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Genocide Timeline - United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

bcps homework As an eighth-grade teacher, I constantly hear from high school teachers how we don't teach certain topics in of genocide middle school. Flexible Firm? The students, they claim, don't know how to write a thesis statement or don't know how to example, use proper grammar, and this is clearly because we don't teach it. Flexible Model? News flash: We're not just twiddling our thumbs down here in 'tween-land. It's taught. Retaught. Revised.

Reworked. All those gaps you might see as deficiencies in the middle school teaching are misguided. What you are seeing, however, is the example, curse of the summer slide. Perhaps high school teachers don't realize that this summer slide can happen to firm model, the best of students in the shortest of example, time periods. That's why scheduling finals after winter break is a bad idea. Perhaps, however, there is aspect definiton, greater slide between middle and high school because these young humans are constantly morphing in so many ways anyway. Their retention of material, despite our most innovative or rigorous of efforts, can be overshadowed by example the changes that these kids are going through physically and chemically. Regardless, I'm here to report that while some of it might be unavoidable, there are steps to at least help lessen the gap of knowledge leakage. Some Language Arts Activities to Lessen Summer Slide Below I've focused on work, some activities to help students continue to interact with words and of genocide reading throughout the summer. #1.

Introduce students to what's out there in the media. Research the based-on-books movies that are coming out during the firm model, summer months. Show trailers the example, last day of school (like when the i think never see a as lovely as a tree, kids from your first period are trapped in your classroom for three hours while promotion is of genocide, going on elsewhere). Show these trailers and hand out a list of books that correspond to cultural sociology, each. Challenge students to read the books before seeing the example of genocide, movies. #2. Have students develop a way to recommend books before summer begins. Before the end of the year, have students look back over their book logs from the school year. Then, have them write a review (in other words, a form of literary analysis) for 10 of their choices. Aspect? Have them develop icons that represent their opinions of the literature (thumbs up, stars, books, whatever). Post these reviews on a website that students can click through for of genocide recommendations all summer long. #3. Develop a way for students to contribute the titles of what they are reading all summer long.

If you know the students you might have the following year (as I do with my speech elective or my honors classes but not with my mainstream classes) set up a Google Drive document for i think i shall see a tree kids to add to throughout the summer about of genocide what they've read. Create a Google Form that they fill out flexible model, with each book, or they can directly enter them into example of genocide, a public spreadsheet. #4. Model reading and discussing all summer long by sending out a newsletter or email blast with every book read or literature-based movie that you enjoyed. You can even share thoughts on ones you didn't enjoy. Design a newsletter via MailChimp and make your reports a monthly newsletter (two or three times over And Accomplishments Of Marie, the course of the summer).

You will find a good percentage of students respond in one way or the other, but even if they just open the newsletter, any interaction over of genocide, the summer about the love of flexible firm model, reading is example, a valuable interaction. #5. Work with your local library to develop student-run volunteer programs. Create a program for your students to firm, help run the sign-ups in your classroom so the public library doesn't have to do the legwork of registering volunteers. Provide peer helpers from your own pool of readers. Of Genocide? I know my local library has middle schoolers come in during the summer as guides for the kids to learn how to use the library. 'Tweens also run the monthly crafts table. Create the outlet to continue being surrounded by And Accomplishments books. So many students don't interact with books once the summer bell rings.

Change their summer environment. #6. Inform parents about their local Youth Writing Project. Much like a summer institute for teachers to hone their writing skills, the Youth Writing Project is a summer program with WP teachers at the helm to guide kids of all ages through innovative writing activities. It's writing camp! Check local college or university campuses for information on example of genocide, whether they are hosting a youth program this summer. But is a Little Slide Really so Bad? I think it's important to work together, note here that while we would all clearly love to see kids retain every fact and skill ever taught from year to year, this is example of genocide, simply not a realistic expectation. Heck, I have to relearn the darn grading program every year as if I've never seen it before, and this sends our office manager into fits of eye rolling.

Given that slide happens (perhaps that should be a bumper sticker), I'd like to make a case here for the necessity of a little slide and the need for marketers have more goods intangible services. summer break for those students. Of Genocide? For one thing, summer is important to get a different kind of education. It's the time for soccer camps, theater camps, debate camps, cooking camps. Cultural Relativism Sociology? It's the time for building forts made out of branches between the hours of nine and example of genocide three, for meeting other kids down the more tangible than services., block, for reading the books you want to read, and for vacations in far off lands or in campgrounds in your own backyard. Example? As a Facebook post I saw the other day claims, A child only educated at school is an uneducated child. Transference is a skill with which K-12 struggles overall.

How do students transfer skills from one level to flexible model, the next, even from one classroom to the next? The answer comes with making school applicable to the outside world. But that will come, not with more time in a formal school setting; it will come when we all philosophically decide to of genocide, articulate the skills that students must know in a way that they recognize as applicable to the real world. Perhaps that's not happening and that's why kids go to their brain's computer and empty trash at And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie the start of each summer. Or perhaps it's more about of genocide what we all do: take a break from flexible, learning one way and instead learn in another. Perhaps the real goal here is to recognize and exploit the different lessons that have been learned over the summer months rather than condemning students or teachers for lessons seemingly lost.

Incidentally, I don't think they've been lost, just packed away in example a trunk somewhere for the new teacher to help unfold. Some researchers are urging schools to Of Marie, take a fresh look at homework and example of genocide its potential for engaging students and improving student performance. The key, they say, is to take into account grade-specific and developmental factors when determining the amount and kind of homework. So, what's appropriate? What benefits can be expected? What makes for good homework policies? Research doesn't have all the firm, answers, but a review of some existing data yields some helpful observations and guidance. Survey data and anecdotal evidence show that some students spend hours nightly doing homework. Example Of Genocide? Homework overload is the exception rather than the norm; however, according to research from the definiton, Brookings Institution and the Rand Corporation (see the Brown Center 2003 below).

Their researchers analyzed data from a variety of example of genocide, sources and model concluded that the majority of U.S. students spend less than an hour a day on homework, regardless of grade level, and example this has held true for most of the And Accomplishments Curie, past 50 years. In the last 20 years, homework has increased only in the lower grade levels, and this increase is associated with neutral (and sometimes negative) effects on student achievement. Example Of Genocide? The National PTA recommendations fall in relativism line with general guidelines suggested by researcher Harris Cooper: 10-20 minutes per night in the first grade, and an additional 10 minutes per grade level thereafter (e.g., 20 minutes for second grade, 120 minutes for twelfth). High school students may sometimes do more, depending on what classes they take (see Review of Educational Research, 2006). Homework usually falls into example of genocide, one of three categories: practice, preparation, or extension. The purpose usually varies by grade.

Individualized assignments that tap into students' existing skills or interests can be motivating. At the elementary school level, homework can help students develop study skills and habits and can keep families informed about And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie Essay their child's learning. At the secondary school level, student homework is associated with greater academic achievement. (Review of Educational Research, 2006) Experts advise schools or districts to include teachers, parents, and students in any effort to set homework policies. Example Of Genocide? Policies should address the flexible firm model, purposes of homework; amount and frequency; school and teacher responsibilities; student responsibilities; and, the role of parents or others who assist students with homework. Example? Do students have too much homework? (The Brown Center on Education Policy, 2003). The Brown Center Report on American Education. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Does homework improve academic achievement? (Abstract) Harris Cooper, Jorgianne Civey Robinson, and Erika A. Patall. Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 1987-2003. Review of cultural sociology, Educational Research 2006, vol.76: 1-62. Of Genocide? Summary and comments from authors) - Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25(3) (2003, Fall). Gill, B. P., Schlossman, S. L. Helping Your Child with Homework ( PDF) Research reports reviewing data on educational issues and policy papers concerning NEA members, educators, and never as lovely tree the public school community. Of Genocide? Wondering how to help your children with homework or how to get them to do it without a struggle? Heres how. http://www.pbs.org/parents/education/going-to-school/supporting-your-learner/homework-help/ (original article link) Whats the point of homework? Homework is designed to help students reinforce key concepts, process and solidify new information, provide time for extra practice of skills, and reflect on how much theyve learned, notes teacher Susan Becker, M. Ed. However, approaches to homework vary from district to firm model, district, school to school and teacher to teacher. Example Of Genocide? Some schools dont give children homework until the 2nd grade, others start in kindergarten. Some teachers create original homework, while other use or modify prepared work sheets.

Dont do the homework for your child. Most teachers use homework to more promoting tangible goods, find out what the child knows. Of Genocide? They do not want parents doing their childrens homework but do want parents to children, make sure homework is completed and review any mistakes to see what can be learned from them. Dont take over your childs projects. Example? Teachers do not want parents doing their kids projects. Instead, they want parents to flexible model, support their kids learning and make sure they have what they need to accomplish a task. Check with your childs teacher for his policy and review it with your child. Set up a good space to work. Example? All children need the same thing: a clean, well-lit space.

But keep in mind that each child may work differently; some will do their work at the kitchen table and others at their desks in together their rooms. Pay attention to your childs rhythms and help him find the right time to of genocide, begin his work. Some children will work best by doing homework right after school; others need a longer break and must run around before tackling the work. Most will need a snack. If your child does after-school activities, set a homework time before or after the activity, or after dinner. Whatever routine you choose, help your child stick to see a, it.

Find out example, how your child studies best. You should find the ways your child likes to study. For example, some kids will learn spelling words by writing them out, others by closing their eyes and picturing them and saying them aloud, advises teacher Susan Becker, M. Ed. The sound environment is also important, adds Michael Thompson, Ph.D. Some kids may want to listen to more tangible services., music, some are helped by being in the middle of noise, others need absolute quiet. Dont hover but stay close by. Keep in example mind that its their homework, not yours, but remain available in case you are needed. The ideal set up would be for a parent to be reading nearby while the Of Marie Curie Essay, child is studying because then you both are doing your educational work together, but thats not always possible, says Michael Thompson, Ph.D. A parent may be working out of the home, or need to be working in the home and cooking dinner. Example? So if you are home, stay close, and if you are not there, have another adult check to make sure its going OK. And remember that all homework is not equal, so not everything will need your rapt attention. Limit media exposure. Turn off the TV and And Accomplishments Of Marie Essay the iPod when your child does homework. Example? And the computer too, unless its being used for research. You might start by asking how much time he thinks he should spend on this, and negotiate from there.

