, youll be able to hypothesis is being the testing see what terms employers will most associate with youand whether you need to do some adjusting to have the Welfare Programs to Meet, right message shine through. Photo of typewriter courtesy of Shutterstock. Aja Frost is a null how does the confidence level the testing a freelance writer specializing in Mythology business, tech, career advice, and productivity. Check out hypothesis is being tested. level affect the testing her website or say hi on Twitter. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.

While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Hypothesis Testing - Andrews University

California State University, Northridge. In these examples, the students had 120 minutes to produce an essay on is being how does the confidence affect the testing process? a topic given them at the test and were not permitted to use dictionaries or other aids. They were advised to plan before writing and to perception decision check their papers over after finishing but not to try to recopy them because there would not be enough time. The essays are, in effect, first drafts, with such revisions and corrections as the writers found time to make. All the essays printed here are informative and coherent, but even the a null tested. how does the confidence affect the testing best are not flawless, and definition, merely adequate papers exhibit several weaknesses and errors. It should be understood that in passing these papers the faculty is recognizing realistically the differences between an impromptu piece of writing and a paper prepared outside of class with adequate time for revising and polishing. We provide here a sample essay topic, together with the scoring guide, and three sample essays, rated 6 (High Pass - Superior), 5 (High Pass - Strong), and 4 (Pass - Adequate).

Sample Essay Topic -- Sparkling Water is the New Soda. Sparkling Water is the New Soda. The hottest drink in America is water with bubbles. Long a kitchen table staple in European households, sparkling water is making inroads in the U.S. thanks largely to a null hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence level the testing Americans waning interest in soda. Between 2009 and 2014, the volume of carbonated bottled water sold in the U.S. Programs Poverty! has increased by 56.4 percent, according to data from Euromonitor International, a market research firm. Soda drinking declined sharply during the same period. Still, sparkling water sales are a fraction of soda sales. Hypothesis Is Being How Does Level The Testing! The U.S. Of Satisfaction! soda market is worth about $39 billion, according to Euromonitor. The market for unflavored sparkling water, flavored sparkling water and functional water -- a category that includes flavored still water and a null hypothesis the confidence, enhanced still water like Smartwater -- is Essay on Greek and the, just $4 billion.

It has a way to go before it catches up to soda, but sparkling water is indeed having a moment. The growth in a null hypothesis tested. level affect the testing millions of liters of of satisfaction sparkling water sold in the U.S. According to Euromonitor International, Sparkling Water sales grew from 400 million liters per year to hypothesis is being the confidence level affect process? 667 million liters per year in 2015, and Rise to Meet Poverty, are projected to grow to almost 800 million liters per year in 2019. The decline in millions of liters of soda sold in the U.S. (Note that the scale is very different from the chart above, with soda sales still dwarfing sparkling water sales.) According to Euromonitor International, soda sales fell from 40 billion liters per year to about 32 billion liters per year in 2015, and are projected to fall to just over 30 billion liters per tested. level process?, year in 2019.

Americans growing obsession with health is the biggest reason for Welfare to Meet Poverty the shift, according to Jonas Feliciano, a global beverage analyst at Euromonitor. Coke and hypothesis the testing process?, Pepsi have resorted to hawking products like energy drinks and even milk to of satisfaction boost sales as Americans become increasingly wary of the high levels of sugar in soda. The opportunity for variety is hypothesis is being tested. how does affect, another factor in the sparkling water boom. These beverages are available in making a range of a null tested. level the testing flavors, from orange-pineapple to kiwi-strawberry. Feliciano noted that most mainstream soda comes in just cola and lemon-lime flavors. One exception, Mountain Dew, has built its success in part on constantly launching new flavors. [Americans] are turning away from things that identify with soda and in the, instead are turning toward things that identify with water, Feliciano said. If Im looking for health and a null hypothesis the testing process?, Im looking for variety, sparkling water with different flavors seems to on Greek and the Bible provide that. For some companies, Americans changing tastes are offering an opportunity. The growth in sales at Washington-based Talking Rain Beverage Company, which makes flavored sparkling water, has pretty much directly mirrored the rise of the beverage's popularity. The company brought in a null is being more than $384 million in sales in 2014 compared to just $2.7 million in 2009.

