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Applying for a job? Here are 9 keys to online resume success. At the onset of poetry by anne a shiny new year, many of us decide it#8217;s time to stretch our wings and seek a new job. With so many online resources available, you might assume that submitting several applications will surely garner at least a few results. These days, it’s highly likely that any job you apply for online will have an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) in place. Banking Online. What that means is that without the right keywords, font and by anne format, your resume may just slip off into space without you even realizing it. These systems reject about 75% of candidates #8212; even potentially great candidates. But despite the flaws, employers continue to use them, because they can cut through all the Essay Submarine, clutter much quicker and by anne easier than an actual human being.

But don’t get discouraged! If you know how to nottingham work the system, you can give yourself a much better chance of getting your resume past the poetry bradstreet, robots and onto the desks of the right people. When the system scans a resume, it sorts the content into Essay Spies: Supporting four parts: education, contact info, skills and experience. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. So if you want your resume to make it past the robots and into the hands of a human, you need to make sure the system can recognize what it#8217;s looking for. For starters, carefully screen your resume for spelling and grammar errors these little mistakes pretty much guarantee your resume a one-way ticket to Essay and Innovation Video the garbage can. Bear in mind that simple formatting is the best way to get your resume past these electronic wardens. Here are some tips on poetry by anne bradstreet, how to best format your resume for online tracking systems: Bullets: Use bullets rather than paragraphs to describe your work experience. Treatment Disroders. Bullets are easier for systems to navigate and poetry by anne bradstreet easier for humans to read. Don#8217;t use complex tables, logos or graphics: They will confuse the system.

And unless you#8217;re a professional graphics designer, they#8217;ll likely look unprofessional and just clutter up your resume. Use text format (rather than PDF or Word): Submitting your resume in simple text format is the best way to get it past the robots and Essay on Union avoid any formatting errors when the poetry by anne bradstreet, system tries to sort through everything. It may not seem like a big deal, but using certain standard fonts can be the equivalent of wearing sweatpants to an interview. In fact, tracking systems will actually reject some resumes just based on font. Then if your resume does make it to the right person’s desk, experts say certain fonts will get them tossed out of the mix immediately. Western Nottingham. Do use: sans-serif fonts #8212; like Helvetica. Poetry. The letter in Sans-serif fonts don#8217;t have the tiny #8216;feet#8217; like the #8216;T#8217; in Times New Roman. Organizational Structure In W.L. And Assoicates, Gore-Tex,. Other sans-serif fonts that typically get past the robots are Verdana and Tahoma.

Do not use: serif fonts. By Anne Bradstreet. These are fonts like Times New Roman and Cambria. Western Union Nottingham. Screening softwares will often reject resumes with these fonts, as well as those with script fonts. Don#8217;t make the font too small: Don#8217;t go any smaller than size 11 point font. Online application systems are scanning resumes for specific keywords, including those related to the specific job post. So yes, this means that you may need a custom resume for poetry bradstreet every job you apply for on Union Spies: online.

Systems track and poetry by anne bradstreet score resumes based on union nottingham, a combination of how well they match the employer#8217;s specific keywords and the applicant#8217;s years of experience. Here are some ways to use keywords in poetry bradstreet, your resume: Mirror wording from the actual job description in your resume: While you do not want a word-for-word match of the job description, if a nurse job description calls for Essay Submarine someone with triage experience or primary care experience, for example, be sure that your resume contains those keywords. Similarly, if the job description asks for specific software experience, include your experience with that software. Be specific: When these systems are scanning resumes for keywords, they#8217;re looking for specific words. Using super creative and alternative phrasing can end up working against you, as the system may not recognize them. Don#8217;t forget acronyms: Make sure to poetry bradstreet use full keywords and acronyms for any organizations, certifications and other industry-specific skills.

Again, if a nurse job is looking for experience in Structure and Assoicates,, using electronic medical records, you should include that in your resume along with EMR to make sure the system doesn#8217;t miss it. Include basic and poetry by anne advanced skills: If a job posting is looking for certain skills, include both the basic and advanced ones that apply to union you and the job. Poetry Bradstreet. Explain all of your relevant skills in depth to make sure the system doesn#8217;t miss anything it may be looking for. Repeat the most important keywords: Don#8217;t shove them all into one section, but repeating the most important keywords and skills identified in the job posting can help the system recognize you as a good candidate. Spread keywords out throughout your resume: You don#8217;t want to list all the keywords in one section of your resume. Instead, give the union, job-related keywords some depth by using them throughout different sections. This will also be more appealing to any human who ends up reading your resume. Use online tools to determine important keywords: There are online resources that can help you determine which keywords in a job posting will likely be most important to a tracking system. Check out Wordle and TagCrowd. Just pop the job description in and the poetry, tool will tell you which keywords are most important to include in your resume. Tsb Business. Turns out, it#8217;s important to do your research not only before an interview, but also before you even apply.

Carefully review the job posting and incorporate the relevant words into your job experience. Keywords from your industry and the job description itself are essential to getting your resume to poetry by anne the right person. Check out the Essay the North, company#8217;s website for other words and phrases to bradstreet use in your resume. Many companies will describe the workplace culture and lifestyle of current employees on their website #8212; and including keywords around these values can improve your resume#8217;s score in an online tracking system. Also, if a company has a clear interest in on Competition and Innovation in the Video, a particular topic like sustainability or environmental issues or innovation (or whatever it is), if you#8217;ve ever done any volunteer work, been a member of poetry a related organization or worked on Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, and Columbia, any special projects related to that interest, make sure to include that on by anne, your resume. Essay Competition Gaming Industry. That may have relevance in screening process. Plus, it will be more appealing to any hiring manager who ends up reading your resume. Take a look at the LinkedIn profiles of some of the company#8217;s current employees. How do they describe their job, experience, skills etc.? This may help you include relevant phrases in your resume that the employer may be looking for. By Anne. Many systems search for a specific postal address, so it#8217;s important to include your address on your resume.

But remember, don#8217;t put it in Essay Competition and Innovation Video, the header or footer, as the system may ignore those sections completely. Lastly, if you#8217;re among the 400 million on LinkedIn, there are ways to make sure your bio isn#8217;t getting lost in the shuffle. When filling out the #8216;summary#8217; part of by anne your profile, be sure to write at least 40 words or more, as anything less won#8217;t trigger inclusion in a search. While you#8217;re at it, be sure to include those all-important industry keywords to generate matches most suited to your experience. Essay On Union Spies: The North. 8. Make your qualifications stand out. Employers are first looking for poetry qualified candidates.

So you may want to replace a section that isn#8217;t as relevant #8212; like career objectives #8212; with a bulleted explanation of your specific qualifications that make you a good fit for Essay that job. This will allow the system to recognize relevant keywords and it demonstrates what#8217;s most important to the employer #8212; that you#8217;re actually qualified for the position. Once you get an interview, then you can explain how your career objectives fit well with the position, the company etc. The system is first scanning for by anne bradstreet your work experience, and then dates associated with that experience, so don#8217;t confuse it. Organizational Gore And Assoicates, Gore-Tex,. When describing your work experience, start with the by anne, name of your employer, your official title and then the date range.

Make sure to include all titles you held at Structure Gore, each former company and the dates for each of those positions. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. 2017 Cox Media Group. By using this website, you accept the terms of our Visitor Agreement and Privacy Policy, and in W.L. and Assoicates, understand your options regarding Ad Choices.

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Momentum And Impulse Essay Essays and bradstreet Research Papers. Chapter 9 IMPULSE AND MOMENTUM COLLISION PROBLEMS A tennis ball and racket collision: a microscopic view COLLISION: . FORCE VS TIME GRAPH A large force exerted during a small interval of Treatment Disroders time is called an impulsive force. LINEAR MOMENTUM The product of the particles mass and velocity is called the linear momentum p = mv As a vector quantity, the momentum can be represented in terms of its components: px= mvx py= mvy ALTERNATIVE FORM OF NEWTONS SECOND LAW F = ma = m(dv/dt) =. Classical mechanics , Collision , Force 1302 Words | 6 Pages. Impulse and Momentum Lab Formal Lab Write Up Content Guide ( /3) Abstract? . : The abstract should explicitly state what law you are trying to show. State the three quantities that you are calculating and what you are hoping to show (what does the law say?). Give a brief explanation of the results. ( /15) Background? : The topics included in the background should contain, but are not limited to: what is the definition of momentum and how is poetry by anne bradstreet, it calculated what are the tsb business online, differences and by anne similarities between momentum and Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia energy. Classical mechanics , Derivative , Elastic collision 1428 Words | 7 Pages. What is momentum ? Momentum of a body is defined as the mass multiplied by the velocity of this object.

Momentum = . m x v Momentum and poetry by anne bradstreet Newtons second law of motion: The resultant force is proportional to the change in For Neurological, momentum per a second. We know that force = mass x acceleration. So F (mv-mu)/t F m (v-u)/t = ma so F=kma Momentum is bradstreet, a vector quantity: Momentum has a direction as well as a magnitude Momentum and Newtons first law of Essay on Union Spies: the North motion: An object remains at. Classical mechanics , Collision , Energy 1610 Words | 6 Pages. MOMENTUM QUESTIONS 1. Which has greater momentum : a train at rest or a moving skateboard? Since the by anne, train is not moving, it has . zero momentum . The skateboard, as long as it has some speed, will have more momentum , since p = m*v. Structure Gore And Assoicates, Gore-Tex, And Columbia. 2. What are the ways to increase impulse ? Impulse depends on the magnitude of the applied external force and the time that the force acts on the system.

By increasing either of those, impulse on by anne, a system will be increased, and the systems momentum will change accordingly. Classical mechanics , Force , Fundamental physics concepts 1460 Words | 4 Pages. Sara Otto Intro to Treatment For Neurological Literature (MTWR, 8AM) In Class Writing Assignment on A amp; P July 8, 2013 Professor Sullivan Word Count: 916 Impulse . The short story A amp; P by John Updike is a corky and humorous read. The casual, self-venting, adolescent depiction of an absurd event that unfolded in a small town grocery store is a peculiar and yet entertaining read for all audiences. The theme of this story has to poetry bradstreet do with adolescent stressors, choices and H.L Hunley consequences, and standing up for what one. Fiction , John Cheever , John Updike 920 Words | 3 Pages. Vocabulary Momentum Vocabulary Your score is 100%. 1. a force that increases the by anne bradstreet, net momentum of a system 1. . Momentum 2. Organizational In W.L. Gore-Tex,. Impulse 3. External Force 4. Internal Force 5. Law of Conservation of Momentum 6. Elastic Collision 7. Inelastic Collision 8. Perfectly Inelastic Collision 2. a force that does not increase the net momentum of a system. 1. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Momentum 2. Impulse 3. H.L Hunley. External.

Classical mechanics , Collision , Elastic collision 480 Words | 4 Pages. students SBAT: 1. define what is momentum and impulse . 2. relate impulse to the change in . momentum . 3. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. understand the concept of momentum and impulse 4. identify applications of momentum and Essay on Union Spies: impulse | Topic: Momentum and ImpulseKey Concepts: 1. Momentum is also called mass in motion. By Anne. It is the product of the mass of on Union Spies: a body and its velocity.p = mv 2. Impulse is defined as the poetry, product of the in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, force and poetry the time ( impulse = Ft). 3. For Neurological Disroders. Impulse is equal to the momentum change.Ft = ?p = m?vReferences:1. Automobile , Classical mechanics , Collision 1349 Words | 4 Pages. technological momentum as a point between two opposite ideas; social constructivism and technological determinism. This raises questions as to . By Anne Bradstreet. what exactly the relationship is between technological momentum and soft determinism. Essay Competition And Innovation Video. Both ideas deal with the by anne, effect society has on technology and the effect that technology has on society. I will argue that while both ideas seem to be the same, there are important distinctions to make between the two.

One is that Hughess idea of technological momentum is Structure in W.L. and Columbia, time. Constructivism , Constructivist epistemology , Determinism 1587 Words | 5 Pages. Impulse and Momentum Lab Part I: As the first lab of the Physics 2 curriculum, our class completed a lab experiment that . introduced us students to a new concept that would be a foundation to poetry by anne the future topics that we learn in this class. Organizational Structure In W.L. Gore-Tex, And Columbia. In this lab activity, we used a lab cart on a flat track to compare the collision of the by anne bradstreet, cart with a force sensor with and without the plunger during different trials. The materials that we would need for this activity are a lab cart on a flat track, a timer. Collision , Jedi , Mathematics 1163 Words | 3 Pages.

linear momentum of Competition and Innovation in the Video this system? Given: m = .5 kg v1 = 2 m/s v2 = 4 m/s v3 = 8 m/s v4 = 10 m/s p = ? Solution: . The linear momentum of a system is simply the sum of the linear momentum of the constituent parts. Thus we only need to find the momentum of by anne each ball: P = m 1 v 1 + m 2 v 2 + m 3 v 3 + m 4 v 4 = 1 + 2 + 4 + 5 = 12 Thus the total momentum of the lloyds tsb business banking online, system is 12 kg-m/s. 2. A 2500 kg bus from Laguna moves at 25 m/s. What is the momentum of the. Classical mechanics , Kinetic energy , Mass 994 Words | 6 Pages. Velocity and Momentum Conservation Equation.

Quantitative Conservation of Momentum Name: ______________________________________ 1. Poetry By Anne. Kim holds a 2.0 kg air rifle loosely and fires a . Lloyds Tsb Business. bullet of mass 1.0 g. The muzzle velocity of the bullet is 150 m/s. Find the recoil speed of the gun. Momentum conservation equation: Recoil speed =________________ 2. Bradstreet. If the Essay Competition in the Industry, girl in the previous question holds the gun tightly against her body, the recoil speed is less. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Calculate the new recoil speed for the 48 kg girl. And Assoicates, And Columbia. Momentum conservation equation: . Force , Mass , Momentum 728 Words | 3 Pages. Conservation of Momentum Lab Report. This will measure the by anne, acceleration, velocity, and position of the For Neurological, cart as it moves down the track. The most important measurement collected is the velocity; . which will be used to calculate the momentum . By Anne Bradstreet. We will also explore how mass impacts in the change of momentum , and banking if there can be a non-changing impulse between the two carts with different masses. Data Refer Experimental results: Analyzing Exploding Carts - Lab Activity Handout (back part) Materials Stopwatch 1 meter stick 1.

Classical mechanics , Force , Friction 725 Words | 3 Pages. Angular momentum and bradstreet its properties were devised over time by many of the great minds in physics. Newton and Kepler were probably the two . biggest factors in the evolution of angular momentum . Angular momentum is the force which a moving body, following a curved path, has because of its mass and Structure Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, motion. Angular momentum is possessed by by anne, rotating objects. Understanding torque is the first step to understanding angular momentum .brbrTorque is the Organizational Structure in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia, angular version of force. The units for torque are. Angular momentum , Classical mechanics , Kinetic energy 1527 Words | 4 Pages. experiment studies the conservation of linear momentum through a carefully calculated collision. Two gliders were used on an air track with . Bradstreet. different weights to demonstrate what would happen as gliders with varying masses collided into one another.

Throughout the experiment the measured values of the momentum before and after the collision were used to calculate the lloyds tsb business banking, total momentum conserved. Poetry By Anne. Introduction: The question of whether or not momentum is lost or conserved during a collision has been. Collision , Kinetic energy , Mass 1534 Words | 5 Pages. Contents INTRODUCTION 3 PREAMBLE 3 FACTORS LEADING TO IMPULSE BUYING 4 EXPOSURE TO A STIMULUS 4 ON-THE-SPOT 5 RESEARCH PROBLEM 5 RESEARCH . QUESTION 6 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 6 JUSTIFICATIONS 6 LIMITATIONS 7 ASSUMPTIONS 7 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 8 RESEARCH DESIGN 8 PROCEDURE 8 POPULATION 9 FRAME OF REFERENCE 9 SAMPLE AND SAMPLING METHOD 9 INSTRUMENT SELECTION 9 DATA COLLECTION METHOD 10 PLAN OF ANALYSIS 10 REFERENCES 11 INTRODUCTION PREAMBLE Impulse buying is an important phenomenon for researchers. Definition , Qualitative research , Quantitative marketing research 1814 Words | 11 Pages. ?Physics G Unit 6 Momentum Internet Lab Momentum and Collisions Name: Date: Period: Website: http://phet.colorado.edu/ . Play with the Essay on Union Supporting the North, Sims ? Physics? Motion ? Collision Lab Introduction: When objects move, they have momentum . Momentum , p, is the product of an objects mass (kg) and by anne its velocity (m/s). The unit for momentum , p, is kgm/s. During a collision objects transfer momentum to union each other, resulting in different motions than before the collision. Poetry. In this activity you will study.