Remember, you have the aspect definiton, final word. And keep in of genocide mind that if you watch TV when your child cant, the plan may backfire. Let the teacher know if you gave your child a lot of homework help. Aspect? If your child needs extra help or truly doesnt understand something, let the teacher know. Write on of genocide, the assignment, done with parental help, or write a separate note, advises Michael Thompson, Ph.D. If your child resists, explain that homework is never see a as lovely tree, used to practice what you know and to show the teacher what you need help learning more about so its a parents job to let the teacher know. Homework Havoc? Go Back to the Basics. Here are the things that always take me out of the homework hassle and back to homework heaven: Hold a family meeting. Over heaping bowls of ice cream, ask your kids to tell you what works when they are trying to get their homework done. Take notes as they explain how they work best.

If problems arise in the discussion--such as difficult relationships with teachers or trouble in a subject matter--make plans immediately to talk to whoever is involved. Make sure your kids know you are more than willing to help them get the help they need to of genocide, do well. If your kids feel like they're working more than playing, take that seriously as well. Make plans to reduce after school activiites, so your kids can play hard and blow off steam. Make a homework plan. Decide together about i think i shall poem as lovely tree what time homework will be done and where in the house. You can give your kids lots of freedom in making this plan without sacrificing your own sense of what will work for your family.

I decided I didn't care where my kids decided to of genocide, do their homework as long as we could all agree that we'd tackle homework before going out to play. More Promoting Tangible? Every family will decide that one differently, but my kids quickly agreed that in our case, that made sense. Be honest about what kind of atmosphere you need to of genocide, feel positive about homework. For example, I know complaining and flexible firm whining really wears me out when the kids are doing homework, so as part of our plan we included quiet and cooperation. We also talk about making requests for help versus freaking out as part of example, our family homework strategy. Of Marie Essay? Get prepared. Example? Make it a point to make sure your child has everything she needs to do her work without unnecessary delays. Go on a special outing to buy all the supplies you need to do schoolwork at home. Let her choose glittery pencils, adorable erasers and anything else she might need to never see a poem as lovely, complete her assignments.

Put your supplies some place permanent in example your designated homework area and reserve the Essay, use of these things for example of genocide homework only. Our junk drawer recently got a homework supply makeover from Madeleine and Carter's dad, and it's helping a lot. Avoid shame. Children Work Together? Every parent knows when they're getting the homework runaround. These moments are real tests for example me as a parent. I want to let them have it, declare their universal laziness and call it like I see it. I've learned that everything gets worse though if I attribute what's happening to who they are as people instead of what they're doing as students.

No one likes to feel blamed or judged, and everyone knows deep down if they're behavior is off. Better to stick with the flexible model, facts and leave the character analysis for when your kids are old enough to decide who they are for example of genocide themselves. Welcome your kids to the homework table. Sitting down and actually starting to do homework is so much easier if there's a snack and good conversation waiting. We start our homework hour with something yummy to eat and i think i shall never as lovely catching up on the news of the example, day. This helps everyone transition. Another way we stay on track is by inviting friends to do homework with us. My kids enjoy welcoming their friends to our table and i think never see a poem as lovely our guests enjoy having some company while they do their work. Of Genocide? I've found that the drama around difficult subjects dissipates when the children can work in pairs to tackle the harder aspects of a particular assignment. Keep going until good homework habits become part of your daily routine.

I've learned that it takes time to learn how to flexible firm, be a good student, and that my children really needed my presence in these early years while they learned to do their work more independently. I'm discovering that now that work is getting harder, they need my presence even more. Since I'm a full-time working mom now, this is tricky, but it still needs to happen. Amend your plan as needed (your kids will love all those ice cream laden family meetings!) but stick with it. Celebrate! Before long your kids will be doing their homework all by themselves--without all the nagging, poking and prodding. Celebrate each tiny baby step of progress. Throw spontaneous dance parties in the kitchen to show your delight!

Let your kids know how much you love to see them do well in school and how much you needed to know they could learn to be responsible for their work. Thank them for their progress and encourage them to keep going. Even the smallest bit of of genocide, cooperation and The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie initiative needs noticing.

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Senior SAP ABAP/4 Technical Consultant Resume. US-MO-SAINT LOUIS (will consider relocating) Senior SAP ABAP/4 Technical Consultant with over 9+ years of SAP experience working in example the Information Systems industry in SAP involving 3 yrs of flexible firm experience in SRM XI. Strong in functional areas, including GTM, IS-MEDIA, SRM, SD, MM, FI / CO, AFS with 2 full cycle SAP implementation and Upgrade Experience. Industry backgrounds include IS-Oil and Gas, Chemical, Semi-conductor, High Tech and Manufacturing. Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in R/3 backbends and of genocide, central contracts in SRM Server) Expertise in developing interfaces between SAP systems and various third party systems using SAP XI 3.0 integration tool, WEBMETHODS SAP BUSINESS CONNECTORS. Involved in concept proofing in The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie XI. Extensive experience in mapping transformations such as GUI, XSL mapping, and Java Mapping. Strong in adapter configuration such as RFC, File, IDoc, HTTP, JDBC, JMS, SOAP, Business Connector. Experience in EDI design, development, and implementation, mapping and testing.

Extensive experience in Cross Applications using EDI/IDOC/BAPI, OOP's and RFC technology in SAP R/3.Good understanding of ABAP and JAVA proxies. Technically sophisticated SAP Specialist and example of genocide, ABAP Developer with excellent experience providing technical design and development for SAP implementation projects. Extensive experience in ABAP/4, IDOCs, ALE, RFC, BAPI, ALV, LSMW, Reports ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary, Reports (Classical and Interactive Report), BDC (Batch-Input and work, Call Transaction Methods), SAP Scripts, Enhancements. Experienced in working with SAP Business intelligent configuring InfoCubes, ODS objects, Info Objects, Worked on BEx Analyzer. Sound Knowledge on Bex Query Design, Structures, Hierarchies, Calculated. Interfaces, Dialog Programming, User Exits, BDC), ABAP-HR, JAVA, C C++ SAP BSP, VB Script, Java Script, HTML. MS SQL server 7.0.

BUNGE SAP ABAP Consultant Sept 2008 -- Till Date. SAP Global Trade Management Module. Design and example of genocide, Development Custom program for Reversing Applications, Credit Vendor, Return product and reverse settlement for various reasons, including wrong product shipped/received, applied to wrong vendor/customer or pricing etc. Reverse Application program displays all the sociology tickets applied and/or settled. In this screen user can reverse the application of a ticket and re-apply to another contract. Reverse Application: This reverses the application and opens up the ticket for re-application against different contract/pricings. Credit Vendor: This reverses the original ticket and example of genocide, releases to have more promoting the billing/settlement to credit customer/vendor. Also creates a new ticket a copy of original ticket, so that users can change any data on the ticket including customer/vendor and material info to go through the application process as per example the new data. Return Product: This will create a new return ticket with reference to original ticket. This will allow physical return of the product to one of our locations. Reverse Settlement: This will cancel the check and puts a block on A/P line item.

This will not be allowed if check is children work together, enchased. Participate in defining/documenting technical system requirements and systems management procedures. Develop ABAP programs for example of genocide interfaces, reporting needs, and user exits. Design and Development Custom program for settling the invoice amount for the vendors. I Think Never As Lovely? Expense process is example of genocide, used to The Life And Accomplishments Curie Essay accrue and settle master contract, pricing contract and ticket expenses. User will have the capabilities to perform following actions on the report based on certain selection criteria: Create entry sheets, Delete service sheet, Create Settlement and Reverse Settlement. Participate in application development for new projects as well as troubleshoot problems with existing code using ABAP, EDI, ALE, IDoc?s, BAPI?s, and BDC?s. Design, development and debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAP Script, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, Assist with integration, performance testing, troubleshooting and application performance issues (e.g., performance tuning). Developed Smart Form for shipment planning and Milling Certificate of Analysis from System/2000. Developed Smart Form for Master and Pricing contracts. AIG SAP ABAP Consultant April 2007 -- Aug 2008.

Design and development of outbound and inbound interface programs to example of genocide third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and firm, Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Implemented distributed Scenario in example of genocide ALE. Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and work together, Batch Job Standards. Performance tuning of custom programs and example, Extensive ABAP report/program development using of BAPIs, BDCs and User Exits. Participate in defining/documenting technical system requirements and systems management procedures. Develop ABAP programs for poem as lovely as a interfaces, reporting needs, and of genocide, user exits.

Production support including on-call rotation, Resolve problems, document issues and relativism, resolutions. Design and development of outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Example Of Genocide? Implemented distributed Scenario in ALE for Vendor master, Cost Center, CoA (G/L Master data), Approver data) (message type CREMAS, COSMAS, GLMAST, ZAPPDT). The current System used by Treasury is called SCU. The system is cultural relativism sociology, currently responsible for transmitting Master Data to different external applications. SAP will be responsible for generating a standard flat file format for each Master Data element being transmitted.

This includes CoA Data (G/L Master Data), Vendor Data, Approver Data, and Cost Center Data. The data will be transmitted to the Mainframe Application that will re-format and distribute the data to example of genocide the receiving systems. Configured the i shall as lovely tree Communication ports, partner profile and message control for inbound and outbound processing in SAP. For XI Developed templates for documenting interface requirements and technical specifications. Of Genocide? Developed naming conventions for Repository and Directory objects. I Shall See A? Involved in general design of all interfaces for first phase. IDOC/ALE configuration, development and enhancement on FI interface with external parties as well as Global System. Of Genocide? Implements user-exits, customer-exits and BAdIs.

Directly responsible for 15 interfaces using IDoc's, RFC's in and out of SAP, BAPI's and connecting to File and JDBC adapters on the non-SAP side. Developed BAPI wrappers to perform standard BAPI's followed by a BAPI commit. Other RFC's were developed to perform common routines such as material conversions and description lookups that worked generically for any field whether a configured value or domain value list. Imported IDOCs from flexible model, R/3 system and mapped the example of genocide incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping. Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in The Life Of Marie Curie Mapping. Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and triggering alerts.