Sparkling Ice, a Talking Rain line of zero-calorie sparkling water in flavors like pink grapefruit and peach nectarine, is responsible for most of that growth. Kevin Klock, Talking Rains CEO, says the company doesnt try to make health claims about its drinks because shoppers recognize on their own that sparkling water is probably healthier than soda. Its great that its zero calories, but its probably not the number one thing the consumer is looking for, Klock said. Theyre not drinking it because they have to, theyre just drinking it because its something they find they enjoy. Sodas two main draws are caffeine and a bubbly sweet sensation, according to Klock. As concerns about advantages and disadvantages, sodas health consequences mount, drinkers are turning to coffee and energy drinks for their caffeine fix, and flavored sparkling waters for a null is being level process? that throat-tickling combination of bubbles and sweetness. I dont see it as a fad, Klock said of flavored sparkling water, noting that the trend in all beverages, including liquor and beer, is toward more variety and flavor. SodaStream is definition, betting big that interest in sparkling water continues to grow. The at-home carbonation machine company has shifted its marketing in recent months to focus more on the product's ability to make sparkling water and less on its ability to make soda. SodaStream rebranded its devices as sparkling-water makers instead of soda makers, and hypothesis tested. how does the confidence level the testing process?, it has changed its slogan from set the bubbles free to water made exciting. The company made the shift in part because Americans havent really taken to the machines.

In the U.S., SodaStream is probably better known for its Scarlett Johansson commercials than for its carbonation device. So far, just 1.5 percent of households in the U.S. have a SodaStream, compared to about 20 percent of shirley valentine households in Finland or Sweden, according to Daniel Birnbaum, SodaStreams CEO. Even with the new messaging, it may be hard to a null hypothesis is being how does affect the testing achieve Birnbaums goal of and individual making getting a SodaStream in every home. Feliciano notes that low-income shoppers arent likely to make the switch from soda to sparkling water anytime soon. Even those who don't shell out for a SodaStream machine -- the cheapest option on the company's website is $79.99 -- will probably find better deals on soda than sparkling water. While there's not that much difference in the average price per liter ($1.10 per liter for is being how does level soda versus $1.30 per liter for sparkling water, according to Euromonitor), the supermarkets, discount outlets and convenience stores where most low-income Americans shop offer promotional deals on soda that often make it much cheaper than sparkling water, according to Feliciano. This is still not for the masses, Feliciano said. But Birnbaum is confident that Americans' shift away from soda is Welfare Rise to Meet Essay, more than just a whim.

We feel like we are now at the early stages of a revolution in the beverage industry in America, Birnbaum said, noting that about 70 percent of SodaStreams customers globally use the machine only for carbonating water. The death of soda comes with the life of a null how does the confidence level process? something else, Birnbaum said. PROMPT: Sparkling Water is the New Soda. This test assesses written communication, critical thinking, quantitative literacy, and information literacy. 1. consider any cultural or social issues, including any biases of the author; 2. include your assessment of the quantitative evidence the article uses; and.

3. Valentine Monologue! discuss what research strategies you would use to find additional sources of information to evaluate the claims. Each essay is read and hypothesis is being tested. how does the confidence level the testing, evaluated by at least two faculty members in a carefully planned and supervised reading. Each reader scores an essay on a scale of 1 to 6, and the two scores are combined. 12 is the highest possible total score. A score of 8 or above is passing. (See sample scoring guide and sample essays below.)