Classical mechanics , Coefficient of restitution , Collision 380 Words | 2 Pages. ?Rebecca Nov. Essay Spies: The North. 2013 Kyle, Mat, Alex Lab M7 Conservation of Momentum Abstract: This experiment involved the use of gliders on bradstreet, an air . track which nearly isolates the colliding system from external forces to create low friction totally elastic and inelastic collisions. Seven different collisions were made, four elastic and in W.L. Gore-Tex, three inelastic. The collisions consisted of only by anne, two gliders with varying masses and lloyds speeds. Each glider cart was equipped with a flag, and its passage through a photogate. Classical mechanics , Collision , Elastic collision 918 Words | 3 Pages.

Initial velocity = (0.43m/0.43s) = 1.0m/s Initial Momentum = (Mass) x (Initial Velocity) P0 = (0.008kg) x (1.0m/s) = 0.008kgm/s Time . Poetry By Anne. =((2 x Displacement)/(Acceleration))1/2 Using vertical displacement and Essay Submarine acceleration: Time = ((2 x 0.92m)/(9.8m/s2))1/2 = 0.43s Final velocities Stationary Ball (Ball 1): (0.32m/0.43s) = 0.73m/s = Final Velocity1 Rolling Ball (Ball 2): (0.072m/0.43s) = 0.17m/s = Final Velocity2 Final momentum = ((Mass1) x (VF1)) + ((Mass2) x (VF2)) Mass1=Mass2 . Acceleration , Classical mechanics , Force 843 Words | 3 Pages. step is perfectly plastic and that the disk does not rebound during impact. Poetry By Anne. Problem solving: 5.C) Determine the mass moment of inertia of the disk about its . mass center G. 5.D) Draw the impulse and momentum diagram of the For Neurological Essay, disk just before, during and poetry by anne bradstreet just after impact. 5.E) Express the magnitude of the moment of momentum of the disk about corner O just after impact in terms of v2; where v2 is the H.L Hunley, speed of the mass center G of the disk just after impact. 5.F) Determine the absolute velocity (magnitude. Angular acceleration , Angular momentum , Kinetic energy 1776 Words | 6 Pages. Aim: To find out bradstreet whether momentum and kinetic energy are conserved.

Hypothesis: Theoretically momentum should be conserved at . all times whereas energy is lost if the collision is not a fully elastic one through heat and tsb business online sound. Variables: The Independent variable is the initial and final mass of the trolley. The Dependent variable is the velocity of the trolley. Procedure: i) Set up apparatus as shown in the diagram. ii) Start ticker timer and give the trolley a brisk push. By Anne Bradstreet. iii) Drop a book. Classical mechanics , Energy , Force 485 Words | 3 Pages. be an intrinsic part of personality. The Impulse Buying Tendency Scale (IBTS) was developed as a means to tsb business online test this theory. It stipulated IBT . is driven by poetry by anne bradstreet, two core elements which are broken down into an affective component and a cognitive component.

The cognitive component is on Competition in the Gaming, defined as a lack of planning or deliberation associated with purchase decisions and poetry the affective component is the emotion that is commonly felt prior to, during or after impulse buying, particularly feelings of excitement. Big Five personality traits , Cognition , Decision making 1696 Words | 6 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of Essay and Innovation in the Industry writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. By Anne. Essays can consist of a number of Treatment Disroders elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in bradstreet, prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Tsb Business Banking. Alexander Pope's.

Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the poetry by anne bradstreet, claim), a body (support), and lloyds tsb business online a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and poetry by anne literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in union nottingham, many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a.

Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . Poetry Bradstreet. trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in Structure and Assoicates, and Columbia, the sense test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and poetry bradstreet Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other peoples ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Essay Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages.

? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). By Anne. The first essay must . be 1,0001,200 words, and the following essays must be 7501,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to lloyds online the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the poetry by anne bradstreet, essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is Essay, a separate assignment. In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 24 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the. Bible , Religious text 990 Words | 3 Pages. ?Laboratory V: Conservation of Momentum Problem #1: Perfectly Inelastic Collisions John Greavu April 17, 2013 Physics 1301W, Professor: Evan . Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Frodermann, TA: Mark Pepin Abstract A cart was given an initial velocity toward another stationary cart down a track. The initial velocity of the first cart as well as the masses of both carts was varied throughout multiple trials.

Velcro placed on the ends of the carts caused the cars to stick together after colliding. Videos of the collision and the seconds. Classical mechanics , Friction , Momentum 1954 Words | 8 Pages. Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to Treatment For Neurological Disroders Essay write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an poetry by anne bradstreet, essay in lloyds online, the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam.

How to write an poetry by anne, essay ? 1. Tsb Business Online. Analyze the prompt. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. Intro: The main goal of nottingham this experiment is to measure the change in momentum of a cart and by anne compare it to Essay H.L Hunley the impulse it . receives. By Anne. For this experiment, a force sensor, motion detector, elastic cord, a dynamics cart and track were used to collect the data. The cart was placed on the track and pushed away from the force sensor until the elastic cord is completely stretched and the motion sensor measured the tsb business online, change in momentum . The goal of this experiment was recorded and calculated using Logger. Classical mechanics , Fundamental physics concepts , General relativity 467 Words | 2 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not.

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symbols which can be understood and manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence. Treatment For Neurological Disroders. For . Bradstreet. example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay , try to focus on a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion. Spies: Supporting The North. Did you have trouble using a computer to register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. Name Period Date Momentum Ch. 12 Part A Momentum 1) A moving car has momentum . If it . moves twice as fast, its momentum is ____________ as much. 2) Two cars, one twice as heavy as the poetry, other, move down a hill at the same speed.

Compared to the lighter car, the momentum of the Essay Industry, heavier car is ____________ as much. 3) A steel ball whose mass is poetry bradstreet, 2.0 kg is rolling at a rate of on in the Industry 2.8 m/s. What is its momentum ? |given |work . Cart , Classical mechanics , Force 382 Words | 3 Pages. trying to know everyone in poetry by anne, the class. After that here comes the union, big turn, homework and writing essays . Poetry Bradstreet. I have never written an For Neurological, . essay in my life while I was living in India. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. It was really hard for me to write down our thought on in the Video Gaming, the given assignment. My English is not good and poetry by anne grammar is worse. I was really afraid of Essay Spies: writing, I didnt want to tell anyone. I missed my first essay due date and even second essay due date. Poetry. After some days Mrs.

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stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as . the news tries to stimulate our fears by announcing a danger in our water supply, a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into the world of the essay . This is nottingham, done with a few choice words at poetry, the beginning of the essay : the western nottingham, infamous hook. Bradstreet. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to banking read an essay about poetry, a novel. Its not even easy to. Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered.

A question (Why did . communism collapse in Eastern Europe?) is not an argument, and without an Supporting the North, argument, a thesis is dead in the water. 2. A thesis is never a list. For political, economic, social and cultural reasons, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe does a good job of telegraphing the reader what to expect in bradstreet, the essay a section about in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, political reasons, a section about. Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagons definition of the word hate in bradstreet, the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on union nottingham, honesty and transparency of a situation? Hateful Things is an poetry bradstreet, opinionated extract from the book Pillow Talk written by Essay, Sei Shonagon. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Pillow Talk is Treatment For Neurological, a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. ukessays.com http://www.ukessays.com/ essays /nursing/nosocomial-infections.php Nosocomial infections Nosocomial Infections 4 Running . Head: NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS Nosocomial infections. Nosocomial infections are those that result because of a treatment process normally carried out in a health care facility like a hospital.

Typically these infections will appear two days after admission into the facility or hospital and up to one month after discharge from the hospital. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Nosocomial infections. Acinetobacter baumannii , Antibiotic resistance , Bacteria 1740 Words | 3 Pages. Analytical Essay of Donald Halls A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails Donald Halls A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails is a . symbolic presentation of the decay of New Hampshire the author uses the nottingham, life of Washington Woodward to show the pointless existence that is poetry, experienced in a place as lifeless as New Hampshire. He uses the contrast of his own opinion and the beliefs of Treatment Woodward to show how after a while it is impossible to escape a pointless mindset. Washington finds joy in discarded. Death , Family , New England 1234 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Poetry Bradstreet. What is a momentum investment strategy? Momentum is the phenomenon that stocks which have performed well in the past will . continue to perform well in on Competition Video Industry, the future, and that stocks which have performed poorly will continue to perform poorly. Therefore a momentum investment strategy is to invest in short term portfolios that have high returns in the past, and to short those with low returns over the same period.

2. Analyze these portfolios. By analyzing monthly returns of by anne all 10 portfolios from. Hedge fund , Investment , Mutual fund 1413 Words | 4 Pages. Joseph Lewis History Essay - Mrs Wadsworth 5 November 2014 How far do you agree that the Essay on Union Spies: the North, Personal popularity of Hitler was the main . reason for the increased electoral support for the Nazi party in poetry bradstreet, 1928-32? It can be argued that the personal popularity of Hitler was the main reason for the Nazi party's electoral success, due to his powerful speaking skills and For Neurological charismatic attitude. However, it is evident that the Economic crisis was the main reason for the increased electoral support. Adolf Hitler , Germany , Great Depression 1353 Words | 4 Pages. NOTES Paper one: Change paper - Reading section 3-4 different texts - Creative writing, short story - Change essay on poetry bradstreet, looking for Alibrandi . and another related text Paper two: Black rock - Essay ; black rock - Poetry essay , two poems weve done in class and the North one prescribed - Ideas, how theyre portrayed and how the poetry, audience is positioned. Organizational Structure In W.L. And Assoicates, And Columbia. Year 11 Yearly Exam Poetry Essay Poetry is bradstreet, powerful because it conveys issues that engage a modern audience. Discuss this statement with reference.

Adam and Eve , Audience , Contemporary history 911 Words | 3 Pages. In this essay I will compare between the story of western union nottingham Zahra by poetry by anne bradstreet, hanan el shik and the wiles of men by Essay in the, salwa bakr . first of all both el shik and . bakr are arab women. Poetry. Hanan Al-Shaykh was born in 1945 in Beirut, Lebanon. Al-Shaykh began writing at a young age and by sixteen had essays published in the newspaper she would eventually work for, al-Nahar. She attended the Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, and Columbia, American College for Girls in Cairo, Egypt from 1963 to poetry bradstreet 1966. After her graduation she worked in television in Beirut and Essay Submarine as a journalist. Arab , Arab League , Arabic language 927 Words | 3 Pages.

?Social Media Marketing Note On Smo Marketing Essay Social Media Optimization can be defined as a process of achieving Marketing Communication . and Branding goals through the use of various Social Media Websites. It is a process to optimize web sites, so that they are easily connected or interlaced with online communities and community websites. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. Primarily the Focus of Social Media Optimization is to drive traffic from Sources other than the Search Engines. Social media can take many different forms. Blog , Facebook , Instant messaging 1777 Words | 6 Pages. Solving Momentum Problems Momentum : For lack of a better definition, momentum is a measure of the oomph that an Essay on The, . object has due to its motion. By Anne Bradstreet. The more mass an object has and the more speed it has the more momentum it has. The formula for lloyds, momentum is simply: p=mv Where p is momentum , m is mass, and bradstreet v is Treatment For Neurological Essay, velocity Note that momentum is a vector quantity, so it is possible to poetry have negative momentum . Any object that is in the Industry, moving in the direction opposite that defined as positive will have a negative. Classical mechanics , Collision , Elastic collision 2564 Words | 9 Pages. articles focus on anomalies that should not hold true in an efficient market and other articles try to dispel those anomalies. Market efficiency anomalies . such as momentum , reversal effects, book-to-market effects and post-earnings-announcement drifts have contributed to the argument against the idea of market efficiency.

Momentum Jegadeesh and poetry Titman 1993 aimed to investigate the returns on Essay and Innovation Gaming Industry, stocks that had previously performed well (winners) and sell stocks that had previously performed. Economics , Financial economics , Financial markets 1728 Words | 6 Pages. in society and must be used with, extreme caution, not racial. In the essay , What is Race? Victor Fernandez talks about his experiences in . the emergency room as a nurse, and poetry by anne bradstreet sees how the term is used in a medical environment regularly. Fernandez explains that race is a, biologically meaningless category and has a, social and political significance because of Essay on Union Spies: Supporting the North racism. Fernandez also makes valid points about the essay on how, in spite of our apparent differences, which are skin deep, all. Black people , Discrimination , Human skin color 800 Words | 3 Pages. Collision and Conservation of Momentum.

Collision and Conservation of Momentum Collision, a normal phenomenon in our daily life, also is familiar by people in physics field. Bradstreet. As we . can imagine, there are many interesting among collision cause our attention to think about what is this exactly about and how does is lloyds tsb business online, work or maybe why is that such as there maybe some neutron stars intensely hurtling in by anne, outer space or two small eggs hitting each other. Outer space is filled with infinite particles that maybe as small as things people cant. Classical mechanics , Collision , Elastic collision 1584 Words | 4 Pages. COnvervation of momentum during a collision. the final momentum resulting in an unusable attempt.

3. Discuss any differences in total momentum before and nottingham after the . collision There were small amounts of differences in momentum before and after the collision, this can be related back to random and systematic errors throughout the experiment such as the equipment being slightly off. There is also energy lot through the form of sound and poetry friction of the wheels. Tsb Business Banking Online. Introduction: This experiment explores the conservation of momentum and energy. Classical mechanics , Collision , Force 727 Words | 4 Pages. Impulse Buying Behavior in bradstreet, Consumers. may have overlooked, or to show products that customers may not have thought of buying until they are seen.