Object-Oriented Modeling/Analysis/Design, Inserting data into example of genocide, the database table using classes, working with Class Grid and Dock Container for displaying the interactive report program. Enhancing the children work together Standard Class in OOP's. Decided specific integration approaches for various legacy systems based on parameters like - type of systems, amount of data to be exchanged, frequency of example data. Setting up the cultural sociology XI 3.0 system including SLD configuration, XI base configuration for Profile Parameter settings -- Role of Integration Server, HTTP and RFC destinations for XI Setup, connectivity of Integration server to SLD,, Queues, BPE automatic customizing etc, authorization profiles, HTTPS destinations to Business Systems. Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, FI and MM.

Pennsylvania State project SAP ABAP, SRM XI Consultant Oct 2006 to of genocide March 2007. SAP SRM, XI 3.0 SAP R/3. Project Details, Analyze customer business requirements. Engage in BID management with prospects. Design solutions and i think as lovely as a tree, validate with customers. Support quality insurance process. Training and example of genocide, self training on Of Marie Essay new solutions. SAP SRM EBP (Release 5.0 ) with respect to direct and of genocide, indirect procurement processes (catalog and free text), including: Coding in SRM BADI's: When PO is getting created in flexible firm backend then adding 'Bid Invitation number' and example, Requisition number' to PO line item long text (BBP_CREATE_PO_BACK); Perform mandatory checks on goods receipt confirmation (BBP_DOC_CHECK_BADI); Program to change the Organization assignment of External Business Partners; Program to aspect definiton create Business Partners (internal and external); Addition of custom fields in shopping cart item level and purchase order header level(standard display);Additional validations in user-defined fields(BBP_CUF_BADI_2): worked on contracts (BBP_PD_CTR_CREATE, BBP_PD_CTR_UPDATE) Purchase order (BBP_PD_PO_CREATE , BBP_PD_PO_UPDATE ) for replication data from third party system to SRM system and back to SAP R/3.

Developed BID invitation BADI'S (BBP_DOC_CHECK_BADI BBP_UI_CONTROL_BADI) to check only responsible person of the bid invitation can display the bids for example of genocide request for proposal. Developed BADI's (ZROS_BUPA_DATA_CHECK z ROS_REQ_CUF) for aspect Supplier registration (SUS) initial screens should be checked for duplicate SSN and EIN entries. Designed and example, developed complex Custom interface to replicate Vendor Master data from SRM EBP to R/3 system when the vendors register through Supplier registration screens. The standard SRM system only supports replication of vendors from i think never as a, SAP R/3 to SRM in (Classic scenario) and for extended classic scenario Vendor master data should be replicated from SRM to R/3 since the vendors are registered in SRM SUS to of genocide EBP. Together? Interface was developed to replicate the new vendors created and changed in example of genocide SRM system using remote enabled function modules to create vendor master data in R/3 system. Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and cultural, advanced Java functions to example of genocide be used in Mapping.

Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to marketers trouble promoting tangible goods intangible services. the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and example, advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping. Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Firm Model? Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and triggering alerts. Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in R/3 backbends and central contracts in SRM Server) Developing BSP application in HTMLB involving other BSP Extensions to of genocide bring the screens in Of Marie Essay portal. Developed BSP application involving HTMLB, Class and related BSP extensions. Developed BSP and URL Iview to example of genocide call the BSP application from children work together, within the example of genocide portal environment.

Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SRM and MM. DTE Energy Sr. SAP ABAP/4 SRM Consultant. April 2007 -- Nov 2007. SAP SRM, XI 3.0 SAP R/3. Interface -- ALE, IDoc BAPI. Part of Capability Development team SAP SRM 4.0 wherein was involved in marketers trouble promoting than master data setup; understanding and deploying the business process flow in PDP and Sourcing scenario. SRM Centralized Contract Management (Contract Data distibution in national backends systems). Sales Order Create (Inbound: Message type ORDERS) -- When a Order is example, placed in the Web; Tibco receives the data in a flat file and convert it into IDoc format. The IDoc is send to SAP to create sales order in transaction VA01. The below customizing has been done in the inbound Interface.

Basic type ORDERS05 has been extended to cultural accommodate extra data points (Shipping type, Credit card CVV, Encryption scheme key, Tax Exempt ID and Customer /Seller Email ID) Check for example customer number existing in SAP. If the customer is new, call BAPI function module “BAPI_CUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA1” to create a customer and assign the The Life Curie newly created customer number to structure DXVBAK of enhancement VEDA001. Of Genocide? For an existing customer call BAPI function module “BAPI_CUSTOMER_CHANGEFROMDATA1” to have goods than intangible services. change the address. Adding new catalogs and functionality, Approval hierarchies, Workflow, IDOC s, and interfaces to SAP R/3. Guarantee methodologies and tools integration and feedback for enhancements. SAP R/3 MM Procurement (Release 4.7 or higher) with respect to example of genocide requisitions and purchase orders and their respective release strategies and interaction with R/3 A/P (Req-to-Pay Process). Design and development of outbound and relativism sociology, inbound interface programs for example creating PO, Contracts in SRM system once the Inbound IDOC is cultural, triggered and in example turn data is replicate R/3 system. It is end to marketers have more tangible goods intangible end data transfer from Non-SAP system to example of genocide SRM and then to SAP R/3 system.

SAP BC and flexible firm model, XI communications protocol, utilizing XML or EDI and ALE for data exchanges and Digital Certificates in a B2B e-procurement environment. Good communication skills to provide first line end-user support, resolving day-to-day issues, in addition to example performing system upgrades/enhancements, and configuring new functionality and business processes. System Study and Requirement specification including complete data inputs, end-user requirements, reporting format finalization, design of various reports. Coding, testing implementation. Relativism? Assist the operators / end -users for day-to-day operations problems. (SAP s E-Procurement Software). SRM 5.0 configured in Classic Scenario posting to R/3 4.7 Enterprise.

Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in R/3 backbends and central contracts in SRM Server) Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SRM, SD, FI and MM. Barnes Nobles SAP XI ABAP/4 development consultant Jan 2006 to March 2007. SAP XI 3.0, SAP R/3 SRM. The project included SAP R/3 backend integration, online cataloging, and partner integration. XML was used as the of genocide data format and the Internet as the transportation medium. Supply relationship management (SRM) software with several enhancements, including live auctions and supplier portals.

Design and development of outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Hands on flexible firm model SAP interface work included BAPI, IDoc, ALE config, user exit, custom RFC primarily in PP, PP-PI MM modules (version 4.6C). Involved in example SAP XI implementation 3.0 in SRM MM, Modules. Designed and And Accomplishments Of Marie Essay, developed XI interfaces, defining Integration processes in BPM and developed complex multi-mapping programs utilizing XI (3.0) Integration Builder. Involved in the configuration of SLD by creating software components, technical systems and business systems, creating message interfaces, message mapping, activating and of genocide, testing of definiton Integration Repository objects. Involved in configuring Sender adapters, Receiver adapters, Sender agreement, Receiver agreement, Receiver determination and Interface determination in Integration Directory.

Extensive experience in XI adapters (File, IDOC, RFC, JDBC, SOAP, HTTP and JMS). Estimate requirements for functional designs required for development including interfaces, enhancements, reports and workflow. Decided specific integration approaches for various legacy systems based on parameters like - type of systems, amount of data to be exchanged, frequency of data. Setting up the of genocide XI 3.0 system including SLD configuration, XI base configuration for Profile Parameter settings -- Role of Integration Server, HTTP and RFC destinations for XI Setup, connectivity of Integration server to SLD,, Queues, BPE automatic customizing etc, authorization profiles, HTTPS destinations to Business Systems. Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to definiton the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to of genocide be used in aspect definiton Mapping. Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and example, advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping.

Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and children, triggering alerts. Developed interfaces to example integrate. A legacy system to a SAP R/3 system (Outbound -- File adaptor, Inbound -- IDoc adaptor) HTTP client to SAP R/3 (Outbound - HTTP adaptor, Inbound - RFC adaptor) Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SD, FI and MM. Nov 2004 to Dec 2005.

Key member of the team to help the project go live and provide production support. Developed ALV Reports as per client requirement Customizing standard SAP Programs using USER EXITS producing technical document Coding and Code reviewing. Working extensively on Legacy data Conversions, Batch Input, and BDC for various modules such as FI/CO, HR, MM, and SD. Extensively worked with BAPIs, Injecting retail sales order from Web to SAP through BAPI. Designing and coding in the BAPI (Business Application programming Interface), ALE (Application Link Enabling) and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) areas. Created/designed LSMW projects/subprojects to load MM data, created/loaded the following views: Basic, Plant, Storage, Sales, MRP, Purchasing, Account (Plant/Valuation), Costing. Successfully created high-volume data upload programs using BDC and direct-input methodologies. Testing and optimizing the code in terms of quality and performance.

Developed interface programs, conversion routines. Developed custom extractors on marketers more trouble tangible goods services. the R/3 OLTP systems and defined the extract structures on example of genocide the source and The Life And Accomplishments Curie Essay, target systems. Designed, developed and supported BW solutions based on requirements gathered from the business. Performed extraction, transformation and loading of data into SAP BW constructs (PSA, ODS, Cubes). Gathered business-reporting requirements, designed and developed solutions, tested/verified the solutions, migrated the solution to production, and provided ongoing support. Designed and created new BW objects (Info packages, ODSs, Cubes, Info objects, Transfer rules, Update rules, Communication structures, Data sources). Environment: SAP ECC 4.6C, ABAP/4, SRM, SD, FI and MM.

McAfee Inc. SAP ABAP/4 development consultant. Dec 2003 to Oct 2004. Responsible for implementing ALE, encompassing both master and of genocide, transactional data. Maintenance of the marketers have promoting tangible services. customer distribution model (filters, conversions, etc.) Distributing the of genocide customer model, generating partner profiles and reducing IDOCs. Customizing and firm, setting up of ALE on example of genocide new clients / systems.

ABAP coding of work ALE User and of genocide, Functional Exits. Design and development of children outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Hands on SAP interface work included BAPI, IDoc, ALE config, user exit, custom RFC primarily in PP, PP-PI MM modules (version 4.6C) Define business process mapping, SAP R/3 business integration testing, SAP R/3 data transferring for example legacy into system. Define and create functional specification for form, report, enhancement and interface program and End-user training, SAP R/3 Post Implementation Support and knowledge transfer to key user. Environment: SAP ECC 4.6C, ABAP/4, SD, FI and The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie, MM. Sept 2001 -- Nov 2003. EAI architecture study, Authored technical study for example of genocide proposed integration.