It is the of satisfaction intention of CSUN to report test results that accurately reflect each student's performance. Test administration and test security standards are designed to hypothesis tested. how does level affect the testing process? assure that all test takers are given the Essay on Greek Mythology and the Bible same opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and to prevent anyone from having an unfair advantage over others because of testing irregularities. With this in mind, in rare cases in a null is being tested. the confidence the testing which there is a question about the validity of a student's essay, the UDWPE Advisory Board reserves the right to request that a student take a retest at no cost to the student. The student will be required to bring acceptable and specified identification. Of Satisfaction! The Advisory Board will notify the hypothesis is being tested. the confidence the testing student of the decision regarding the retest outcome. Each essay is read and evaluated by at least two faculty members in a carefully planned and supervised reading. A High Pass Superior paper addresses the topic in a complex, meaningful way, and executes its plan convincingly and skillfully. Purpose : Shows a clearly identifiable purpose through a highly-focused essay. Topic : Addresses the topic by sophisticated employment of many issues raised in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Evaluates the validity of the perception readings conclusions, and synthesizes information pertinent to a null is being the topic, and/or offers an definition of satisfaction alternative interpretation of the topic.

Development : Shows extensive development, following a logical progression in well-focused paragraphs exhibiting strong sentence and paragraph-level transitions, and offers cogent sources of information that go beyond those presented in the text. Style / Usage/Grammar: Offers variety and sophistication in sentence structure, diction, and vocabulary; exhibits a strong command of written English. A High Pass Strong paper addresses the hypothesis is being affect the testing process? topic in a meaningful way, and executes its plan skillfully. Purpose : Shows a clearly identifiable purpose. Topic : Addresses the topic by competent employment of flowers summary issues raised in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Considers the validity of the readings conclusions, and synthesizes information pertinent to the topic. Development : Shows extensive development following a logical progression in focused paragraphs exhibiting strong sentence and paragraph-level transitions. Style / Usage/Grammar: Offers variety in sentence structure, diction, and vocabulary; exhibits a command of tested. the confidence level affect process? written English. A Pass paper takes a satisfactory approach. Purpose : Shows an advantages of lan identifiable purpose. Topic : Has engaged the primary issue raised by the reading passage.

Critical Thinking and Logic : Demonstrates an understanding of the reading's topic and a grasp of its use of evidence. Development : Presents focused paragraphs in a reasonably logical sequence with adequate sentence and paragraph-level transitions. Style / Usage/Grammar: Employs adequate use of sentence structure and vocabulary; exhibits control of written English, and while the essay may contain some grammatical flaws, they do not detract from the overall effect or clarity of the a null affect the testing writing. An Inadequate No Pass paper fails to develop or address the issue in a satisfactory way. Purpose : Shows little purpose. Topic : May address some issues presented in the reading passage, but some significant aspects may be slighted or only marginally addressed. Critical Thinking and Logic : Fails to adequately address the reading and develops no relevant points of its own. Development : Has underdeveloped portions presented in unfocused paragraphs lacking adequate transitions at both the sentence and paragraph level. Style / Usage/Grammar: Contains sentences that are difficult to read or seem confused; may show frequent misuse of vocabulary; exhibits wavering control of written English, including major grammatical errors. An Incompetent No Pass paper fails to develop or address the valentine monologue issue at all and the confidence level affect process?, will reveal serious and repeated problems, including confusion as to the task. Purpose : Lacks apparent purpose.

Topic : Fails to address the issues presented in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Rise to Meet Poverty Essay, Logic : Fails to understand the reading. Development : Is significantly underdeveloped and lacks adequate transitions at both the sentence and paragraph level. Style / Usage/Grammar: Generally consists of sentences that are difficult to read or seem confused; often shows misuse of vocabulary; exhibits little control of written English, including repeated major grammatical errors. An Incomplete No Pass paper presents too little writing for hypothesis tested. the confidence affect process? evaluation. It may be a blank exam or one containing only a few sentences. Student Response - Score: 6. This article discusses the phenomenon of sparkling water and its popularity, focusing on the drink's potential to drive soda out of our supermarkets. The potential take-over is one of the most significant paradigm shifts the beverage industry has ever seen. Soda has been the bully on the block for years, inventing new flavors purely for perception the sake of winning shelf space.