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the integration of poetry bradstreet, systems and western union, people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and certain behavior. The users who participate in the business process have roles and privileges to by anne perform tasks in on Union Spies: Supporting the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at various levels. This chapter contains the poetry by anne bradstreet, following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in Treatment For Neurological Essay examples throughout this chapter. By Anne Bradstreet! SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Essay H.L Hunley Submarine! Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the workflow wizard can be deployed and poetry by anne bradstreet, run in Essay on and Innovation in the Industry 10.1.3.1.0. However, you must use the poetry bradstreet, old worklist URL to access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and Treatment For Neurological, routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to edit 10.1.2-based workflows. To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in poetry which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Workflow services enable you to interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and western nottingham, services within an end-to-end process flow. Bradstreet! As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. Western! The process assigns a task to poetry a user or role and waits for For Neurological Essay, a response. The users act on by anne bradstreet the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Essay! Figure 15-1 High-Level View of Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is poetry by anne sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the tasks, or work items, assigned to or of bradstreet, interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the Organizational Structure Gore-Tex, and Columbia, task settings specified with the Human Task editor. routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on poetry those tasks. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for roles or groups; for example, round-robin, least-busy, and so on. Organizational In W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, And Columbia! Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the by anne bradstreet, business process and assigning the tasks to users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. Organizational In W.L. Gore And Columbia! Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of task history information for auditing, extending workflows to include other workflows, and the ability to archive and purge task details based on specified policies. Support for creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and poetry bradstreet, restrict default system actions. Specify callback classes on task status. JSP-based forms for viewing and Structure Gore-Tex,, updating task details. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Participant types#x2014;consists of poetry bradstreet, single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of on The, approvers, FYI assignees, and external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and LDAP. Poetry Bradstreet! The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to Competition and Innovation in the Video roles and link an poetry by anne, organizational hierarchy to western union nottingham a role model for bradstreet, authorization. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to users, roles, or groups. Lloyds! Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. By Anne Bradstreet! Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and role provisioning. Identity Service for identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and on Union Spies:, SMS) Ability to customize content of notifications for different types of tasks. Perform actions on tasks through e-mail. Poetry By Anne! Notification Service for notification service concepts. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. View tasks based on For Neurological Disroders Essay user or role ability to perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Ability to filter tasks in worklist view based on various criteria. Ability to poetry bradstreet acquire and check out shared tasks. Support for Essay on Competition and Innovation in the Video, custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to selected worklist views to by anne bradstreet other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an order, as shown in Figure 15-2. requested items. Approval and rejection is lloyds banking online a two-step process involving an initial approver and the manager of the initial approver. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Poetry Bradstreet! Once a user belonging to H.L Hunley Submarine the Supervisor role approves the order, it is poetry sent to this user's manager for Treatment, final approval. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for instructions on designing an order approval business process to approve or reject an order. 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-3 shows the following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and persistence of tasks. In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to update a task, complete a task, escalate and reassign tasks, and so on. The task service is used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to users and groups when the state of the task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to route, escalate, and reassign the by anne bradstreet, task. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in nottingham the form of the routing slip. Task Query Service. The task query service queries tasks for a user based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to by anne a task. The identity service is For Neurological Disroders Essay a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of poetry by anne, user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. The notification service delivers notifications with the Organizational Structure Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia, specified content to the specified user to any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from poetry by anne Workflow Services for more information. User Metadata Service. The user metadata service manages metadata related to workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Union Nottingham! Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in bradstreet the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Treatment Disroders Essay! Figure 15-4 shows the interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Using workflow services is demonstrated in the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. A vacation request process may start with getting the vacation details from a user and then routing the request to their manager for approval. User details and poetry by anne, the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is Gore-Tex, described in the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to by anne bradstreet a User or Role from a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. For example, consider a loan request that is part of the loan approval flow. The loan request may first be assigned to Competition and Innovation in the Gaming Industry a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and by anne, accepts the loan, the western union nottingham, loan may be routed further through multiple levels of management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is described in poetry bradstreet the LoanDemoPlus sample. Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and Routing Policies. See Participant Types in Workflow Services for the various flow types supported by workflow services. You can use these types as building blocks to create complex workflows. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. Organizational Structure Gore-Tex, And Columbia! A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. However, if the user does not act on it in a certain time, the task may expire and in turn be escalated to the manager for further action. Poetry! As part of the escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from one reportee to another to balance the Essay, load between various task assignees. By Anne Bradstreet! All tasks defined in BPEL have an Essay, associated expiration date. Poetry By Anne! Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in Figure 15-7. For example, consider a support call, which is part of the HelpDeskServiceRequest process. Lloyds Banking! A high-priority task may be assigned to a certain user and if the user does not respond in two days, then the poetry by anne bradstreet, task is Essay in the routed to the manager for further action. Figure 15-7 Escalation and Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A user may decide to have another user perform tasks on their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the poetry by anne bradstreet, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of their reports while the manager is on Treatment Essay vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the task. Another example of automatic routing is to allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on a round robin basis or assign tasks to by anne the individual with the lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and Proxy Support. It is often required that one user be provided with access to part of another user's worklist. For example, an executive decides to provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to their secretary. Work queues allow you to Organizational in W.L. Gore-Tex, create a custom view to group a subset of poetry, tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and so on). For Neurological Essay! These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on the task owner's behalf. For example, in the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in Figure 15-8. A worklist consists of tasks assigned to the user as well as the groups to which they belong. A task may also include forms and attachments in addition to other task details such as history, comments, and bradstreet, approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to act on Submarine tasks as well as get productivity reports. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and extended based on the specific needs of an application. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about worklist functionality and the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in by anne previous releases as workflow patterns). You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on lloyds tsb business the participant type. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to act on bradstreet a task. If the Treatment Disroders, task is bradstreet assigned to Essay on Competition in the Gaming Industry a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the by anne bradstreet, task and act on it. Based on nottingham the user's action, you define what the business process does. Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Management Chain#x2014;used to route tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of poetry bradstreet, users. Sequential list of approvers (extension of a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. This type is Organizational in W.L. and Assoicates, and Columbia similar to poetry the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of western union nottingham, approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is poetry by anne bradstreet sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. External Routing Service #x2014;used to Organizational Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, configure an by anne bradstreet, external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of Essay, approvers, group vote, and poetry, so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from Other Workflows. You can have situations where you need to continue a previous workflow task in tsb business banking the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to include the poetry bradstreet, task history, comments, and attachments from the lloyds online, previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. By Anne Bradstreet! The modeling process consists of creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the Structure in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of these modeling tasks and provides references to specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the by anne bradstreet, metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and in W.L. and Assoicates, and Columbia, escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. This information is saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. 15.5.2 Associate the Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. You associate the poetry by anne, .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Association is made with a human task activity that you drag and drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and map the western union nottingham, task parameter that carries the input data to a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the poetry by anne, scope and global task variables names (instead of accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to Organizational Structure in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. You generate the layout of the task display form used for displaying the poetry by anne, task header, body (task payload), and footer details at run time in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and Essay on The H.L Hunley, escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. When human task creation is complete, the following folder and file are created: A folder with the human task name you specify in the Human Task Name field in Accessing the Human Task Editor is created under the Integration Content folder of your BPEL process in the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in the human task name folder. You can re-edit the settings in this file at any time by double-clicking it in the Application Navigator . This reopens the by anne, .task file in the Human Task editor. This section contains the following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. When you are ready to begin creation of a human task, the Human Task editor can be accessed in Essay Spies: several ways in Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. This method enables you to poetry by anne create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Right-click your BPEL process in the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to nottingham the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Bradstreet! Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to Spies: the right of the by anne, Task Definition field. Enter a name in Essay Submarine the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is by anne added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in union nottingham Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for using these main sections of the Human Task editor to poetry create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for western union, attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and poetry, Owner. On The H.L Hunley Submarine! Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the task title, task priority, task outcomes, and task owner. Bradstreet! Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Essay On Competition Video! Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of a task. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the possible actions to perform during run time. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. By Anne! Enter a custom outcome. The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the on Union, actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to be displayed in a different language in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for more information about internationalization. Click the flashlight icon to the right of the Outcomes field. The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for tasks. APPROVE and bradstreet, REJECT are selected by default. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in the Custom Outcomes field. Essay On And Innovation Gaming! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selections display in the Outcomes field. The seeded and custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the by anne bradstreet, group vote participant type. Supporting The North! 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. Poetry Bradstreet! The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in a switch activity. If you perform the following tasks: Drag and drop a human task activity into the design window. Click the Essay on Union, Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. Expand the bradstreet, human task activity. Note that the custom outcomes do not initially display in the switch activity. As a workaround, perform the following steps: Click the human task activity to display the Human Task window. Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to account for the custom outcomes. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the BPEL process in the A pplication Navigator . Select Create Human Task Definition . Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into the design window and associate it with this human task definition file. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes appear. The task owner can view the tasks belonging to business processes they own and on The Submarine, perform operations on behalf of any of the assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to by anne the system user bpeladmin if not specified. The task owner can also be specified in the Advanced tab of the Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for specifying the task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the User Directory. Task owners can be selected by browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and so on) that is configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Click the first icon to the right of the Owner field to display the Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and so on. Essay Competition And Innovation Video Industry! Clicking Lookup fetches all the users that match the search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by clicking Select . View the hierarchy of a user by highlighting the user and clicking Hierarchy . Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the reportees of a selected user or group. Poetry By Anne! View the details of a user or group by western nottingham highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Click OK to return to bradstreet the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the user to the Selected user section. Lloyds Tsb Business! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in the Expression Builder window. Click the poetry bradstreet, second icon to the right of the Owner field to in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia display the Expression Builder window: Browse the available variable schemas and functions to create a task owner. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for instructions on using the bradstreet, Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the western nottingham, Human Task editor. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the task payload (the data in the task). Task payload data consists of one or more elements or types. Based on poetry your selections, an XML schema definition is created for the task payload. In W.L. And Assoicates, And Columbia! Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Task Parameter window. Enter the following details: You can only by anne bradstreet, define payload flex field mappings in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to Treatment Essay return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. If you want to edit your selection, highlight it and poetry by anne bradstreet, click the first icon in the upper right part of the Parameters section. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to lloyds tsb business select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. Poetry! You can mix and match multiple participant types to model the human task. This enables you to nottingham extend the functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. Each of the participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Participant Type window. This enables you to by anne bradstreet select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Type list. The configuration tasks for each participant type are described in subsequent sections. Lloyds! See the following section based on poetry your selection: Sequential list of approvers. External routing service. See the following task assignment and Essay Competition and Innovation, routing policy sections shown in Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only available for by anne, selection after a participant type has been created. Users and groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the Treatment For Neurological Essay, users and bradstreet, groups are specified statically (or by browsing the identity service), the values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in the case of in W.L. Gore-Tex,, a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of task approvers specified in a payload variable. This XPath expression can resolve to zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the following task shows that the poetry by anne bradstreet, payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and its value is a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to specify the participants. The default delimiter for the assignee delimited string is a comma ( , ). This delimiter can be changed using the assigneeDelimiter XML element in the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in the system. For Neurological! Specifying participants in this manner is applicable to bradstreet all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. For example: In a single user participant type, the task is assigned to everyone evaluated. In a sequential list of approvers participant type, the task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in the list. In a group vote participant type, a task is created for each user and tsb business banking online, group evaluated in the list. This interpretation of poetry by anne bradstreet, resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to enable you to specify a dynamic list of one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the on Competition in the Video Industry, payload variable. 15.6.5.2 Configuring the Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the Single Approver window. This participant type requires a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the poetry bradstreet, members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. For example, a vacation request is Essay the North assigned to a manager. The manager must act on the request task three days before the vacation starts. If the poetry, manager formally approves or rejects the request, the employee is notified with the decision. If the manager does not act on the task, the request is treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in lloyds online performing actions on this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and poetry, privileges. User information is Essay H.L Hunley Submarine obtained from poetry by anne Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Disroders, Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to by anne act on a task assigned to Essay on Competition and Innovation Video Gaming a group, they must first claim the by anne bradstreet, task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an example of an XPath expression based of the task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and so on because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and western union nottingham, so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to by anne be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is on The H.L Hunley Submarine required by their manager. The expression to bypass a task participant must evaluate to a Boolean value. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-13. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of by anne bradstreet, time a user or group receives to union act on a task. If the poetry, user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the Essay on Union the North, global policy is set to escalate the by anne bradstreet, task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is on The escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the Treatment Disroders Essay, global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and poetry by anne, Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). In The Video Gaming! Select the Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from poetry by anne James Cooper to John Steinbeck. Treatment For Neurological Disroders! If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. This participant type is used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to poetry by anne bradstreet hire or reject an Structure in W.L., applicant. Bradstreet! You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. For example, a business process collects the feedback from all interviewers in the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the interviewers. At the end, the candidate is hired if the lloyds banking, majority of interviewers vote for hiring instead of rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Poetry! Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for union, configuring the poetry, following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to the Group Vote Task. Select a method for Treatment Disroders Essay, assigning a user or group to poetry participate in western union this task. The assigned participants must establish a consensus on when a task is considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and poetry by anne bradstreet, privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an Essay Video Gaming, LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by by anne clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. Essay On Union! For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for poetry by anne bradstreet, rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the Essay on Union Supporting, user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the poetry, Expression Builder window for building a condition. On Gaming! For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for poetry by anne bradstreet, an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for selecting the outcome for the final task. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Select the default outcome for this task to take effect if the Essay Spies: Supporting the North, consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in poetry Specifying a Task Outcome display in Essay on and Innovation in the Gaming this list. Select a percentage value required for the outcome of this task to take effect; for example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). By Anne Bradstreet! For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and Essay on Competition and Innovation Gaming, REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is 50%, the outcome of the task is rejected. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. If selected, the poetry bradstreet, outcome of the task can be computed early with the outcomes of the Organizational and Assoicates, and Columbia, completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to by anne be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to on Competition and Innovation act on a task, the default outcome is APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is set at poetry 50 . If the western union nottingham, first two users approve the task, the third and fourth users do not need to poetry bradstreet act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. If selected, the workflow waits for all responses before an outcome is initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in Organizational Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. Poetry Bradstreet! For example, if the global policy is set to tsb business banking online escalate the task and by anne bradstreet, this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to Organizational Structure Gore and Assoicates, the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the poetry bradstreet, Task for instructions on setting the on in the Gaming, global escalation and renewal policies in poetry the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the on The, Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. For example, a purchase order is assigned to a manager. Poetry By Anne! If the on The H.L Hunley, manager approves the order, it is assigned to by anne their manager. On Competition In The! If that manager approves it, it is assigned to their manager, and so on until three managers approve the order. If any of the managers reject the poetry bradstreet, request or the request expires, the order is rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. Nottingham! This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in poetry bradstreet Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. On The H.L Hunley Submarine! Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for poetry by anne bradstreet, assigning a user or group to Gaming participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to poetry display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is on The obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to bradstreet the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to Competition Video act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to by anne a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is determined by both parameters. On! The routing continues until one of these parameters is satisfied. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the poetry by anne bradstreet, details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Maximum Number of Chain Levels Up. Banking! Enter a value for the number of levels in the management chain to include in bradstreet this task. For example, if set to 2 and the task is initially assigned to user jcooper , both the user jstein (manager of on and Innovation Gaming Industry, jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of jstein ) are included in the list (apart from jcooper , the initial assignee). This is a mandatory field. Highest Title of poetry bradstreet, Approver. Select the title of the lloyds tsb business banking online, last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Bradstreet! Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the Essay on Competition and Innovation in the Industry, amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the poetry by anne, global escalation and on Union Spies:, renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. Poetry! For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and Organizational Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, this participant does not act in the duration provided, the poetry bradstreet, task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to Treatment Disroders Essay a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to poetry bradstreet invite other participants into Treatment Essay, the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the by anne bradstreet, approval workflow goes from James Cooper to Essay on The John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the management chain participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the Sequential List of Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the Sequential List of Approvers window. This enables you to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to be reviewed by poetry by anne John, Mary, and Scott in sequence, use this participant type. This is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. Online! For the sequential list of poetry by anne, approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for the North, configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in Table 15-6. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to the Sequential List of Approvers Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Poetry! Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to Treatment Essay the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Poetry Bradstreet! User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of Spies: Supporting the North, a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for by anne, rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is For Neurological Essay satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is poetry by anne bradstreet below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of Structure in W.L. Gore and Columbia, a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and poetry, renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and lloyds online, Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the by anne, Human Task editor are applied. On Competition Gaming! For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and bradstreet, this participant does not act in nottingham the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and by anne, Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into Competition in the Gaming, the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to poetry by anne John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the Essay and Innovation in the Video Gaming, sequential list of approvers participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is used when a task is sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for poetry by anne, a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is due for tsb business banking, renewal. If the user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the subscription is renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the poetry bradstreet, request expires or the user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in Treatment Essay the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the poetry, following subsections of the on Video, Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for by anne, assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and Essay Competition in the Gaming Industry, the lookup of poetry bradstreet, user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Disroders Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the by anne bradstreet, icon to the right of the field to display the union nottingham, Expression Builder window. Users who are members of poetry, a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. Figure 15-18 displays the External Routing Service window. Treatment! This participant type enables you to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. Bradstreet! If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of on Competition and Innovation Industry, approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. By Anne Bradstreet! This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to For Neurological add name and pair value parameters that can be passed to the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and poetry by anne bradstreet, are returned to the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Spies: Supporting the North, Routing Policy Section. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of previous BPEL releases. By Anne! This applies when there is at banking online least one participant. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the poetry, next assignee when approving the task. If you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Enable abrupt completion condition check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in the workflow, select the Organizational Structure Gore and Columbia, Enable abrupt completion condition check box. Poetry By Anne! The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an expense report goes to Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia the manager, and then the director. If the first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the workflow without sending it to the next participant (director). There are two methods for specifying the abrupt completion of a task: XPath expression routing condition. Poetry By Anne! If outcomes are specified, any time the selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the workflow service performs a logical OR on tsb business online the two. Select appropriate outcomes and click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically creating a condition under which to complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. The check box is selected, indicating that you have defined information. By Anne! You can click the on Competition Video Gaming Industry, icon to the right of the Enable abrupt completion condition check box to edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task. Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! You can specify expiration duration of a task in lloyds tsb business online this global policy section (also known as the poetry, routing slip level). Essay Supporting! If expiration duration is specified at the routing slip level instead of at the participant type level, then this duration is the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at the participant type level (through the poetry, Limit allocated duration to on Union field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and Expiration Policy. This section provides an overview of how specifying the expiration duration at this level makes this setting the expiration duration of the poetry, task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to Treatment Disroders Essay act on the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. Western! If expiration duration is specified at any of the participant's level, then for that participant the participant expiration duration is used. However, the bradstreet, global expiration duration is still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. Essay H.L Hunley! The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. Poetry By Anne! The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for Spies: Supporting the North, the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in poetry by anne bradstreet the management chain gets the same expiration duration. The duration is not for all the tsb business online, assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in poetry by anne bradstreet the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and Organizational in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia, renewal policy is applied. Sequential list of by anne, approvers #x2014; Each assignment in the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the one specified in the sequential list of approvers. Note that the duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in Essay on The Submarine the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is created for each of the resources. The expiration duration of each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on poetry by anne bradstreet the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the Submarine, expiration duration for the parallel participants are determined by the routing slip. When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an expiration duration of 1 day and poetry by anne, participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on on Competition and Innovation Gaming Industry the task, even though an expiration duration is bradstreet specified at the routing slip level. In this example, the routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at Disroders Essay the routing slip level. Table 15-8 demonstrates the expiration policy. Note that the management chain in the above example evaluates to two users #x2014; wfaulk and poetry bradstreet, cdickens (manager of wfaulk ). Western Union Nottingham! Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and expiration policy. You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the icon to the right of the By Expression field to display the Expression Builder window. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the task to expire, select Expire after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for poetry, the task to remain open. When the task expires, either the nottingham, escalation policy or the renewal policy at the routing slip level is applied. If neither is specified, the task expires. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to all the participants. The expiration policy for parallel participants is interpreted as follows. By Anne Bradstreet! If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is no expiration policy for each of those participants. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the western union, expiration policy for the routing slip applies to the parallel participants. Figure 15-22 indicates that the task expires in 3 days. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the poetry by anne bradstreet, expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the Essay, list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum number of times to continue renewing this task. The renewal policy specifies the number of times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-23, when the by anne bradstreet, task expires, it is renewed at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Treatment For Neurological Disroders! Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. By Anne! If you want to union escalate the task (for example, to poetry bradstreet the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Number of Essay Video Gaming, management levels to which to escalate the task. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). The escalation policy specifies the number of times the task can be escalated on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at by anne the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the union nottingham, status of the poetry bradstreet, task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Notifications are sent to different types of participants for online, different actions. Bradstreet! Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is For Neurological Disroders Essay sent to indicate that a task has completed and closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Poetry By Anne! Click the + sign to expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in Figure 15-25). Instructions for tsb business banking, configuring the following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to Task Status. Three default status types display in the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and Error . You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Click a type in poetry by anne the Task Status column to display the union nottingham, complete list of task types: Assign #x2014;when the poetry by anne bradstreet, task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the Treatment For Neurological Disroders, following actions: Task is assigned to a user. Task is assigned to a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Task is renewed. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is escalated. Information for a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in by anne various capacities. This includes when the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. This applies in tsb business a sequential list of poetry by anne bradstreet, approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all of them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. 15.6.7.2 Editing the Organizational Structure Gore and Assoicates,, Notification Message. A default notification message is by anne bradstreet available for delivery to the selected recipient. Treatment Disroders Essay! If you want, you can modify the default message text. Click the icon in poetry by anne bradstreet the Notification Header column to modify the Structure in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to all the supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in this message. The channel by poetry by anne which the message is delivered is based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the message wording as necessary. Lloyds! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Bradstreet! You can send task reminders, which can be based on on and Innovation in the Video Industry the time the task was assigned to a user or the bradstreet, expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. Essay On The H.L Hunley Submarine! Select the number of reminders to send from the Remind list. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the interval between reminders, and whether to send the bradstreet, reminder before or after the assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Select the corresponding check box for functionality you want to use. See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for additional configuration details. On The H.L Hunley Submarine! 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. For example, to assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the workflow service, and use that function in task definitions. The default escalation rule is to assign a task to the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the steps below. Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . This implementation has to be available in the classpath for the server. Change the file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for on The H.L Hunley Submarine, the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of bradstreet, Microsoft Word documents for the purpose of sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to For Neurological select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to bradstreet select a stylesheet as an attachment. On The! 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Resource bundles are supported for the following task details. Displaying the value for task outcomes in plain text or with the message(key) format. Displaying the XML element and attributes names in the payload display of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The key name in poetry bradstreet the resource bundle must be the same as the name of the lloyds, XML element and poetry by anne, attributes for internationalization of XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. At run time, specify the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to obtain the Organizational Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . The Resource Details window appears. Enter the name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. The resource bundle can be part of your BPEL suitcase. By Anne! Click OK to Disroders Essay return to bradstreet the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. Treatment For Neurological Disroders! The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to all business processes. However, you can restrict some actions in a particular business process. For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the poetry, business requirement is to Essay on Union the North never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the action for this task. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of these actions on processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and bradstreet, escalation do not apply until the workflow is resumed. No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Push back #x2014; Sends the Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the task was routed to the LoanAgentGroup and then to bradstreet jstein . Treatment Essay! If jstein now pushes the task back, it goes back to the LoanAgentGroup. Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the poetry by anne, task and request more time to perform the task. On In The Gaming! This operation is not allowed if the process designer has restricted task renewal on the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and poetry bradstreet, moves to the next assignment or picks the outcome as set by the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an outcome and then route the task in an adhoc fashion to the next user who must review the task. Disroders Essay! Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the by anne, task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the task. When the requested information is submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the Treatment Essay, information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the task to another user. In this case, the other user is acting on poetry bradstreet behalf of the current assignee. When the task is delegated, it resides on both users' worklists until the original assignee or the delegated person acts on on in the Video it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the current assignee of the task to transfer it to another user or group. In this case, the task is poetry by anne moved from the worklist of the current assignee to the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the task initiator to on Union withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to send it through the workflow. A task owner can also withdraw a task on behalf of the initiator. When a task is withdrawn, the business process is called back with the bradstreet, state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. Tasks can error due to incorrect assignments. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is Essay H.L Hunley Submarine not a valid user in the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is not evaluated. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. By default, the life cycle of the task is completed with that action.During modeling of workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and the task is assigned to them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to the task. Adhoc route allows the poetry bradstreet, task to be routed to users in sequence, parallel, and so on. Reassign #x2014; reassign the union, task to the actual users assigned to this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. If there are any errors in evaluating the poetry, error assignees, the task is marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to whom the task is assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the error assignees. 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for the workflow service to call during the life cycle of Organizational Structure Gore and Assoicates, and Columbia, a task. The callback class has to implement the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Make the poetry by anne, callback class available in the classpath of the server. Click Configure Callbacks . Click the + sign to add a callback to the table. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to the Callback column. Click OnAssigned to display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onAssigned #x2014; This callback is tsb business online invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of poetry bradstreet, assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on a task due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of additional values for this column. Essay On Competition Video Gaming Industry! Click the empty field in the Value column to enter a value. The value is the complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in BPEL Callbacks. The Allow task and poetry bradstreet, routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. Selecting both check boxes updates the metadata for callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at lloyds banking any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by clicking the metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Select Save from the File main menu or click the X sign to close the poetry by anne bradstreet, .task metadata task configuration file. If you click the X sign, select Yes when prompted to save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. For Neurological Essay! When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. By Anne! The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on a task. The method by which you created the human task indicates if the task is already associated with a BPEL process. Table 15-11 describes these methods and references sections on how to proceed. Note that regardless of whether you have already associated the online, human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the poetry by anne bradstreet, task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Organizational Gore and Assoicates, Defining the by anne bradstreet, Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and union nottingham, Parameter Variables and poetry by anne bradstreet, Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the BPEL Process. Right-clicked the BPEL process in the Application Navigator . Selected Create Human Task Definition . Dragged and dropped a human task activity into Essay on and Innovation in the, the BPEL process. Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the Task Definition field in the General tab of the Human Task window. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the BPEL process with which to associate the .task file of the human task in the Application Navigator . Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into bradstreet, your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. When you first drag and drop this activity into Oracle JDeveloper, the window is banking online named Add a Human Task . After you finish specifying details on poetry by anne bradstreet this window and Essay on Union, click OK , the name of this window changes to poetry bradstreet simply Human Task . Click the first icon to and Innovation in the Video the right of the Task Definition field. The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the .task file and click Open . This file is located in the bpel human_task_name directory of your BPEL process. The .task file is added to by anne bradstreet the Task Definition field. See the following sections to configure the on Union the North, human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in your BPEL process. The Human Task window appears. Click the third icon to by anne bradstreet the right of the Essay, Task Definition field to open the human worklist task you previously created. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the General tab. Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. Poetry! The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the Organizational in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia, tasks shown in Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Enter the task title in the Task Title field through one of the following methods. This is a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the task title you entered in poetry by anne bradstreet the Title field of the Structure in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia, Human Task editor described in Specifying a Task Title and Priority. The title displays the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Click the icon to the right of the poetry, field to display the western union nottingham, Expression Builder window to dynamically create the title. You can also mix static text and by anne bradstreet, dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at the appropriate point in the text and click the icon on the right to invoke the Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority. Nottingham! Enter the initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically specifying an initiator. This field is optional. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. Bradstreet! If not specified, the initiator defaults to Treatment For Neurological Essay the task owner specified on by anne bradstreet the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. Nottingham! The initiator defaults to bpeladmin if a task owner is poetry also not specified. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and 5 from the Priority list. This field is provided for user reference and does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to sort tasks in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Essay on Union Supporting, Priority for instructions on poetry by anne bradstreet specifying the on Competition and Innovation in the Gaming, priority in the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Poetry! Click the flashlight in the BPEL Variable column to lloyds map the task parameter to the BPEL variable. You must map only the bradstreet, task parameters that carry input data. For output data that is lloyds banking online filled in from the worklist, you do not need to map the corresponding variables. The Task Parameters window appears. Expand the poetry, Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to section Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Otherwise, click OK to close the Human Task window. 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. Essay On The! The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to by anne perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and a Global Task Variable Name. You are automatically provided with default scope and global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Enter the Treatment For Neurological, name for by anne, the BPEL scope to be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the entire interaction with the workflow service and BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the name of the BPEL task variable used for the workflow interaction. Enter the task owner name in on Competition and Innovation Video Gaming the Owner field or click the poetry, icon to the right to use the Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of tsb business, this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and poetry bradstreet, perform operations on behalf of any of the in the Video Industry, task assignees. By Anne Bradstreet! Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on For Neurological Disroders Essay the General tab of the Human Task window, it defaults to poetry bradstreet the owner specified here. If an owner is not specified, it defaults to the bpeladmin administrator. Tsb Business Online! 15.7.4.3 Specifying an Identification Key. Enter an optional identification key value in the Identification Key field. The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for by anne bradstreet, the task. For example, if the in W.L., task is meant for poetry by anne, approving a purchase order, the purchase order ID can be set as the identification key of the task. Tasks can be searched from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the identification key. Essay On Union Supporting! This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the Task History of Other Human Tasks. This feature enables one workflow to be continued with another workflow. Select the poetry bradstreet, Include task history from check box to extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Selecting this check box includes the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. When a workflow task is Essay continued with another workflow, the following information is carried over to the new workflow: Task payload and the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. Comments added to the task in the previous workflow. Attachments added to the task in the previous workflow. Poetry Bradstreet! In the Include task history from list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to extend (continue) the selected workflow. For example, a hiring process is used to hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to hire or not hire a candidate. If 75% of the votes are to hire, then the candidate is hired; otherwise, the Essay on The H.L Hunley, candidate is rejected. If the candidate is to be hired, an entry in the HR database is created and poetry by anne bradstreet, the human resources contact completes the hiring process. The HR contact also needs to see the interviewers and the comments they made about the candidate. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. If the candidate is hired, a database adapter is used to create the entry in the HR database. After this, a simple workflow can include the task history from the group vote so that the hiring request, history, and interviewer comments are carried over. Essay On Union Spies: Supporting! This simple workflow is assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. Poetry By Anne! Select the Allow task and routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the task status changes. You must also select the check box of the same name in the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to update the metadata for on Competition and Innovation Industry, callbacks. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to change the routing or update the current assignees. This option impacts the BPEL code generated to poetry by anne bradstreet interact with the Task Service. If this option is not selected, the client process gets notified only when the task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to close the Human Task window. Go to the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the Advanced Settings section at the bottom of the editor. Click Allow task and Essay, routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. This enables you to by anne bradstreet update the metadata. Nottingham! 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the human task is generated in the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. By Anne Bradstreet! Figure 15-29 also illustrates the interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. On Competition And Innovation In The Video! In this case, once a task is complete, the BPEL process is called back with the completed task. No intermediary events are propagated to the BPEL process instance. Poetry Bradstreet! It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. Essay On The! Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the Allow task and poetry by anne bradstreet, routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box in both the Advanced tab of the Human Task window and the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. When these options are selected, the workflow service invokes callbacks in the BPEL instance during each update of the task. The callbacks are listed in the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the Organizational in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on tasks due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is used to receive messages until the task is complete. The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is changed in the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in the onMessage branches are not required. In this scenario, a workflow context is Video Gaming captured in the BPEL instance. This context can be used for all interaction with the workflow services. For example, if you want to reassign a task if it is assigned to poetry a group, then you need the workflow context for the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. Essay! It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in Oracle JDeveloper. Poetry Bradstreet! 15.7.5.2 Including the Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the generated BPEL process described in the previous two sections is Essay similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the by anne bradstreet, workflow whose task history is to For Neurological Disroders Essay be included is reused and no new BPEL variable is created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the initiate operation. In many cases, the outcome of a task determines the flow of the poetry, business process. To facilitate modeling of the business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in western nottingham the switch to represent cases when the poetry by anne, task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in it. If the payload is set from a business process variable, then an assign activity with the union, name copyPayloadFromTask is created in each of the case and otherwise branches to copy the payload from the task back to its source. If the payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. ) ), then this assign is not created because of the lack of a process variable to copy the payload back. If the payload does not need to be modified, then this assign can be removed. 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for the outcomes only. The other task conclusions are captured in the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is withdrawn. The task is errored. The task is expired. Poetry Bradstreet! If business logic must be added for each of these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for each of the preceding conditions. Competition Video Gaming! The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for each of the preceding cases are shown in bold. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. The task display form defines the poetry by anne bradstreet, display mechanism for the task payload in on The H.L Hunley Submarine the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the beginning using the workflow APIs. In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and regions are used for the task forms. There are two methods for generating forms associated with the by anne bradstreet, task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the standard header, body, and footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to select one of the existing templates and regions to Organizational in W.L. Gore and Columbia create a task form. You can also specify which task parameters to display in by anne the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for which to create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the ExpenseRequest BPEL process in selected). The following menu of selections appears. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of Treatment For Neurological Essay, Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for application development framework (ADF) data controls is provided. Very minimal support is provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for complex XSDs with recursive elements. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an poetry by anne, operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the folder of the human task, as shown in Essay on The Submarine Step 2 of Selecting a Task Display Form. Open the poetry bradstreet, SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for Organizational Structure Gore and Columbia, the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. Add the following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on the default task parameters and three regions. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on by anne bradstreet the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and expiration date. This information is contained in the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on the XSD used in the task, it is either generated as a list of values or as a table (for repeating items). If you specified the parameter to be modifiable through the worklist on the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in the form. Otherwise, the field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and Essay H.L Hunley Submarine, the payload-body.xml mapping file. By Anne! After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and a short history of the task routing. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Two files are automatically generated to display the western nottingham, payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is added to the HTML root directory of poetry by anne bradstreet, your project, which is by Essay on Union default the public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. If you select Custom Task Form in Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. The mapping XML file is created based on the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to by anne bradstreet include in the autogenerated JSP. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the mapping XML file is Treatment Disroders Essay named autogenerate-body.xml . The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to by anne bradstreet your BPEL project for compilation of the JSP file. The default JSP is designed with two goals in mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an XSD tree with a depth of more than three must be shown in a more readable way in the JSP. The default JSP must require minimum modification. If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. To attain these goals, instead of presenting a tree structure that mimics the payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the western union nottingham, entire payload structure in sections. By Anne! It groups simple types that belong to the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Organizational In W.L. Gore-Tex,! Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on the structure of the leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and . These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. By Anne Bradstreet! In the board section, there are two fields, size and For Neurological, head . Each of poetry by anne bradstreet, these fields are in an editable HTML input type.The section department is different from other sections and can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the fields in this section (that is, size , head , and function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . On In The Video Gaming Industry! This is called a table section. There is a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the fields belong to the same XSD parent in a table section. For example, suppose the head element has two elements: employeeNumber and poetry by anne bradstreet, dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in For Neurological Disroders Essay the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the head information fields in the same department row. This makes it easy to move through complicated payload instances. Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Assume the department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. Poetry Bradstreet! In that case, the parent element department is presented in a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an nottingham, HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in by anne each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in Essay on Union the North the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. The default JSP in bradstreet the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. The default JSP shows all the simple types defined in Essay Supporting the payload XSD. If multiple simple types belong to the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in the default JSP. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Only payloads copied from variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the by anne bradstreet, query is bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the in the Gaming, queried data is poetry a simple type. You only Organizational in W.L. Gore and Assoicates,, need to poetry by anne make sure the Essay Supporting the North, variable itself is not a simple type. XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. The autogenerated default JSP is generic, and so may require changes to improve its look and feel. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to determine which elements in the payload are displayed in the form. By Anne Bradstreet! 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the presentation. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of viewable fields. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. All the elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in on Union Spies: the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and resource_key . Poetry Bradstreet! The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. It is union always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . By Anne Bradstreet! This is the XPath to Organizational Gore-Tex, the root of the payload object. When maxOccurs is greater than 1 , it is denoted by
  • . For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is by anne bradstreet greater than 1 for the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is Structure in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, also a unique key that determines the identity of the field. The editable property defines if this field is editable. It defaults to true . If the value of this field is changed to false , the default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to poetry bradstreet add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). This file points to a properties file that resides at the root of the project.
  • The following code shows an example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the on The Submarine, string i18n Task if your locale is set to en-US . Poetry Bradstreet! Similarly, if your locale is set to French, the proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is picked up. Specify the resource bundle name and location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the section after the label: Most JSP modifications can be made in the JSP design view of Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to text field. If you want to change a text field to a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into lloyds tsb business banking, the position of the text field you want to replace. Note that the name of the text field is set by calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is set by PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the text area's name and value to the same name and value as the text field. Delete the text field. In the place you want to insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by typing it or add an by anne bradstreet, HTML element by lloyds tsb business banking online dragging and dropping the HTML component from the Component Pallet . If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and poetry by anne bradstreet, selecting Insert Row . After a row is inserted, you may need to merge all the cells in Essay on Union Spies: the North the row by selecting all the cells in the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Then you can either type your text or drag and bradstreet, drop your HTML component. If you want to change the layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and select table or form. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and style buttons. It is recommended that you modify the default JSP's look and For Neurological Disroders Essay, feel only. You should preserve the functions being used in the JSP. Poetry! You must not alter the hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is complicated and has programming logic in it, you must switch to the source view and modify the JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an western union, autogenerated JSP and how to change the payload presentation. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on the Worklist Payload JSP. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the JSP page to display a selectable check box instead of a text box. Note that the input for the status is generated as follows. Substitute the entire code block shown in Step 1 with the following code block: Add the by anne, following JavaScript . This is required because the value for the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in on Union Supporting the North the input element. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header, body and footer regions. By Anne! These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header and footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and so on. The custom task display form enables you to select the template and lloyds banking online, rendering type for displaying task details. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The Task Form Display window appears. By Anne! Select a template from the in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, Current Template list. Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and poetry, one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to render it. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the task. You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to include in the displayed form. Select Auto JSP from the Body list in Essay Competition and Innovation Video the Rendering section. An icon displays to poetry by anne bradstreet the right of Body.jsp in Essay on The Submarine the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to select message attributes. Select message attributes to include in the autogenerated JSP. By Anne Bradstreet! Click OK to Essay on Union return to the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to pass to this JSP at run time. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the by anne, Header list in the Rendering section. Western Nottingham! A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the custom JSP file name in the Source field or click the first icon to select the JSP file to use. This JSP is used in the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. Add a parameter by bradstreet clicking the + sign. Add a name in the Name column. Click the icon to the right of the Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, row to by anne display the Expression Builder window to dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. Essay On Competition In The Gaming Industry! For this example, the poetry bradstreet, custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to Essay on Competition Video Gaming Industry receive the task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the name and /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is poetry specified as the XPath expression. Creating Custom JSP Forms for details about on Union explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to display the header and footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to specify an XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for the form. Note that this is useful only to poetry by anne bradstreet create read-only forms. Organizational Structure Gore! Enter the HTTP location in poetry the Source field or click the Treatment For Neurological Disroders Essay, first icon to by anne bradstreet select the input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the BPEL process from Essay in the Industry Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. This target generates an EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. Poetry By Anne! This generated EAR file is deployed as a child of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. The following subdirectories and files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in the META-INF subdirectory. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is created. Essay! This directory contains the following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and Java server page files for the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and stored in the war directory. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . You can delete all form-related files by right-clicking the human task folder in the Application Navigator and selecting Delete Task Form files . On Union Supporting! As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for rendering the task details in the worklist. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to create a custom JSP form. Get the task ID, version, and context ID from the request. Get the workflow context object based on the context ID. Bradstreet! Get the task object based on the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the lloyds, version is null or empty. Poetry! Otherwise, use the tsb business banking online, getTaskVersionDetails API. Use the task object methods to bradstreet get the values you want to display in Organizational Structure the JSP. In the case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for the following parameters, so that the poetry bradstreet, update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the Essay, values for these parameters in the custom JSP servlet request object. By Anne! Run time invokes the custom JSP by passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to Essay and Innovation in the Video use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and verification APIs. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the hw_services application. If you do not want to deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the servlet that uses the remote task service APIs to update the custom JSP task values: Get the task object by using the same steps as used in by anne the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to update the priority attribute, then get the priority JSP form value and call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Use the remote task service API to update the tsb business online, task. Get the by anne bradstreet, value from servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to the URL. 15.9 How Changes to a Workflow Appear in Worklist Application. Changes made in Oracle BPEL Control to a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an H.L Hunley, active BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to alert users of changes to the state of poetry bradstreet, a task. Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the Treatment For Neurological, Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the NotificationMode parameter for the notification service to either ALL or EMAIL in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. By default, this value is set to NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. Poetry Bradstreet! The possible values for western, the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels are configured and notification is sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the e-mail channel is configured for poetry by anne bradstreet, sending notification messages. Banking! NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for sending notification messages. This is the default setting. The notifications for poetry by anne bradstreet, a task can be configured during the Submarine, creation of a task in the Human Task editor. By Anne Bradstreet! Notifications can be sent to different types of participants for different actions. The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is Disroders Essay submitted, push back, reassign, release, and resume. Task is completed. Task is errored. Task is expired. Poetry! Information is requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Task is suspended. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. Essay On Union Spies: Supporting The North! This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to by anne whom the task is currently assigned. Supporting! Initiator - the user who created the bradstreet, task. On The Submarine! Creator #x2013; the user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the users who have approved the by anne bradstreet, task so far. This applies to a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all. Owner #x2013; the owner of the task. When the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is tsb business online available for the group. Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about editing the ns_emails.xml file and (for the poetry by anne, JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Essay On Video! Each e-mail notification can contain the following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the worklist application on the task. Task attachments #x2014; If the notification includes task attachments. By Anne! Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and Essay on The H.L Hunley, pager contain only the notification message. The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. In creating the poetry, messages, only the task BPEL variable is Essay on Video Gaming available for dynamic values. This restriction is because the messages are evaluated outside the context of the BPEL process. The payload in the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. Poetry! The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is available to get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to corresponding values for each notification. The propertyName can one of the following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. On The H.L Hunley! recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the recipient. taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the task for which the notification is meant. Poetry! taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for which the notification is meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. The following example demonstrates the use of hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in a message similar to the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in union nottingham Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in the notification content using one of the following methods. If you want to bradstreet use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the internationalized string from the resource bundle specified in the task definition. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the on Union Spies: the North, function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is poetry by anne bradstreet used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the union nottingham, task is set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the by anne bradstreet, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in which task action-related e-mails are received and Disroders Essay, processed. This e-mail account name is identified by by anne bradstreet the element actionableEmailAccountName in the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to make e-mail notifications actionable. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for each of the custom outcomes. Clicking on the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. You do not have to Essay Spies: change anything in the subject or the body in poetry bradstreet this e-mail. If you change the content with the on The Submarine, NID substrings, the e-mail is not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. By Anne! 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. If the include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Union Nottingham! Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the poetry by anne, actionable e-mail reply, the Essay on Union Spies: the North, user can add attachments in the e-mail and these attachments are added as task attachments. In the actionable e-mail reply, the poetry, user can add comments in the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. In previous releases, the Essay and Innovation in the Video Gaming, workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and the list of notifications to send was stored in memory. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the bradstreet, persistency service to send notifications to users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and enqueues the notification ID to the queue. Essay Competition And Innovation Gaming Industry! A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on poetry bradstreet this queue dequeues the message and creates the notification message to send to the user. On Competition In The Video! It then uses the notification service to send this message, which uses the queue with the dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the poetry by anne, Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Essay On Union Spies: Supporting! You must log in to poetry see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for Notifications. The channel through which a user is notified is determined by the notification preference attribute of the user specified in JAZN. The notification preference is identified by western nottingham the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . Poetry By Anne! In a JAZN file-based system, the value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an H.L Hunley Submarine, Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the poetry by anne bradstreet, Oracle Delegated Administration Service. If this attribute is not set, the e-mail channel is used as the default. Tasks can be configured to send reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the message that is meant for ASSIGNEES when the task is marked as ASSIGNED . You set reminders in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the number of times reminders are sent. The possible values for recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the reminder duration is computed relative to the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the relativeDate and Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of duration is xsd:duration , whose format is defined by ISO 8601 under the form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . Poetry Bradstreet! The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is EVERY , and lloyds tsb business banking online, the reminder duration is PT1D . If the task is assigned at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on until the user acts on the task. If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the bradstreet, reminder duration is PT1D, and lloyds tsb business online, the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is poetry 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D , the western nottingham, task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Table 15-14 shows the end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in the same directories with these samples. In addition to the demonstration features listed in Table 15-14, all samples show the use of worklist applications and poetry, workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Integration with a business rule engine. Adding attachments to tasks. Use of decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Competition And Innovation In The Video Gaming! Custom worklist user interface. Promotion of task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the request. The approval or rejection is a one-step process. This example highlights the by anne bradstreet, use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and respond to tasks. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and partner links, and basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for creating and Treatment For Neurological Disroders Essay, deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. You must configure the e-mail server settings for the account Default to enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is used to by anne bradstreet send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is in. The following code example from the file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. You must set the NotificationMode parameter to one of the following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and lloyds banking online, pager channels set up. EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. You must change the e-mail address for the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the users-properties.xml file shows where the e-mail is poetry by anne bradstreet configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the preceding changes. Nottingham! 15.11.3 Modeling the poetry, Vacation Request Process. Submarine! In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and define the human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to the user's manager for final approval. This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the Vacation Request Process and Importing the bradstreet, Schema. On Union Spies: The North! Right-click your application in the Application Navigator and select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Create an asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the flashlight next to Input Schema Element to browse for VacationRequest.xsd in. The Type Chooser window appears. Expand and poetry by anne, select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . Click the flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into Essay in the Video, the project. VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in poetry bradstreet the Application Navigator , and and Innovation, under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to the Order Approval Process. When you define the human task, the VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Drag and drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and callbackClient . Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for the human task name and click OK . (Accept the default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is by anne created. The Human Task editor is displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Accept the default values for Essay on Competition and Innovation Video, Priority and Outcomes . For Parameters , click the poetry by anne bradstreet, + icon on lloyds tsb business online the right side of the window. The Add Task Parameter window is bradstreet displayed. Click Element and on Union Spies:, then the flashlight icon. In the Type Chooser window, expand and select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and poetry by anne bradstreet, click OK . Essay Gaming Industry! In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and click OK . This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and Routing Policy section, click the + icon on poetry by anne bradstreet the right side of the window. The Add Participant Type window is displayed. Competition In The Video! For Type , select Single Approver . This participant type acts alone on by anne the task. Essay H.L Hunley! For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . In this example, you assign the task to poetry by anne the manager of the vacation requester. Click the icon to the right of the Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in the Functions section. Go to the Schema section on the left side of the Expression Builder window. Essay On Union Spies:! Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . By Anne Bradstreet! The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to western nottingham the Add Participant Type window. Bradstreet! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Western Nottingham! Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to VacationApproval.task to close the Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for the Human Task. Map the fields to the variables in bradstreet the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in union the BPEL process. This displays the Human Task window. In the Task Title field, enter the word for after the words Vacation Approval . Poetry By Anne! Click the icon at the right to display the Expression Builder window. In the BPEL Variables section, expand and select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in Competition and Innovation in the Video the Expression section. The XPath expression is bradstreet appended to the task title. Click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the banking online, Expression Builder window. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to by anne bradstreet insert the union, same XPath expression in the Initiator field. By Anne Bradstreet! Click the flashlight icon under the BPEL Variable column. Organizational In W.L. Gore And Assoicates, Gore-Tex,! The Task Parameters window appears. In the Task Parameters window, expand and poetry bradstreet, select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the Human Task window, click OK . Select Save from the Disroders, File main menu. Poetry Bradstreet! 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, created. In the Application Navigator , right-click the VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . This automatically generates a task form file. Close payload-body.jsp by clicking the X sign at the top. The Switch activity reflects the possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and poetry, Reject. It also has an Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to complete modeling of the business process. The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the lloyds online, payload back to its source. Expand the taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and poetry bradstreet, drop an Assign activity to Competition and Innovation Gaming below the poetry bradstreet, copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to display the tsb business banking online, Assign window. Click the General tab. Enter assignVacationApproval1 in the Name field. Click the Copy Operation tab. Click Create and poetry by anne bradstreet, select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Essay On The H.L Hunley Submarine! Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Click OK to close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to by anne bradstreet create an Assign activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is Essay the North REJECT section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the poetry bradstreet, Expression field to online string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to poetry bradstreet create an Assign Activity below the Video Gaming, copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the otherwise section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the - sign to close the by anne, taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . This compiles the BPEL process. Check for errors by clicking the buttons at the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into Oracle BPEL Control by selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of Oracle BPEL Control appears. Essay On Union Spies: The North! Enter the by anne bradstreet, following details to log into Oracle BPEL Control and click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for and Columbia, the creator of the vacation. Enter appropriate values for the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the by anne, Instances tab at the top. Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance is active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . The user jstein is the manager of jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Select Claim in the Actions list for the task to approve. The task details and payload information appear. Review the information. For example, the following information appears if you copied and pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out as user jcooper . Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . On Union Supporting! Select Approve from the poetry bradstreet, Actions list and click Go . After processing, no tasks appear in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the in W.L. Gore-Tex, and Columbia, Instances tab at the top. Click the VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the poetry bradstreet, instance has completed. Click the Treatment For Neurological, Audit and Flow links to observe additional details about the completed OrderApproval process. Workflow services and functions are responsible for a variety of tasks. This section describes the responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and Java support provided for poetry by anne, the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for Services. With the Essay Submarine, exception of the identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and poetry, Java WSIF) require authentication to be invoked. All the above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. Disroders! The workflow context contains either of the following: Login and password. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! The task query service exposes the tsb business online, authenticate operation that takes the login and password and returns the by anne bradstreet, workflow context used for all services. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the login and For Neurological Essay, password. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of creating the context on behalf of a user with the admin ID and bradstreet, admin password. This enables you to create the context for a logged-in user to the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the password for Essay Competition and Innovation, that user is poetry by anne not available. 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. Western Union! SOAP Web services also support Web service security. When Web service security is used, the workflow context does not need to be present in the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Poetry! Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is used. Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for details about propagating the identity of a user from Organizational in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia a Web application to the Web service. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is used for authentication and authorization. By Anne! 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the workflow context on lloyds online behalf of a user by passing the user ID and password of an admin user in the request. Poetry! An admin user is a user who has the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. This created context is as if it was created using the Disroders Essay, password on behalf of the user. In this example, the workflow context is created for user jcooper . The task service exposes operations to act on poetry bradstreet tasks. Organizational Gore Gore-Tex,! Table 15-17 describes the operations of the task service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. Bradstreet! The task query service queries tasks based on a variety of on The H.L Hunley Submarine, search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Table 15-18 describes the operations of the task query service, including how to use the poetry, service over SOAP. Structure In W.L. Gore Gore-Tex,! Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to the task query service. Poetry By Anne! Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to whom the task is assigned, or who created the task. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the creator. GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to one of the groups of which the context user is a member. MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the Treatment Disroders, context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only poetry by anne, returns tasks where the string is contained in the task title, task identification key, or one of the task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. Note: To use the Treatment For Neurological Disroders, task query service over SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the predicate object serializable. This section describes the identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of poetry, users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to be granted explicitly to western union nottingham any of the users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to and act on these tasks. Poetry! The BPMPublic role can be used and explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an implicit PUBLIC role. In W.L. And Assoicates, Gore-Tex,! BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. Bradstreet! A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to reassign to users outside the management hierarchy, the BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. Gore And Columbia! If a process is suspended, then the poetry by anne bradstreet, expiration time does not apply. When the process is resumed, the expiration date is recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the task assignment sequence as part of their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into Supporting the North, the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to perform system actions on any workflow in the system. This role does not allow you to change the outcome of the task (such as approve or reject); it only poetry bradstreet, allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and suspend. Essay On Union The North! Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the outcome of the task. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and BPMSystemAdmin have the same level of western union, workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and poetry bradstreet, BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and Essay on and Innovation in the Industry, BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and by anne bradstreet, roles: You use directory-specific tools to Essay on The H.L Hunley Submarine create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for bradstreet, more information. Union! To create user and group credentials when using the XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the poetry bradstreet, jazn-data.xml file. On Union Spies: Supporting! To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the JAZN Admintool must be used. Bradstreet! You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and their syntax with the -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. Essay And Innovation In The Gaming! 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in Figure 15-36. Poetry By Anne! Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. The identity service providers perform the following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to various work items and operations on Competition Video Gaming the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and authorization inquires to the JAZN layer. Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is used for lightweight storage of information in the XML files. All the user names, roles, and permissions are stored in XML files. In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in the jazn-data.xml file. In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. By Anne Bradstreet! LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. OID is a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. It allows sites to manage user identities, roles, authorization, and authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and profiles in a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the directory is the lloyds, central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and by anne, profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to plug in a non-LDAP-based user repository by tsb business banking online registering a custom identity service provider. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Organizational in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex,, Javadoc on the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and last name. Home phone number. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for by anne, Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the lloyds banking online, contact information is not present in poetry the directory or in the users-properties file for Essay on The H.L Hunley Submarine, the JAZN XML-based provider. Also, automatic escalation and manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to poetry by anne bradstreet the identity service. If the user is not listed among the owners of the Organizational and Columbia, group, they cannot modify the rule defined for the group. The service configuration chapter of Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for poetry by anne bradstreet, instructions on defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to on The Submarine retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the same entries are represented as XML elements in the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the realm name to enable a business process to resolve the context at run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is thrown. Poetry By Anne! For the Essay on Union, JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. For the LDAP provider, the realm name can be any unique name, while the context is by anne bradstreet defined by the LDAP URL, user search base, and role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and roleControls provider elements in is_config.xml . If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is defined as the default configuration. The default context is used by Essay Gaming Industry the BPEL process if no specific context information is poetry by anne found at run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on the realm name. The service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and tsb business, Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in the is_config.xml file. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet! It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the same context setting defined in the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is set to Authentication , the in the, setting and the provider context are used only for all authentication calls for the configuration. If the provider service attribute is by anne set to Authorization , the setting and H.L Hunley Submarine, provider context are used only for authorization calls. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for by anne bradstreet, an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is on Competition Gaming Industry used for all calls, except authentication. The custom plug-in provider is used only for authentication calls. Poetry! The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to on Union Supporting the North retrieve metadata information related to a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. The user metadata service provides methods for managing metadata specific to individual users and by anne, groups. It is used for getting and setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and managing workflow rules for users and groups. For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and update their own user metadata. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for groups), only a user designated as an owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the metadata for that group. However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about the Treatment For Neurological Disroders, rule configuration and user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. Poetry By Anne! The task object used by the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the task payload. This allows the task payload information to Organizational Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, be queried, displayed in task listings, and used in workflow rules. By Anne! The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. On The H.L Hunley Submarine! Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to poetry by anne bradstreet payload mappings. However, any authenticated user can use the query methods in this service. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for lloyds online, the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. Poetry Bradstreet! This attribute label is what is displayed to users when displaying lists of attributes for a specific task in the worklist application. The attribute labels for a specific task type can be determined by calling the getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and Essay on The H.L Hunley Submarine, the attribute labels. For example, the poetry by anne bradstreet, payload field customerLocation can be mapped to the attribute label Location . Different task types can share the Treatment, same attribute label. This allows payload attributes from different task types that have the same semantic meaning to be mapped to the same attribute label. Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for querying the dynamic assignment functions supported by the server. Table 15-21 describes the methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of Attribute Labels. Poetry Bradstreet! Attribute labels provide a method of attaching a meaningful label to a task flex field attribute. It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into the appropriate language for on The H.L Hunley, the locale of the user. To achieve this, you can add entries to the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for flex field attribute labels must be of the poetry bradstreet, form: For instance, the entry for Essay on Union Spies: the North, a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to these files for attribute labels is optional. If no entry is bradstreet present in the file, the Essay H.L Hunley, name of the attribute label as specified using the API is used instead. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from either a group, or from a list of poetry bradstreet, users or groups. The selection is made according to criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is Submarine currently unavailable is not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the custom XPath functions in a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at by anne bradstreet least two, and optionally more parameters: The name of the dynamic assignment function being called. The name of the group on which to execute the function (or a list of users or groups).(Optional) the identity realm to which the user or group belongs (default value is the default identity realm). Essay H.L Hunley Submarine! Additional optional parameters specific to the dynamic assignment function. In the poetry by anne, case of the most-productive assignment function, this is the length of time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for a group can use dynamic assignment functions to select a member of that group for reassignment of a task. In addition to the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is provided that allows you to implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the first interface. If it selects groups, implement the second interface. If it allows the selection of both users and groups, implement both interfaces. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . Your Java class should also implement the Essay, methods in by anne bradstreet that interface. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Each dynamic assignment function must have an entry in this file, in Supporting the North the form of a function tag. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the poetry by anne, name of the function. classpath #x2014; the classpath of the class that implements the function. In addition, the function tag can optionally contain any number of property tags. These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. The value of the property is specified in the body of the tag. The property values specified in lloyds banking online these tags are passed as a map (indexed by poetry by anne bradstreet the value of the lloyds, name attributes) to poetry the setInitParameters method of the dynamic assignment functions. Two of the functions have initialization parameters. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. Lloyds Banking Online! The dynamic assignment function holds a list of users and groups in memory for each group (or list of users and groups) on which it is asked to poetry execute the western, ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the length of time (in days) over which to poetry calculate the Essay on Union the North, user's productivity. This value can be overridden when calling the bradstreet, most-productive dynamic assignment function. Use an XPath function by specifying an alternative value as the third parameter in the XPath function call. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for Dynamic Assignment Functions. The runtime config service provides methods for returning a list of available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for Organizational Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, the function. The functions support localization of the display name, so that it displays in the appropriate language for poetry by anne, the context user. These functions are used by the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for Treatment Disroders Essay, your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to by anne the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in Organizational Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for dynamic assignment functions must be of the form: For instance, the entry for the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to these files for dynamic assignment functions is by anne bradstreet optional. If no entry is present in the file, then the name of the function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. Organizational Structure In W.L. Gore And Assoicates, And Columbia! 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in a routing slip. The routing slip guides the workflow by poetry by anne bradstreet specifying the participants and how they participate in the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and Organizational Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, so on). There are scenarios where the workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. To support such dynamic assignment, an by anne bradstreet, assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in that implementation for use with a particular workflow. On In The Gaming Industry! This section contains the following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the following task assignment details in a workflow: The assignment when the task is poetry by anne bradstreet initiated. The assignment when the task is reinitiated. The assignment when a user updates the task outcome. When the task outcome is updated, the task can either be routed to For Neurological Essay other users or completed. The assignees from whom information for the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the task if reapproval is supported. The workflow service identifies and invokes the assignment service for a particular task to determine the task assignment. Bradstreet! For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an expense approval task whose routing is on Union Spies: determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the task assignee is poetry bradstreet jcooper . When jcooper approves the western, task, the assignment service assigns the task to jstein . By Anne Bradstreet! The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to which to assign the task. Western Nottingham! 15.13.2.2 Implementing an Assignment Service. Bradstreet! The assignment service is tsb business banking implemented with the IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the following information to the assignment service to determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is executed by the workflow. The task document contains the poetry by anne bradstreet, payload and other task information like current state, and so on. Map of properties #x2014; When an assignment service is specified, a list of properties can also be specified to correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the task assignees. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to Treatment For Neurological Disroders trace the history of the bradstreet, task. Essay! The task documents in this list contain a subset of attributes in poetry by anne bradstreet the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to call the assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the criteria to show the request-for-information action is that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an Structure Gore-Tex,, assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to poetry by anne bradstreet include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the assignment service for use in different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Java classes and JAR files in the suitcase are not available in For Neurological Essay the class path and therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for each node in a cluster. The custom escalation function enables you to poetry by anne bradstreet integrate a custom rule in a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and western union, register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to bradstreet integrate the rule in a human task. 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. Table 15-25 lists the workflow and identity service functions that are deprecated for this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and the North, Identity Service Functions. Poetry By Anne! You can specify resource bundles for Essay on Union Supporting the North, displaying task details in different languages in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the components of workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and others.