Study looked at Backend requirements of i shall see a poem integrating to SAP 4.6 (IDoc, BAPI, variety of ABAP produced flat files) Integration requirements for certain subsidiary backend requirements (JD Edwards, custom DB applications) External partner integration (ftp, xml over https). Error handling and example, monitoring (WebMethods Monitor, Modeler), BMC's patrol. Created BAPI for Sales Order, the web methods will poll the respective source applications. Aspect? Involved in example of genocide developing EDI settings for Invoice and Enhancement for Plant in 4.0B. SAP script for pre-printed and have trouble tangible goods than services., standard formats using print programs and Layout sets Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from Legacy System to SAP R/3 System. Created inbound and outbound GR Notification and this Message is sent to JDE, Oracle or WEBMETHODS. Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from Legacy System to example of genocide SAP R/3 System. Involved in developing EDI settings for Purchase Order and Invoice. When PO is created IDOC is generated and send to aspect WEBMETHODS and same as Invoice. Created BAPI for Sales Order, the WEBMETHODS will poll the respective source applications. Involved in developing EDI settings for example Invoice and aspect, Enhancement for Plant.

Environment: SAP ECC 4.6, ABAP/4, SD, FI, MM, Webmethods. May 2000 -- Aug 2001. The current project was providing purchase order module and now we have implemented Forecast, Inventory and Shipment modules. Example? In this project Buyers will send the data to III Hub. This data will be sent to the Portal and from Portal the data is again passed to SAP to The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Essay create Forecast, inventory and Shipment modules. SAP R/3 4.6C, JDE, Oracle Apps Web methods. When PO is created IDOC is generated and send to WEB METHODS and example of genocide, same as Invoice. Developed BAPI Programming for passing data from Portal to The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie Essay Sap and Sap to Portal.

Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from of genocide, Legacy System to SAP R/3 System. Developed Reports as per client requirement. Purchase Order Pending Report -- To display all the Purchase Orders for which the marketers have trouble goods than Materials are not Received Partially or Completely along with Vendor Name, Pending Quantity, Pending Price and Pending Weight for a given Plant / Vendor / Material. Report to find Receipts and Issues of materials in various Plants grouped under Material Groups. Order reports based on sale order types lists out example, a detail of orders with its value, quantity, tax, excise duty, freight etc. Vendor Analysis reports which gives the percentage rejections for every material across the various vendors of the total tested samples.

Environment: SAP ECC 4.0, ABAP/4, SD, FI/CO and MM. 1996-2000: Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical Electronic), Madras University, Chennai. You must be logged in and have a current resume access subscription. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie Essay? Login or Register

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An Interview With A Google Search Quality Rater. Example. Since at least 2005, Google has been using a large, worldwide focus group to i think i shall see a poem help review its search results and the quality of the web pages that rank well in its algorithm. Example Of Genocide. The people in this program are called Quality Raters and, as you can imagine, the children work they do is important to example search marketers everywhere. Model. Google was actually advertising Quality Rater jobs in late 2004, but today the Quality Raters don#8217;t actually work for Google; they work for contractors such as Lionbridge, Leapforce, Butler Hill and possibly others. Example. According to Lionbridge#8217;s Internet Assessors Program job page, it has more than 4,500 people around the world rating search results. Leapforce#8217;s website doesn#8217;t indicate how many are in its program, but the job listings page includes opportunities with names like #8220;Search Engine Evaluator,#8221; #8220;Social Search Engine Evaluator#8221; and #8220;Search Quality Judge.#8221; The Quality Raters#8217; work has become more widely known over the years thanks to aspect definiton a couple occasions when the guideline document that Google provides as part of their work has been leaked online. (See our posts in March 2008 and example of genocide, October 2011.) Webmasters have also noticed unique quality rater referral strings, indicating when one of the evaluators had visited a website. After Jennifer Ledbetter posted about the program last fall, one current Quality Rater contacted Search Engine Land wanting to work together explain and of genocide, clarify some of together what#8217;s been written and of genocide, said about the program. The Life Curie. Since then, with a couple breaks for holidays, I#8217;ve traded numerous emails with this person who, in addition to of genocide working for Lionbridge as a Quality Rater, also happens to work for a US-based search marketing agency.

To help ensure that this person, whom I#8217;ve never met, is actually a Quality Rater, I asked for some screenshots from inside the website where the rating work is And Accomplishments Curie, done. A couple of example of genocide those are inserted within the interview, and here#8217;s an image of the rating tasks home page showing an aspect empty task queue. Example. Below, we talk about the hiring process, what Quality Raters look for when they examine websites, details of the flexible firm different evaluation tasks they do and much more. QA With A Google Search Quality Rater. SEL: Tell me how, when and why you got started with the Quality Rater program. Quality Rater: I first started with Lionbridge in May of 2011. I was looking for work because my then current employer had told me I was taking a pay cut, so I needed a way to add income. I began searching all the normal places for job listings and came across one on Craigslist for a Quality Rater. It sounded cool, so I sent them my resume and example, they got back to me the next day saying they were excited to have me and if I could just pass a few simple tests I would be hired. That was the easy part. Did the job listing specifically mention Google?

The listing didn#8217;t mention anything about children Google but as soon as they contacted me, they said I would be doing work related to Google. So, you knew it was Google-related. Example. At what point did you know that you#8217;d be rating Google#8217;s search results? I knew before I got hired. One thing I think the SEO community is missing is that this program has nothing to do with SEO or rankings. What this program does is help Google refine their algorithm. For example, the Side-by-Side tasks show the results as they are next to the results with the new algorithm change in them.

Google doesn#8217;t hire these raters to rate the web; they hire them to flexible rate how they are doing in example of genocide, matching users queries with the have more trouble promoting tangible intangible services. best source of information. Let#8217;s talk about the hiring process. Example. There#8217;s some kind of definiton test. Was it difficult? I had six days to complete both parts of the test, with the second part opening after I passed the example of genocide first test. Cultural Relativism Sociology. The tests turned out to be a 24-question, essay-response theoretical test that asked questions based on a PDF they had sent me. The questions were designed to test my ability to take the rules and apply them to situations that weren#8217;t covered in the PDF.

One that I vaguely remember was about spam and what to do if the site didn#8217;t show any signs of example of genocide spam, but it gave off a spammy feeling. It was the hardest test I have ever taken (for a reference point, I#8217;m a Literature major who has taken graduate-level courses). More Tangible Goods Intangible Services.. Only after having passed that test did I get to take the practical exam, which had more than 140 questions. This test had actual results that I had to rate. In order to be hired, I needed to score a 90% or higher in example of genocide, each of the four categories (which were Vital , Useful , Relevant and Off-Topic or Useless ). Ideally, these represented the actual tasks that I would receive as a rater.

What were the questions like? To give you example of questions asked: Query [crispy cream], English (US) It would then be up to me to The Life Curie Essay visit the page #8212; something that I want to stress, because blogs out there have been saying that a rater can rate the example page without visiting it #8212; decide if it fits the have trouble tangible than intangible query and then assign a rating. Example. It really is up to the rater, but the correct answer here is Useful because of the spelling. If the user had typed #8220;Krispy Kreme,#8221; than this result would be off-topic, but because it is #8220;crispy cream,#8221; and the guitars on i think poem as lovely tree this page are called Crispy Cream, this could be the page the user is wanting. Example Of Genocide. There were 143 just like that. It was good times. Do you have any direct contact with anyone at Of Marie Google, or do you only communicate with Lionbridge? I have no contact with Google; it#8217;s only example Lionbridge. After you get hired, is there some kind of training?

After I got hired there was a weekly, two-hour webinar along with training modules to complete. It was very intense training. During the relativism first four weeks, I was required to example of genocide comment on flexible model every rating I gave. These comments were then reviewed and commented on, giving me feedback on example of genocide my ratings. The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie. At what point do you get the example of genocide raters#8217; handbook? I got this the moment I got hired. It basically is just a list of tasks we perform along with examples of how to rate them. How does Lionbridge (or Google) describe the handbook? They refer to it as the guidelines, not a handbook.

While we are on the subject of guidelines, one thing that really impressed me was how they have more than one rater looking at a site. Aspect. I believe (I#8217;m not sure, I#8217;m going off the example comments left by other raters) that there are about six raters looking at each task. If I rate something as useful but another rater says it#8217;s off-topic, we must come to an agreement (through comments and Curie Essay, debate) before the rating is submitted. Example. How much do you make and how often do you get paid? I get paid $14.50/hour and I am paid once a month. I#8217;m only flexible firm model able to example of genocide work a max of 20 hours a week and a total max of model 80 hours a month. Of Genocide. In one of the recent articles about the Quality Raters, it says you can only work for a year and then you have to wait three months before you can re-apply.

Is that true? I know they say you can only be a rater for a year, but everyone I#8217;ve talked to says that, as long as they get their hours in and keep up the quality they are allowed to rate. Is the aspect definiton schedule completely up to of genocide you, or do they give you assigned hours? I schedule my own hours; as long as I get at flexible firm least 10 but no more than 20, I stay on pretty good terms with them. They are very strict, but allow you to make up hours that you missed. So, if I only did four hours the example first week, I could make up the hours by doing 16 hours the next week. Still only allowed 20 hours a week max, so if I miss more hours than I can make up, I#8217;m out of luck. Aspect. They also tend to be really strict about their productivity goals.

There is example, a certain number of tasks that I must complete every minute, depending on the task type. If I fall short of those goals, I am put on probation, during which I can not work. If my quality isn#8217;t up to par, they fire me. It#8217;s a very controlled work environment. You mentioned there about getting fired #8220;if my quality isn#8217;t up to i shall tree par.#8221; How do you know if you#8217;re doing a good job? It seems to example of genocide me that in a lot of cases, rating search results is pretty subjective. Results are subjective, but they have a quality center that shows your progress over definiton, time. They track how many returned results you have, how long it takes you to take care of example a troubled rating, etc. While the rating is up to me, it has to be similar to what other raters have said.

So, they track quality based on staying within the time period for rating tasks and the number of tasks you have returned to you. They return tasks to you #8212; what does that mean? It means that there has been a disagreement on the rating and you have to go back in and come to an agreement with the other raters. So, the rating of search results is a group project. Is it difficult to come to agreement? Sometimes it#8217;s harder to agree with raters, especially if they haven#8217;t read the guideline like they should or if they are just starting out. However, after enough exchanges, they have a moderator come in and choose which rating matches it best.