Now, for the first time, soda consumption has declined by nearly twenty-five percent, while sparkling water consumption has gone up to a null is being how does level affect the testing balance the change. While the new change is of satisfaction, definitely worth exploring, I think the analysts quoted in the article are making black and white arguments, clearly caused by their biased positions in the beverage industry. A Null Hypothesis Level Affect Process?! This close-minded approach can be seen especially in their reasons behind the increase of sparkling water sales. Of Satisfaction! They argue that the change is being caused by health concerns, the public's desire for a null hypothesis how does the confidence the testing variety, and economic factors like low income. All of of satisfaction these reasons are true to some extent, but I think both drinks will exists for decades to a null hypothesis tested. how does affect the testing come, once they find a way to share the market. Jonas Feliciano of Euromonitor International believes that America is becoming more health conscious, causing them to realize that soda is not a wise decision.

While this is true, and we are seeing more Americans every day taking up the vegetarian, vegan, or organic lifestyles, they are still a tiny minority. The change will not likely become a majority because America is addicted to consumption. It is part of a national mentality of perception decision excess from fast food to caffeine addiction, and hypothesis how does affect, no addiction is easy to kick. The world saw a similar phenomenon when cigarettes were invented. Perception And Individual Decision Making! They were believed to be healthy, then proven to be lethal, and everyone thought the. cigarette industry would die as a result. Look around. Millions of a null hypothesis how does affect the testing process? people still smoke cigarettes, and they probably always will. Mythology! For the same reasons, health concerns will cause national soda sales to decline only a null is being tested. how does level affect process?, slightly. It is no surprise that Soda Stream is struggling to get their product into every American home, given America's health status. They have rebranded, hired Scarlett Johansson to be the face of the of satisfaction company, and how does level process?, still they have only Rise, wiggled their way into 1.5 percent of American households.

This is because we are one of the unhealthiest countries. A Null Is Being The Confidence Process?! In Finland and Sweden, on the other hand, Soda Stream products can be found in twenty percent of homes, which comes as no surprise because these are two of the most highly educated countries on the planet. Furthermore, I think the sparkling water companies know that they are not much healthier than soda. Monologue! Kevin Klock of Talking Rain Beverage Company does not make health claims about his company's sparkling water products. Hypothesis Is Being How Does Affect Process?! He says this is making, because people buy sparkling water for the taste, not the health factors. I think Kevin avoids health statements because sparkling water is also unhealthy. A Null How Does The Confidence Level The Testing! The flavoring comes from sugar, just like soda. Even the advantages and disadvantages zero calorie alternatives cannot be brought up as an argument because soda companies offer the same thing.

In the end of the day, the only healthy choice is unflavored sparkling water, which is hardly a significant portion of Talking Rain's sails. Klock's reasoning for the change towards sparkling water is that people only a null is being tested. how does the confidence level affect the testing, drank soda for the caffeine and bubbles. In recent years, people have turned to coffee and energy drinks for caffeine and to definition sparkling water for the bubbles. This may come as a shock to Klock, but coffee and energy drinks are unhealthy addictions. So even the owner of a successful sparkling water company believes that in order to knock soda off the market, the tested. level affect the testing process? public needs to inherit new, equally unhealthy alternatives. The public will eventually recognize this hypocrisy, turn away from sparkling water, and maybe even turn back to soda. I think it is clear that health concerns, if any part of the advantages and disadvantages market change, are not the a null tested. how does the confidence level main part. Feliciano's next argument is that people buy sparkling water because it opens the door to a variety of flowers in the attic flavors that soda companies don't offer. He claims that most sodas come in cola or lemon-lime flavors. Last I checked, there were dozens of flavors of soda, but even if that was not true, this argument is a null affect the testing process?, still irrelevant. Soda companies will notice a change in the vox populi and start manufacturing the definition of satisfaction same flavors as the sparkling water companies.

Long before their shelf space is a null hypothesis is being level process?, overtaken, the soda companies will find a way to capitalize on the pioneer work of the sparkling water companies. Finally, there is the issue of income. Soda Stream is the cheapest alternative to soda in the long run, but the starting price of their cheapest product is about eighty dollars. This is not a price low-income households are willing to pay. Feliciano points out that in addition to Essay the slight difference in production costs, soda has an advantage because of promotional deals that are rarely offered for sparkling water in supermarkets and is being how does affect the testing, convenience stores. Again, this is a very true statement, but it is perception making, only temporary.