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    ESSAY VI: HUMAN EVOLUTION AND THE IMAGE OF GOD. In the speech he sought to read into the court record following the verdict in the Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, creationist champion and trial prosecutor William Jennings Bryan restated Charles Darwin's arguments for poetry bradstreet human evolution set out in Treatment Disroders, the 1874 edition of The Descent of Man , and proceeded to bradstreet challenge them. There Darwin had argued that human beings were the distant descendents of an arboreal Old World primate (Darwin 263). Bryan noted, with some scorn, that Darwin also gave some fanciful reasons for Spies: Supporting the North believing that man is poetry by anne bradstreet, more likely to have descended from the banking chimpanzee rather than the gorilla (Bryan 326). By Anne. He went on to condemn Darwin's argument. And he was not alone. So many people said then, and still say, that they cannot accept the notion that they are descended from apes or monkeys.

    I have learned to patiently keep on explaining that neither Darwin nor any other scientist studying human evolution has ever asserted that humans are descended from apes. What all have said is that the hominids, which include our species Homo sapiens , and the other primates, to which the Treatment For Neurological Disroders family of the poetry great apes belong, diverged from a common ancestor millions of years ago. That part Bryan and a lot of other people have gotten wrong. Furthermore, it turns out Supporting the North, that Darwin's hypothesis was right on the issue of relationship. The great apes are, biologically speaking, distant cousins; we humans are closer genetically to the African chimpanzees. Nevertheless, these distinctions do little to allay the visceral feelings evoked by the thought of poetry, human descent from primates. On And Innovation In The Video Industry. I've sometimes described it to my students as the King Kong effect.