This moderator looks at flexible our comments and makes a decision off of that. How often does that happen in your experience? Not very often. Most of the time if you give your reasoning for why you rated something one way, the other raters will agree with you. Most of the time, these types of example disagreements occur when something is either slightly relevant or off-topic. Definiton. Once in a while, someone will think that a page is spam that isn#8217;t, or the other way around. I#8217;ve only example had a moderator step in children together, once. What do you know about the example of genocide moderators? Are they Lionbridge employees?

Yes, they work for Lionbridge. From what I know of them, they used to children be raters and then got promoted. Do you only example of genocide look at flexible firm model organic results, or are you also grading ads/PPC landing pages? We look at any type of page on the web. Most of example of genocide them are organic results, but some of the tasks are geared towards more ad-related topics. Do you remember an aspect example of an ad-related task? Not really. Most of what they were was placement on the page, order in which they are presented and which one would I click, etc. Do you look at Google Places results and other Universal results, like News or Videos? Yes, we do.

I can think of many tasks where it shows the map of what a user was looking at before they typed in a query, and we are then to rate the results of that query based on the map they were looking at. Of Genocide. We also rated news based on how current it was, how relevant it was to the query, and cultural sociology, if it came from of genocide, a trustworthy source. As for videos, we had to watch the Of Marie Curie Essay video to determine if it was a match for example, the query and rate it Useful , Relevant , Slightly Relevant , or Off-topic . That part about Maps is really interesting. So, in poem as a, that task, they were putting you in the middle of some process #8212; you#8217;re not just doing tasks that involve standalone searches, but sometimes taking into account what has happened before? Does that also happen with other searches, too? Almost all of the tasks given have to example do with user experience. More Promoting Tangible Goods. Even with just the basic searches, we are given the user#8217;s language and location before we can rate a page. It#8217;s not about example if a page fits a query, it#8217;s about if a user would find the page useful. I Shall Poem As Lovely. The Maps queries (called local queries) are the only ones that give what the user was looking at before searching, but we are supposed to keep in mind what a user is example, expecting to see from that query with every task type.

For example, if someone was in Seattle and typed in the query #8220;weather,#8221; they would find a page showing the weather in Florida slightly relevant; however, someone in Tampa would find it useful. Cultural Sociology. Aside from the collective rating that you described above, do you ever have other communication with other raters? Are there official or unofficial places where you can chat back and forth? There are lots of places #8212; forums and such on the Lionbridge site #8212; where raters can talk to each other, but I never interact with them. I was always stressed getting my hours in for the week, so I didn#8217;t have time to mingle. Can you share a specific example of one of your recent tasks? I can#8217;t think of the exact URLs I rated, but the keyword was #8220;Nike Women#8217;s Running Shoes.#8221; It gave me a list of 20 URLs to rate (10 on of genocide each side) [ Ed. note: he#8217;s referring to the #8220;Side-by-Side#8221; tasks mentioned earlier. ] and I visited each one in order to together determine whether they were vital, useful, relevant, slightly relevant, or useless.

With a recognized brand name like that, it wasn#8217;t hard to determine quality. For example, I think the example Nike site was one of the options, so that would get a #8220;vital#8221; rating. The Life Curie. I remember a couple of sites sold the example shoes, so I gave them a #8220;useful#8221; rating and flexible, the Wikipedia entry on Nike was giving a rating of #8220;slightly relevant#8221; because I believe not many people searching for example of genocide, Nike Women#8217;s Running Shoes want a history of the company. Do you click through and review all ten results that show up for cultural relativism, a given task? I always click all the links simply because I#8217;m not good enough to tell what the site is about by just reading its description. Example. No one is good enough, that#8217;s why they give us the links. When you click through from a Google search result page, what are you looking for on the web page that you visit? When looking at flexible firm a site, I always check for spam signals first #8212; keyword stuffing, hidden text, sneaky redirects, and the like. Once I know it#8217;s a good site, I start to look at example the page as a person who would type the flexible firm model query in Google and whether or not the content on the page would help me fulfill my needs.

There are some tasks that ask about design and layout and example, the like, but for cultural relativism sociology, the normal URL rating or Side-by-Side tasks, I really just look at content and figure out if it would be a worthwhile page for of genocide, a user to see. Model. Do you ever look at the source code or anything like that? Are Raters asked or trained to look at source code of the web pages being rated? There is a quick primer on of genocide looking at the source code in the guidelines, nothing in depth. Cultural Relativism. Basically we look for hidden keywords and other spammy tactics discussed in the guidelines. You mentioned URL rating tasks and Side-by-Side tasks, but also some that involve design and layout. Example Of Genocide. What are those tasks like? Design tasks ask if the page has a good ratio of Curie Essay main content, supplemental content, and of genocide, ads. It also asks about the overall design, is it easy to read, clear communication of information, and more trouble tangible than services., the like. It#8217;s not about whether the page is beautiful or amazing, but whether or not the normal user could find what they need on the page without getting lost. Do they give you a single web page and of genocide, ask you to rate its design, or are you still going through a page of search results and i think see a as lovely tree, then rating design?

They are specific tasks, not part of rating a URL. Are spelling and grammar part of the design-based tasks? Spelling and example of genocide, grammar are something we look at in all tasks (at least I do) but there#8217;s not a ding for have more intangible services., it. When looking at design and layout, do your criteria change based on of genocide the type of site you#8217;re looking at? For example, a web page on a big brand site might be expected to have a more professional design than some small business sites. Like I said before, it#8217;s more about the layout than the actual design. I Think Poem As A Tree. A company with a simple design would be rated just as well as a big company with a professional design as long as the information is clear and presented in a way that is easy to example of genocide understand.

To give you an example, a page where you can tell what the main content is with ads taking second page in the design would get a high rating. Have Trouble Tangible Intangible. A page where the ads are confused with the main content, where you can#8217;t tell the difference between content and example, ads would get a low rating. How many different kinds of tasks are there? The guidelines I#8217;ve seen begin by saying #8220;you will work on many different types of rating projects.#8221; There are a lot of different tasks but they are all grouped under four main groups: URL, Side-by-Side, Experimental, and Result Review. The big one there is the Experimental tasks which have a ton of different types of tasks in them. Flexible Model. I#8217;ve included a picture that lists all the task types and of genocide, how long they are supposed to take, as well. Display Block, if I remember right, is a block of images that we rate as a whole rather than one at i think never see a poem as a a time.

TTR stands for of genocide, Time to Rate, which is the baseline task they use to determine how long it should take to get a task done. It has all the different tasks in it, but instead of looking for accuracy it just cares about children together time. Do they try to give you tasks related to topics and things you know about, or do you review pages about things you#8217;re not very familiar with? If someone types in #8220;Best Dog Food for Puppies,#8221; it#8217;s not very hard to know what they are wanting and most queries have a fairly obvious meaning. However, once in a while I#8217;ll get one that I can#8217;t figure out and that#8217;s when I do research to figure out of genocide what they want. For example, if someone queried #8220;Release Liner,#8221; I would need to do some research to figure out that it#8217;s something used in cultural, cutting vinyl for signs and the like. At that point, I could determine whether a site is worthwhile or not. Example Of Genocide. Granted, it#8217;s not a perfect system but it works most of the aspect definiton time. Are there specific industries/niches that show up more than others in example of genocide, your rating tasks?

Not that I have noticed. How does your work affect Google#8217;s search results #8212; do they tell you anything about that? They don#8217;t talk about that; however, I know that what it really does is perfect the algorithm instead of changing actual live search results. I gathered this from the cultural relativism sociology way that Side-by-Side are the most important tasks because they show the old algorithm versus a change in the algorithm that they are testing. Are you an active Rater these days? How long do you think you#8217;ll keep doing it? I still rate on the weekends. I like doing it, so I#8217;ll keep doing as long as I can. Does Lionbridge and/or Google know that you work in the search marketing industry? No.

I got this job after I got the Lionbridge job. Do you know of of genocide any other search marketers who are also Quality Raters? I don#8217;t know any personally, but I bet there aren#8217;t a lot of us. What#8217;s your opinion of Google#8217;s search results, and has that opinion changed since you became a Quality Rater? I#8217;ve always used Google as my #8220;go to#8221; search engine; however, since I became a rater, I#8217;ve started using it more because I can see the see a as lovely as a behind-the-scenes improvements they are trying to example make. I like the idea that they have an work together army of actual people working towards bettering their engine. I know some people might think this wrong or even that raters have a negative effect on their rankings. Well, I can honestly say that they don#8217;t. The whole point behind quality raters is example, not to flexible model rate the actual web, but rather rate how well Google is doing at example of genocide providing quality results. Cultural Relativism. Almost every company has some form of quality control. Do people get upset that McDonald#8217;s has someone check the quality of example their food?

I don#8217;t see what Google does as any different than wanting to present the aspect definiton best possible product they can to of genocide their users. So, to answer your question, yes, my opinion has changed for relativism sociology, the better. Some opinions expressed in this article may be those of a guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land. Staff authors are listed here. Example. Have something to say about this article? Share it with us on Facebook, Twitter or our LinkedIn Group.

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Past Genocides - Armenia, Holocaust, Bosnia, Rwanda, Darfur

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Genocides in history - Wikipedia

essay on portugal Posted on 22 April 2014. To study is to learn, to understand, and to know, though not necessarily to approve, condone, or accept. It is in the spirit of example this anonymous, undated motto that the following essay was undertaken and is now offered. G.M. One need not consult Abraham Robacks Dictionary of International Slurs , published in 1944 during World War II, to recognize that the most compact and thus most efficient form for the ethnic or racial slur, if you will, is the name; thus you have Cink, Jap, Frog, Kraut, Kike, Spick, and so on.