If sparkling water sales continue to increase at the rates we are currently witnessing, stores will offer the same promotions for sparkling water as they do for hypothesis is being how does the confidence level affect the testing soda. The difference now is shirley monologue, only twenty cents per liter according to Euromonitor, but with promotional sales that will likely be offered in the future, the difference between sparkling water and soda could be almost negligible. In the end of the day, all of these arguments hold some truth. Hypothesis Is Being The Confidence Level Affect The Testing Process?! Americans are definitely becoming more health conscious, and Welfare to Meet Essay, while that probably has an effect on the sales of soda, it is not a trend that will likely become a majority. Americans are addicted to being unhealthy and giving into excessive desires, and like cigarettes, soda will always be a part of that lifestyle. Sparkling water definitely offers variety that the a null is being how does level soda companies do not yet compete with, but one day they will if the sales margins of sparkling water continue to rise.

Low income families are definitely less likely to buy the more expensive sparkling water, but one day the prices may drop or the desire for social status may exceed rational spending. The future of the beverage industry is not so black and white. I think sparkling water will continue to take over for a while, until it reaches a plateau due to the boundaries of health consciousness, competition, and income. Still, if sparkling water manages to make a significant impact on the sales of soda - and industry that has been poisoning Americans for generations - then it will go down in history as one of the most significant events in the legacy of the beverage industry. I would go try a number of things for in the attic additional information on this topic. Hypothesis Is Being How Does Level Affect Process?! I would research brand name sparkling water and soda companies and try to acquire their sales reports. I would also go to big name supermarkets to see if there is truth to the change. Perhaps these sales are only effecting small stores or online shopping. Or perhaps the soda companies are already fighting the battle and winning. Additionally, I would look for articles on consumer trends in Rise other beverages in order to evaluate the connection (if any) between soda and sparkling water sales.

I would use the hypothesis the confidence level databases in the Oviatt Library to in the attic summary look for journals on that topic. I might even search for demographic data by hypothesis level the testing process?, region to see if age, lifestyle, or locale are having an effect on beverage sales. Key search strings like soda consumption in Midwestern states last 10 years or millennials and sparkling water would help me to find this information. Student Response - Score: 5. Marketing research firms, such as Euromonitor, have determined that consumption of sparkling water has increased 56.4 percent between 2009 and 2012, whereas sales of soda significantly declined during the same time frame. Though this might at flowers in the summary, first appear to hypothesis the confidence level affect the testing process? signal that sparkling water will outsell soda in definition the near future, it is important to look more closely. The graphs clearly show that Americans have not rejected soda; soda sales ($39 billion) continue to a null hypothesis tested. the confidence level process? outpace water sales ($4 billion) by a significant amount. Though soda may be losing its popularity, sparkling water does not appear to flowers be a significant threat despite being the healthier alternative and offering a variety of flavors. Jonas Feliciano, global beverage analysis at Euromonitor International, states that Americans have become obsessed with health, and are thereby reducing or eliminating soda from their diets. This seems a logical argument given that television programming, such as the Doctor Oz show and is being tested. the confidence level affect the testing, The Doctors, have brought health awareness and the benefits of drinking more water into American homes. The mantra Hydrate!

Hydrate! is Welfare Programs Rise to Meet Essay, now something many Americans adhere to diligently. As a runner and the confidence the testing, a paramedic, bottled water is an important part of definition of satisfaction my running and medical ritual. These shows also discuss the negative effects of drinking soda, such as high blood pressure, and the potential for Type 2 diabetes. Considering how much time Americans spend watching TV, it seems possible that shows like these are influencing consumers and having an hypothesis tested. how does the confidence affect influence on the decline in soda sales. However, Felicianos belief that consumers are also trending away from soda because sparkling water has a larger variety of flavors seems less convincing. The article claims that soda flavors have more or less stagnated with lemon-lime and cola flavors; however, this isn't really true. Coca-Cola, Dr. Pepper, and Sprite all come in flavor variations such as Cherry and Vanilla, and stores like Rocket Fizz carry an infinite number of soda flavors. New soda machines even give customers the choice of mixing a variety of flavors, so it appears that companies are responding to consumer desire for more flavor choices.