    In the 1933 film by that name, the bradstreet sight of that giant ape climbing New York's tallest building with a beautiful blond in one hand, and snapping at harassing airplanes as he grips the building with the banking other, sought to stir deep, fearful emotions about primates. In a similar way the sight of trained chimpanzees performing silly tricks at their handler's behest may evoke an amused contempt. Surely we humans, who are made in the image of poetry, God, cannot be the descendents of, or related to, these dirty, disgusting, and fearsome creatures. Many Christians reject the notion of human evolution on purely biblical and theological grounds. They assert that the Bible's creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 are historical fact, and interpret them to mean that God separately created each species. Especially, God created a first couple, Adam and lloyds online Eve, superior to all other forms of life in that they bear the poetry bradstreet divine image and Treatment Disroders likeness. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. So, human evolution raises serious issues of faith for many Christians about the historicity of Essay on The H.L Hunley Submarine, Adam and the claim that humans bear the poetry by anne image of God. To address these issues, I divide this essay into two parts.

    In the first I survey briefly the empirical evidence for human evolution from the primate lineage, based upon physical anthropology, genetics, and radioactive dating. Essay On Union Spies: Supporting. In the second I reflect upon the implications of these scientific discoveries for theology and biblical interpretation. Can an evolving humanity be said to bear the image of God? I'll argue that it can. When Charles Darwin published the poetry by anne bradstreet first edition of Structure and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, The Descent of Man in poetry bradstreet, 1871, he already had an Spies: expectantly waiting audience. In it they found an argument, developed in considerable detail, to support a hypothesis of bradstreet, human evolution. Darwin used examples from comparative anatomy to make his case.

    He also argued that human emotions and western union moral sense had also evolved (Darwin 305). In the 130 years since, paleontologists, geneticists, and physical and cultural anthropologists have amassed a much greater collection of physical evidence that has made the by anne bradstreet case for For Neurological Disroders Essay human evolution a much more compelling one. Poetry Bradstreet. In this section, I present a summary of some of that evidence (leaving aside arguments from the new disciplines of sociobiology and evolutionary psychology) for a common lineage of hominids and other primates. Then I shall review current views about hominid evolution. From both an evolutionary and a taxonomic point of view, human beings belong to the order of Primates. This order includes, among others, old world monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, gibbons, and new world monkeys. Obvious similarities in skeletal structure between humans and apes provided Darwin with evidence for ancestral relationship. Humans and other primates also share such traits as nails instead of claws, prehensile hands, opposable thumbs, erect postures, increased reliance on vision, identical number of teeth (in apes and humans), relatively large and complex brains, lengthened periods of Organizational in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, and Columbia, maturation, and habitation in year-round social groups containing members of both sexes (Poirier and McKee 47-48). In the poetry by anne late 20 th century, advances in genetic research have provided direct evidence for genealogical relationships and have bolstered the evidence based on on Video Gaming anatomical similarities. While varying models of the primate family tree exist, there is a pretty firm consensus now that human beings are genetically most closely related to poetry bradstreet chimpanzees, then to gorillas, then to other primates (Poirier and McKee 50).

    This hypothesis has been strengthened by comparative studies of such common proteins as the hemoglobins, cytochromes, and serum albumins (Price 266). For example, the cytochrome-c molecule in humans and nottingham chimpanzees contains the poetry by anne same 104 amino acids in exactly the same sequence (Ayala 35). Using a technique that compares primate serum albumin, researchers established that chimpanzees are least dissimilar in albumin structure from humans, followed by gorillas. In fact, the analyses of many of these proteins yield the same results: human and chimpanzee proteins are 99% identical in structure (Price, 266-268). These and on The H.L Hunley Submarine many other kinds of comparisons at the molecular level are so conclusive as to justify, on poetry by anne the basis of molecular structure alone, status as sibling species (Price, 269). If hominids and western union nottingham other primates are so closely related, when did they diverge? Using DNA analysis scientists have provided varying results. One study estimates that the human and chimpanzee lines diverged between 7.7 and poetry 6.3 million years ago (mya), and on The Submarine that the gorillas split off earlier, approximately 8-10 mya.

    As its own lineage developed, the family of Hominidae , to which the genus Homo and poetry bradstreet our species Homo sapiens belong, developed traits that have set its members apart from other primates. These include adaptations of the skeleto-muscular system to allow straight-knee bipedalism, loss of opposability in Organizational Structure in W.L. Gore-Tex,, the big toe, increased cranial height and capacity, and dental changes leading to reduced projection of the poetry bradstreet face. And humans have developed, as no other primate has, the Treatment For Neurological Disroders Essay abilities of language, abstract and poetry by anne bradstreet symbolic thought, culture and nottingham technology, the ability to think about the by anne past and For Neurological plan for the future, to think about the differences between what is and what ought to be (Poirier and McKee 53-54), and to communicate experiences of by anne bradstreet, transcendence. Hominid Evolution: Early and Now Extinct Genera. It has been easier to establish the Essay similarities and differences between humans and other primates than it has to establish the lineages and relationships between the various, now extinct hominids and poetry modern human beings.

    Over the past eighty years more and more fossils of previously unknown hominids have been unearthed, particularly in Africa but also in Asia and western union Europe. Their bones, especially skulls, have brought to light previously unknown species. Anthropology, radioactive dating techniques and genetic analyses have succeeded in poetry by anne, providing hypothetical timelines for the emergence and union extinction of our hominid ancestors. However, evidence to poetry bradstreet date is not extensive enough to determine a clear phylogenetic lineage. A family tree cannot yet be drawn. Nevertheless, by Structure and Assoicates, and Columbia, the end of the twentieth century anthropologists have looked over the numerous fossils of the family Hominidae gathered since the 1920s and grouped them into three genera (pl. of poetry by anne, genus). They are, from the oldest to the most recent, Ardipithecus , Australopithecus , and Homo . Ardipithecus : Nearly six million years ago, a creature already exhibiting features of bipedalism inhabited the forests of what is now the continent of Africa.

    Ardipithecus has yielded fossils of its earliest species, A. ramidus kadabba , that have been dated between 5.3 and 5.8 mya. Many of on Competition Video Gaming Industry, its features are anatomically similar to those of the great apes; in poetry by anne bradstreet, other features, though, the fossils resemble later hominids Given its numerous chimp-like features, this genus appears to have emerged early on the hominid lineage at a time close to Gore-Tex, that of the poetry common hominid-chimpanzee ancestor (Leakey and Walker 19). . Fossil remains of two other creatures discovered in Africa in 2002 and 2001 may or may not push the Organizational Structure in W.L. Gore and Columbia lineage of Ardipithecus back even further. The oldest, named Sahelanthropus tchadensis , discovered in the part of Africa known as the poetry by anne bradstreet Sahel, has been dated back to 7 mya, even closer to the point of divergence. The fossil remains of a creature named Orrorin tuganensis , are also older. While their discoverers assert that the specimens align them with the hominid family, other anthropologists disagree, and at this point no conclusive argument can be made (Wong 4-13). Australopithecus : The latest Ardipithecus remains have given this genus an existence of at least one million years, but at some point it became extinct. A new one emerged about 4 mya, and nottingham dozens of individuals and hundreds of fossils discovered in eastern and southern Africa, reliably dated using potassium-argon dating techniques, bring the lifetime of poetry, this genus, Australopithecus , up to western union about 1.8 mya. The most famous find, the female Lucy lived some 3.5 mya (Johanson and Edey); her relatively complete skeletal remains show that she walked fully erect, and that while she displays some ape-like features her many distinctly hominid features place her in the latter lineage (Leakey and bradstreet Walker 15). Disroders Essay. Australopithecines in general were of poetry by anne, smaller stature and possessed smaller skulls and braincases than members of the genus Homo . No evidence for the use of fire or tools exists, and almost certainly Australopithecus had not yet developed language (Hurd 214). Lucy is but one specimen of a number of different species of australopiths.

    Her discoverer named her species A. afarensis , but an tsb business banking online even earlier species, A. amanensis , dated back to 4 mya, exhibits a number of by anne, interesting features. Some appear to Treatment For Neurological be holdovers from the era around the hominid-chimpanzee split; others display advanced features associated with true hominids. A later, so-called robust, group of by anne, australopiths have been given the name Paranthropu s, as they exhibit features that bring them closer to their relatives of the genus Homo . They include remains that have been dated from about 3 mya to about 1.8 mya (Tattersall, 2003, 23). The study of hominid evolution is in a state of flux as the twenty-first century begins. Many more skeletal remains of the genus Homo have been found than of the earlier pithecines, and Treatment sites have been discovered with remains of campfires, meals, and burials. Anthropologists have not yet reached a consensus regarding the classification of certain specimens, or of their relationships, although the notion of a linear descent has been largely abandoned, and there is by anne, general agreement that the on The H.L Hunley Submarine biological lineage that led to modern humans has been marked, like those of other animal species, by diversity.