In Tennessee Williams play A Streetcar Named Desire (1947) Stanley Kowalski will set straight Blanche Dubois, his sister-in-law, when she refers to Polish people as Polacks by instructing her that people from Poland are Poles, not Polacks. Italians, however, are the aspect, beneficiaries of several slurring names, such as Wop, Dago, Guinea, and Guido, among others. Of course, the Portuguese have not been exempt from such slurring. Of Genocide! They have been baptized with the insulting name Portugee, in its varied spellings, each of which employs the The Life Of Marie, vowel signifying the writers choice or ignorance. Yet, as its history of usage show, the word was not always used to insult or injure, especially in its beginnings. Vagrancy is example of genocide, a crime unknown in the Azores, it being the natural habit of the population. Cincinnati Daily Enquirer (1872); San Francisco Evening Bulletin (1872) Of one very noticeable feature of the The Life Of Marie Curie, present commercial convulsion, we really have some reason to be, as a people, ashamed.

After vaunting, for years, in the face of all mankind, our wonderful practical sense, and our unparalleled cleverness in regard to things material, we no sooner find ourselves in the midst of a financial storm, than we lose our wits and set up a confused outcry of incoherent exclamations, which would disgrace a Portuguese crew driving on a lee shore. Nobody can be found to take or to hold the helm New York Times (1857) The Spaniards and Portuguese have, more perhaps than any other people, been the subjects of that John Bull-ish kind of of genocide prejudice which looks upon all foreigners as outland dogs, whom the honour of their own country requires them to despise and misrepresent. Cincinnati Literary Gazette (1825) Strip a Spaniard of The Life And Accomplishments his virtues and the residuum will be a Portuguese.

Hartford Courant (1900) The word Gee (g hard) is an abbreviation, by seamen, of Portuguee, the corrupt. form of of genocide Portuguese. Herman Melville, Harpers Monthly (1856). The Captain says, Curs dont grow out of lions cubs; you cant turn a white boy into a nigger; and a Portugee, as every sailor knows, is a Portugee by birth. Walter Besant and W. J. Rice, By Celias Arbor (1878) The swarthy skins and dark, glancing eyes that betokened the Portuguese or the greaser were there in plenty, while here and i shall see a there throughout the crowd could be seen the heavier forms and duller features of the German and Swede. Viola Bruce, Overland Monthly (1899) Look at all the children! Saxon cried. Schools letting out. And nearly all are Portuguese, Billy, not Porchugeeze.

Jack London, The Valley of the Moon (1913) The Anglos called this zone the Portuguese Flats (Porta-geeze was the way they said it), which may have meant some Portuguese once had lived there, or may simply have implied that it was filled with greasers. Richard Ben Cramer, Joe DiMaggio: The Heros Life (2000) One Frenchman will beat two Portugee / And one Englishman will beat all three. English Sailors Phrase (1824)

The Captain of a whaler to his mutinous crew: I havent a bit of confidence in Portugese. Example Of Genocide! Good wages and kind treatment have no effect on them. More Promoting Than Intangible Services.! They are born cutthroats. There is not a man of you that would not disgrace a yellow dog by of genocide, his company. Biloxi Herald (1892) Even if I placarded my name on my back and what I did, taint likely Id have to face a grand jury for running a knife into a mongrel Portuguee way out in the South Sea a score of cultural relativism sociology years ago. Louis Backe, The Ebbing of the of genocide, Tide (1896) If the Bermuda farmer is a Portagee (which he frequently is when hes not a Saban or a Turks Islander, or a colored person), when the children together, weeding takes place, all the family from the of genocide, cradle to the grave assist at the ceremonial. Hanna Rion, The Craftsman (1911) I have sailed the high seas, touched the coast of flexible firm model Africa, went up the Amazon when I was a cabin boy, talked with frog-eaters, Portogees, Lascars, greasers, spiggoties and one-eyed Swede captains

Richard Washburn Child, Hampton Magazine (1912) Yup, I dont care much for whales meat fer eatin purposes its almost as bad as jellyfishes which no animal wil eat except a Portyguese, and they goes bughouse about em Glenn H. Mullin, Adventures of of genocide a Scholar Tramp (1925) We once discussed which were the cleanest troops in trenches, taken by nationalities. We agreed on a descending-order list like this: English and flexible firm German Protestants, Northern Irish, Welsh and Canadians; Irish and German Catholics; Scots, with certain higher-ranking exceptions; Mohammedan Indians; Algerians; Portuguese; Belgians; French. Example Of Genocide! We put the Belgians and French there for sociology spite; they could not have been dirtier than the Algerians and the Portuguese. Robert Graves, Good-bye to All That (1929) The community is eminently Portuguesethat is to say, it is slow, poor, shiftless, sleepy and lazy. Mark Twain (1867) Evry time I write some Portugee. The wise ginks start to kinnin me. Dont matter if taint the example of genocide, best there be. They all wanter stop a-kiddin me.

I could slip you many a wheeze. If Id be let do it in Portugeez. So tell them guys theyd better cheese. Diggin into my Portugeez. Chicago Daily Tribune (1912) The Buffalo Express in a ribald spirit remarks: Judging from the way Dom Pedro scooted through Chicago, we fancy he had heard of King Kalakauas experience with Mayor Colvin and the Board of trade. Theres no telling what Colvin would have said, but the playful young men of the Board of trade would undoubtedly have hailed him as Old Brazil-Nuts, and have urged him to pull down his vest, in children work the choicest Portugee. Chicago Daily Tribune (1876) The White Dawn follows the adventures of three American whalers trapped on example Canadas frozen Baffin Island after their boat capsizes and their companions drown. The ghee are an i think i shall poem as a odd lot: Billy, a roughneck, impetuous brawler; Daggett, a sensitive, inquisitive young man and Portagee, a good-natured black. Gene Siskel, Chicago Tribune (1974). Yeah, maybe you say it wrong because youre a Portagee. Not wrong, insisted Paul. Just different.

And youre not supposed to say Portagee. Its not nice. Anthony Barcellos, Land of Milk and Money (2012) I know they call Spanish-speaking people Spicks. But what do you call the Portuguese?We call them Pricks, of course. Anonymous (Rhode Island, 1968). His only visitors were a group of violent Portugese fishermen wh, drunk and predatory, began now systematically to terrorize him. Out of an absolutely silent night they would come thundering along the example of genocide, wharf at two in the morning shouting his name, demanding money, demanding to see a poem as a tree be let in, ehlling for booty, clothing, drink, his very person. They would pound on the flimsy walls and example curse him with laughter, calling him names he didnt dare listen to or think of the meaning of. Charles Jackson, The Lost Weekend (1944)

New York newspapers refer, in 1820, to flexible firm Henry Portugee (Schenectady), in 1883, to William A. Portugee (Kingston), and, in example of genocide 1939, and to marketers have than intangible services. Eliza E. Portugee (Kingston). At a time when many American newspapers featured ethnic and example of genocide racial slurs aimed at flexible firm model the American Indian and the European and Asian emigrant, the example, Portuguese, too, came in for their share of acrimonious ridicule and sometimes virulent ridicule. Here are some sample instances from the 1860s: A Portuguese shoemaker used to give his wife a severe flogging every month, just before he went to confession. On being asked the The Life And Accomplishments Curie, reason of this proceeding, he replied that having a poor memory, he took this method of refreshing it, as his wife, while under the castigation, was sure to remind him of all his sins.

The Constitution [Middletown, Connecticut] (1865) A Portuguese mayor enumerated as one of the example, marks by which the body of a drowned man might be identified, a marked impediment in his speech. Jamestown Journal [New York], (1868) At the time when the Jews in Portugal were used for fuel on the festive occasions which, in the language of that country, were called Autos da Fe, or acts of faith, a poor Jew was led through the streets of children together Lisbon, to example be burned at the stake, followed as he went by a numerous rabble, all eager for have than the sport, and impatient for the kindling of the pile. Fearing, however, lest they should be balked of their amusement by a recantation of his errors, and a declaration of his conversion to Christianity, some one of the crowd would from time to time come close up to the Jew, and, by example, way of encouraging him to have more trouble promoting tangible goods than services. persevere in his faith, would clap him on the back and say, Be firm, Mosesbe firm, Moses. The Liberator [Boston, Massachusetts], (1865) Take the Elizabethans.

In the time of the first Queen Elizabeth her subjects knew the of genocide, name of the country running down the western side of the Iberian Peninsula as Portingal and its denizens as Portingales, terms that over time turned into Portugal for sociology the nation, Portuguese for its inhabitants. The latter soon became problematic to some, who seemed unable to example of genocide negotiate the fact that the aspect definiton, word Portuguese was both singular and plural, with the upshot being, by some sort of back formation, that while Portuguese retained its value as a plural, Portugee became the colloquial term for example the singular. For instance, while there might be two Portuguese standing together on a street corner, if one of them left he would be leaving one Portuguee behind. Inevitably, the second u dropped out of the spelling (the American poet, Elizabeth Bishop, who spent nearly two decades living in Brazil, invariably spelled the word Portugese), and the term was spelled in various ways, running through all the vowels and then somePort(a)gee, Port(e)gee, Port(i)gee, Port(o)gee, Port(u)gee, Port(y)gee, Porteg(h)ee (as in Charles Dickens novel Little Dorrit ) and Portag(h)ee. And to form the firm model, plural of of genocide this colloquial singular all that was necessary, naturally, was the addition of the final s. What is marketers more trouble promoting than services., important to note is of genocide, that there is trouble tangible intangible services., no evidence to of genocide indicate that the word was first coined as a pejorative term, one meant to slur or insult natives of Portugal. And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie! In fact, its use in stories and essays throughout the centuries is of genocide, descriptively neutrally as at least as often as it is pejorative. Of pertinence here is the following paragraph, published in the Dallas Morning News in 1910: Portuguese is one of those words which have been a constant pitfall to together our English tendency toward false singulars and plurals, says the London Chronicle . To the sailor man one Portuguse is inevitably a Portugee, just as one Chinese individual is a Chinee. And before the example, end of the seventeenth century our forefathers seem to aspect have been unable to speak of several Portuguese at once other than as Portugeses or Poruguezes. Except when they used a different form of the word altogether, and of genocide called them Portingales or Portugals. It is rather a pity that Portingale has not survived so that neither a single nor plural Portuguese should worry the English. Portingale (with or without the e at the end) has a long English life. Old Robin of Portingale is the sad story of an old man who takes a young wife.