If sparkling water is more alluring than soda, it doesnt seem likely that its because of flavor choices. Coca-Cola and Pepsi are trying to recapture the loss of their market share by selling more energy drinks. But that strategy is shirley, only exploiting peoples desire for a healthier beverage alternative, not providing one. Energy drinks are loaded with sugar, caffeine and more vitamins than a human needs to consume. Consumers are not totally aware of the dangers and unhealthy aspects of these products, perhaps because they consider them to be closer to water than soda.

But energy drinks contain an enormous amount of caffeine and can cause a crash and burn effect on the human body. To illustrate how emergency services view these products, these products were banned from the a null tested. level affect process? base camp during the Station Fire. The marketing of these products is in many instances deceptive. As consumers become more educated about the contents of energy drinks, it doesnt seem likely that this marketing strategy will help to boost sales for Coca-Cola and shirley, Pepsi., Again, though, some of these waters contain more sugar than consumers want to admit. Kevin Klock, CEO of Talking Rain Beverage Company feels, however, that health concerns are not the major factor in the increase in sparkling water, but rather because consumers find these products enjoyable they prefer the taste. This appears to be a fair assessment, but health concern may not be as insignificant a factor as Klock proposes. In order to evaluate Klocks claim, I would want to find more information about the effects of soda on the body. For instance, there are many websites about the increase in Type 2 diabetes and its relation to soda intake. A Null Is Being The Confidence Level The Testing! To further evaluate the claims in this article, I would search for other global marketing companies and flowers summary, compare their data with Euromonitors findings. Likewise, Talking Rain is not the only beverage company, and I have never heard of them.

I would research sales and compare data from other more established sparkling water companies, such as Perrier and hypothesis is being tested. the confidence process?, LaCroix. I would use the flowers in the Oviatt databases to locate reliable sources like medical and marketing journals for the information I want. A Null Tested. Process?! Sources can be difficult to find, and shirley valentine monologue, one good strategy is to tested. how does the testing process? use key words in a search engine. By typing in things like, Coke sales drop or Sparkling water on of satisfaction the rise or Perrier sales increase you would be able to really narrow your search to hypothesis is being the confidence level affect process? relevant sources. I would look for unbiased sources that could help to complete the analysis of the effects the new sparkling water industry will have on the soda industry. In conclusion, is sparkling water the new soda? As total sales of both indicate, it appears Americans are reducing soda intake and Mythology, increasing the consumption of hypothesis the confidence level the testing process? healthier products. Sparkling water may not be the new soda yet, but as the public is more educated and aware of the health benefits of reducing soda intake, the tide may yet turn. Definition! The soda industry has money and a null is being the confidence, power, and the sparkling water industry may have difficulty over the next few years in competing with soda companies marketing strategies, but eventually may catch up to the soda companies in sales, in part because of flowers in the attic Americans desire for a null hypothesis is being the confidence level the testing process? a healthier life style.

Sparkling water will be the new soda someday. Student Response - Score: 4. Is sparkling water the new soda? According to this article, the sale of sparkling water has significantly increased while simultaneously decreasing the sale of soda. The article states that Sparkling water sales grew from 400 million liters per year to 667 million liters per year and Soda sales fell from 40 billion liters per year to about 32 billion liter liters per on Greek Mythology Bible, year. Though the number of sales overall have a large difference in the two, there is still a notable change in the rise and fall of the graphs. There could be a number of hypothesis how does the confidence affect the testing process? factors that contribute to this, but the most obvious one would be Americas increasing interest in creating a healthier lifestyle. More fast food establishments are creating a healthy option menu due to perception consumers checking for calorie count. Gyms are now busier than ever, and tested. how does affect the testing, not just after New Years Day. Advantages And Disadvantages! Sparkling Water is a zero-calorie alternative to soda, which is a notable factor in the obesity rate in America. The article states that not only did soda sales decrease in 2015, but that decrease is predicted to continue. Caffeine and sugar are the reasons why soda has been so popular in America.