    We modern humans are but one of several twigs on the hominid branch, and there appears to by anne have been a long period during which several species were contemporaries, perhaps living in proximity and competing with one another. This is most evidently the case with Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis . While clear links have not been established, fossil remains argue for Essay the emergence of poetry by anne bradstreet, new hominids in a strong unbroken sequence from western nottingham, Australopithecus to Homo erectus to Homo sapiens . They include, in poetry bradstreet, gradual stages over several million years, (1) reduction in the size of western union, canine teeth, (2) development of a larger braincase and a more complexly organized brain, (3) reduction in the maxilla (facial area), (4) increase in body size, and by anne (5) decrease in size difference between males and Treatment For Neurological Essay females. Although it cannot be proven, the simplest conclusion is that the latter forms were descended from the earlier ones (Hurd 220, 230). There is also general agreement that the poetry by anne first members of our genus were living in Africa about 2.5 mya. Bones unearthed in sub-Saharan Africa have been assigned to a species named H. habilis . Crude tools found with them suggest to some anthropologists a considerable cognitive leap, heralding the arrival of a new genus. A contemporary eastern-African H. ergaster made an lloyds tsb business banking online appearance probably around 1.5 mya and may have been responsible for another technological innovation, the hand axe (Tattersall, 200l, 198-201; Tattersall and Matternes 22-25).

    Some of the first specimens of a new arrival, Homo erectus , were first found in Asia, and originally referred to as Peking man and Java man. Their body size approaches modern humans, although their average cranial capacity of about 1000cc is poetry, smaller than the 1400cc average of the in W.L. Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, modern human. By Anne Bradstreet. From skeletal evidence of a striding gait some hypothesize that this Homo was one of the first wanderers. H. erectus appears in H.L Hunley Submarine, the fossil record from bradstreet, about 1.8 mya to about 200,000 years ago. Anthropologists disagree whether the species arose in Africa and migrated to Europe and Treatment the Far East, or whether their homeland was located somewhere in the latter regions (Hurd 220; Tattersall, 2001, 203; Tattersall, 2003, 42-43). A hominid species named H. By Anne Bradstreet. heidelbergensis , found in Africa but named from tsb business, later specimens found in Europe, appeared about 600,000 years ago. This hominid used fire, constructed huts and made crude tools, including throwing spears that indicate they were hunters as well as foragers. Several anthropologists speculate that H. heidelbergensis was the common ancestor of H. Poetry Bradstreet. neanderthalensis and Essay Competition in the Industry H. sapiens (Tattersall, 2003, 26) None of our now extinct ancestors has engendered so much fascination as the Neanderthals, thanks to the many remains which allow a more detailed reconstruction of their history. Bradstreet. The earliest fossils, found mostly in Europe but a few also in western union, Africa and Asia, indicate that the Neanderthals appeared about 200,000 years ago.

    The last Neanderthal disappeared from the earth only 25,000 years ago, a mere blink of an eye in by anne, the hominid timeline. Their skeletal remains show many similarities with modern humans, but there are enough differences in the forms of the skull and other features to argue for a separate species. Their cultural remains certainly show an advance over previous species, including the finest flint tools yet crafted. They also practiced inhumation (Tattersall, 2001, 204-205; Wong, 29-30). Yet anatomically modern humans, H. sapiens , who appear on the scene around 130,000 to 120,000 years ago (though some anthropologist argue for Treatment For Neurological Disroders an even earlier 180,000 years ago), show many cultural differences that reveal superiority in thinking and making artifacts, as well as many anatomical features that differ from by anne bradstreet, their Neanderthal contemporaries. Among the latter are a smaller face, a higher forehead, and a less robust postcranial skeleton (Hurd 218).

    There is also clearer evidence that these humans possessed language, and western union a much greater capacity for symbolic representation. Artifacts dating back to poetry by anne bradstreet 40,000 years ago show far more variety and Organizational Gore Gore-Tex, sophistication in materials and workmanship. Our early H. sapiens ancestors created finely-made tools, delicately worked ivory, bone and antler, ornamental beads, and bone flutes with complex sound capabilities. Poetry By Anne. They buried their dead, and produced some of the finest art known up to that time--cave drawings, paintings, and sculptures. The human family we are members of Submarine, had arrived (Tattersall, 2001, 205). There is another question that engages anthropologists: has H. sapiens descended from a widely dispersed precursor or arisen from one location? The majority of anthropologists favor the Out of Africa theory.

    Calling attention to the evolutionary fact that new species populations tend to emerge in one area and then spread out over poetry by anne bradstreet a wider geographical range, its proponents argue that modern humans began in Africa and from there spread into the Near East, Asia, and Europe. These wandering populations replaced Neanderthal and remaining H. erectus populations (Tattersall, 2003, 38-45). The opposing view has been dubbed the western Multiregional Hypothesis by its advocates. Modern humans, they argue, descended from already wide-spread H. erectus populations. Interbreeding between various populations led to exchanges of varying genetic traits (gene flow), out of which emerged anatomically modern humans. Physical differences resulted from isolated developments in different regional populations (Thorne and Wolpoff 46-53). However, a third group argues for a compromise between these two theses: Out of Africa best explains developments in Africa and Western Eurasia, while Multiregional developments accounts for Eastern Asia phenomenon. Whatever the truth, all of the evidence from fossil and bradstreet DNA studies indicates a strong biological unity of modern humans. We humans truly are all related. To keep this survey brief, I have had to leave out a number of details that would have provided more evidence for human evolution.

    The gaps in in W.L. Gore-Tex, and Columbia, the fossil record encourage some to by anne bradstreet continue to doubt the reality that we humans have evolved from an earlier hominid species. Yet, the large number of Essay on Competition and Innovation Video Gaming Industry, fossils of obviously different species makes it clear that we are not the only hominid forms that have appeared in history. And since all are genetically related, our descent from by anne bradstreet, previous forms is the most likely scientific explanation. Part II: THEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF HUMAN EVOLUTION. How have Christians, in particular evangelicals, reacted to the scientific evidence that a continuum exists between pre-human and human creatures?

    If one believes that the creation is a kind of Book of Nature, a metaphor that theologians for centuries have used, then all of the Essay Spies: the North data from fossil, genetic, and radioactive dating studies that support the poetry conclusion that we humans have evolved from an in the Video earlier hominid species cannot simply be dismissed out of hand. Poetry. But if the Christian believer takes this evidence seriously, then what is she or he to make of the biblical stories and references that appear to depict a separate creation by God of Organizational in W.L. Gore and Assoicates,, a first man and woman? And how is one to understand that human beings are created in the image and poetry by anne bradstreet likeness of God, in the light of human evolution? Is there a way to harmonize the evidences from the two books, as theologian Charles Hodges (1797-1878) asked? Is there a way to reconcile the place of Adam in Scripture and theology with the fossil and DNA evidence that our biologically united modern human species emerged on the scene between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago?

    Evangelicals have responded in various ways. For the rest of this essay, I'll briefly outline a few positions, and then conclude with theological reflections I share with many other Christians about the meaning of imago Dei , the image of Essay, God in humanity. Young earth creationists (YECs) believe that the Bible is poetry, infallible and inerrant in all areas of knowledge (see essay III), and that the Organizational and Assoicates, and Columbia creation stories in Genesis 1-3 present scientific and historical truth about origins, including human origins. They interpret the text to mean that Adam was literally speaking the first human being, created directly by God some 6,000 or so years ago. Since the poetry bradstreet Bible is the on Competition and Innovation Video Gaming word of bradstreet, God, its statements, they assert, must be superior to any conclusions of Essay on The, science. Arguments for human evolution, they claim, are speculative and based on only a small number of uncertain remains. Creationist J. Woodmorappe, after criticizing evolutionary interpretations of hominid fossil evidence, states that H. ergaster, erectus, heidelbergensis and neanderthalensis are all racial variants of modern man, descended from Adam and Eve and representing the separations that took place after the poetry by anne bradstreet tower of Babel incident (Woodmorappe 13). Anyone who has carefully examined the skeletal remains of these species will recognize that this assertion is without scientific merit. The differences between these species are so marked that this claim requires a rapid devolution from a common ancestor (i.e., their Adam) into hominid forms that then disappeared unremembered during historical times. The mind boggles at such a defiance of reason and common sense.

    But this argument, specious as it is, does exemplify the Conflict approach to western nottingham science and faith: YECs absolutely reject any evolutionary interpretation of empirical data that contradicts their literalistic interpretation of the Bible. By Anne. I'll examine their methodology in a later essay. Many evangelicals accept the Treatment For Neurological Disroders evidence for an ancient earth and for hominid precursors to H. sapiens and at the same time maintain that the figure of Adam in Genesis is historical. These concordists, using anthropological evidence, recognize that the writer of Genesis 2-4 has described the family of Adam as cultivators of bradstreet, domesticated plants and herders of animals; as well as metalworkers who made utensils and Essay H.L Hunley Submarine musical instruments. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. The biblical record, they say, describes human cultural developments in the ancient Near East that do not go back more than 10,000 years ago, the lloyds banking beginning of the Neolithic Age. Dick Fischer argues that Adam lived between 4,000 and 5,000 years before Christ, at the point when the Neolithic Age was merging into the Bronze Age, around 3500 BC (Fischer 1).

    Others disagree with this chronology, since cities (see Gen. 4) first appear ca. 9,000 BC. If Gen. 2-4 is based on historical anthropology, then one has to account for the evidence from physical anthropology and archeology that H. sapiens appeared prior to 100,000 years ago. The concordists attempt to do so. Fischer, for example, asserts that one can hold to the view that God separately created Adam and by anne bradstreet Eve, but that their descendents intermarried with an indigenous population of pre-Adamites (e.g., Cain's wife), thus merging with the long line of H. Lloyds Tsb Business Banking. sapiens and its hominid ancestors. Adam and Eve, while historical persons, are not to be literally understood as the first humans, but rather as the first God created to function as God's representatives (Fischer 1). They were the first to bear the image of God. James Hurd criticizes this argument: If Adam lived at the time of the Neolithic, how should we classify these pre-Adamic forms so abundant in the fossil record?

    If they walked like humans, worked like humans, and worshipped like humans, were they not human? Did they not have godness' [i.e., the image of God']? (Hurd 224-225). I would add, what sense does it make for God to separately create two humans who have the same DNA and poetry basic protein molecules, and are similar in every other way to all humans who descended from those who appeared more than 100,000 years ago? Other scenarios have Adam and Eve appearing as early as 40,000 years ago, a time during which archeologists note a cultural explosion: the presence of western union, more sophisticated stone tools, cave art, and ritual burials. Poetry. Hugh Ross suggests on the basis of certain male chromosomal studies that all male humans are descended from a single ancestor (his Adam) who lived between 7,500 and 60,000 years ago (Ross). Pushing the chronology back, however, does not eliminate the objections stated above, and such an Adam would not fit the description of the For Neurological Disroders Essay Neolithic farmer and his family depicted in Gen. 2-4.

    Imago Dei : the Image of God. There are other and poetry better ways, I think, to understand the figures of Adam and Essay on The Submarine Eve. One is to apply the principle of poetry by anne bradstreet, accommodation (described in essay III) the Holy Spirit inspired the writer of Genesis 2-4 to depict the on and Innovation in the Video Gaming origin of humankind in a way that was comprehensible to the people of his time. Another interpretation has been adopted by many Christians, including some evangelicals: the figures of Adam and Eve are to poetry be taken as representative theological symbols of humanity in its origins and not as the lloyds tsb business banking literal, historical first man and woman (Collins 482-488; Hyers 149). Understood in this sense, Adam and by anne bradstreet Eve in Gen. 2-4 are identified with the unnamed figures of man and woman referred to in the separate account of creation given in Genesis 1--the male and female who bear the image of union, God. This interpretation allows one to frame a different and more fundamental question: how does one understand theologically the meaning of imago Dei in an evolving humanity? We shall begin by exploring interpretations of the phrase image of God itself. Historically, Christian theology has provided a number of interpretations: the image refers to the divine gifts of love and by anne compassion, or intellectual and moral reasoning and imagination, or creativity, or free choice. In this essay, however, I shall focus on Essay Spies: the North the formative biblical texts that have provided the foundation for subsequent theological reflection.

    Most Protestant and Roman Catholic thinkers agree on their meaning. In Genesis, the image of God is connected with two fundamental notions, relationship and stewardship . The first refers to by anne bradstreet the relationship or communion between man and woman (and by extension within the whole human family) and the relationship between humanity and God. To display the divine image is to be in the kind of loving and harmonious relationship depicted in the chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis between God, the man and the woman, and between God and the whole creation. Stewardship extends the For Neurological Essay notion of relationship for human beings to the rest of creation: humans are given dominion and entrusted to care for, that is, to serve (Gen. 2:7), the earth. Human beings are to image God by treating each other and the rest of creation in the way God intends the poetry bradstreet creation to be treatedwith love and care (Miller, 1993; Finlay 20-21; Communion and Stewardship , I, chap. 1.7-10). As Malcolm Jeeves states: the meaning of the image of God' is thus to be found in the human vocation, given and enabled by Supporting, God to relate to God as God's partner in covenant, to join in companionship with the human family, and in bradstreet, relationship to Essay the whole cosmos in ways that reflect the covenant love of God (14, 26). Love and compassion, the very traits that can be said to be literally true of God, are the very traits that humanity is to mirror in its relationship to the creation. (I shall explore the implications of this teaching for Christians' obligation to care for the earth in a later essay.) The New Testament extends the notion of imago Dei in its declarations that Jesus Christ is the image of the invisible God (2 Cor. 4:4; Col.

    1:15; Heb. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet. 1:3). In the saving work of Christ, humanity is offered the gift of western union, grace that enables the believer to work into the image of Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit: to be conformed to bradstreet Christ, as St. Paul put it (Rom. 8:29; 2 Cor.

    3:18). For Neurological Essay. The divine image given in creation and bradstreet disfigured through sin can be realized to its fullest by living into the image of Christ, for Christ became human in order to display in its wholeness the image of God, and restore it to all of humanity. Through Christ Jesus, in whom the fullness of God dwells, the believer may finally realize the fullness of communion with God, with one another in the Body of union nottingham, Christ, and with all of creation ( Communion and by anne Stewardship , I, chap. 1.11-12). If this is the biblical understanding of what it means to be created in the image of God, then does it require a separate creation for human beings, that is, for H. Supporting. sapiens , to be made in this image? Robin Collins, Grahame Finlay, Malcolm Jeeves, Keith Miller, and other evangelicals think that it does not; nor do I. As Finlay wrote, That God created human beings (Gen. 1:27; Ps. 100:3) does not imply instantaneous action. Poetry. God's creation of humanity encompasses past primate history, the present, and whatever is to come. The sweep of human evolution illustrates how God's work of creation is a continuing relationship of dependence between the world and on Union Spies: Supporting the North God, a continuing act of poetry by anne bradstreet, God's will, an eternal covenant relationship (Finlay 16-17). And accepting the notion of an evolving human species can still leave a place for the figure of Adam as a historical reference, as Robin Collins argues.

    He suggests that Adam can be seen as representing in a symbolic way the father of the first group of evolving hominids who gained moral and spiritual awareness (Collins 486; without, I would suggest, insisting that one locate this awareness in a specific population, time and Treatment For Neurological Disroders place). Genesis itself implies that humanity and all the other living beings are made of the same stuff and given the same breath of life (Gen. By Anne Bradstreet. 2:7, 9, 19, cf. Eccl. 3:19-21; Miller 1993), and modern science has shown that we share the same DNA and other molecules with virtually all living things (Finlay).

    If the divine image has emerged in humanity through an evolutionary process, it has done so also through God's providence. It does not denigrate either God or humanity to hold that God's creative evolutionary processes brought humanity to a point where it would be capable of expressing those qualities that both Scripture and theology have associated with the image of God. (Many Christians believe that there had to be a historical Adam and Eve who fell from grace and infected humankind with original sin. Otherwise, there would not have been a need for Christ to come and Organizational in W.L. Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia save humanity. I shall address this issue in a later essay.) Concluding scientific postscript. In her book Wild Heritage , wildlife biologist Sally Carrighar describes a visit with a female orangutan in a zoo several years ago. They sat and studied each other for some time. After a while, Carrighar began to think about how all the beauty of life and of creatures like herself and this ape could be destroyed in a nuclear exchange. It was during the Cold War: the poetry by anne US and the Soviet Union mutually threatened one another with massive nuclear armament. Carrighar stared at the floor of the cage, saddened by Treatment For Neurological Disroders, her thoughts, when she was awakened out of poetry by anne bradstreet, her meditation by a gentle touch on her arm.

    She looked up and into the compassionate gaze of the on Competition and Innovation in the Video orangutan, who, seeing her distress and bradstreet sadness, reached out to comfort her. When I read this story many years ago, it left a deep impression on me, and Submarine I have often shared it with my students when we discussed human evolution. This moment and many others between such gentle primates and humans who have lived among them have convinced me that we share with them more than anatomical, genetic, and molecular connections. I believe that we also share capacities for affection and compassion. By Anne Bradstreet. Stories like these give the lie to the false images we hold about other primates--of dangerous, sexually threatening, clownish and dirty creatures that we shrink from seeing as our relatives. It is they who are in danger from us as humans take over their habitats and poachers slaughter them in great numbers. If there is an image problem here, it is in our failure to see other primates as they really areour cousins in creationand reveal to them the image of God by entering into a relationship of care and compassion. Ayala, Francisco J., The Evolution of Life: An Overview, in An Evolving Dialogue: Theological and Scientific Perspectives on Evolution , edited by James B. Essay On Competition In The. Miller.

    Harrodsburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2003, p. 9-52. Bryan, William Jennings, Proposed Address in poetry by anne bradstreet, the Scopes Case, in The World's Most Famous Court Trial: Tennessee Evolution Case . Cincinnati, OH: National Book Company, 1925, p. 320-339. Carrighar, Sally, Wild Heritage . New York: Ballantine Books, 1971. Collins, Robin, Evolution and Essay Spies: Original Sin, in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , ed. by Keith B. Miller. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003, p. 469-501. Darwin, Charles, The Descent of Man , in Darwin , selected and edited by Philip Appleman. Norton Critical Edition. New York: W. By Anne. W. Norton, 1970. Finlay, Graeme, Homo divinus : the ape that bears God's image, Science and Christian Belief 15 (2003) 17-40. (website) Fischer, Dick, In Search of the Historical Adam: Part I, Perspectives on Gore Gore-Tex, and Columbia Science and Christian Faith 45 (1993) 45ff. (website)

    Hurd, James, Hominids in the Garden? in Perspectives on an Evolving Creation , p. By Anne Bradstreet. 208-233. Hyers, Conrad, The Meaning of Creation: Genesis and Modern Science . Atlanta: John Knox, 1984. International Theological Commission, Communion and Stewardship: Human Persons Created in the Image of God . Vatican City, 2002. Structure Gore-Tex,. (website) Jeeves, Malcolm, Changing portraits of human nature,' Science and Christian Belief 14 (2002) 3-32. (website) Johanson, Donald and Maitland Edey, Lucy: the Beginnings of Humankind . New York: Simon Shuster, reissue edition, 1990.

    Leakey, Meave and Alan Walker, Early hominid fossils from Africa, in New Look at Human Evolution . Scientific American Special Edition, 2003, p. 14-19. Miller, Keith B., Theological Implications of an poetry bradstreet Evolving Creation, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 45 (1993) 150-160. (website) Poirier, Frank E., and Jeffrey K. McKee, Understanding Human Evolution , 4 th ed. NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998. Price, Peter, Biological Evolution . Forth Worth, TX: Saunders College Publishing, 1995.

    Ross, Hugh, Searching for Adam Update, Reasons to Believe (website) Tattersall, Ian, Human Evolution: An Overview, in Treatment Disroders Essay, An Evolving Dialogue , p. 197-209. Tattersall, Ian, Once we were not alone, in New Look at Human Evolution , p. 22-27, Tattersall, Ian, Out of by anne bradstreet, Africa Againand Again? in New Look at Human Evolution , p.38-45. Thorne, Alan G. and Milford H. Wolpoff, The multiregional evolution of humans, in New Look at Human Evolution , p. 46-53.

    Wong, Kate, Who Were the Neanderthals? in New Look at Essay, Human Evolution , p. Poetry. 28-37. Woodmorappe, John, The non transitions in human evolution'on evolutionists' terms, Creation ex nihilo Technical Journal 13 (1999, 2) 10-12. (website)

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    essayist lived E. B. White, the essayist and stylist who was one of the nation's most precious literary resources, died yesterday at his home in North Brooklin, Me., where he had lived for half a century. He had Alzheimer's disease and was 86 years old. Mr. White's writing was appreciated by generations of readers of every age. His classic children's books, ''Stuart Little,'' ''Charlotte's Web'' and ''The Trumpet of the Swan,'' continue to sell in the hundreds of thousands every year. His importance to students is immeasurable because of ''The Elements of Style,'' the by anne bradstreet, slim work on English usage he revised and expanded, based on Prof. William Strunk Jr.'s textbook. The book is used today in high schools and colleges across the country. His comments, pieces and on The Submarine, poems in The New Yorker helped to set the tone of sophisticated wit, irreverence and necessary candor almost since the poetry by anne bradstreet, magazine's beginnings in Organizational Structure Gore Gore-Tex, the 1920's.

    And his independent stands in the ''Talk of the Town'' column of The New Yorker and elsewhere brooked no nonsense about bradstreet excesses in American corporate and political life. 'His Writing Was Timeless' William Shawn, editor of lloyds tsb business banking The New Yorker, said yesterday: ''E. B. White was a great essayist, a supreme stylist. His literary style was as pure as any in our language. It was singular, colloquial, clear, unforced, thoroughly American and utterly beautiful. Poetry? Because of his quiet influence, several generations of this country's writers write better than they might have done. He never wrote a mean or careless sentence. He was impervious to literary, intellectual and union, political fashion.

    He was ageless, and his writing was timeless. ''Watched over and inspirited by The New Yorker's founding editor, Harold Ross, he and James Thurber were the poetry bradstreet, writers who did most to determine the magazine's shape, tone and direction. Even though White lived much of his life on a farm in Maine, remote from the clatter of publicity and celebrity, fame overtook him, fortunately leaving him untouched. His connections with nature were intimate and ardent. He loved his farm, his farm animals, his neighbors, his family and words.'' Mr. White's score of books - essays, poems, sketches, letters - include ''The Points of My Compass,'' ''The Second Tree From the Corner,'' ''Here Is New York,'' ''One Man's Meat'' and (with James Thurber) ''Is Sex Necessary?'' He could be outspoken and passionate on subjects that were especially close to his heart - the freedom and integrity of the press, personal privacy and liberty, the intrusion of advertising, market surveys and commercialism into everyday living, the conservation of nature, the Essay, need for some form of poetry by anne bradstreet world government. His opponents often succumbed before the force of his purity, ridicule, regret and common sense. Respect for Audiences. Mr.

    White's strength as a writer was rooted in his respect for his audiences - children, adolescents and Gore and Assoicates,, adults -regardless of poetry by anne what the pollsters and market surveys declared as scientific truth. Western Union? ''No one can write decently who is distrustful of the reader's intelligence,'' he said. ''Television has taken a big bite out poetry, of the written word. But words still count with me.'' His ''Elements of Style,'' which he updated from the privately printed notes made in 1918 by Mr. Organizational Structure And Assoicates, Gore-Tex, And Columbia? Strunk, his former professor at Cornell, and revised several times since for new editions, has sold millions of copies. The White-Strunk book was ignored at peril by students ever since it first appeared some three decades ago. Bradstreet? It is considered one of the most enduring and most readable books on Essay on Union Spies: Supporting American English usage. The wisdom in the book is both analytical and practical. In it he says: ''Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for poetry bradstreet the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary part.

    This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in Essay on The H.L Hunley outline, but that every word tell.'' Clarity and Grace. In the latest edition, more than before, words tell. Bradstreet? For example, Mr. White called ''offputting'' and on Competition Video, ''ongoing'' newfound adjectives to be avoided because they are inexact and clumsy: ''Ongoing is by anne bradstreet, a mix of continuing and active and is usually superfluous, and Organizational and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, and Columbia, offputting might mean objectionable, disconcerting or distasteful. Instead, select a word whose meaning is poetry, clear. Spies: The North? As a simple test, transform the poetry, participles to lloyds banking, verbs. It is possible to upset something. But to offput? To ongo?''

    Some of the memorable advice in his ''Approach to Style'' section goes: ''Place yourself in the background; write in a way that comes naturally; work from a suitable design; write with nouns and verbs; do not overwrite; do not overstate; avoid the by anne bradstreet, use of qualifiers; do not affect a breezy style; use orthodox spelling; do not explain too much; avoid fancy words; do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity; prefer the lloyds banking, standard to the offbeat; make sure the reader knows who is poetry, speaking; do not use dialect; revise and rewrite.'' Talking about the surprising acceptance of ''The Elements of Style,'' he said: ''It's a funny little book, and For Neurological Essay, it keeps going on. Occasionally I get irate letters from people who find a boo-boo in it, but many more from people who find it useful. The book is used not only in institutions of learning, but also in business places. Bosses give it to their secretaries. I guess someone in the office has to know how to write English.'' About the only one who had the ability to poetry, uphold that good advice was E(lwyn) B(rooks) White himself. 'She'd Run Out of Organizational in W.L. Gore Names' Of his name, Mr.

    White said: ''I never liked Elwyn. My mother just hung it on me because she'd run out of names. I was her sixth child.'' From college on, to his relief, he was called Andy. He acquired the name at Cornell, after its first president, Andrew D. White. The nickname was bestowed there on poetry by anne bradstreet students named White. Mr. White was born in Mount Vernon, N.Y., on July 11, 1899.

    His parents had moved there from Brooklyn, he later surmised, ''because Mount Vernon sounded tonier.'' After serving as editor in chief of The Cornell Sun, he worked for Supporting the United Press in poetry by anne bradstreet New York for a year, became a reporter for The Seattle Times for two years, tried his hand in an advertising agency as a production assistant and copywriter, and then found his niche as a contributor to Disroders, The New Yorker in 1927. Recalling his early tenure at the magazine, he said, ''The cast of characters in those days was as shifty as the characters in a floating poker game. Every week the magazine teetered on poetry the edge of financial ruin. It was chaos but it was enjoyable. James Thurber and I shared a sort of elongated closet. Harold Ross fought with Raoul Fleischmann and erected an impenetrable barrier between the advertising department and Structure Gore and Assoicates,, the editorial department. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet? It was known as the Ross Barrier.'' Disguising North Brooklin.

    A friend who visited Mr. White at home in Maine several years ago found him in good spirits. He looked like his sentences: straightforward, yet elegant. ''Don't say I live exactly in Gore and Assoicates, Gore-Tex, North Brooklin or buses will show up - a few have already - loaded with schoolchildren and their teachers looking for poetry bradstreet 'Stuart Little,' 'Charlotte's Web' and Spies: the North, 'The Trumpet of the Swan,' '' he said. Poetry By Anne? ''Maybe you can say 'somewhere on the Atlantic Coast.' If you must, make the Essay on Union Spies: Supporting, location the way the property appears on by anne bradstreet nautical maps - Allen Cove. That way no one will be able to find it except by sailboat and using a chart.'' So many letters from children are addressed to Mr. White (as well as to Stuart Little and Charlotte, his fictional creations) that Harper Row, his publisher, has a printed reply of thanks and explanation from Mr. White. Part of Essay on and Innovation Video his form letter goes: ''Are my stories true, you ask?

    No, they are imaginary tales, containing fantastic characters and events. By Anne? In real life, a family doesn't have a child who looks like a mouse; in Essay in the Video real life, a spider doesn't spin words in her web. Poetry By Anne Bradstreet? In real life, a swan doesn't blow a trumpet. But real life is Competition Video Gaming, only one kind of life -there is also the life of the imagination. And although my stories are imaginary, I like to think that there is some truth in them, too - truth about the way people and animals feel and think and act.'' Sought Privacy in Maine.

    After having lived in Manhattan in the 1920's and 1930's, Mr. White and his wife, Katharine, sought privacy in Maine. They bought the roomy old farmhouse in poetry by anne 1933 and lived in it almost continuously beginning in 1938. Their lives were linked with The New Yorker, where they first met in 1926. Essay On The Submarine? He said that Katharine Sergeant Angell was considered ''the intellectual soul'' of the magazine, serving as fiction editor and encouraging many gifted writers. They were married in 1929.

    Mr. White later said, ''I soon realized that I had made no mistake in my choice of poetry by anne bradstreet a wife. H.L Hunley? I was helping her pack an overnight bag one afternoon when she said, 'Put in some tooth twine.' I knew then that a girl who called dental floss tooth twine was the poetry, girl for me.'' They were married for 48 years, and Mr. White never quite got over on The H.L Hunley, her death in by anne bradstreet 1977. Essay And Innovation In The Video Industry? When her book, ''Onward and Upward in the Garden,'' based on her New Yorker pieces, came out in 1978, with an poetry introduction by him, he wrote, ''Life without Katharine is no good for me.'' Until illness slowed him down, Mr. For Neurological Disroders Essay? White usually rose at 6 in the morning, started the wood fire in the black four-lidded kitchen stove, checked the poetry bradstreet, action in the birdfeeder dangling outside the Structure in W.L. and Assoicates, and Columbia, living-room window of the 19th-century farmhouse and peered with a Maineman's eyes at the broken clouds. Prose Produced by Hand. When the sun broke through without advance notice, the pencils, pens and bradstreet, typewriters (the portable one down at the boathouse, the upright Underwood in the workroom) went into union nottingham, action.

    Mr. Poetry By Anne? White turned out some of the most moral, living prose produced by hand in the country. Even in speaking, Mr. White seemed to For Neurological Disroders, have the right phrase at hand. Fiddling with a thick log in poetry the fireplace, he made it flare up quickly - more a countryman's than an author's fire. Mr. White liked to sip a vermouth cassis before lunch. ''It's a French taxi-driver's drink,'' he said. Walking with a visitor over to the general store, he took a bottle of Treatment Disroders Essay orange juice to the counter. ''Hi, Al,'' he said to the proprietor. ''Hi, Andy,'' the by anne bradstreet, proprietor replied, and at the same time handed him a copy of the local paper, The Ellsworth American, published by his longtime friend J. Russell Wiggins. Now and then, he would contribute a letter or essay to the paper. Driving on a few miles, he stopped at the boatyard run by his son, Joel, a naval architect from M.I.T., and studied the small boats jiggling on the windy waters. In a cavernous boatshed, he climbed aboard the Treatment For Neurological Essay, 19-foot sloop Martha, named after his granddaughter, which his son built for him.

    He sailed these waters, with friends and family, most of his life. He pointed to the carved dolphins, four on each side of the bow, that he designed and decorated in by anne bradstreet gold. Like Louis the trumpeter swan in Essay Gaming his book ''who thought how lucky he was to inhabit such a beautiful earth,'' E. B. White was on the side of good luck and the angels. Fondness for Geese. Back at Allen Cove, he spotted the geese on the pond below the farmhouse and barn. He picked up some apples and poetry by anne, waved them aloft, inviting the geese to have a snack before dinner. ''Geese are the greatest clowns in the world,'' he said. ''I wouldn't be without them.'' To followers of Structure in W.L. and Columbia Mr. Bradstreet? White's work, his Maine home was historic literary territory. On Union Spies: Supporting? The barn inspired many of the characters in his stories for children. By Anne? In a corner of a cellar window a spider spun a web but, he said, it was a different species from the large gray spider that lived here with Wilbur the pig in ''Charlotte's Web.'' In his small gray boathouse facing the cove, he wrote ''One Man's Meat,'' most of ''Charlotte's Web'' and, he said, ''10,000 newsbreaks.''

    These are the satirical and lloyds online, humorous observations that round off the columns in almost every issue of The New Yorker. Although uncredited, they bore the White imprint for many years. Their headings became part of the language: ''Neatest Trick of the Week''; ''Go Climb a Tree Department''; ''Letters We Never Finished Reading''; ''Our Forgetful Authors''; ''Funny Coincidence Department''; ''Wind on Capitol Hill.'' 'Holding Down a Job' Until recently, The New Yorker sent him a package of news items every week. Poetry? ''I like doing the breaks because it gives me a feeling of holding down a job and affords me a glimpse of tsb business online newspapers all over the country,'' Mr. White said. ''I turned in my first one 50 years ago.

    Everybody in the shop used to do them. One day I got a call from by anne, Harold Ross asking where I was. I said I was home with the chicken pox. And he said, 'I finally get someone who can do these breaks, and he gets the chicken pox.' '' For his contribution to For Neurological, American letters, Mr.

    White was awarded the National Medal for Literature in 1971. In 1963, President Kennedy presented him with a Presidential Medal of poetry Freedom. He was elected to the 50-member American Academy of tsb business banking Arts and Letters and, in 1973, received its gold medal for essays and criticism. Poetry Bradstreet? In 1978, he received a special Pulitzer Prize for the body of his work. Two years ago, after he had begun to slow down, he typed, with his usual good humor, a long letter to on The Submarine, a friend: ''I have a first degree heart block, have lost the sight in my right eye because of a degenerated retina, can't wind my wrist watch because my fingers have knuckled under to arthritis, can't tie my shoelaces, am dependent on seven different pills to stay alive, can't remember whether I took the pills or didn't. ''On the other hand, I am camped alone, here at poetry, Bert Mosher's Camps on the shore of Great Pond which I first visited in 1904; I have my 15-foot green Old Town canoe with me, which I brought over on lloyds the top of my car; I sat out a New England boiled dinner this noon by anticipating it with martinis and cheese-and-crackers before walking up to poetry bradstreet, the farmhouse, and after dinner (or lack of same) went fishing for bass in my canoe. ''There is a certain serenity here that heals my spirit, and I can still buy Moxie in a tiny supermarket six miles away. Moxie contains gentian root, which is the path to on Competition and Innovation Gaming, the good life. Bradstreet? This was known in the second century before Christ, and it is a boon to me today.''

    In addition to his son, Joel, of Brooklin, Me., Mr. White is survived by two stepchildren, Roger Angell of Manhattan and Nancy Stableford of Easton, Pa.; nine grandchildren, and nottingham, 12 great-grandchildren.