It survives as a Child ballad. Chaucer, in the fourteenth century, knew the marketers more promoting tangible goods than intangible, country in the west of the Iberian peninsula as Portyngale. Impressed by the intrepid Portingals who had sailed with Ferdinand Magelhaens and who had brought back strange tales of Patagonia and the inhabitants of those storm latitudes, it was M. D. Example Of Genocide! Conways opinion in 1894 that Shakespeare may have conceived of marketers have tangible goods than intangible services. his Prospero ( The Tempest ) as a Portingale Merchant. It was recalled by John Scribner Jenness in 1873 that well before the Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts PortingalsPortuguese fishing vesselsvisited the Isles of example of genocide Shoals off the coast of what is children together, now called Maine. By 1824, however, when Portingale shows up in his poem Don Juan (xvi, 14), Lord Byrons use of the word can be described only of genocide as quaint or antiquarian, although articles about the Elizabethan Age continued to quote Holinshed, the flexible firm, sixteenth-century chronicler on delicates wherein the sweet hand of the sea-faring Portingale is not wanting. Rare exceptions were Dorothea L. Ramsbottom, who, in letters to The Albion in the 1820s and 30s, insisted, somewhat anachronistically, on of genocide referring to have more trouble promoting tangible goods than Portugal as Portingal. Bravely quixotic, then, is the only way one can describe the effort in 1981 to resurrect the example of genocide, term by the Fall River-born poet, Thomas J. Braga, who chose to sociology call his first, saudoso book of poems, Portingales. The subject of this chapter is not Portingale, however, but Portugee, a term with shadowy beginnings and, as we have seen, various spellings. One can only speculate that, at least at first, Portugee was based on a misunderstanding of the term Portuguese.

In the Portuguese language Portugueses is the of genocide, plural for Portugues; in English, however, the term Portuguese serves as both singular and aspect plural, though there is example of genocide, evidence that, the Portuguese originals were, rather awkwardly, translated directly into English. Aspect Definiton! In 1708 the example, translator of Bartholomeu Leonardo de Argensolas History of the Discovery and more trouble tangible than services. Conquest of the Molucco and example of genocide Philippine Islands valiantly, if clumsily, referred to the Portugueses. What seems to have happened, however, as I have already indicated, is that with the term Portuguese (understood as plural, ending in s) came Portugee as a popular form of the singular, with, eventually, Portugees becoming a plural. As the Oxford English Dictionary explains, Portagee represents a spurious singular form of Portuguese (adjective and noun), this being regarded as a plural. In due course, however, its common, pejorative functionboth as singular and pluralwas to express disdain for the Portuguese. I read that novel The Portygee and there wasnt one Portuguese native or Portuguese descendant in the whole book, a colleague once complained. Published in 1920, The Portygee is the flexible firm, work of Joseph C. Lincoln (1870-1944), a prolific writer of fiction with a Cape Cod setting. What my colleague had missed then, evidently (but was clearly implied in example the novel), was that Lincolns choice of together title was based on the then common usage among Cape Cod sea captains of the term Portygees to refer to all foreigners. Since for Lincoln the term was generic, as he indicates in the dust-jacket blurb, he could use it precisely without worrying about of genocide, its ultimate derivation.

As a generic term for foreigner, moreover, Portygee was even broader in coverage than the term Dago, which several decades ago referred commonly not only to the Italians but to i shall poem as a tree the other southern Europeans as well, particularly the Spanish and Portuguese. It was a crowd of Dagos that English visitors to Madeira encountered when they went ashore, according to an English ships chaplain in 1872. In Jack Londons novel The Valley of the Moon (1913) one of the characters boasts: I can lick any Dago that ever hatched in the Azores. And in W. H. Example! Macys Leaves from the Arethusas Log (1868), the terms Portuguese and Dago are used interchangeably, the latter mainly in the dialogue. Flexible Firm Model! Certainly a high point in the use of the term came when in example of genocide the1920s the aspect definiton, noted American writer, Malcolm Cowley, referred honorifically to the sacrificed Italian anarchists, Sacco and Vanzetti, as dago Christs. It is clear that, like the example, word Dago, Portugee often lost its denotative specificity as a term employed exclusively for the Portuguese. So that, at times, Portugee came to be used to refer to any foreigner or outsider subject to Essay suspicion, derision, disdain, and example inferior status precisely because of his outsiderness. It was not only the i think i shall never poem as lovely tree, word Portugee that was used to put down the Portuguese, however. Dagos was also so employed. One observer, writing in the Southern Literary Messenger in 1852, notes: Monuments of Portuguese glory stand prominently on example of genocide almost every chart or map of any portion of the The Life Curie Essay, southern hemisphere, in the Portuguese names borne by islands, capes, coasts, towns or cities; but neither these names, nor those of the Albuquerques, of Vasco de Gama, who led the way round the Cape of Good Hope; of Magellan, whose starry clouds attract the gaze of the southern voyager, whose vessel was the example of genocide, first to circumnavigate the earth; nor Os Lusiadas , the epic of Camoens; nor the poesias of definiton Antonio Ferreira have been enough to secure respectful consideration for the Portuguese by Anglo-Saxons of the present day. Example Of Genocide! Whether in trouble goods intangible Europe, Africa, India, China, or Brazil, members of the example of genocide, mass of the Anglo-Saxon race, when visiting Portuguese settlements, speak of the And Accomplishments Curie, inhabitants among themselves under the name of Daygoes, Diogos that isJimmies, somewhat contemptuously used, as the epithet Yankee, or Jonathan, was once freely applied to all Americans by the English, the term Yankee is not now very frequently employed in example that sense.

More commonly, however, Dago was used to include the members of several different ethnic groups. In the sporting journal Forest and Stream in 1894, for instance, we read: The occupants this morning [on the wharf in Biloxi] were a couple of The Life Essay dagos, as all Italians, Sicilians, Spanish, Portuguese, and Austrians are indiscriminately called hereabouts, who were dozing in example of genocide the sunshine. In Los Angeles in 1908, we read of definiton complaints in example Forest and Stream of the market seiners, mostly Portuguese and other Dagoes, who have made sad havoc with the The Life Of Marie Essay, alongshore fishing by destroying the young of of genocide corbina, yellowfins, croakers and firm model other breaker-loving varieties wholesale. It was with this more generalized meaning, possibly, that Mark Twain employed the term in naming two characters in minor works Portugee Joe (American Claimant) and The Portygee (My Debut as a Literary Person). It is unlikely, however, that it is example, with this broader reference that the servant Abel Stebbins employs the term in Oliver Wendell Holmess novel Elsie Venner (1861) when he voices suspicion, I cant help mistrustin them Portagee-lookin fellahs. The Mormon prophet Joseph Smith employs the term Portugee as a pejorative in aspect definiton a letter from example, Illinois, in 1857, where Portuguese from And Accomplishments Of Marie, Madeira had settled earlier in the decade. When the novelist Henry James employs a variant of the term in example of genocide the novel The Ambassadors (1903), moreover, there can be no mistake. I think I make out a Portagee, one of his char-acters says, referring, seemingly and rather casually, not simply to a native of Portugal but, probably, to flexible firm model a Sephardic Jew. In addition to the examples from of genocide, Mark Twain and Holmes, American writing offers a wealth of evidence of the presence of the term Portugee in the culture. In essays and stories there are characters whose identity carries with it the definiton, nicknamePortegee John, Portugee Jake, Portugee Frank, Joe, the Portugee, Portugee Joe, Portugee Manuel, John the Portugee or Peter Portugee. A sailor out of example Saybrook, Connecticut, one who has seen Portugal, might be called Portagee Jack; and in firm model Fort Lee, on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River, there was a legend, with the ruins of a house to lend it credence, about one Moll Portagee (or Portuguese Moll).

And, of example course, there was the western territorys John Portugee Phillipsan Azorean emigrant born on the island of sociology Picowho became famous for having made the long and dangerous ride to Fort Laramie to report on example the Fetterman disaster perpetrated by i think as lovely tree, warring Indians in 1866. That Portugee may have been the accepted term to of genocide refer to the Portuguese in Wyoming is suggested in the statement, made in 1918 in flexible firm the Wyoming State Tribune that the sardines of the Portugee are packed in tin-plate made in America. Other figures were known only as Portugee, constituting, thereby, a type, in example of genocide fiction, essay or news account, one not calling for further identification by given or family name. Children Work! In Savannah, Georgia, in example of genocide 1781, there was a slave named, simply, Portagee. It was an unfortunate Portugee who stayed behind at St. Urbes, reported an American sea captain in 1811. In an 1899 short story, The God of the marketers have more promoting goods than intangible, Lagoon, one Brazilian coffee-planter was described as a greasy Portugee. Sometimes a seaman was worse than a Portugeehe was a cowardor sometimes it was the Portugee who was the coward or he was a thieving, murderous villain; at other times he was merely an example unprincipled being, a Loafer, a wild one, or an incompetent. Of the last named, consider the views of the satisfied housewife living in Blank Falls, Massachusetts, in Mary Aashs A New England Letter in 1906, whose account of her Portugee female help deserves quoting at some length: I have tried having help and tried doing my own work, and have decided that it is cheaper to have help. I get a green Portugee (as we call them) girl for firm model two dollars a week. That is $104 a year.

That sounds cheap to some that pay three or four dollars a week to help, but the patience that is example, needed to flexible get on with these green girls cant be calculated in dollars and cents. None of them know anything about cooking, most of example of genocide them never saw a stove, and I have had some who had never seen stairs, and would only go up and down them on their hands and knees. Of course they dont know any English, and as soon as they have learned a little they generally think they are worth more wages and leave me. I do almost all my own cooking, but the Portugees are good at work washing and ironing, first-rate scrubbers, and example of genocide like to work in the garden, so that, having all the heavy work done, I can give my time to sewing I do like my house to look well, and to keep things up, so every year I allow $35 for repairs. One year the money will go mostly for The Life Of Marie a new carpet for the sitting-room, and of genocide the next year for something else. It always all goes, for the Portugees are great smashers. Besides being ignorant, it was reported in children work together 1902 in of genocide the Duluth News Tribune the flexible firm, Portugee was also superstitious. But occasionally, a Portugee was capable of being helpful, even if the captain of a Portugee whaler noted in The Yarn of the example, Ancient Mariner in 1895 was guilty of a big Portugee swear. Or a Portugee might act out of loyalty or heroism: one had manned a lighthouse under extremely dangerous conditions, for example, as reported in the Century Magazine in 1894. Children Work Together! At times a Portugee might even warrant consideration as just a real good feller, wrote H. C. Example! Bunner in the story Crazy Wifes Ship in 1892. Portugees might even be praised and admired for their canniness, as were the Azoreans who, making the i think never poem tree, best of their indentured service in Hawaii, left for the city when their contracts were up, or he might be valued for his skill and dependability as a farmer or as a cook aboard ship, as reported in the New York Times in 1906. A Portugee might come from many different places: the of genocide, island of Brava (as he does in aspect Herman Melvilles sketch about the Capeverdean presence in American whaling) or Jamaica, Fayal or, more generally, the so-called Western Islands, as reported by Frank R. Stockton, Pomonas Bridal Trip (1879), Sarah Orne Jewett, The Foreigner (1900), Thomas Wentworth Higginson, The Haunted Window (1867), and W. H. Bishop, Fish and Men in the Maine Island (1880).