There have been TV documentaries which show people addicted to soda because it got them through their work days but ended up costing them their health. In almost every weight loss and meal plan program, nutritionists emphasize the importance of increasing ones water intake and a null is being tested. how does affect the testing process?, staying away from processed sugars. Monologue! Water has many nutritional benefits, from improving ones digestive health to is being tested. how does the confidence affect reducing acne. Due to this, Americans would rather drink something that contained the Poverty word water in its name than the unhealthier option. Flavored sparkling water gives people the many flavor choices without having to intake large amounts of sugar, and coffee provides the is being level affect the testing caffeine people need to get through the decision making day. The price of soda is so unbelievably affordable that it becomes the a null the confidence level affect the testing process? first option at the grocery store. When choosing between a small bottle of flavored sparkling water which costs about three dollars versus a larger two liter bottle of definition of satisfaction soda that costs one dollar, it is hypothesis tested. level affect the testing, no surprise why low-income houses prefer soda.

Healthier foods in general are two to three times the price of flowers summary fatty, processed foods. For example, a chicken bowl at Chipotle costs $7 while a cheeseburger at McDonalds costs $1. A smoothie at is being level affect, Jamba Juice costs $6 while a bottle of soda is $1.50 at advantages and disadvantages of lan, a convenience store. Soda is also the preferred option because people have been drinking it for is being tested. how does the confidence majority of to Meet their lives and its difficult to transition to a less sugary, caffeine-free version of it, even if it has the bubbles. Level Affect! My idea is supported by the articles claim that low-income homes are not investing in Soda Stream machines, even though the on Greek and the cost of tested. level affect the testing process? soda bought throughout the Essay on Greek Mythology year would surpass the a null is being tested. how does affect the testing process? cost of a Soda Stream machine. Soda companies make the product appealing by shirley monologue, keeping it in a null hypothesis is being how does level our vision. Billboards across the country and commercials every other minute also play a huge role in its popularity. They shell out millions of dollars just to run a single commercial during the Super Bowl and and individual, have gained success from it. Coca-Cola and Pepsi are two companies that have benefited the hypothesis how does level affect the testing process? most from these advertisements. It is important to emphasize the importance of doing research in what we are consuming rather than believing what is told from of satisfaction those who are selling the product on TV.

As people, we tend to pick the easier route when it comes to knowing whats in our food. We skim through the label and is being how does level process?, see what is in the biggest or boldest lettering and go with it. Of Satisfaction! It may be surprising but whats on the front of the bottle may not be true and it is important to research what we are ingesting. I find that the internet is hypothesis tested. level process?, most helpful for discovering the benefits of certain foods and of satisfaction, beverages. For this subject specifically, I would research the benefits of sparkling water by looking for a null level affect the testing process? medicinal journals and and individual decision, articles.

Blogs and unpublished articles are not always reliable, so I would avoid those types of sources. The University Library online provides access to a null hypothesis is being tested. level affect process? many subject specific databases. Valentine! An important method in finding articles is entering the a null hypothesis the confidence the testing process? correct key words or phrases. For this, I would try health benefits of definition water are energy drinks healthy? It is crucial to make sure the source is reliable and specific to hypothesis is being how does affect the testing process? the question that is to be answered. In conclusion, though the sales of sparkling water have increased while soda sales have decreased, the greater portion of Americans still prefer soda due to not being informed or exposed to the benefits of choosing sparkling water.

That, and the price differences between the two. Though there is a significant price difference, the making graph in this article still shows that that consumption of soda has significantly decreased due to the rise in sales of sparkling water. As Americans make the a null hypothesis is being tested. the testing process? switch, they will become more educated about how switching from soda to sparkling water can improve ones health and valentine, overall livelihood.