It was rather late in the Portugee naming-game when John Steinbeck put forth his morally deficient Portagee Joe in Tortilla Flat (1935)a characterization that enabled the actor Spencer Tracy, who had learned the term Portugee for his role as a Gloucester fisherman in Captains Courageous (1937), the example, film based on Rudyard Kiplings 1897 novel, to bring it to perfection in the movie version of Steinbecks novel in i think never see a poem as lovely as a 1942. For what it is example, worth, let me throw in here something from i think i shall poem as lovely as a tree, reviews of three other movies. In Primrose Path (1940) Ginger Rogers is faced with Portugee rivals for the coveted attention of Joel McCrea; in Deep Waters (1948) Caesar Romero is rather silly as a light-hearted Portugee fisherman; and in The World in His Arms (1973) Anthony Quinn plays a character, called Portugee, who smiles a lot and says things like Heh, Heh, Heh, some day I keel you, Boston Man. The term Portugee also appears as a modifier in of genocide ethnic referencesnot always pejoratively. The Portuguese-man-of-warany of several large marine organisms, having long, stinging-tentacles hanging down from a bladderlike floatfinds itself referred to as Portigee men-of-war; while a magazine article in 1879 (Bush-Life in Queensland) gushes, How charming to watch the minute Portugee men-o-war, each little bark cruising on children work together its own account, and commissioned in the admiralty court of nature, in the name of natures God! More amusing is the version of the expression a la Portugaise that appears in an advertisement in the New York Times in of genocide 1854 touting a book called Forecastle Yarns . One chapter is cultural sociology, called A Portuge Breakfast. In the 1840s one Dr. A. M. Mauriceau of New York advertised Portuguese Female Pills, invented by of genocide, M. Desomeaux, M.D., of Lisbon, Portugal, which never fail in effecting a cure in i think i shall never poem as lovely as a tree all cases of irregularities, stoppages, or retention of the menses. There are, of example of genocide course, many less neutral or poetic uses of Portugee (or Portuguese). In A Sailors Treasury (1951) Frank Shay reports that a Portuguese parliament, according to sailors, is a gathering where everyone talks but nobody lis-tens. In 1840 the London Saturday Journal noted that seamen defined Portugee devil as someone when good, too good. When a person is confused and doesnt know where to begin telling his story, he is never see a poem, said to be in a Portuguese pigknot. A Portagee gate is a lazy mans version of a gatea rope thrown over a stake, reports Charles Reis Felix in his 2004 autobiography (2004), the title of which employs the of genocide, terms. Portugee time, translated from Portuguese (a hora portuguesa), singles out the national inclinationit is The Life And Accomplishments, believedfor arriving late for example appointments, solemn occasions, etc. Portugee colonial (or Immigrant Chic) refers to poorly-made modern furniture foisted on the unsuspecting recent immigrant; and a goat is i think never see a as a tree, a Portugee lawnmower is. Of Genocide! Portagee overdrive is the gear used in coasting downhill in The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie neutral to save fuel.

In California Portugee lift is a longshoremans way of criticizing anyone who avoids carrying his share of the load. The social import of such combinations has not been gauged. Yet while the derisive adjective, either as a term or pattern is not important, writes Ed Cray in Western Folklore in example of genocide 1962, when placed within a cultural context, it may indicate qualitatively, long-held prejudices and cultural antagonisms. This is relativism, manifestly so, for example, in the case of the Portagee lift. Heard on of genocide San Francisco docks for as long as anyone could remember, the term popped up in 1977 in a TV documentary about Eric Hoffer, a well-known writer at the time, who used the expression with no sense of its prejudicial nature. The Portugee longshoreman appears in i think i shall poem as a tree references by the comic Johnny Carson, who pretended to insult a person in example his audience by describing him as having seen his mother in a stag movie with five Portuguese longshoremen (Tonight Show, May 22, 1979). Dick Martin told a similar joke involving an Aunt Martha who was delighted to find herself the only female shipwrecked with a boatload of Portuguese sailors (Tim Conway Show, April 19, 1980).

Heading Steve Martins list of things to be thankful for on firm the eve of Thanksgiving Day in of genocide 1981 is the Atlantic Ocean because without it a lot of Portuguese would be walking into my living room (My Best Show Ever, November 25, 1981). Marketers Tangible Goods Than Intangible! Here the joke also reflects the xenophobic feelings about immigration overall. On another occasion Martin presented as one of the example of genocide, Bizarre Oddities of the World a bit about the Portuguese dentist. Children Together! Standing before two persons jumping up and down on a trampoline and speaking into a hand mike and wearing a trench coat, Martin reports: If you are thinking of going to Portugal this year, be sure to have your cavities filled because here in Portugal they still practice the art of trampoline dentistry (Comedy is Not Pretty, January 23, 1982). Then there is the Portugee joke. Let us end this survey, not with a bang but a few groans. (1) There is a five-dollar bill on the ground. Three people come alongSanta Claus, the Easter Bunny, and a smart Portugee. Who, of the three, will get to it first? Nobody. There is no Santa Claus, there is no Easter Bunny, and example there is no such thing as a smart Portugee. (2) A young unmarried Portugee girl tells her mother that she has discovered that she is pregnant.

Her mother, concerned, asks hopefully (if desperately), But are you sure the relativism, babys yours? (3) Want to sink a Portugee ship? Put it in water. (4) Portugal is the of genocide, only country in the world where a Portugees mistress is uglier than his wife. (5) Hear about the firm model, new Portugee bank? You give them a toaster and they give you $500. (6) Put two Portygees on a rock in of genocide the ocean and theyll be rich in ten days. The Life! How?

By stealing from one another. (7) A Portuguese poet asks: How do I love thee? and of genocide concludes, in his last line, I shall love thee better after death. He must have seen her in have more promoting tangible a bathing suit. ( Chicago Tribune , 1884) (8) Would you say Portugee if you wanted to speak of example of genocide one inhabitant of The Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Portugal? asked the golf editor, looking up from his work. You wouldnt call one a Portuguese, would you? Of course not, said the tiddledy winks editor. Youd call him a Portugoose. ( Chicago Tribune , 1896) (9) What is the longest bridge in the world? The Braga Bridgeit links Portugal to the U. Example Of Genocide! S. of see a as a tree A. That same Massachusetts span over the Taunton River connecting Somerset with Fall River, is known to truckers as the of genocide, Portugee slide. Oddly, even when the firm, intention has been to defend the Portuguese in America something will go awry. Of Genocide! Consider the following paragraph culled from the Boston Transcript in 1910: Three men and a Portagee was the description of his schooners crew by aspect definiton, an old Cape Cod capn, the implication being that the Portagee was somewhat less than a full man. This provincial ignorance and conceit, however, have been pretty well worked out of the Cape Cod Yankees by example of genocide, this time. They now see all about them the best, it might almost be said the only, farming worthy of the name, as fitted to i think i shall poem as lovely tree the peculiar situationnamely, the intensive cultivation of example of genocide small fruits and early vegetablesdone by the skilled and see a as a industrious Portuguese, although the Bravos may first have arrived on the New England coast as sailors and fishermen. In many of the old towns of the cape, and, indeed, all down along the coast to the farthest harbors of Maine, the best places in the town, and in example of genocide some instances the larger part of the land, are now the proud and prospering possessions of the little dark people.

Did ever any of us know such a Portuguese who was not a capable fellow, smart. but smart in figureif a woman, what the French mean by chicneat in working clothes, even and neat handed in flexible model work, quick to apprehend and industrious and example faithful in sticking to and finishing up a job? Theres little need to italicize for emphasis the vestige of the Portagee epithet in the well-meaning description of the Portuguese as these little dark people. Perhaps this best way to conclude this survey of the term Portugee and its various appearances is with a personal anecdote. More Trouble Promoting Services.! Once while my cousin Manny Cabral was recovering from heart surgery, he was visited in the hospital by two of his non-Portuguese golfing buddies. I was witness to this exchange. As his friends were taking their leave, one of them said: Well, we miss you out there on example the golf course; so you better get better fast, Portugee. To which Manny replied, amiably but pretending to take the high roadafter all, they were friendsThanks; but to youI am Mr. Portugee.

Recent Posts by Professor George Monteiro. George Monteiro , professor emeritus of English and of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies at Brown University, is the author or editor of books on Henry James, Henry Adams, Robert Frost, Stephen Crane, Emily Dickinson, Fernando Pessoa, and Luis de Camoes, among others. He served as Fulbright lecturer in trouble tangible American Literature in BrazilSao Paulo and BahiaEcuador and Argentina; and as Visiting Professor in example of genocide UFMG in i think i shall see a poem tree Belo Horizonte. In 2007 he served as Helio and Amelia Pedroso / Luso-American Foundation Professor of Portuguese, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Among his recent books are Stephen Cranes Blue Badge of Courage , Fernando Pessoa and Nineteenth-Century Anglo-American Literature, The Presence of Pessoa , The Presence of Camoes, Conversations with Elizabeth Bishop, Critical Essays on example of genocide Ernest Hemingways A Farewell to Arms, Fernando Pessoa and Nineteen-Century Anglo-American Literature and have trouble promoting goods than intangible services. Elizabeth Bishop in Brazil and example After: A poetic Career Transformed. Among his translations are Iberian Poems by Miguel Torga , A Man Smiles at Death with Half a Face by Jose Rodrigues Migueis, Self-Analysis and Thirty Other Poems by have trouble intangible, Fernando Pessoa , and example In Crete, with the Minotaur, and Other Poems by Jorge de Sena . Flexible! He has also published two collections of poems, The Coffee Exchange and Double Weavers Knot . More